The Human Truth Foundation

Andorra (Principality of Andorra)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#economics #homosexuality #intelligence

Andorra
Principality of Andorra
StatusIndependent State
CapitalAndorra la Vella
Land Area 470km21
LocationEurope
Population87 518 (2011)2
Life Expectancy81.46yrs (2017)3
GNI$47 979 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesAD, AND, 205
Internet Domain.ad6
CurrencyEuro (EUR)7
Telephone+3768

1. Overview

#france #spain

The landlocked Principality of Andorra is one of the smallest states in Europe, nestled high in the Pyrenees Mountains between the French and Spanish borders. For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique co-principality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Spanish bishop of Seu d'Urgell). In 1993, this feudal system was modified, with the titular heads of state retained, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy. In the late 20th century, Andorra became a popular tourist destination. An estimated 10 million people visit each year drawn by the winter sports, summer climate, and duty free goods. Andorra has also become a wealthy international commercial center because of its banking facilities, low taxes, and lack of customs duties. However, recent economic hardships have required Andorra to start taxing foreign investments and to implement stricter economic policies. Andorra is not a member of the European Union, but enjoys a special relationship with it and uses the Euro as its national currency.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverThe Thumbelina, Catalan-speaking principality of Andorra, a dramatic realm of mountain scenery amid the Pyrenees, is one of Western Europe´s most intriguing corners. [...] Some say Andorra's nothing but skiing and shopping. Racing down snow-packed pistes, molly-coddling après-ski mulled wine and sleeping snug between boutique-hotel ice walls is how most think of this tiny principality in Europe, neatly wedged between France and Spain in the mountainous eastern Pyrenees.[...] This minicountry offers by far the best ski slopes and resort facilities in all the Pyrenees, as well as secret hoard of thermal spas that soothe skied-out limbs. Once the snows melt, there's an abundance of great walking, ranging from easy strolls to demanding day hikes in the principality's higher, more remote reaches. Strike out above the tight valleys and you can walk for hours, almost alone.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Andorra National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
29Greece29
30Brunei30
31Estonia30
32Andorra32
33Malta33
34Qatar33
35Cyprus33
36Poland36
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
82Ecuador55.6
83Sri Lanka55.4
84Cuba55.4
85Andorra55.3
86Guatemala55.0
87Thailand54.8
88Jordan54.7
89Dominican Rep.54.5
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #population

Emigrants (2010)13
Pos.
%13
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
61Mauritius10.9%
62Greece10.8%
63Mexico10.7%
64Andorra10.7%
65Liberia10.5%
66Uruguay10.5%
67Hong Kong10.2%
68Dominican Rep.10.1%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.
Immigrants (2010)13
Pos.
%13
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
4Kuwait68.8%
5Andorra64.4%
6Jordan45.9%
7Palestine43.6%
8Singapore40.7%
9Israel40.4%
10Bahrain39.1%
11Hong Kong38.8%
12San Marino37.0%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)14
Pos.Higher is better
Years14
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
17Norway81.71
18Netherlands81.71
19Austria81.58
20Andorra81.46
21Portugal81.18
22Germany81.09
23Greece81.07
24Ireland81.05
World Avg71.27
q=190.

Population (2012)15
Pos.
Population15
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
182Tonga0.1m
183Kiribati0.1m
184Antigua & Barbuda90 510
185Andorra87 518
186Seychelles87 169
187Dominica67 665
188Marshall Islands55 717
189St Kitts & Nevis53 697
World Avg36.0m
q=195.
Andorra's population is predicted to rise to 111 780 by 2030.

4. Politics and Freedom

#democracy #freedom #human_rights #mass_media #politics #UK

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)16
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties16
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
105Liberia15
106Libya15
107Maldives15
108Andorra15
109Cape Verde15
110Bangladesh15
111Mozambique15
112Dominican Rep.14
World Avg15.1
q=194.

There are many international agreements on human rights, and, many mechanisms by which countries can be brought to account for their actions. Together, these have been the biggest historical movement in the fight against oppression and inhumanity. Or, putting it another way: these are rejected mostly by those who wish to oppress inhumanely. None of them are perfect and many people object to various components and wordings, but, no-one has come up with, and enforced, better methods of controlling the occasional desires that states and peoples have of causing angst for other states and peoples in a violent, unjust or inhumane way. Points are awarded for the number of human rights agreements ratified by the country, plus the acceptance of the petition mechanisms for disputes. The maximum possible score in 2009 was 24.

Press Freedom (2013)17
Pos.Lower is better17
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
4Luxembourg668
5Andorra682
6Denmark708
7Liechtenstein735
8New Zealand838
9Iceland849
10Sweden923
11Estonia926
12Austria940
World Avg3249
q=178.

The freedom to investigate, publish information, and have access to others' opinion is a fundamental part of today's information-driven world. Scores on the Press Freedom Index are calculated according to indicators including pluralism - the degree to which opinions are represented in the media, media independence of authorities, self-censorship, legislation, transparency and the infrastructure that supports news and information, and, the level of violence against journalists which includes lengths of imprisonments. The index "does not take direct account of the kind of political system but it is clear that democracies provide better protection for the freedom to produce and circulate accurate news and information than countries where human rights are flouted".

It must be noted that press freedom is not an indicator of press quality and the press itself can be abusive; the UK suffers in particular from a popular brand of nasty reporting that infuses several of its newspapers who are particularly prone to running destructive and often untrue campaigns against victims. The Press Freedom Index notes that "the index should in no way be taken as an indicator of the quality of the media in the countries concerned".

5. Gender Equality

#christianity #gender_equality #human_rights #politics #women

Year Women Can Vote18
Pos.Lower is better
Year18
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
160Bangladesh1972
161Bahrain1973
162San Marino1973
163Andorra1973
164Jordan1974
165Solomon Islands1974
166Sao Tome & Principe1975
167Cape Verde1975
World Avg1930
q=189.

Women now have equal rights in the vast majority of countries across the world. Although academic literature oftens talks of when a country "grants women the right to vote", this enforces a backwards way of thinking. Women always had the right to vote, however, they were frequently denied that right. The opposition to women's ability to vote in equality with man was most consistently and powerfully opposed by the Catholic Church, other Christian organisations, Islamic authorities and some other religious and secular traditionalists.

See:

6. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below19:

Christian89.5%
Muslim0.8%
Hindu0.5%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.3%
Unaffiliated8.8%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Roman Catholic (predominant)20.

Links:

7. The Internet

#internet #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)21
Pos.Higher is better21
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
4Bermuda97%
5Andorra97%
6Denmark96%
7Liechtenstein96%
8Luxembourg95%
9Netherlands94%
10Sweden93%
11Monaco93%
12UK93%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)22
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio22
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
152Isle of Man0.0
153San Marino0.0
154Cayman Islands0.0
155Andorra0.0
156Greenland0.0
157Brunei0.0
158Aruba0.0
159Bahrain0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #genetics #health #obesity #public_health #sociology #UK

Andorra is a pretty unhealthy country. Andorra does better than average for its immunizations take-up23. But that's it. Andorra has problems. It does worse than average when it comes to the prevalence of overweight adults24 (amongst the highest in Europe) and in its alcohol consumption rate25. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)25
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita25
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
161Cyprus10.8
162Serbia11.1
163Belarus11.2
164Andorra11.3
165Equatorial Guinea11.3
166Hungary11.4
167UK11.5
168Gabon11.5
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking26 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink27 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies28 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"29. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"30. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Overweight Adults (2016)24
Pos.Lower is better
%24
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
158Chile63.1
159Venezuela63.4
160Egypt63.5
161Andorra63.7
162UK63.7
163Fiji63.8
164Canada64.1
165Israel64.3
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese31. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up32. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight32 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year33 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"34. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes35. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar36.

9. Children's Health

#health #vaccines

Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)23
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %23
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
30Dominica97.1
31Kazakhstan97.1
32Albania97.1
33Andorra97.1
34Russia97.0
35Guyana97.0
36Slovakia97.0
37Kyrgyzstan96.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)14
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $14
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
11USA$53 245
12Saudi Arabia$51 320
13San Marino$50 063
14Andorra$47 979
15Netherlands$46 326
16Sweden$46 251
17Germany$45 000
18Denmark$44 519
q=193.
LGBT Equality (2017)37
Pos.Higher is better
Score37
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
14Luxembourg70
15Argentina69
16Malta63
17Andorra63
18New Zealand63
19Portugal63
20Canada62
21Colombia58
q=196.
IQ (2006)38
Pos.Higher is better38
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
20Sweden99
21Belgium99
22Canada99
23Andorra98
24Czechia98
25Spain98
26France98
27Australia98
q=138.