The Human Truth Foundation

Singapore (Republic of Singapore)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#singapore

Singapore
Republic of Singapore
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index29th best
CapitalSingapore
Land Area 700km21
LocationAsia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population5.8m2
Life Expectancy83.21yrs (2017)3
GNI$78 162 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesSG, SGP, 7025
Internet Domain.sg6
CurrencyDollar (SGD)7
Telephone+658

1. Overview

Singapore is a small city-state, dwarfed by its large neighbours.

Singapore was founded as a British trading colony in 1819. It joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963 but separated two years later and became independent. Singapore subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest in terms of tonnage handled) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverThis perennial stopover city is constantly reinventing itself as a destination in its own right, jostling for the position of top dog among Asia´s - even the world´s - best cities. One of Asia´s success stories, tiny little Singapore´s GDP consistently ranks it as one of the wealthiest countries in the world. Along with that wealth comes a rich culture borne of a multiracial population. Get lost in the mad swirl of skyscrapers in the central business district (CBD), be transfixed by the Bolly beats in the streets of ramshackle Little India, hike a dense patch of rainforest in Bukit Timah, or just give yourself up to the air-conditioned retail mayhem of Orchard Rd. There´s something for everyone here.

It´s affluent, high tech and occasionally a little snobbish, but Singapore´s great leveller is the hawker centre, the ubiquitous and raucous food markets where everyone mucks in together to indulge the local mania for cheap eating and drinking. In short, Singapore makes for a perfect pit stop to recover from the rough-and-tumble of the rest of Southeast Asia.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Singapore National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
4Germany4
5Denmark5
6Singapore5
7Netherlands7
8Ireland8
9Iceland9
10Canada10
11USA10
12Hong Kong12
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
4Liechtenstein$75 065
5Brunei$72 843
6Norway$67 614
7UAE$66 203
8Luxembourg$62 471
9Switzerland$56 364
10Hong Kong$54 265
11USA$53 245
12Saudi Arabia$51 320
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
26Portugal50.7
27Estonia51.1
28Poland52.8
29Singapore54.2
30Cyprus55.6
31Costa Rica56.0
32USA56.2
33Malta56.6
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Singapore's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Singapore's population is predicted to rise to 5.978 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.35. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
110El Salvador6.4m
111Kyrgyzstan6.3m
112Turkmenistan5.9m
113Singapore5.8m
114Denmark5.8m
115Finland5.5m
116Slovakia5.5m
117Norway5.3m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
4Singapore83.21
5Switzerland83.13
6Spain82.77
7Iceland82.72
8Israel82.56
9Australia82.54
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
107Kyrgyzstan2.64
108Austria1.35
109Egypt2.65
110Singapore1.35
111Saudi Arabia2.67
112Portugal1.31
113Belize2.70
114Malta1.28
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
158Czechia36.1
159Cuba36.2
160Poland36.3
161Singapore36.5
162Latvia36.7
163Sweden37.0
164Bulgaria37.0
165Denmark37.1
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
4Liechtenstein65.1%
5Monaco54.9%
6Andorra53.3%
7Bahrain48.4%
8Singapore46.0%
9Luxembourg45.3%
10Oman44.7%
11Hong Kong39.1%
12Saudi Arabia37.0%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
92Bhutan6.3%
93Tunisia6.3%
94Finland6.2%
95Singapore6.1%
96Guatemala6.1%
97Brunei6.0%
98Netherlands6.0%
99Italy5.8%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #singapore #tolerance

Singapore is generally poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world. Singapore comes in the best 20 in terms of opposing gender inequality19 (one of the lowest in Asia) and in its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice20. It does better than average when it comes to supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms21 and in commentary in Human Rights Watch reports22. Singapore does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average for supporting press freedom23 and in LGBT equality24. And finally, it falls into the worst-performing 20 when it comes to speed of uptake of HR treaties25 (one of the worst in Asia) and in its nominal commitment to Human Rights26 (amongst the worst in Asia). Foreign domestic workers are excluded key labor protections such working hours limits27. Singapore has draconian restrictions on what constitutes an 'assembly' and the law is so widely defined that the government can decide on a whim to ban gatherings or protests (including those involving just an individual person), and permits are often denied for political purposes27.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Singapore's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #Singapore #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
4Japan50.9
5S. Korea52.0
6Sri Lanka55.0
7Oman57.9
8Bhutan58.6
9Brunei59.3
10Norway62.0
11China62.4
12Malaysia64.1
13Mauritius64.5
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

Public health in Singapore is very good. Singapore comes in the best 20 when it comes to its average life expectancy12 (one of the best in Asia), its fertility rate15 (amongst the lowest in Asia) and in its adolescent birth rate19. It does better than average when it comes to its alcohol consumption rate30, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31 and in its immunizations take-up32. Singapore does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to its suicide rate33 and in its smoking rate34 (still good for Asia). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
4Singapore83.21
5Switzerland83.13
6Spain82.77
7Iceland82.72
8Israel82.56
9Australia82.54
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)30
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita30
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
41Bahrain1.9
42Qatar2.0
43Nepal2.0
44Singapore2.0
45Turkey2.0
46Timor-Leste (E. Timor)2.1
47Mozambique2.4
48Samoa2.5
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
107Kyrgyzstan2.64
108Austria1.35
109Egypt2.65
110Singapore1.35
111Saudi Arabia2.67
112Portugal1.31
113Belize2.70
114Malta1.28
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)34
Pos.Higher is worse34
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
104New Zealand 680
103Morocco 671
102Bangladesh 665
101Singapore 652
100Equatorial Guinea 649
99Cambodia 645
98Fiji 618
97N. Korea 610
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)33
Pos.
Per 100k33
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
47Netherlands18.6
48Luxembourg19.3
49Portugal19.6
50Singapore20.6
51India20.8
52Trinidad & Tobago21.7
53USA22.2
54Chile22.4
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
46Malaysia46
47Czechia47
48China48
49Singapore49
50Ecuador50
51Israel51
52Slovakia52
53Bulgaria53
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)35
Pos.Lower is better
%35
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
47Congo, (Brazzaville)30.9
48Liberia30.9
49Ivory Coast31.6
50Singapore31.8
51Gambia31.9
52Ghana32.0
53China32.3
54Mauritius32.3
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)19
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100019
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
4Hong Kong3.2
5Slovenia3.8
6Singapore3.8
7Netherlands4.0
8Denmark4.0
9Japan4.1
10Cyprus5.0
11Sweden5.7
12Norway5.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)32
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %32
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
71Algeria95.0
72Tuvalu94.9
73Eritrea94.7
74Singapore94.6
75UK94.6
76Solomon Islands94.5
77Norway94.3
78Bolivia94.2
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Singapore's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #maths #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
17Iceland19.1
18Slovenia19.5
19Canada20.4
20Singapore21.1
21Hungary21.2
22S. Korea21.5
23Hong Kong21.6
24France22.0
25Luxembourg22.2
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2937
2Israel4.1137
3Japan3.5837
...
13Slovenia2.3937
14France2.2637
15Australia2.2538
16Singapore2.0039
17Czechia2.0037
18Netherlands1.9737
19Iceland1.8937
20Norway1.7037
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)40
Pos.Higher is better40
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
57Bosnia & Herzegovina81.2%
58Malaysia80.8%
59Cyprus80.3%
60Singapore79.6%
61Italy79.6%
62Hong Kong79.4%
63Chile79.3%
64China78.6%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)41
Pos.Higher is better
Years41
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
24Poland16.4
25S. Korea16.4
26Uruguay16.3
27Singapore16.3
28Portugal16.3
29Austria16.3
30USA16.3
31Italy16.2
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
23Poland23
24France24
25S. Africa25
26Singapore26
27Greece27
28Serbia28
29Canada29
30Romania30
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)42
Pos.Higher is better
Score42
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
4Macau1582
5Estonia1573
6Taiwan1571
7Canada1571
8Finland1568
9S. Korea1557
10China154343
11Ireland1528
12Slovenia1528
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)44
Pos.Lower is better
%44
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
31Argentina66
32Chile70
33Croatia70
34Singapore70
35Montenegro71
36Greece71
37Italy72
38Moldova72
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)45
Pos.Higher is better45
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
4Japan105
5Taiwan105
6China105
7Italy102
8Iceland101
9Switzerland101
10Mongolia101
11Netherlands100
12Norway100
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)46
Pos.Higher is better46
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
29Australia85%
30Bahamas85%
31Puerto Rico83%
32Singapore83%
33Slovakia83%
34Spain82%
35Austria81%
36Ireland81%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)47
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio47
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
32Slovenia5.4
33Bolivia5.0
34Macau4.2
35Singapore4.0
36Sweden3.8
37Poland3.6
38Thailand3.3
39Denmark3.1
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
48
Pos.Lower is better48
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
45Liberia40.67
46Laos41
47Uganda41.25
48Singapore42
49Somaliland42
50Syria43.67
51Luxembourg43.75
52Panama45
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)49
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score49
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
4Sweden88.2
5Norway86.0
6Switzerland85.8
7Singapore85.2
8Netherlands83.4
9Canada82.2
10Luxembourg81.6
11Australia80.8
12Germany79.6
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)50
Pos.Higher is better50
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
31Uruguay6.4
32Qatar6.4
33Saudi Arabia6.4
34Singapore6.3
35Malaysia6.3
36Spain6.3
37Colombia6.3
38Trinidad & Tobago6.2
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
26Italy26
27Mauritius27
28Malta28
29Singapore29
30Spain30
31Romania31
32Costa Rica32
33Serbia33
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
15Albania15
16Togo16
17France17
18Singapore18
19Malaysia19
20Nicaragua20
21Portugal21
22Moldova22
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#human_development #peace #politics

Global Peace Index (2012)51
Pos.Lower is better51
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
20Malaysia1.49
21Mauritius1.49
22Australia1.49
23Singapore1.52
24Poland1.52
25Spain1.55
26Slovakia1.59
27Taiwan1.60
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
11Oman11
12Tanzania12
13Cameroon13
14Singapore14
15Colombia15
16Costa Rica16
17Hungary17
18Japan18
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
27Panama27
28Portugal28
29USA29
30Singapore30
31Greece31
32Bulgaria32
33S. Korea33
34Mauritius34
World Avg82.0
q=163.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)52
Pos.Higher is better
%52
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
123Congo, DR-04.9
124Peru-05.1
125Angola-05.1
126Singapore-05.2
127Mexico-05.3
128Solomon Islands-06.0
129Mauritius-06.1
130Kenya-06.6
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)53
Pos.Higher is better53
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
46Dominican Rep.64.7
47Uruguay64.7
48Estonia64.3
49Singapore64.2
50Poland64.1
51Venezuela63.9
52Russia63.8
53Brunei63.6
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)54
Pos.Higher is better54
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
7Dominican Rep.16.95
8Mauritius15.63
9Malta15.15
10Singapore15.15
11Denmark14.93
12Peru14.49
13Uruguay14.08
14UK13.89
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
134S. Africa1996 Jan 31
135Nicaragua1996 Feb 18
136Latvia1996 Mar 13
137Singapore1996 Mar 20
138Syria1996 Apr 03
139Suriname1996 Apr 11
140Poland1996 Apr 17
141Lithuania1996 May 01
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)55
Pos.Higher is better
%55
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
58Djibouti42.8%
59Burundi42.0%
60Zambia41.9%
61Singapore41.6%
62Ukraine41.5%
63Jordan41.4%
64India41.2%
65Canada41.2%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#health #inequality #life_expectancy

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)56
Pos.Higher is worse56
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
8Czechia3.00
7Finland3.00
6Japan2.90
5Slovenia2.90
4Sweden2.90
3Hong Kong2.50
2Singapore2.50
1Iceland2.40
World Avg14.59
q=184.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)44
Pos.Lower is better
%44
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
31Argentina66
32Chile70
33Croatia70
34Singapore70
35Montenegro71
36Greece71
37Italy72
38Moldova72
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)57
Pos.Higher is better
%57
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
34Israel15
35Armenia14
36Lithuania13
37Singapore13
38Kazakhstan12
39China12
40Uruguay12
41USA10
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below58:

Christian18.2%
Muslim14.3%
Hindu5.2%
Buddhist33.9%
Folk Religion2.3%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated16.4%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, none 14.8% (2000 census)59.

Links: