The Human Truth Foundation

Haiti (Republic of Haiti)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#benin #ghana #Haiti #monotheism #nigeria #togo

Haiti
Republic of Haiti
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index142nd best
CapitalPort-au-Prince
Land Area 27 560 km21
LocationNorth America, The Americas, Caribbean
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population 10.26 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy63.12yrs (2017)3
GNI$1 657 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesHT, HTI, 3325
Internet Domain.ht6
CurrencyGourde (HTG)7
Telephone+5098

1. Overview

#france

The native Taino - who inhabited the island of Hispaniola when it was discovered by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 - were virtually annihilated by Spanish settlers within 25 years. In the early 17th century, the French established a presence on Hispaniola. In 1697, Spain ceded to the French the western third of the island, which later became Haiti. The French colony, based on forestry and sugar-related industries, became one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean but only through the heavy importation of African slaves and considerable environmental degradation. In the late 18th century, Haiti's nearly half million slaves revolted under Toussaint L'OUVERTURE. After a prolonged struggle, Haiti became the first post-colonial black-led nation in the world, declaring its independence in 1804. Currently the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, Haiti has experienced political instability for most of its history. After an armed rebellion led to the forced resignation and exile of President Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE in February 2004, an interim government took office to organize new elections under the auspices of the United Nations. Continued instability and technical delays prompted repeated postponements, but Haiti inaugurated a democratically elected president and parliament in May of 2006. This was followed by contested elections in 2010 that resulted in the election of Haiti's current President, Michel MARTELLY. A massive magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti in January 2010 with an epicenter about 25 km (15 mi) west of the capital, Port-au-Prince. Estimates are that over 300,000 people were killed and some 1.5 million left homeless. The earthquake was assessed as the worst in this region over the last 200 years.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Haiti National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
161Lesotho160
162Senegal162
163Uganda163
164Haiti163
165Sudan165
166Togo166
167Benin167
168Yemen168
169Afghanistan169
170Malawi170
171Ivory Coast171
172Djibouti172
173Gambia173
174Ethiopia174
175Mali175
176Congo, DR176
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Iceland89.1
2Sweden85.7
3Denmark84.0
...
139Kenya50.7
140Sao Tome & Principe50.7
141Egypt50.7
142Haiti50.3
143Swaziland50.3
144Cambodia50.2
145Palestine50.0
146Solomon Islands50.0
147Papua New Guinea49.4
148Lesotho49.4
149Syria49.1
150Nepal48.7
151Myanmar (Burma)48.3
152Comoros48.2
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
153Sudan63.73
154Comoros63.57
155Mauritania63.24
156Haiti63.12
157Congo, (Brazzaville)62.89
158Papua New Guinea62.77
159Djibouti62.30
160Kenya62.16
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
124Namibia3.1
125Zimbabwe3.1
126Tajikistan3.2
127Haiti3.2
128Gabon3.2
129Swaziland3.2
130Bolivia3.2
131Pakistan3.2
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
79S. Sudan 10.67m
80Czech Rep. 10.57m137
81Guinea 10.48m43
82Haiti 10.26m372
83Bolivia 10.25m9
84Dominican Rep. 10.18m211
85Hungary9.95m110
Data Source

Haiti's population is predicted to rise to 12.53 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 3.19.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
81Costa Rica1949
82India1950
83Barbados1950
84Haiti1950
85Grenada1951
86Antigua & Barbuda1951
87St Kitts & Nevis1951
88Nepal1951
Gender Inequality (2015)12
CountryValue12
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
139Mozambique0.57
140Sudan0.57
141Congo, (Brazzaville)0.59
142Haiti0.59
143Papua New Guinea0.59
144Benin0.61
145Malawi0.61
146Burkina Faso0.62

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Haiti and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #voodoo

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
130Jordan0%
131Saudi Arabia0%
132Guinea0%
133Haiti0%
134Rwanda0%
135Iraq0%
136Brunei0%
137Sierra Leone0%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below13:

Christian86.9%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion2.2%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated10.6%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, other 1%), none 1%, other 3%. Note: Despite what they put on official forms, roughly half of the population practices Voodoo.14.

An introduction to Vodun, or Voodoo:

A traditional religion from Western Africa with an ethical focus on combating greed and promoting honour. It is based on the worship of spirits that are loyal to a monotheistic15 deistic (non-interventionist) creator god. It is more correctly known as Vodun, although other titles include Vodoun, Voudou, and Sevi Lwa. "The name is traceable to an African word for 'spirit'. Vodun's roots go back to the West African Yoruba people who lived in 18th and 19th century Dahomey. That country occupied parts of today's Togo, Benin and Nigeria"16. When West Africans were forcibly taken to Haiti and other islands in the West Indies as slaves, their beliefs spread with them15,16, and also to South America and the Caribbean region in general17. Voodoo was suppressed and its followers persecuted15 by Christian powermongers, and it was forced underground, with many believers merely pretending to be Christian, and practicing Voodoo in secret15,18,19. As a result of this, Voodoo priests were well-placed to orchestrate and inspire slave revolts. It is now acknowledged that Voodoo merged African beliefs with re-interpreted Christian saints and symbols17,15, but also that Christianity abused and mis-represented Voodoo, causing long term damage to its reputation. There are up to 60 million Voodoo practitioners worldwide, with about 16 million in Ghana, Togo, Benin and Nigeria15.

"An introduction to Vodun, or Voodoo" by Vexen Crabtree (2016)

Vodun is still practiced by the majority of Haiti even though the majority also call themselves Christian. "It was given official status as a national religion in 2003 by Jean-Bertrand Aristide, then Haitian president"15. Haitian Voodoo is has some features that distinguishing it from African Voodoo. The success of the hope-inspiring slave revolts was directly related to the secretive and suppressed nature of the Vodun religion within the slave culture. The underground religion naturally expanded to include underground abolitionist activism and played an inspirational and functional role, directly facilitating underground societies and powerful leaders, something which no other anti-slave movement did. This series of revolts led to Toussaint L'Ouverture and his successes in the region, which inspired and fuelled abolitionist movements worldwide.

Some historians say that voodoo's bad image in the world is because Haitian slaves used it as a form of protest; it gave them a secret place where they could foment revolt against their masters.

The Economist (2006)20

Links:

6. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)12
CountryPer 100012
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
90Tajikistan38.1
91Vietnam38.6
92Pakistan38.7
93Haiti39.3
94Syria39.4
95Kyrgyzstan39.6
96Georgia39.7
97Barbados40.7
Alcohol Consumption (2010)21
CountryPer Capita21
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
92Bolivia5.9
93Ivory Coast6
94Colombia6.2
95Haiti6.4
96Cook Islands6.4
97Lesotho6.5
98Vietnam6.6
99Equatorial Guinea6.6

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions22
Country%22
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
32Trinidad & Tobago24
33Argentina24
34Mexico24
35Haiti26
36Mongolia26
37Switzerland26
38Belgium27
39Germany27
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
23
CountryValue23
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
50Syria43.67
51Luxembourg43.75
52Panama45
53Haiti45
54Malawi45.25
55Israel45.25
56Taiwan46
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)24
CountryRank24
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
58El Salvador58
59Ghana59
60Jamaica60
61Haiti61
62Fiji61
63Dominican Rep.63
64Cambodia64
65Madagascar65
Global Peace Index (2012)25
CountryValue25
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
103Congo, (Brazzaville)2.15
104Kazakhstan2.15
105Saudi Arabia2.18
106Haiti2.18
107Cambodia2.21
108Belarus2.21
109Uzbekistan2.22
110El Salvador2.22
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)26
CountryTreaties26
1Argentina24
2Mexico23
3Costa Rica23
...
143Bahrain12
144Trinidad & Tobago12
145Dominica12
146Haiti12
147Kuwait12
148Barbados11
149Bahamas11
150Zimbabwe11
Press Freedom (2013)27
CountryValue27
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
45Burkina Faso2370
46Taiwan2382
47Samoa2384
48Haiti2409
49Korea, S.2448
50Comoros2452
51S. Africa2456
52Japan2517
Life Satisfaction (2011)28
CountryValue28
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
139Mali3.8
140Senegal3.8
141Nepal3.8
142Haiti3.8
143Burundi3.8
144Afghanistan3.8
145Yemen3.7
146Chad3.7
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
169S. Sudan$1 882
170Afghanistan$1 871
171Uganda$1 670
172Haiti$1 657
173Rwanda$1 617
174Zimbabwe$1 588
175Solomon Islands$1 561
176Gambia$1 541
Environmental Performance (2010)29
CountryValue29
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
151UAE40.7
152Nigeria40.2
153Benin39.6
154Haiti39.5
155Mali39.4
156Turkmenistan38.4
157Niger37.6
158Togo36.4
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3China105
...
124Burkina Faso68
125Liberia67
126Guinea67
127Haiti67
128Gambia66
129Zimbabwe66
130Senegal66
131Central African Rep.64
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
106Bahamas10
107Azerbaijan10
108India10
109Haiti10
110Vatican City10
111Jordan10
112Vanuatu10
113Montserrat10
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2016 Feb 07
http://www.humantruth.info/haiti.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#benin #buddhism #christianity #france #ghana #Haiti #hinduism #islam #judaism #monotheism #nigeria #togo #voodoo

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References: (What's this?)

Book Cover

Book Cover

Book Cover

The Economist. Published by The Economist Group, Ltd. A weekly newspaper in magazine format, famed for its accuracy, wide scope and intelligent content. See vexen.co.uk/references.html#Economist for some commentary on this source..

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

Chesi, Gert
(1980) Voodoo: Africa's Secret Power. Published by Perlinger.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Apr 26.

Drury, Nevill
(1996) Shamanism. Paperback book. Published by Element Books.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

Momen, Moojan
(1999) The Phenomenon Of Religion: A Thematic Approach. Paperback book. Published by Oneworld Publications, Oxford, UK. Book Review.

Murray et al.
(2009) Hammond Atlas of World Religions. Hardback book. Published by Hammond World Atlas Corporation, Langenscheidt Publishing Group, New York, USA. Contributing authors: Stuart A.P. Murray; Robert Huber; Elizabeth Mechem; Sarah Novak; Devid West Reynolds, PhD; Tricia Wright; Thomas Cussans.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  13. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  14. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  15. Murray et al. (2009) p359.^
  16. "Vodun (and related religions)" by the Ontario Consultants for Religious Tolerance. website accessed 1999, 2009.^
  17. Chesi (1980) p5-6.^
  18. Drury (1996) p79.^
  19. Momen (1999) chapter 19 "Religion in the Modern World" p507.^
  20. The Economist (2006 Jan 28) article "Voodoo still wins" .^
  21. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  22. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  23. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  24. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  25. ^
  26. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  27. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  28. UN (2013) Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  29. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^

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