Oman (Sultanate of Oman)

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Oman
Sultanate of Oman
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index107th best
CapitalMuscat
Land Area1 309 500 km2
LocationAsia, Middle East
Population22.904 million
Life Expectancy373.185yrs (2012)
GNI3$24 092
ISO3166-1 Codes4OM, OMN, 512
Internet Domain5.om
Currency6Rial (OMR)
Telephone7+968

1. Overview

The inhabitants of the area of Oman have long prospered on Indian Ocean trade. In the late 18th century, a newly established sultanate in Muscat signed the first in a series of friendship treaties with Britain. Over time, Oman's dependence on British political and military advisors increased, but it never became a British colony. In 1970, QABOOS bin Said Al-Said overthrew his father, and he has since ruled as sultan. His extensive modernization program has opened the country to the outside world while preserving the longstanding close ties with the UK. Oman's moderate, independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations with all Middle Eastern countries. Inspired by the popular uprisings that swept the Middle East and North Africa beginning in January 2011, Omanis began staging marches and demonstrations to demand economic benefits, an end to corruption, and greater political rights. In response to protester demands, QABOOS in 2011 pledged to implement economic and political reforms, such as granting legislative and regulatory powers to the Majlis al-Shura and introducing unemployment benefits. In August 2012, the Sultan announced a royal directive mandating the speedy implementation of a national job creation plan for thousands of public and private sector jobs. As part of the government's efforts to decentralize authority and allow greater citizen participation in local governance, Oman successfully conducted its first municipal council elections in December 2012. Announced by the Sultan in 2011, the municipal councils will have the power to advise the Royal Court on the needs of local districts across Oman's 11 governorates.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Oman National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
81Bosnia & Herzegovina73.573.1
82Azerbaijan73.469.9
83St Vincent & Grenadines73.371.5
84Oman73.170.4
85Jamaica73.066.2
86Brazil73.063.2
87Armenia72.967.8
88St Lucia72.572.0
89Ecuador72.465.3
90Turkey72.258.8
91Colombia71.962.6
92Sri Lanka71.561.0
93Algeria71.358.1
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
104Lebanon54.9
105Azerbaijan54.9
106Swaziland54.5
107Oman54.4
108Kazakhstan54.3
109Honduras54.2
110Kuwait54.0
111Moldova53.4
112Sao Tome & Principe53.2
113Guatemala53.1
114Micronesia53.0
115Timor-Leste (E. Timor)53.0
116Samoa53.0
117Namibia52.8
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
94St Kitts & Nevis73.3
95Jamaica73.3
96Honduras73.4
97Oman73.2
98Iran73.2
99Palestine73
100Lebanon72.8
101Antigua & Barbuda72.8
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
24Bangladesh2.2
25Belgium1.8
26Algeria2.2
27Oman2.2
28Argentina2.2
29El Salvador2.2
30Grenada2.2
31Costa Rica1.8
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
133Lithuania3.292m53
134Albania3.227m118
135Armenia3.109m109
136Oman2.904m9
137Kuwait2.892m162
138Mongolia2.844m2
139Jamaica2.761m255
Data Source

Oman's population is predicted to rise to 3.603 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.17. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
180Central African Rep.1986
181Namibia1989
182Samoa1990
183Kazakhstan1993
184Moldova1994
185Oman1994
186Qatar2003
187Kuwait2005
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
57Tajikistan0.34
58Ukraine0.34
59Armenia0.34
60Oman0.34
61Barbados0.34
62Costa Rica0.35
63Cuba0.36
64Kyrgyzstan0.36
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Oman has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
118Sri Lanka0%
119Haiti0%
120Nigeria0%
121Oman0%
122Pakistan0%
123Ivory Coast0%
124Egypt0%
125Ethiopia0%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian6.5%
Muslim85.9%
Hindu5.5%
Buddhist0.8%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.2%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Ibadhi Muslim (official) 75%, other (includes Sunni Muslim, Shia Muslim, Hindu) 25%10.

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
268Sudan1.98
267Bangladesh1.87
266Iraq1.84
265Oman1.72
264Sri Lanka1.67
263Angola1.61
262China1.59
261Maldives1.57
260Tanzania1.50
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
38Malta63.08
39Lithuania62.81
40Poland62.47
41Oman61.99
42Croatia60.12
43Malaysia56.30
44Bahrain54.99
45Italy53.74
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
18Qatar7.7
19Japan7.7
20Cyprus7.7
21Oman7.7
22Jordan7.7
23Kuwait7.6
24Norway7.6
25Austria7.6
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
56Djibouti1.88
57Burkina Faso1.88
58Mongolia1.88
59Oman1.89
60Malawi1.89
61Panama1.90
62Jordan1.90
63Indonesia1.91
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
86Tunisia83
87Syria83
88Algeria83
89Oman83
90Dominican Rep.82
91Madagascar82
92Lebanon82
93Bangladesh82
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
161Fiji10
162Qatar10
163Laos10
164Oman9
165Cook Islands9
166Papua New Guinea9
167Iran9
168Iraq9
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
137Tunisia99.4
138Indonesia99.4
139India99.4
140Oman99.4
141Congo, DR99.4
142Cambodia99.5
143Bangladesh99.5
144Malaysia99.5
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2911
2Israel4.1111
3Japan3.5811
...
94Panama0.1812
95Mauritius0.1813
96Kazakhstan0.1714
97Oman0.1714
98Kyrgyzstan0.1612
99Sri Lanka0.1615
100Bolivia0.1616
101Albania0.1517
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
30Italy$26 158
31Spain$25 947
32New Zealand$24 358
33Oman$24 092
34Slovenia$23 999
35Cyprus$23 825
36Saudi Arabia$22 616
37Seychelles$22 615
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
20Iceland6.9
21Korea, S.6.9
22UK6.9
23Oman6.9
24Belgium6.9
25Mexico6.8
26Brazil6.8
27Cyprus6.7
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
127Burkina Faso47.3
128Sudan47.1
129Zambia47.0
130Oman45.9
131Guinea-Bissau44.7
132Cameroon44.6
133Indonesia44.6
134Rwanda44.6
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
162Morocco-50
163Togo-50
164Benin-50
165Oman-50
166Syria-50
167Eritrea-50
168Tunisia-50
169Cameroon-70
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/oman.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mu.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  12. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2009.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2008.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.