The Human Truth Foundation

Sweden

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#humanism #scandinavia #sweden

Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index5th best
CapitalStockholm
Land Area 410 340km21
LocationEurope, Scandinavia
Population10.0m2
Life Expectancy82.35yrs (2017)3
GNI$46 251 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesSE, SWE, 7525
Internet Domain.se6
CurrencyKronoa (SEK)7
Telephone+468

1. Overview

A military power during the 17th century, Sweden has not participated in any war for almost two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved in both world wars. Sweden's long-successful economic formula of a capitalist system interlarded with substantial welfare elements was challenged in the 1990s by high unemployment and in 2000-02 and 2009 by the global economic downturns, but fiscal discipline over the past several years has allowed the country to weather economic vagaries. Sweden joined the EU in 1995, but the public rejected the introduction of the euro in a 2003 referendum.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverFrozen wastelands, cosy cottages, virgin forest, rocky islands, reindeer herders and Viking lore - Sweden has all that and mad style, too. As progressive and civilised as it may be, Sweden is a wild place. Its scenery ranges from barren moonscapes and impenetrable forests in the far north to sunny beaches and lush farmland further south. Its short summers and long winters mean that people cling to every last speck of sunshine on a late August evening - crayfish parties on seaside decks can stretch into the wee hours. In winter locals rely on candlelight and glögg to warm their spirits.

But lovers of the outdoors will thrive here in any season: winter sees skiing and dogsledding and aurora borealis, while the warmer months invite long hikes, sunbathing and swimming, canoeing and cycling under the midnight sun - you name it, if it´s fun and can be done outdoors, you´ll find it here. For less rugged types, there´s always restaurant and nightclub hopping and museum perusing in cosmopolitan Stockholm, lively Göteborg and beyond.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Sweden National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
11USA10
12Hong Kong12
13New Zealand13
14Sweden14
15Liechtenstein15
16UK16
17Japan17
18S. Korea18
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
13San Marino$50 063
14Andorra$47 979
15Netherlands$46 326
16Sweden$46 251
17Germany$45 000
18Denmark$44 519
19Ireland$43 798
20Austria$43 609
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
4Finland32.0
5Sweden33.3
6Germany34.3
7Netherlands35.5
8Austria35.6
9Canada36.8
10Switzerland37.2
11New Zealand37.6
12Luxembourg39.5
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

Sweden's position towards the top of social development and stability charts is not purely a modern phenomenon; in 1942 the classical theorist Schumpeter referred to the nations's famous progressiveness:

Take Sweden... Like her art, her science, her politics, her social institutions and much besides, her socialism and her socialists owe their distinction not to any peculiar features of principle or intention, but to the stuff the Swedish nation is made of and to its exceptionally well-balanced social structure. That is why it is so absurd for other nations to try to copy Swedish examples; the only effective way of doing so would be to import the Swedes and to put them in charge.

"Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy" by Joseph A. Schumpeter (1942)15

3. Sweden's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Sweden's population is predicted to rise to 10.38 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.93. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
85Dominican Rep.10.6m
86Greece10.5m
87Portugal10.3m
88Sweden10.0m
89Jordan10.0m
90Azerbaijan9.9m
91Hungary9.7m
92UAE9.6m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
8Israel82.56
9Australia82.54
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
13S. Korea82.13
14New Zealand82.03
15Chile81.96
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
8Norway1.95
9Myanmar (Burma)1.95
10Indonesia2.07
11Sweden1.93
12Tunisia1.93
13St Lucia1.93
14USA2.08
15Ireland2.10
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)17
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10017
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
160Poland36.3
161Singapore36.5
162Latvia36.7
163Sweden37.0
164Bulgaria37.0
165Denmark37.1
166Bosnia & Herzegovina37.3
167S. Korea37.6
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)18
Pos.
%18
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
23Canada21.5%
24Kazakhstan20.0%
25Austria19.0%
26Sweden17.6%
27Equatorial Guinea17.5%
28Ireland16.9%
29Cyprus16.0%
30Belize16.0%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)19
Pos.
%19
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
133Mauritania3.5%
134Canada3.5%
135Algeria3.4%
136Sweden3.4%
137Ghana3.4%
138Nepal3.3%
139Bangladesh3.3%
140Botswana3.2%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #saudi_arabia #sweden #tolerance

When it comes to ensuring human rights and freedom, Sweden leads the world, setting excellent examples. Sweden does the second-best when it comes to its nominal commitment to Human Rights20. It comes in the best 20 when it comes to LGBT equality21 (amongst the best in Europe), its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice22 (the best in Europe), opposing gender inequality23, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports24, supporting press freedom25, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms26 and in speed of uptake of HR treaties27 (amongst the best in Europe). Same-sex marriage was legalized in 2009, improving upon homosexual "civil-unions" that were available since 199528. Human Rights Watch's 2018 report states that Sweden's support of women's rights at home and internationally has been notable, especially in supporting women and girls in Saudi Arabia29.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Sweden's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #Sweden #vaccines

Health (2020)30,31
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank30,31
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
29Iran74.4
30Denmark74.9
31Morocco75.1
32Sweden75.6
33Armenia76.0
34Iceland76.0
35Greece76.1
36Netherlands76.4
37Cuba76.4
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives30. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea30.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe30, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia30.

Health:

Sweden does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Sweden performs the best in terms of its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance32. It comes in the best 20 when it comes to its adolescent birth rate23 and in its average life expectancy12. It does better than average in its fertility rate16 (but high for Europe). Sweden does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to its suicide rate33, its smoking rate34 (still low for Europe), its alcohol consumption rate35 (still good for Europe) and in its immunizations take-up36 (one of the lowest in Europe). The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
8Israel82.56
9Australia82.54
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
13S. Korea82.13
14New Zealand82.03
15Chile81.96
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)35
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita35
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
134Canada8.9
135Rwanda9.0
136Iceland9.1
137Sweden9.2
138Chile9.3
139Grenada9.3
140S. Africa9.3
141St Kitts & Nevis9.4
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
8Norway1.95
9Myanmar (Burma)1.95
10Indonesia2.07
11Sweden1.93
12Tunisia1.93
13St Lucia1.93
14USA2.08
15Ireland2.10
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)34
Pos.Higher is worse34
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
114Thailand 895
113Iran 869
112Laos 836
111Sweden 831
110UK 827
109Papua New Guinea 826
108Namibia 740
107UAE 715
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)33
Pos.
Per 100k33
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
62Cuba24.5
63Romania24.5
64Bulgaria25
65Sweden25.5
66Slovakia25.7
67Czechia28.3
68Suriname28.7
69Hong Kong29.7
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
4UK4
5Norway5
6Switzerland6
7Germany7
8Canada8
9Netherlands9
10USA10
11Luxembourg11
12Finland12
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)37
Pos.Lower is better
%37
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
105Bolivia56.1
106Slovenia56.1
107Slovakia56.2
108Sweden56.4
109Brazil56.5
110Germany56.8
111Vanuatu57.1
112Serbia57.1
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)23
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100023
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
8Denmark4.0
9Japan4.1
10Cyprus5.0
11Sweden5.7
12Norway5.9
13Luxembourg5.9
14Italy6.0
15Iceland6.1
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)36
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %36
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
162Gabon78.7
163Micronesia78.2
164Philippines77.9
165Sweden77.8
166Ivory Coast76.9
167Congo, DR76.5
168Timor-Leste (E. Timor)76.5
169Indonesia76.4
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Sweden's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)38
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank38
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
4Sweden13.3
5Australia14.8
6Switzerland14.9
7Estonia14.9
8Czechia15.5
9New Zealand15.6
10UK15.8
11Ireland16.4
12Norway16.6
13Germany17.1
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2939
2Israel4.1139
3Japan3.5839
4Finland3.1739
5Sweden3.1639
6Denmark3.0539
7Taiwan3.0139
8Austria3.0040
9Switzerland2.9641
10Germany2.8439
11USA2.7442
12Belgium2.4639
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
42Serbia89.5%
43Denmark89.3%
44Israel89.1%
45Sweden88.9%
46Mongolia88.8%
47Bahamas88.4%
48Ireland88.3%
49Netherlands88.3%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)44
Pos.Higher is better
Years44
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
4Iceland19.2
5Denmark19.1
6New Zealand18.8
7Sweden18.8
8Ireland18.8
9Norway18.1
10Netherlands18.0
11Spain17.9
12Argentina17.6
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
14Bulgaria14
15Iceland15
16Bosnia & Herzegovina16
17Sweden17
18Lithuania18
19Macedonia19
20Australia20
21Germany21
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)45
Pos.Higher is better
Score45
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
23UK1499
24Portugal1491
25France1487
26Sweden1487
27Austria1477
28Russia1476
29Spain1475
30Czechia1472
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)46
Pos.Lower is better
%46
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
4Japan24
5Hong Kong24
6UK27
7France30
8Vietnam30
9Russia34
10Belarus34
11Latvia39
12Luxembourg39
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)47
Pos.Higher is better47
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
17Germany99
18Finland99
19Estonia99
20Sweden99
21Belgium99
22Canada99
23Andorra98
24Czechia98
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
7Liechtenstein96%
8Luxembourg95%
9Netherlands94%
10Sweden93%
11Monaco93%
12UK93%
13Finland93%
14Qatar92%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security (2013)49
Pos.Lower is better49
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
15Latvia0.33
16Pakistan0.38
17Taiwan0.44
18Sweden0.44
19Romania0.52
20Turkey0.52
21Poland0.55
22Switzerland0.55
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)50
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio50
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
33Bolivia5.0
34Macau4.2
35Singapore4.0
36Sweden3.8
37Poland3.6
38Thailand3.3
39Denmark3.1
40Bosnia & Herzegovina3.1
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
51
Pos.Lower is better51
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
33Puerto Rico29
34Cyprus31
35Iran32
36Sweden33
37Turkmenistan33.75
38Philippines34.75
39Nigeria35
40Dominican Rep.35.75
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)52
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score52
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
4Sweden88.2
5Norway86.0
6Switzerland85.8
7Singapore85.2
8Netherlands83.4
9Canada82.2
10Luxembourg81.6
11Australia80.8
12Germany79.6
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)53
Pos.Higher is better53
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
4Iceland7.5
5Switzerland7.5
6Netherlands7.4
7Canada7.3
8New Zealand7.3
9Sweden7.3
10Australia7.3
11Israel7.2
12Austria7.1
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
4Switzerland4
5Sweden5
6Denmark6
7Austria7
8Ireland8
9Czechia9
10Luxembourg10
11UK11
12Portugal12
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
4Netherlands4
5Switzerland5
6Serbia6
7Belgium7
8Norway8
9Finland9
10Croatia10
11Georgia11
12Philippines12
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)54
Pos.Lower is better54
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
11Belgium1.38
12Qatar1.40
13Czechia1.40
14Sweden1.42
15Germany1.42
16Portugal1.47
17Hungary1.48
18Norway1.48
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
64Denmark64
65Austria65
66Ghana66
67Sweden67
68Congo, (Brazzaville)68
69Bulgaria69
70Zimbabwe70
71Spain71
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
4Sweden4
5Malta5
6Australia6
7Norway7
8Finland8
9Denmark9
10Switzerland10
11Canada11
12UK12
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)55
Pos.Lower is better
Score55
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
92Spain3.35
93Bolivia3.39
94Algeria3.41
95Sweden3.45
96Sri Lanka3.57
97Canada3.59
98Belgium3.64
99Angola3.78
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)56
Pos.Higher is better
%56
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
75Tajikistan01.0
76Slovakia01.0
77Russia00.8
78Sweden00.8
79Mongolia00.1
80Japan00.0
81Afghanistan00.0
82Yemen00.0
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)57
Pos.Higher is better57
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
4Malta80.9
5Sweden80.5
6UK79.9
7Luxembourg79.1
8Austria79.0
9Ireland78.8
10Finland78.6
11Iceland78.6
12Spain78.4
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)58
Pos.Higher is better58
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
59Slovakia09.09
60Jordan09.09
61Slovenia08.85
62Sweden08.62
63Belgium08.47
64Guatemala08.47
65India08.40
66Cameroon08.33
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
35Nepal1994 Feb 21
36Czechia1994 Mar 03
37Barbados1994 Mar 10
38Sweden1994 Mar 16
39Spain1994 Mar 21
40Portugal1994 Mar 21
41Germany1994 Mar 21
42Denmark1994 Mar 21
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)59
Pos.Higher is better
%59
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
110Armenia25.3%
111Kazakhstan25.0%
112Iraq24.9%
113Sweden24.3%
114New Zealand24.2%
115Poland23.8%
116Belarus23.7%
117Afghanistan23.6%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)60
Pos.Higher is worse60
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
8Czechia3.00
7Finland3.00
6Japan2.90
5Slovenia2.90
4Sweden2.90
3Hong Kong2.50
2Singapore2.50
1Iceland2.40
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)61
Pos.Lower is better
%61
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
16Serbia28.5
17Timor-Leste (E. Timor)28.7
18Albania29.0
19Sweden29.2
20Malta29.4
21Iraq29.5
22Hungary30.4
23Austria30.5
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#afterlife #belief #buddhism #christianity #god #good_governance #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #sweden #universalism

Religiosity (2009)46
Pos.Lower is better
%46
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
4Japan24
5Hong Kong24
6UK27
7France30
8Vietnam30
9Russia34
10Belarus34
11Latvia39
12Luxembourg39
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)62
Pos.Higher is better
%62
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
4Czechia61
5Estonia49
6Denmark48
7France44
8Belgium43
9Netherlands42
10Germany42
11UK42
12Cuba40
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below63:

Christian67.2%
Muslim4.6%
Hindu0.2%
Buddhist0.4%
Folk Religion0.2%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated27%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 71.9% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (64%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 72.7% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 17% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Lutheran 87%, other (includes Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Jewish, and Buddhist) 13%64.

The Afterlife: Ipsos-NA in 2011 gathered some statistics on Sweden65. Despite the large numbers of Christians, not many have traditional beliefs in the afterlife - just 3%. More people don't know what to believe (41%). Some believe that upon death, you simply cease to exist (30%). Also, 1% specifically believe in heaven but not in hell (which is nice - making them possible "universalists"). 5% believe in reincarnation.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012)66, in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Sweden states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. Members of religious communities are allowed to designate part of their income tax to go to their church, but the nonreligious have consistently been refused the right to designate their Humanist Association to enjoy the same privilege.

Chapter 16 Section 8 of the penal code criminalizes "A person who, in a disseminated statement or communication, threatens or expresses contempt for a national, ethnic or other such group of persons with allusion to race, colour, national or ethnic origin or religious belief..."

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)67

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