Malta (Republic of Malta)

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Malta
Republic of Malta
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index57th best
CapitalValletta
Land Area1 320 km2
LocationEurope, Mediterranean
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population2419 212
Life Expectancy379.839yrs (2012)
GNI3$21 184
ISO3166-1 Codes4MT, MLT, 470
Internet Domain5.mt
Currency6Lira (MTL)
Telephone7+356

1. Overview

Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both world wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Since about the mid-1980s, the island has transformed itself into a freight transshipment point, a financial center, and a tourist destination. Malta became an EU member in May 2004 and began using the euro as currency in 2008.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Malta National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
29Greece86.078.7
30Brunei85.579.7
31Cyprus84.879.5
32Malta84.777.1
33Andorra84.683.8
34Estonia84.677.5
35Slovakia84.078.6
36Qatar83.476.4
37Hungary83.174.9
38Barbados82.579.1
39Poland82.179.0
40Chile81.972.0
41UAE81.872.9
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
54Cyprus65.9
55Serbia65.8
56Dominica65.7
57Malta65.4
58Chile65.3
59Grenada64.6
60Suriname64.4
61Romania64.3
62Jamaica64.0
63Montenegro64.0
64Macedonia63.3
65Maldives63.1
66Panama62.7
67Ukraine62.0
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
27Greece80
28Nauru80
29Liechtenstein79.8
30Malta79.8
31Cyprus79.8
32Portugal79.7
33Slovenia79.5
34Costa Rica79.4
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
111Saudi Arabia2.7
112Portugal1.3
113Belize2.7
114Malta1.3
115Syria2.8
116Bosnia & Herzegovina1.1
117Paraguay2.9
118Hong Kong1.1
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
165Suriname534 1753
166Luxembourg523 362202
167Cape Verde505 335125
168Malta419 2121310
169Brunei412 89278
170Bahamas351 27535
171Iceland328 2903
Data Source

Malta's population is predicted to rise to 430 652 by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.28. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
67Romania1946
68Singapore1947
69Pakistan1947
70Malta1947
71Argentina1947
72Seychelles1948
73Niger1948
74Belgium1948
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
36Latvia0.22
37Libya0.22
38Bulgaria0.22
39Malta0.24
40UAE0.24
41Albania0.25
42Malaysia0.26
43Hungary0.26
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Malta is on the way towards ending gender inequality but women are still in an unfavourable position much of the time.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
58Romania84%
59Tajikistan85%
60S. Africa85%
61Malta86%
62Dominican Rep.87%
63Lebanon87%
64Brazil87%
65Ivory Coast88%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian97%
Muslim0.2%
Hindu0.2%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated2.5%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Roman Catholic (official) 98%10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Malta states:

The constitution and other laws protect freedom of religion or belief. However, Article 2 of the Maltese Constitution states: (1) The religion of Malta is the Roman Catholic Apostolic Religion. (2) The authorities of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Church have the duty and the right to teach which principles are right and which are wrong. (3) Religious teaching of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Faith shall be provided in all state schools as part of compulsory education.

As a result of this state endorsement of a particular religion, one third of all primary and secondary students attend Catholic schools, which the state fully funds as per a 1993 concordat between Malta and the Vatican. Owing to certain historical factors, church schools have over the past thirty years obtained a reputation of being educationally better than state schools. This has led to a reinforcing cycle as more educationally-motivated parents send their children to church schools, leading to these schools obtaining better results (and therefore more funding) than state schools. The number of students attending church schools is increasing as the church embarks on a school building program aided by government funds.

Religion in secondary schools is taught by teachers dedicated to that subject. These teachers have to be given a "Certificate of Suitability" by the local church and there have been instances where these certificates have been revoked due to a teacher not living an "exemplary" life based upon Catholic values. In primary schools, teachers have to teach religion along with other subjects and the church can still object to a teacher regarding suitability though no certificate needs to be given prior to a teacherbeing engaged in teaching primary school.

Although teachers in church schools are paid by the State, they are selected and employed by the church school management. There have been reported instances of teachers not being hired, or else even being fired by church schools, owing to disapproval over their lifestyle. Unfortunately, it is difficult to gain concrete evidence of such instances.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)11

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
35Spain65.81
36Israel65.39
37Hungary65.16
38Malta63.08
39Lithuania62.81
40Poland62.47
41Oman61.99
42Croatia60.12
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
26Peru7.6
27Sweden7.6
28Lithuania7.6
29Malta7.6
30Germany7.6
31Montenegro7.6
32Luxembourg7.5
33Korea, S.7.5
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
66Lithuania18
67Tunisia18
68Philippines18
69Malta18
70El Salvador18
71Algeria18
72Niger18
73Kyrgyzstan18
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
41Romania99.2
42Niger99.2
43Trinidad & Tobago99.2
44Malta99.2
45Burkina Faso99.2
46Taiwan99.2
47Samoa99.2
48Haiti99.2
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
35Lithuania0.9513
36Poland0.9412
37Slovakia0.8912
38Malta0.8913
39Greece0.8412
40India0.8214
41Croatia0.8113
42Kenya0.7915
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
38Czech Rep.$22 067
39Trinidad & Tobago$21 941
40Equatorial Guinea$21 715
41Malta$21 184
42Greece$20 511
43Portugal$19 907
44Slovakia$19 696
45Bahrain$19 154
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
40Argentina6.4
41Czech Rep.6.3
42Guatemala6.3
43Malta6.2
44Uruguay6.1
45Japan6.1
46Italy6.1
47Guyana6
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
8Cuba78.1
9Austria78.1
10Colombia76.8
11Malta76.3
12Finland74.7
13Slovakia74.5
14UK74.2
15New Zealand73.4
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
64Estonia25
65El Salvador25
66Nicaragua25
67Malta25
68Costa Rica25
69Moldova25
70Georgia25
71Cyprus25
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/malta.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mt.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. IHEU (2012) Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2010.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.