The Human Truth Foundation

Malta (Republic of Malta)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#christianity #malta

Malta
Republic of Malta
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index38th best
CapitalValletta
Land Area 320 km21
LocationEurope, Mediterranean
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population419 212 (2011)2
Life Expectancy80.73yrs (2017)3
GNI$29 500 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesMT, MLT, 4705
Internet Domain.mt6
CurrencyLira (MTL)7
Telephone+3568

1. Overview

#malta #UK

Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both world wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Since about the mid-1980s, the island has transformed itself into a freight transshipment point, a financial center, and a tourist destination. Malta became an EU member in May 2004 and began using the euro as currency in 2008.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Malta National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
30Brunei30
31Estonia30
32Andorra32
33Malta33
34Qatar33
35Cyprus33
36Poland36
37Lithuania37
38Chile38
39Saudi Arabia38
40Slovakia40
41Portugal41
42UAE42
43Hungary43
44Latvia44
45Croatia45
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.2
2Iceland88.1
3Denmark85.9
...
35Antigua & Barbuda70.0
36Brunei69.3
37Slovakia69.3
38Malta68.9
39Uruguay68.7
40Latvia68.3
41Jamaica68.1
42Barbados67.9
43Maldives67.8
44Seychelles67.6
45Lithuania67.2
46Bahamas66.9
47Cyprus66.7
48Dominica66.4
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
25Finland81.01
26Belgium80.98
27UK80.85
28Malta80.73
29Slovenia80.58
30Denmark80.41
31Cyprus80.33
32Liechtenstein80.16
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
111Saudi Arabia2.7
112Portugal1.3
113Belize2.7
114Malta1.3
115Syria2.8
116Bosnia & Herzegovina1.1
117Paraguay2.9
118Hong Kong1.1
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
165Suriname534 1753
166Luxembourg523 362202
167Cape Verde505 335125
168Malta419 2121310
169Brunei412 89278
170Bahamas351 27535
171Iceland328 2903
Data Source

Malta's population is predicted to rise to 430 652 by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.28.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
67Romania1946
68Singapore1947
69Pakistan1947
70Malta1947
71Argentina1947
72Seychelles1948
73Niger1948
74Belgium1948
Gender Inequality (2015)12
CountryValue12
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
41Latvia0.19
42Kazakhstan0.20
43USA0.20
44Malta0.22
45Bulgaria0.22
46UAE0.23
47Moldova0.23
48Bahrain0.23

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
58Romania84%
59Tajikistan85%
60S. Africa85%
61Malta86%
62Dominican Rep.87%
63Lebanon87%
64Brazil87%
65Ivory Coast88%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below13:

Christian97%
Muslim0.2%
Hindu0.2%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated2.5%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Roman Catholic (official) 98%14.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Malta states:

The constitution and other laws protect freedom of religion or belief. However, Article 2 of the Maltese Constitution states: (1) The religion of Malta is the Roman Catholic Apostolic Religion. (2) The authorities of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Church have the duty and the right to teach which principles are right and which are wrong. (3) Religious teaching of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Faith shall be provided in all state schools as part of compulsory education.

As a result of this state endorsement of a particular religion, one third of all primary and secondary students attend Catholic schools, which the state fully funds as per a 1993 concordat between Malta and the Vatican. Owing to certain historical factors, church schools have over the past thirty years obtained a reputation of being educationally better than state schools. This has led to a reinforcing cycle as more educationally-motivated parents send their children to church schools, leading to these schools obtaining better results (and therefore more funding) than state schools. The number of students attending church schools is increasing as the church embarks on a school building program aided by government funds.

Religion in secondary schools is taught by teachers dedicated to that subject. These teachers have to be given a "Certificate of Suitability" by the local church and there have been instances where these certificates have been revoked due to a teacher not living an "exemplary" life based upon Catholic values. In primary schools, teachers have to teach religion along with other subjects and the church can still object to a teacher regarding suitability though no certificate needs to be given prior to a teacherbeing engaged in teaching primary school.

Although teachers in church schools are paid by the State, they are selected and employed by the church school management. There have been reported instances of teachers not being hired, or else even being fired by church schools, owing to disapproval over their lifestyle. Unfortunately, it is difficult to gain concrete evidence of such instances.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)15

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
35Spain65.81
36Israel65.39
37Hungary65.16
38Malta63.08
39Lithuania62.81
40Poland62.47
41Oman61.99
42Croatia60.12
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Alcohol Consumption (2010)16
CountryPer Capita16
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
109Cape Verde6.9
110Bahamas6.9
111Dominican Rep.6.9
112Malta7
113Albania7
114Iceland7.1
115Thailand7.1
116Sao Tome & Principe7.1
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
17
CountryValue17
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
12UAE12
13Bahrain13
14Norway13.33
15Malta14
16Indonesia14.75
17Iceland16
18Bhutan17.5
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)18
CountryRank18
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
13Germany13
14Norway13
15Sweden15
16Malta16
17Belgium17
18Czech Rep.18
19Portugal19
20Lithuania20
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
66Lithuania18
67Tunisia18
68Philippines18
69Malta18
70El Salvador18
71Algeria18
72Niger18
73Kyrgyzstan18
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
41Romania99.2
42Niger99.2
43Trinidad & Tobago99.2
44Malta99.2
45Burkina Faso99.2
46Taiwan99.2
47Samoa99.2
48Haiti99.2
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2919
2Israel4.1119
3Japan3.5819
...
35Lithuania0.9520
36Poland0.9419
37Slovakia0.8919
38Malta0.8920
39Greece0.8419
40India0.8221
41Croatia0.8120
42Kenya0.7922
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
33New Zealand$32 870
34Spain$32 779
35Israel$31 215
36Malta$29 500
37Cyprus$29 459
38Slovenia$28 664
39Czech Rep.$28 144
40Trinidad & Tobago$28 049
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
40Argentina6.4
41Guatemala6.3
42Czech Rep.6.3
43Malta6.2
44Italy6.1
45Japan6.1
46Uruguay6.1
47Guyana6
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
8Cuba78.1
9Austria78.1
10Colombia76.8
11Malta76.3
12Finland74.7
13Slovakia74.5
14UK74.2
15New Zealand73.4
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
64Estonia25
65El Salvador25
66Nicaragua25
67Malta25
68Costa Rica25
69Moldova25
70Georgia25
71Cyprus25
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/malta.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #malta #UK

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References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Mar 24.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mt.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^
  13. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  14. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  15. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  16. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  17. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  18. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  19. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  20. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  21. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  22. World Bank data for year 2010.^

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