The Human Truth Foundation

Malta (Republic of Malta)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#blasphemy #eu #malta

Malta
Republic of Malta
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index33rd best
CapitalValletta
Land Area 320km21
LocationEurope, The Mediterranean
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population0.4m2
Life Expectancy80.73yrs (2017)3
GNI$29 500 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesMT, MLT, 4705
Internet Domain.mt6
CurrencyEuro (EUR)7
Telephone+3568

1. Overview

#malta #UK

Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both world wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Since about the mid-1980s, the island has transformed itself into a freight transshipment point, a financial center, and a tourist destination. Malta became an EU member in May 2004 and began using the euro as currency in 2008.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverMalta is like nowhere else. Here you´ll find great prehistoric temples, fossil-studded cliffs, glittering hidden coves, thrilling diving opportunities and a history of remarkable intensity. Despite being made up of three tiny islands on the southern edge of Europe, Malta groans under the weight of its rich history and fascinating cultural influences. As a melting pot of Mediterranean culture, Malta merits far deeper exploration than is often given to it by the package crowds whose first priority is hitting the beach.From ancient stone temples and historic Arabic connections (listen carefully to the local language) to Sicilian-inspired cuisine and an oddly 1950s British atmosphere, Malta will almost certainly surprise you. Valletta and the Three Cities are famed for their grand churches, elegant palaces and honey-coloured limestone fortifications, while nearby Sliema and St Julian are packed with restaurants and bars. And don´t forget little Gozo to the northwest - a pretty, rural island where the pace of life is that much slower. It´s the perfect chill-out spot with the dramatic Dwejra coastline.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Malta National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
30Brunei30
31Estonia30
32Andorra32
33Malta33
34Qatar33
35Cyprus33
36Poland36
37Lithuania37
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
33New Zealand$32 870
34Spain$32 779
35Israel$31 215
36Malta$29 500
37Cyprus$29 459
38Slovenia$28 664
39Czechia$28 144
40Trinidad & Tobago$28 049
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
30Cyprus55.6
31Costa Rica56.0
32USA56.2
33Malta56.6
34Uruguay56.8
35Slovakia57.0
36Chile58.6
37Latvia61.1
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Malta's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Malta's population is predicted to fall to 431 000 by 2030. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.28. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
166Suriname0.6m
167Cape Verde0.5m
168Maldives0.5m
169Malta0.4m
170Brunei0.4m
171Bahamas0.4m
172Belize0.4m
173Iceland0.3m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
25Finland81.01
26Belgium80.98
27UK80.85
28Malta80.73
29Slovenia80.58
30Denmark80.41
31Cyprus80.33
32Liechtenstein80.16
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
111Saudi Arabia2.67
112Portugal1.31
113Belize2.70
114Malta1.28
115Syria2.81
116Bosnia & Herzegovina1.13
117Paraguay2.87
118Hong Kong1.12
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
170Switzerland38.3
171Canada38.5
172Croatia39.7
173Malta39.9
174France40.5
175Austria40.5
176Greece41.3
177Spain41.4
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
55Ukraine11.2%
56Belgium11.1%
57Greece10.9%
58Malta10.6%
59Italy10.0%
60Gambia9.8%
61Dominica9.2%
62Serbia9.1%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
17Jamaica36.1%
18Armenia28.2%
19Trinidad & Tobago26.7%
20Malta26.2%
21Georgia25.1%
22Kazakhstan23.6%
23St Lucia23.3%
24Macedonia21.9%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Malta's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #gender #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #mass_media #misogyny #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)19,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank19,20
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
28Chile41.1
29Estonia42.6
30Argentina44.0
31Malta44.0
32Cyprus44.1
33Romania45.5
34Japan45.6
35Brazil48.7
36Bulgaria49.1
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway19. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine19.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe19, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia19.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Human Rights Watch Comments (2017)21
Pos.Higher is better
Score21
1UK9
2France9
3Germany9
...
17Portugal5
18Bulgaria5
19Spain5
20Malta5
21Italy5
22Slovenia5
23Austria5
24Slovakia5
World Avg-1.9
q=123.
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)22
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties22
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
68Kyrgyzstan18
69Philippines18
70Algeria18
71Malta18
72Tunisia18
73Niger18
74El Salvador18
75Mongolia17
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)23
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty23
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
82Lesotho9.44
83Gabon9.47
84Turkey9.48
85Malta9.60
86Luxembourg9.67
87Nigeria9.71
88Vietnam9.72
89Nepal9.76
World Avg10.02
q=195.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)24
Pos.Lower is better
Rank24
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
13Norway13
14Germany13
15Sweden15
16Malta16
17Belgium17
18Czechia18
19Portugal19
20Lithuania20
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)25
Pos.Lower is better25
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
41Romania2305
42Niger2308
43Trinidad & Tobago2312
44Malta2330
45Burkina Faso2370
46Taiwan2382
47Samoa2384
48Haiti2409
World Avg3249
q=178.

Gender Equality:

Malta is on the way towards ending gender inequality but women are still in an unfavourable position much of the time.

See:

Gender Inequality (2015)26
Pos.Lower is better26
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
41Latvia0.19
42Kazakhstan0.20
43USA0.20
44Malta0.22
45Bulgaria0.22
46UAE0.23
47Moldova0.23
48Bahrain0.23
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
67Trinidad & Tobago1946
68Singapore1947
69Pakistan1947
70Malta1947
71Argentina1947
72S. Korea1948
73Israel1948
74Belgium1948
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)27
Pos.Higher is better
Score27
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
13Mexico70
14Luxembourg70
15Argentina69
16Malta63
17Andorra63
18New Zealand63
19Portugal63
20Canada62
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Malta's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #Malta #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)28,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,20
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
52Hungary81.0
53Brazil81.0
54Macedonia81.5
55Malta81.6
56Poland82.5
57Albania82.8
58Croatia82.9
59France82.9
60Vietnam83.0
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

Malta does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Malta comes in the best 20 for its fertility rate15 (one of the lowest in Europe) and in its suicide rate29 (amongst the lowest in Europe). It does better than average in its average life expectancy12, its adolescent birth rate26 (but high for Europe), its immunizations take-up30 and in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31 (but high for Europe). Malta does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in terms of its alcohol consumption rate32 (still good for Europe) and in its smoking rate33 (still low for Europe). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% between 1976 and 2016.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
25Finland81.01
26Belgium80.98
27UK80.85
28Malta80.73
29Slovenia80.58
30Denmark80.41
31Cyprus80.33
32Liechtenstein80.16
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)32
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita32
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
117Panama7.9
118Japan8.0
119Montenegro8.0
120Malta8.1
121Macedonia8.1
122Burkina Faso8.2
123St Vincent & Grenadines8.2
124Dominica8.2
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
111Saudi Arabia2.67
112Portugal1.31
113Belize2.70
114Malta1.28
115Syria2.81
116Bosnia & Herzegovina1.13
117Paraguay2.87
118Hong Kong1.12
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)33
Pos.Higher is worse33
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
140Libya1 33334
139Indonesia1 322
138Philippines1 291
137Malta1 266
136Spain1 265
135Iraq1 227
134Vietnam1 215
133Egypt1 188
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)29
Pos.
Per 100k29
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
13St Lucia4.9
14Tajikistan5.2
15Venezuela6.5
16Malta6.9
17Greece7
18Paraguay7.1
19St Vincent & Grenadines7.3
20Guatemala7.3
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
73Egypt73
74Burundi74
75Cameroon74
76Malta76
77Guatemala77
78Sri Lanka78
79Poland79
80Uruguay80
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)35
Pos.Lower is better
%35
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
169Mexico64.9
170New Zealand65.6
171Bahrain65.8
172Malta66.4
173Turkey66.8
174Libya66.8
175UAE67.8
176Lebanon67.9
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)26
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100026
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
52Mongolia15.7
53Turkmenistan16.4
54Myanmar (Burma)16.5
55Malta16.6
56Kiribati17.2
57Macedonia17.6
58Uzbekistan17.7
59Hungary18.0
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)30
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %30
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
58Uruguay95.6
59Bhutan95.6
60Turkey95.5
61Malta95.5
62Botswana95.4
63Gambia95.4
64Cyprus95.3
65Switzerland95.3
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Malta's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #maths #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
45Brazil45.1
46Malaysia45.6
47Belarus46.0
48Malta46.5
49Serbia46.6
50Cyprus47.1
51Barbados48.0
52Bosnia & Herzegovina48.1
53Macau50.8
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2937
2Israel4.1137
3Japan3.5837
...
35Lithuania0.9538
36Poland0.9437
37Slovakia0.8937
38Malta0.8938
39Greece0.8437
40India0.8239
41Croatia0.8138
42Kenya0.7940
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)41
Pos.Higher is better41
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
63Chile79.3%
64China78.6%
65Belize78.6%
66Malta78.2%
67Fiji76.9%
68S. Africa76.5%
69Spain75.8%
70Samoa74.5%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)42
Pos.Higher is better
Years42
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
34Estonia16.1
35Israel16.0
36Latvia16.0
37Malta15.9
38Palau15.6
39Russia15.5
40France15.5
41Seychelles15.5
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
59Kenya59
60Egypt60
61Japan61
62Malta62
63Ghana63
64Samoa64
65Jordan65
66Namibia66
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)43
Pos.Higher is better
Score43
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
38Hungary1424
39Israel1416
40Argentina140644
41Malta1391
42Slovakia1389
43Greece1376
44Chile1329
45Bulgaria1319
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)45
Pos.Lower is better
%45
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
58Nicaragua84
59S. Africa85
60Tajikistan85
61Malta86
62Dominican Rep.87
63Brazil87
64Lebanon87
65Ivory Coast88
World Avg75.1
q=114.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)46
Pos.Higher is better46
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
37Barbados80%
38Hungary80%
39Kuwait80%
40Malta80%
41Chile78%
42Lithuania77%
43Latvia76%
44Lebanon76%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)47
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio47
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
103Ghana0.0
104Yemen0.0
105Laos0.0
106Malta0.0
107Turkmenistan0.0
108Bangladesh0.0
109Qatar0.0
110Kuwait0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
48
Pos.Lower is better48
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
12UAE12
13Bahrain13
14Norway13.33
15Malta14
16Indonesia14.75
17Iceland16
18Bhutan17.5
19Kenya17.75
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)49
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score49
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
41Cape Verde57.8
42Brunei57.7
43Lithuania57.4
44Malta56.6
45Grenada56.0
46Costa Rica54.8
47S. Korea54.6
48Latvia54.0
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)50
Pos.Higher is better50
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
19UK6.8
20UAE6.8
21Czechia6.7
22Malta6.6
23France6.5
24Mexico6.5
25Chile6.5
26Taiwan6.4
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
25Canada25
26Italy26
27Mauritius27
28Malta28
29Singapore29
30Spain30
31Romania31
32Costa Rica32
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
39Bulgaria39
40Turkey40
41Marshall Islands41
42Malta42
43Morocco43
44Fiji44
45Bosnia & Herzegovina45
46Poland46
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
121Kyrgyzstan121
122Guinea122
123Israel123
124Malta124
125Burundi125
126Barbados126
127Chad127
128Montenegro128
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
4Sweden4
5Malta5
6Australia6
7Norway7
8Finland8
9Denmark9
10Switzerland10
11Canada11
12UK12
World Avg82.0
q=163.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)51
Pos.Higher is better
%51
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
90S. Africa00.0
91Kiribati00.0
92Andorra00.0
93Malta00.0
94Saudi Arabia00.0
95Grenada00.0
96Oman00.0
97Bahamas00.0
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)52
Pos.Higher is better52
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
4Malta80.9
5Sweden80.5
6UK79.9
7Luxembourg79.1
8Austria79.0
9Ireland78.8
10Finland78.6
11Iceland78.6
12Spain78.4
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)53
Pos.Higher is better53
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
4Colombia17.54
5Ireland17.54
6Switzerland17.54
7Dominican Rep.16.95
8Mauritius15.63
9Malta15.15
10Singapore15.15
11Denmark14.93
12Peru14.49
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
177UAE2000 May 10
178Azerbaijan2000 Nov 01
179Liberia2001 Feb 06
180Malta2001 Mar 29
181Libya2001 Oct 10
182Saudi Arabia2002 Jan 01
183Serbia2002 May 30
184Kuwait2002 Oct 31
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)54
Pos.Higher is better
%54
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
26Mali60.7%
27Venezuela60.1%
28Morocco60.0%
29Malta57.3%
30Ecuador57.2%
31Portugal55.8%
32Hong Kong54.8%
33Lebanon54.3%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)55
Pos.Higher is worse55
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
39Cuba5.10
38Slovakia5.00
37Serbia4.90
36Malta4.60
35Canada4.60
34Belarus4.40
33New Zealand4.30
32Poland4.30
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)56
Pos.Lower is better
%56
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
17Timor-Leste (E. Timor)28.7
18Albania29.0
19Sweden29.2
20Malta29.4
21Iraq29.5
22Hungary30.4
23Austria30.5
24Sao Tome & Principe30.8
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)45
Pos.Lower is better
%45
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
58Nicaragua84
59S. Africa85
60Tajikistan85
61Malta86
62Dominican Rep.87
63Brazil87
64Lebanon87
65Ivory Coast88
World Avg75.1
q=114.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below57:

Christian97%
Muslim0.2%
Hindu0.2%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated2.5%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Roman Catholic (official) 98%58.

Thankfully, Malta repealed its biased blasphemy laws in 2016 July with Bill 133, although the Catholic Church in Malta campaigned heavily to retain it. Archbishop Charles Sciculna in particular took to Twitter, worried that people would now be free to analyse Catholic beliefs and make fun of them without legal repurcusions. This was a step forwards, but, the Catholic Church is still far too entwined in national infrastructure, and much work still has to be done to allow freedom of belief in a neutral public sphere.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012)59, in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Malta states:

The constitution and other laws protect freedom of religion or belief. However, Article 2 of the Maltese Constitution states: (1) The religion of Malta is the Roman Catholic Apostolic Religion. (2) The authorities of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Church have the duty and the right to teach which principles are right and which are wrong. (3) Religious teaching of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Faith shall be provided in all state schools as part of compulsory education.

As a result of this state endorsement of a particular religion, one third of all primary and secondary students attend Catholic schools, which the state fully funds as per a 1993 concordat between Malta and the Vatican. Owing to certain historical factors, church schools have over the past thirty years obtained a reputation of being educationally better than state schools. This has led to a reinforcing cycle as more educationally-motivated parents send their children to church schools, leading to these schools obtaining better results (and therefore more funding) than state schools. The number of students attending church schools is increasing as the church embarks on a school building program aided by government funds.

Religion in secondary schools is taught by teachers dedicated to that subject. These teachers have to be given a "Certificate of Suitability" by the local church and there have been instances where these certificates have been revoked due to a teacher not living an "exemplary" life based upon Catholic values. In primary schools, teachers have to teach religion along with other subjects and the church can still object to a teacher regarding suitability though no certificate needs to be given prior to a teacherbeing engaged in teaching primary school.

Although teachers in church schools are paid by the State, they are selected and employed by the church school management. There have been reported instances of teachers not being hired, or else even being fired by church schools, owing to disapproval over their lifestyle. Unfortunately, it is difficult to gain concrete evidence of such instances.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)60

Links:

The EU has acted on behalf of its member states on many occasions to support, foster, fund and encourage human rights protections in every region of the world, with agreement of its member states through the European Parliament. The protections of workers' rights and their harmonisations (which stops companies moving staff to countries with the weakest laws) has had great effect in stopping workforce abuse61. According to Human Rights Watch's comprehensive review for the year 2017, in addition to vocal and public pronouncements on poor human rights records of many countries, the EU has also acted through economic sanctions, political pressure and used other means to incentivize the adoption of human rights protections, even if these measures harm EU trading62. It is to Malta's credit that it supports the EU in these actions.