The Human Truth Foundation

Haiti (Republic of Haiti)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#benin #christianity #ghana #Haiti #monotheism #nigeria #togo #voodoo

Haiti
Republic of Haiti
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index136th best
CapitalPort-au-Prince
Land Area1 27 560 km2
LocationNorth America, The Americas, Caribbean
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population2 10.26 million
Life Expectancy362.377yrs (2012)
GNI3$1 070
ISO3166-1 Codes4HT, HTI, 332
Internet Domain5.ht
Currency6Gourde (HTG)
Telephone7+509

1. Overview

#france

The native Taino - who inhabited the island of Hispaniola when it was discovered by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 - were virtually annihilated by Spanish settlers within 25 years. In the early 17th century, the French established a presence on Hispaniola. In 1697, Spain ceded to the French the western third of the island, which later became Haiti. The French colony, based on forestry and sugar-related industries, became one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean but only through the heavy importation of African slaves and considerable environmental degradation. In the late 18th century, Haiti's nearly half million slaves revolted under Toussaint L'OUVERTURE. After a prolonged struggle, Haiti became the first post-colonial black-led nation in the world, declaring its independence in 1804. Currently the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, Haiti has experienced political instability for most of its history. After an armed rebellion led to the forced resignation and exile of President Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE in February 2004, an interim government took office to organize new elections under the auspices of the United Nations. Continued instability and technical delays prompted repeated postponements, but Haiti inaugurated a democratically elected president and parliament in May of 2006. This was followed by contested elections in 2010 that resulted in the election of Haiti's current President, Michel MARTELLY. A massive magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti in January 2010 with an epicenter about 25 km (15 mi) west of the capital, Port-au-Prince. Estimates are that over 300,000 people were killed and some 1.5 million left homeless. The earthquake was assessed as the worst in this region over the last 200 years.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Haiti National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
159Togo45.938.9
160Yemen45.841.7
161Uganda45.637.1
162Haiti45.640.0
163Zambia44.839.8
164Djibouti44.542.7
165Gambia43.934.2
166Benin43.634.3
167Rwanda43.431.1
168Ivory Coast43.237.1
169Comoros42.943.1
170Malawi41.832.5
171Sudan41.433.1
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
133Kiribati50.1
134Tuvalu50.0
135Cambodia48.6
136Haiti48.4
137Algeria48.2
138China48.2
139Egypt48.0
140Vanuatu47.5
141Liberia47.2
142Syria47.0
143Sierra Leone46.7
144Gabon46.3
145Papua New Guinea46.3
146Palestine46.2
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
150Gabon63.1
151Timor-Leste (E. Timor)62.9
152Namibia62.6
153Haiti62.4
154Eritrea62
155Sudan61.8
156Comoros61.5
157Senegal59.6
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
124Namibia3.1
125Zimbabwe3.1
126Tajikistan3.2
127Haiti3.2
128Gabon3.2
129Swaziland3.2
130Bolivia3.2
131Pakistan3.2
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
79S. Sudan 10.67m
80Czech Rep. 10.57m137
81Guinea 10.48m43
82Haiti 10.26m372
83Bolivia 10.25m9
84Dominican Rep. 10.18m211
85Hungary9.95m110
Data Source

Haiti's population is predicted to rise to 12.53 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 3.19.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
80Bosnia & Herzegovina1949
81Costa Rica1949
82India1950
83Haiti1950
84Barbados1950
85Grenada1951
86Nepal1951
87Dominica1951
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
124Malawi0.57
125Mozambique0.58
126Egypt0.59
127Haiti0.59
128Gambia0.59
129Sudan0.60
130Kenya0.61
131Burkina Faso0.61
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Haiti and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Haiti is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #voodoo

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
130Tanzania0%
131Saudi Arabia0%
132Guinea0%
133Haiti0%
134Rwanda0%
135Iraq0%
136Philippines0%
137Sierra Leone0%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian86.9%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion2.2%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated10.6%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, other 1%), none 1%, other 3%. Note: Despite what they put on official forms, roughly half of the population practices Voodoo.10.

An introduction to Vodun, or Voodoo:

A traditional religion from Western Africa with an ethical focus on combating greed and promoting honour. It is based on the worship of spirits that are loyal to a monotheistic11 deistic (non-interventionist) creator god. It is more correctly known as Vodun, although other titles include Vodoun, Voudou, and Sevi Lwa. "The name is traceable to an African word for 'spirit'. Vodun's roots go back to the West African Yoruba people who lived in 18th and 19th century Dahomey. That country occupied parts of today's Togo, Benin and Nigeria"12. When West Africans were forcibly taken to Haiti and other islands in the West Indies as slaves, their beliefs spread with them11,12, and also to South America and the Caribbean region in general13. Voodoo was suppressed and its followers persecuted11 by Christian powermongers, and it was forced underground, with many believers merely pretending to be Christian, and practicing Voodoo in secret11,14,15. As a result of this, Voodoo priests were well-placed to orchestrate and inspire slave revolts. It is now acknowledged that Voodoo merged African beliefs with re-interpreted Christian saints and symbols13,11, but also that Christianity abused and mis-represented Voodoo, causing long term damage to its reputation. There are up to 60 million Voodoo practitioners worldwide, with about 16 million in Ghana, Togo, Benin and Nigeria11.

"An introduction to Vodun, or Voodoo" by Vexen Crabtree (2016)

Vodun is still practiced by the majority of Haiti even though the majority also call themselves Christian. "It was given official status as a national religion in 2003 by Jean-Bertrand Aristide, then Haitian president"11. Haitian Voodoo is has some features that distinguishing it from African Voodoo. The success of the hope-inspiring slave revolts was directly related to the secretive and suppressed nature of the Vodun religion within the slave culture. The underground religion naturally expanded to include underground abolitionist activism and played an inspirational and functional role, directly facilitating underground societies and powerful leaders, something which no other anti-slave movement did. This series of revolts led to Toussaint L'Ouverture and his successes in the region, which inspired and fuelled abolitionist movements worldwide.

Some historians say that voodoo's bad image in the world is because Haitian slaves used it as a form of protest; it gave them a secret place where they could foment revolt against their masters.

The Economist (2006)16

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
139Gambia9.20
140Swaziland9.01
141Kiribati8.96
142Haiti8.37
143Vanuatu7.99
144Nepal7.93
145India7.50
146Gabon7.23
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)17
CountryValue17
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
50Syria43.67
51Luxembourg43.75
52Panama45
53Haiti45
54Malawi45.25
55Israel45.25
56Taiwan46
57Belgium47.25
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
97Sri Lanka6.5
98Russia6.5
99Egypt6.5
100Haiti6.4
101Serbia6.4
102Morocco6.4
103Madagascar6.4
104Bolivia6.4
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
103Congo, (Brazzaville)2.15
104Kazakhstan2.15
105Saudi Arabia2.18
106Haiti2.18
107Cambodia2.21
108Belarus2.21
109Uzbekistan2.22
110El Salvador2.22
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
122Angola68
123Somalia68
124Chad68
125Haiti67
126Liberia67
127Guinea67
128Gambia66
129Zimbabwe66
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
144Trinidad & Tobago12
145Bahrain12
146Suriname12
147Haiti12
148Guyana11
149Bahamas11
150Swaziland11
151Cuba11
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
45Burkina Faso99.2
46Taiwan99.2
47Samoa99.2
48Haiti99.2
49Korea, S.99.2
50Comoros99.2
51S. Africa99.2
52Japan99.2
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
166Uganda$1 168
167Rwanda$1 147
168Nepal$1 137
169Haiti$1 070
170Guinea-Bissau$1 042
171Ethiopia$1 017
172Afghanistan$1 000
173Comoros$ 986
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
139Burundi3.8
140Nepal3.8
141Mali3.8
142Haiti3.8
143Afghanistan3.8
144Senegal3.8
145Benin3.7
146Chad3.7
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
151UAE40.7
152Nigeria40.2
153Benin39.6
154Haiti39.5
155Mali39.4
156Turkmenistan38.4
157Niger37.6
158Togo36.4
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
106Bahamas10
107Azerbaijan10
108India10
109Haiti10
110Vatican City10
111Jordan10
112Vanuatu10
113Montserrat10
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2016 Feb 07
http://www.humantruth.info/haiti.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Book Cover

Book Cover

Book Cover

The Economist. Published by The Economist Group, Ltd. A weekly newspaper in magazine format, famed for its accuracy, wide scope and intelligent content. See vexen.co.uk/references.html#Economist for some commentary on this source..

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

Chesi, Gert
(1980) Voodoo: Africa's Secret Power. Published by Perlinger.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Drury, Nevill
(1996) Shamanism. Paperback book. Published by Element Books.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

Momen, Moojan
(1999) The Phenomenon Of Religion: A Thematic Approach. Paperback book. Published by Oneworld Publications, Oxford, UK. Book Review.

Murray et al.
(2009) Hammond Atlas of World Religions. Hardback book. Published by Hammond World Atlas Corporation, Langenscheidt Publishing Group, New York, USA. Contributing authors: Stuart A.P. Murray; Robert Huber; Elizabeth Mechem; Sarah Novak; Devid West Reynolds, PhD; Tricia Wright; Thomas Cussans.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Murray et al. (2009) p359.^
  12. "Vodun (and related religions)" by the Ontario Consultants for Religious Tolerance. website accessed 1999, 2009.^
  13. Chesi (1980) p5-6.^
  14. Drury (1996) p79.^
  15. Momen (1999) p507.^
  16. The Economist (2006 Jan 28) article "Voodoo still wins".^
  17. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^

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