The Human Truth Foundation

Andorra (Principality of Andorra)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Andorra
Principality of Andorra
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index108th best
CapitalAndorra la Vella
Land Area 470km21
LocationEurope
Population77 0062
Life Expectancy81.46yrs (2017)3
GNI$47 979 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesAD, AND, 205
Internet Domain.ad6
CurrencyEuro (EUR)7
Telephone+3768

1. Overview

#france #spain

The landlocked Principality of Andorra is one of the smallest states in Europe, nestled high in the Pyrenees Mountains between the French and Spanish borders. For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique co-principality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Spanish bishop of Seu d'Urgell). In 1993, this feudal system was modified, with the titular heads of state retained, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy. In the late 20th century, Andorra became a popular tourist destination. An estimated 10 million people visit each year drawn by the winter sports, summer climate, and duty free goods. Andorra has also become a wealthy international commercial center because of its banking facilities, low taxes, and lack of customs duties. However, recent economic hardships have required Andorra to start taxing foreign investments and to implement stricter economic policies. Andorra is not a member of the European Union, but enjoys a special relationship with it and uses the Euro as its national currency.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverThe Thumbelina, Catalan-speaking principality of Andorra, a dramatic realm of mountain scenery amid the Pyrenees, is one of Western Europe´s most intriguing corners. [...] Some say Andorra's nothing but skiing and shopping. Racing down snow-packed pistes, molly-coddling après-ski mulled wine and sleeping snug between boutique-hotel ice walls is how most think of this tiny principality in Europe, neatly wedged between France and Spain in the mountainous eastern Pyrenees.[...] This minicountry offers by far the best ski slopes and resort facilities in all the Pyrenees, as well as secret hoard of thermal spas that soothe skied-out limbs. Once the snows melt, there's an abundance of great walking, ranging from easy strolls to demanding day hikes in the principality's higher, more remote reaches. Strike out above the tight valleys and you can walk for hours, almost alone.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Andorra National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
29Greece29
30Brunei30
31Estonia30
32Andorra32
33Malta33
34Qatar33
35Cyprus33
36Poland36
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
11USA$53 245
12Saudi Arabia$51 320
13San Marino$50 063
14Andorra$47 979
15Netherlands$46 326
16Sweden$46 251
17Germany$45 000
18Denmark$44 519
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Denmark27.7
2Norway28.3
3Finland29.6
...
105Lebanon91.1
106Paraguay91.4
107St Lucia91.9
108Andorra92.3
109Egypt92.5
110Belize93.5
111Antigua & Barbuda93.5
112Nepal93.7
World Avg86.6
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Andorra's Demographics

#health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #population

Population:

Andorra's population is predicted to rise to 111 780 by 2030.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
183Tonga0.1m
184Seychelles97 096
185Antigua & Barbuda96 286
186Andorra77 006
187Dominica71 625
188Marshall Islands58 413
189St Kitts & Nevis52 441
190Monaco38 682
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
17Norway81.71
18Netherlands81.71
19Austria81.58
20Andorra81.46
21Portugal81.18
22Germany81.09
23Greece81.07
24Ireland81.05
World Avg71.27
q=190.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)15
Pos.
%15
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
4Liechtenstein65.1%
5Monaco54.9%
6Andorra53.3%
7Bahrain48.4%
8Singapore46.0%
9Luxembourg45.3%
10Oman44.7%
11Hong Kong39.1%
12Saudi Arabia37.0%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)16
Pos.
%16
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
61Mauritius10.9%
62Greece10.8%
63Mexico10.7%
64Andorra10.7%
65Liberia10.5%
66Uruguay10.5%
67Hong Kong10.2%
68Dominican Rep.10.1%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Andorra's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #mass_media #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)17,18
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank17,18
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
87Tajikistan85.7
88Mali87.0
89Ghana87.3
90Andorra87.4
91Tunisia88.3
92China88.7
93Sri Lanka89.0
94Cuba89.8
95Haiti90.1
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway17. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine17.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe17, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia17.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)19
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties19
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
105Liberia15
106Libya15
107Maldives15
108Andorra15
109Cape Verde15
110Bangladesh15
111Mozambique15
112Dominican Rep.14
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty20
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
149Antigua & Barbuda12.76
150Georgia12.77
151Suriname12.81
152Andorra12.91
153Bhutan13.01
154Swaziland13.16
155Equatorial Guinea13.18
156Vanuatu13.21
World Avg10.02
q=195.
Press Freedom (2013)21
Pos.Lower is better21
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
4Luxembourg668
5Andorra682
6Denmark708
7Liechtenstein735
8New Zealand838
9Iceland849
10Sweden923
11Estonia926
12Austria940
World Avg3249
q=178.

Gender Equality:

See:

Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
160Bangladesh1972
161Bahrain1973
162San Marino1973
163Andorra1973
164Jordan1974
165Solomon Islands1974
166Sao Tome & Principe1975
167Cape Verde1975
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)22
Pos.Higher is better
Score22
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
14Luxembourg70
15Argentina69
16Malta63
17Andorra63
18New Zealand63
19Portugal63
20Canada62
21Colombia58
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Andorra's Health

#alcohol #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #vaccines

Health (2020)23,18
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank23,18
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
103Cambodia94.0
104Russia94.5
105Peru94.6
106Andorra94.8
107Lithuania94.8
108Djibouti94.9
109Indonesia94.9
110Vanuatu95.7
111Paraguay96.3
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives23. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea23.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe23, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia23.

Health:

Andorra does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Andorra does better than average when it comes to its average life expectancy12 and in its immunizations take-up24. And finally, it does worse than average in its alcohol consumption rate25. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
17Norway81.71
18Netherlands81.71
19Austria81.58
20Andorra81.46
21Portugal81.18
22Germany81.09
23Greece81.07
24Ireland81.05
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)25
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita25
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
161Cyprus10.8
162Serbia11.1
163Belarus11.2
164Andorra11.3
165Equatorial Guinea11.3
166Hungary11.4
167UK11.5
168Gabon11.5
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Overweight Adults (2016)26
Pos.Lower is better
%26
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
158Chile63.1
159Venezuela63.4
160Egypt63.5
161Andorra63.7
162UK63.7
163Fiji63.8
164Canada64.1
165Israel64.3
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)24
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %24
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
30Dominica97.1
31Kazakhstan97.1
32Albania97.1
33Andorra97.1
34Russia97.0
35Guyana97.0
36Slovakia97.0
37Kyrgyzstan96.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Andorra's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #modernity #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)27
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank27
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
55Saudi Arabia52.2
56Macedonia53.1
57UAE53.8
58Andorra53.8
59Uruguay55.1
60Costa Rica55.8
61Montenegro56.8
62Vietnam57.7
63India59.3
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Secondary Education (2018)28
Pos.Higher is better28
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
71Trinidad & Tobago73.4%
72Philippines73.2%
73Saudi Arabia72.8%
74Andorra72.3%
75Panama72.2%
76UAE70.7%
77Brunei70.1%
78Iran69.8%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)29
Pos.Higher is better
Years29
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
89Malaysia13.5
90Macedonia13.5
91Kyrgyzstan13.4
92Andorra13.3
93Armenia13.2
94Jamaica13.1
95Belize13.1
96Egypt13.1
World Avg13.2
q=193.
IQ (2006)30
Pos.Higher is better30
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
20Sweden99
21Belgium99
22Canada99
23Andorra98
24Czechia98
25Spain98
26France98
27Australia98
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)31
Pos.Higher is better31
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
4Bermuda97%
5Andorra97%
6Denmark96%
7Liechtenstein96%
8Luxembourg95%
9Netherlands94%
10Sweden93%
11Monaco93%
12UK93%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)32
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio32
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
152Isle of Man0.0
153San Marino0.0
154Cayman Islands0.0
155Andorra0.0
156Greenland0.0
157Brunei0.0
158Aruba0.0
159Bahrain0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)33
Pos.Higher is better
%33
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
89Djibouti00.0
90S. Africa00.0
91Kiribati00.0
92Andorra00.0
93Malta00.0
94Saudi Arabia00.0
95Grenada00.0
96Oman00.0
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
190Timor-Leste (E. Timor)2007 Jan 08
191Brunei2008 Jul 27
192Iraq2009 Oct 26
193Somalia2009 Dec 10
194Palestine2015 Apr 02
195Andorra2015 May 05
196USA
197Vatican City
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

8. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below34:

Christian89.5%
Muslim0.8%
Hindu0.5%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.3%
Unaffiliated8.8%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Roman Catholic (predominant)35.

Links: