The Human Truth Foundation

Kiribati (Republic of Kiribati)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#kiribati

Kiribati
Republic of Kiribati
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index166th best
CapitalTarawa
Land Area 810km21
LocationAustralasia, Micronesia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population0.1m2
Life Expectancy66.23yrs (2017)3
GNI$2 475 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesKI, KIR, 2965
Internet Domain.ki6
CurrencyDollar (AUD)7
Telephone+6868

1. Overview

#japan #UK

The Gilbert Islands became a British protectorate in 1892 and a colony in 1915; they were captured by the Japanese in the Pacific War in 1941. The islands of Makin and Tarawa were the sites of major US amphibious victories over entrenched Japanese garrisons in 1943. The Gilbert Islands were granted self-rule by the UK in 1971 and complete independence in 1979 under the new name of Kiribati. The US relinquished all claims to the sparsely inhabited Phoenix and Line Island groups in a 1979 treaty of friendship with Kiribati.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverA tiny speck of islands in the Pacific, Kiribati still maintains traditional ways. Nothing happens too fast here, so wind down, relax and enjoy living on island time. Curving its way above and below the equator, the Republic of Kiribati encompasses the Gilbert, Phoenix and Line Islands. Measured by land size Kiribati is a tiny nation of just over 811 sq km, but its 33 atolls span a huge 3.5 million sq km of the Pacific. Most atolls surround turquoise lagoons and barely rise above the surrounding ocean, so it´s rare to be out of the sight and sound of the sea.

Kiribati´s recent colonial and WWII history (the islands were occupied by the Japanese in 1942) has had little impact on the outer islands, where the people subsist on coconuts, breadfruit and fish as they have done for centuries. Even on the main island, Tarawa, most locals live in traditional raised thatched huts. Western influence is increasing, though, in the form of cars, bars, movies and the Internet, and inevitably there´s an escalating urban drift from the outer islands to Tarawa.The I-Kiribati, people of the islands, are friendly but laconic - expect a bold `mauri´ (hello) as you pass.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Kiribati National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
134Vanuatu134
135Congo, (Brazzaville)135
136Equatorial Guinea135
137Kiribati137
138Laos138
139Zambia139
140Bangladesh139
141Ghana139
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
157Vanuatu$2 805
158Papua New Guinea$2 712
159Tajikistan$2 601
160Kiribati$2 475
161Tanzania$2 467
162Syria$2 441
163Nepal$2 337
164Yemen$2 300
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
163Myanmar (Burma)113.2
164Mozambique113.4
165Liberia115.9
166Kiribati116.2
167Zimbabwe117.1
168N. Korea117.1
169Niger117.1
170Marshall Islands117.1
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Kiribati's Demographics

#demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #population

Population:

Kiribati's population is predicted to rise to 132 178 by 2030.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
176Sao Tome & Principe0.2m
177Samoa0.2m
178St Lucia0.2m
179Kiribati0.1m
180Micronesia0.1m
181Grenada0.1m
182St Vincent & Grenadines0.1m
183Tonga0.1m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
137Sao Tome & Principe66.58
138Guyana66.50
139Pakistan66.37
140Kiribati66.23
141Myanmar (Burma)66.12
142Turkmenistan65.73
143Madagascar65.52
144Tanzania65.51
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)15
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10015
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
61Djibouti09.1
62Tajikistan09.1
63Equatorial Guinea09.4
64Kiribati09.5
65Guatemala09.5
66Saudi Arabia09.5
67Haiti09.6
68Vanuatu09.9
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)16
Pos.
%16
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
110Chile2.7%
111Micronesia2.6%
112Azerbaijan2.6%
113Kiribati2.6%
114Samoa2.5%
115Zimbabwe2.4%
116Swaziland2.4%
117Ecuador2.4%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)17
Pos.
%17
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
88Bolivia6.8%
89Guinea-Bissau6.8%
90Slovenia6.5%
91Kiribati6.5%
92Bhutan6.3%
93Tunisia6.3%
94Finland6.2%
95Singapore6.1%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Kiribati's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)18,19
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank18,19
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
191Nauru153.3
192Micronesia157.0
193Somalia157.9
194Palau159.8
195Marshall Islands160.0
196Kiribati164.8
197Palestine170.0
198Solomon Islands175.3
199Tuvalu176.5
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway18. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine18.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe18, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia18.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)20
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties20
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
187Singapore5
188Nauru5
189Marshall Islands4
190Myanmar (Burma)4
191Palau4
192Malaysia4
193Bhutan3
194Kiribati3
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)21
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty21
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
185Tonga15.55
186Micronesia15.55
187Somalia15.71
188Kiribati15.80
189Solomon Islands15.81
190Nauru16.16
191Sao Tome & Principe16.17
192Tuvalu16.33
World Avg10.02
q=195.

Gender Equality:

See:

Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
149Lesotho1965
150Botswana1965
151Tuvalu1967
152Kiribati1967
153Ecuador1967
154Swaziland1968
155Nauru1968
156Congo, (Brazzaville)1970
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)22
Pos.Higher is better
Score22
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
125Grenada-5
126Dominica-5
127Namibia-5
128Kiribati-5
129Jamaica-5
130Cook Islands-5
131Guyana-5
132St Lucia-9
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Kiribati's Health

#alcohol #health #Kiribati #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)23,19
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank23,19
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
73Barbados87.1
74Bahamas87.5
75Jordan87.5
76Kiribati87.7
77Ireland87.8
78Fiji88.0
79Ecuador88.0
80Pakistan88.1
81New Zealand88.3
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives23. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea23.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe23, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia23.

Health:

Kiribati does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Kiribati comes in the best 20 in terms of its smoking rate24 (one of the lowest in Australasia) and in its alcohol consumption rate25 (one of the lowest in Australasia). It does better than average for its adolescent birth rate26. Kiribati does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its immunizations take-up27 and in its average life expectancy12 (amongst the lowest in Australasia). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
137Sao Tome & Principe66.58
138Guyana66.50
139Pakistan66.37
140Kiribati66.23
141Myanmar (Burma)66.12
142Turkmenistan65.73
143Madagascar65.52
144Tanzania65.51
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)25
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita25
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
8Saudi Arabia0.2
9Syria0.3
10Pakistan0.3
11Kiribati0.4
12Iraq0.4
13Brunei0.4
14Egypt0.4
15Djibouti0.5
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Smoking Rates (2014)24
Pos.Higher is worse24
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
8Ethiopia 76
7Congo, DR 74
6Samoa 54
5Rwanda 53
4Uganda 41
3Kiribati 28
2Solomon Islands 26
1Guinea 15
World Avg 819
q=182.
Overweight Adults (2016)28
Pos.Lower is better
%28
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
182Micronesia75.9
183Samoa77.6
184Tonga78.5
185Kiribati78.7
186Niue80.0
187Tuvalu81.9
188Marshall Islands83.5
189Cook Islands84.7
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)26
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100026
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
53Turkmenistan16.4
54Myanmar (Burma)16.5
55Malta16.6
56Kiribati17.2
57Macedonia17.6
58Uzbekistan17.7
59Hungary18.0
60Belarus18.2
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)27
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %27
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
127Kenya88.5
128Costa Rica88.5
129Colombia88.4
130Kiribati88.4
131Netherlands88.1
132Paraguay88.1
133Bosnia & Herzegovina88.0
134Sierra Leone87.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Kiribati's Modernity and Learning

#education #the_internet

Modernity and Education:

Length of Schooling (2018)29
Pos.Higher is better
Years29
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
131Uzbekistan12.0
132Jordan11.9
133Cape Verde11.9
134Kiribati11.8
135Angola11.8
136Moldova11.6
137Congo, (Brazzaville)11.6
138Micronesia11.5
World Avg13.2
q=193.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)30
Pos.Higher is better30
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
166Turkmenistan15%
167Bangladesh13%
168Iraq13%
169Kiribati13%
170Rwanda12%
171Mali12%
172Haiti12%
173Papua New Guinea12%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)31
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio31
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
138Solomon Islands0.0
139Congo, (Brazzaville)0.0
140Sao Tome & Principe0.0
141Kiribati0.0
142Ivory Coast0.0
143Mauritania0.0
144Iraq0.0
145Oman0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)32
Pos.Higher is better
%32
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
88Turkmenistan00.0
89Djibouti00.0
90S. Africa00.0
91Kiribati00.0
92Andorra00.0
93Malta00.0
94Saudi Arabia00.0
95Grenada00.0
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)33
Pos.Higher is better33
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
92Bolivia56.0
93Barbados55.8
94Georgia55.7
95Kiribati55.3
96Bahrain55.2
97Nicaragua55.0
98Bahamas55.0
99Kyrgyzstan54.9
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
72Estonia1994 Oct 25
73Greece1994 Nov 02
74Grenada1994 Nov 09
75Kiribati1994 Nov 14
76Romania1994 Nov 15
77Austria1994 Nov 16
78Indonesia1994 Nov 21
79Slovakia1994 Nov 23
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

8. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#health #inequality #life_expectancy

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)34
Pos.Higher is worse34
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
151Swaziland25.10
150Ethiopia24.90
149Yemen24.70
148Kiribati24.70
147Zimbabwe24.20
146Ghana24.20
145Papua New Guinea24.10
144Turkmenistan23.40
World Avg14.59
q=184.

9. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below35:

Christian97%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.8%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 55%, Protestant 36%, Mormon 3.1%, Baha'i 2.2%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.9%, other 1.8% (2005 census)36.

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