The Human Truth Foundation

Sri Lanka (Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Sri_Lanka

Sri Lanka
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index118th best
CapitalColombo (administrative/judical) and Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative)
Land Area1 62 710 km2
LocationAsia
Population2 21.22 million
Life Expectancy375.129yrs (2012)
GNI3$5 170
ISO3166-1 Codes4LK, LKA, 144
Internet Domain5.lk
Currency6Rupee (LKR)
Telephone7+94

1. Overview

#buddhism #china #india #norway

The first Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late in the 6th century B.C., probably from northern India. Buddhism was introduced in about the mid-third century B.C., and a great civilization developed at the cities of Anuradhapura (kingdom from circa 200 B.C. to circa A.D. 1000) and Polonnaruwa (from about 1070 to 1200). In the 14th century, a south Indian dynasty established a Tamil kingdom in northern Sri Lanka. The coastal areas of the island were controlled by the Portuguese in the 16th century and by the Dutch in the 17th century. The island was ceded to the British in 1796, became a crown colony in 1802, and was formally united under British rule by 1815. As Ceylon, it became independent in 1948; its name was changed to Sri Lanka in 1972. Tensions between the Sinhalese majority and Tamil separatists erupted into war in 1983. After two decades of fighting, the government and Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) formalized a cease-fire in February 2002 with Norway brokering peace negotiations. Violence between the LTTE and government forces intensified in 2006, but the government regained control of the Eastern Province in 2007. By May 2009, the government announced that its military had defeated the remnants of the LTTE. Since the end of the conflict, the government has enacted an ambitious program of economic development projects, many of which are financed by loans from the Government of China. In addition to efforts to reconstruct its economy, the government has resettled more than 95% of those civilians who were displaced during the final phase of the conflict and released the vast majority of former LTTE combatants captured by Government Security Forces. At the same time, there has been little progress on more contentious and politically difficult issues such as reaching a political settlement with Tamil elected representatives and holding accountable those alleged to have been involved in human rights violations at the end of the war.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Sri Lanka National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
89Ecuador72.465.3
90Turkey72.258.8
91Colombia71.962.6
92Sri Lanka71.561.0
93Algeria71.358.1
94Tunisia71.258.0
95Tonga71.067.7
96Samoa70.267.1
97Dominican Rep.70.260.9
98Fiji70.263.6
99Belize70.265.9
100Jordan70.061.9
101China69.954.1
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
115Micronesia53.0
116Timor-Leste (E. Timor)53.0
117Samoa53.0
118Sri Lanka52.9
119Turkmenistan52.8
120Moldova52.8
121Oman52.1
122Bolivia52.1
123Bahrain52.1
124Lebanon52.0
125Morocco51.8
126Tajikistan51.6
127Laos51.2
128Korea, N.51.1
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
59Slovakia75.6
60Vietnam75.4
61Bahrain75.2
62Sri Lanka75.1
63Macedonia75
64Estonia75
65Libya75
66St Lucia74.8
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
37Vietnam1.8
38Lebanon1.8
39Mexico2.2
40Sri Lanka2.3
41Armenia1.7
42Kuwait2.3
43Bhutan2.3
44Jamaica2.3
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
51Australia 22.92m3
52Madagascar 21.93m38
53Romania 21.39m93
54Sri Lanka 21.22m338
55Syria 21.12m115
56Ivory Coast 20.59m65
57Cameroon 20.47m43
Data Source

Sri Lanka's population is predicted to rise to 23.09 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.26.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
33UK1928
34S. Africa1930
35Spain1931
36Sri Lanka1931
37Maldives1932
38Uruguay1932
39Thailand1932
40Brazil1934
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
72Mexico0.38
73Peru0.39
74Algeria0.39
75Sri Lanka0.40
76Rwanda0.41
77Philippines0.42
78Lebanon0.43
79Belize0.43
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Sri Lanka has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
121Libya0%
122Ghana0%
123Syria0%
124Sri Lanka0%
125Egypt0%
126Ethiopia0%
127Kuwait0%
128Afghanistan0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
107Djibouti98%
108Burundi98%
109Indonesia99%
110Malawi99%
111Sri Lanka99%
112Yemen99%
113Bangladesh99.5%
114Niger99.5%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian7.3%
Muslim9.8%
Hindu13.6%
Buddhist69.3%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Buddhist (official) 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
29Rwanda51
30Russia52
31Zimbabwe54
32Sri Lanka55
33Kazakhstan58
34Egypt59
35Thailand61
36Pakistan63
Data Source
IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
268Sudan1.98
267Bangladesh1.87
266Iraq1.84
265Oman1.72
264Sri Lanka1.67
263Angola1.61
262China1.59
261Maldives1.57
260Tanzania1.50
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
125Yemen12.35
126S. Africa12.33
127Tonga12.01
128Sri Lanka12.00
129Tajikistan11.55
130Zimbabwe11.50
131Honduras11.09
132Tanzania11.00
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
4Canada3.75
5Australia5.25
6UK6.75
7Ireland6.75
8Sri Lanka8
9Qatar9
10Trinidad & Tobago10
11Netherlands10
12UAE12
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
94Namibia6.6
95Vietnam6.5
96Colombia6.5
97Sri Lanka6.5
98Russia6.5
99Egypt6.5
100Haiti6.4
101Serbia6.4
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
99Madagascar2.12
100Liberia2.13
101Mali2.13
102Sri Lanka2.14
103Congo, (Brazzaville)2.15
104Kazakhstan2.15
105Saudi Arabia2.18
106Haiti2.18
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
96Nicaragua81
97Honduras81
98El Salvador80
99Sri Lanka79
100Guatemala79
101Nepal78
102Mauritania76
103Uganda73
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
123Jordan14
124Kenya14
125Mauritania13
126Sri Lanka13
127Nepal13
128Equatorial Guinea13
129Ivory Coast13
130Congo, (Brazzaville)13
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
158Pakistan99.6
159Kazakhstan99.6
160Rwanda99.6
161Sri Lanka99.6
162Saudi Arabia99.6
163Uzbekistan99.7
164Bahrain99.7
165Equatorial Guinea99.8
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
97Kazakhstan0.1713
98Bolivia0.1614
99Kyrgyzstan0.1615
100Sri Lanka0.1616
101Albania0.1517
102Namibia0.1416
103Gambia0.1315
104Georgia0.1318
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
107Belize$5 327
108Jordan$5 272
109Bhutan$5 246
110Sri Lanka$5 170
111Swaziland$5 104
112Georgia$5 005
113Angola$4 812
114Syria$4 674
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
118Madagascar4.4
119Tajikistan4.3
120Ivory Coast4.2
121Sri Lanka4.2
122Liberia4.2
123Georgia4.2
124Angola4.2
125Uganda4.2
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
54Slovenia65.0
55Syria64.6
56Estonia63.8
57Sri Lanka63.7
58Georgia63.6
59USA63.5
60Paraguay63.5
61Brazil63.4
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
124Palau0
125Samoa0
126Chad0
127Sri Lanka0
128Ivory Coast-10
129Indonesia-10
130Iraq-10
131Namibia-10
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/sri_lanka.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ce.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2009.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2008.^
  18. World Bank data for year 2014.^

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