By Vexen Crabtree 2013
|Papua New Guinea|
Independent State of Papua New Guinea
|Social and Moral Index||143rd best|
|Land Area||452 860 km21|
|Population||7.17 million (2011)2|
|Life Expectancy||62.77yrs (2017)3|
|GNI||$2 712 (2017)4|
|ISO3166-1 Codes||PG, PNG, 5985|
The island of New Guinea is divided almost equally into two halves. The Eatern half is called Papua New Guinea, which has been an independent state since 1975, before which it was owned by Australia, Germany and the UK. The Western half is part of Indonesia. Humans have lived on the island of New Guinea for 40,000 years, whereupon they started cultivating and exploiting plants like yams and taro9.
“The eastern half of the island of New Guinea - second largest in the world - was divided between Germany (north) and the UK (south) in 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia in 1902, which occupied the northern portion during World War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence in 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended in 1997 after claiming some 20,000 lives.”
CIA's The World Factbook (2013)10
|UN HDI (2016)11|
Lower is better11
|155||Papua New Guinea||154|
|Social and Moral Development|
|143||Papua New Guinea||50.1|
The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..
The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).
|Life Expectancy (2015)12|
Higher is better12
|158||Papua New Guinea||62.77|
|Fertility Rate (2013)13|
Lower is better13
|3||St Vincent & Grenadines||2.01|
|138||Papua New Guinea||3.83|
|100||Papua New Guinea||7.17m||16|
|Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)14|
Lower is better14
|37||Papua New Guinea||06.4|
Papua New Guinea's population is predicted to rise to 10.18 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 3.83. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.
|Female Vote and Stand|
|148||Papua New Guinea||1964|
|Gender Inequality (2015)15|
Lower is better15
|143||Papua New Guinea||0.59|
Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.
Papua New Guinea is notable for its equality between the sexes.
Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below16:
The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 27%, Protestant 69.4% (Evangelical Lutheran 19.5%, United Church 11.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10%, Pentecostal 8.6%, Evangelical Alliance 5.2%, Anglican 3.2%, Baptist 2.5%, other Protestant 8.9%), Baha'i 0.3%, indigenous beliefs and other 3.3% (2000 census)17.
|Internet Users (2016)18|
Higher is better18
|173||Papua New Guinea||12%|
Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.
|Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)15|
Lower is better15
|116||Papua New Guinea||54.8|
|Alcohol Consumption (2010)19|
Lower is better19
|53||Papua New Guinea||3|
|Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)20|
Higher is better20
|183||Papua New Guinea||66.3|
|Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)21|
Lower is better21
|75||Papua New Guinea||74|
|79||Trinidad & Tobago||79|
|Global Peace Index (2012)22|
Lower is better22
|93||Papua New Guinea||2.08|
|94||Trinidad & Tobago||2.08|
|Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)23|
Higher is better23
|166||Papua New Guinea||9|
|169||St Kitts & Nevis||9|
|Press Freedom (2013)24|
Lower is better24
|40||Papua New Guinea||2297|
|43||Trinidad & Tobago||2312|
|Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12|
Higher is better12
|158||Papua New Guinea||$2 712|
|Environmental Performance (2010)25|
Higher is better25
|136||Papua New Guinea||44.3|
|LGBT Equality (2013)26|
Higher is better26
|190||Papua New Guinea||-140|
|192||Antigua & Barbuda||-150|
Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2015 Mar 08
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent
All #tags used on this page - click for more:
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 May 24.
MacGregor, Neil. Director of the British Museum.
(2010) A History of the World in 100 Objects. Published by the BBC and the British Museum. Aired on BBC Radio 4.
The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..
World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.
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