The Human Truth Foundation

Papua New Guinea (Independent State of Papua New Guinea)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Papua_New_Guinea

Papua New Guinea
Independent State of Papua New Guinea
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index143rd best
CapitalPort Moresby
Land Area 452 860 km21
LocationAustralasia, Melanesia
Population7.17 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy62.77yrs (2017)3
GNI$2 712 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesPG, PNG, 5985
Internet Domain.pg6
CurrencyKina (PGK)7
Telephone+6758

1. Overview

#australia #germany #indonesia #papua_new_guinea #UK

The island of New Guinea is divided almost equally into two halves. The Eatern half is called Papua New Guinea, which has been an independent state since 1975, before which it was owned by Australia, Germany and the UK. The Western half is part of Indonesia. Humans have lived on the island of New Guinea for 40,000 years, whereupon they started cultivating and exploiting plants like yams and taro9.

The eastern half of the island of New Guinea - second largest in the world - was divided between Germany (north) and the UK (south) in 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia in 1902, which occupied the northern portion during World War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence in 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended in 1997 after claiming some 20,000 lives.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)10

2. Papua New Guinea National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)11
CountryRank
Lower is better
11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
152Nigeria152
153Cameroon153
154Zimbabwe154
155Papua New Guinea154
156Solomon Islands156
157Mauritania157
158Madagascar158
159Rwanda159
160Comoros160
161Lesotho160
162Senegal162
163Uganda163
164Haiti163
165Sudan165
166Togo166
167Benin167
q=188.
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Iceland88.9
2Denmark84.5
3Sweden84.2
...
140Haiti50.6
141Egypt50.5
142Swaziland50.2
143Papua New Guinea50.1
144Palestine50.0
145Lesotho49.9
146Cambodia49.8
147Comoros49.5
148Nepal49.4
149Madagascar48.5
150S. Sudan48.3
151Liberia48.3
152Bangladesh48.0
153Iran48.0
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)12
CountryYears
Higher is better
12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
155Mauritania63.24
156Haiti63.12
157Congo, (Brazzaville)62.89
158Papua New Guinea62.77
159Djibouti62.30
160Kenya62.16
161Niger61.94
162Ghana61.53
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)13
CountryValue
Lower is better
13
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
135Vanuatu3.77
136Samoa3.77
137Tonga3.81
138Papua New Guinea3.83
139Guatemala3.86
140Togo3.90
141Ethiopia3.91
142Ghana4.03
q=180.
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
97Israel7.695m356
98Bulgaria7.398m68
99Hong Kong7.196m6906
100Papua New Guinea7.17m16
101Tajikistan7.079m51
102Paraguay6.683m17
103Libya6.469m4
Data Source
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)14
CountryPer 100
Lower is better
14
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
34Comoros06.3
35Mozambique06.4
36Madagascar06.4
37Papua New Guinea06.4
38Ghana06.5
39Palestine06.5
40Ethiopia06.6
41Swaziland06.6
q=185.

Papua New Guinea's population is predicted to rise to 10.18 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 3.83. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
145Kenya1963
146Sudan1964
147Libya1964
148Papua New Guinea1964
149Lesotho1965
150Botswana1965
151Tuvalu1967
152Kiribati1967
Gender Inequality (2015)15
CountryValue
Lower is better15
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
140Sudan0.57
141Congo, (Brazzaville)0.59
142Haiti0.59
143Papua New Guinea0.59
144Benin0.61
145Malawi0.61
146Burkina Faso0.62
147Mauritania0.63
q=159.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Papua New Guinea is notable for its equality between the sexes.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below16:

Christian99%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.4%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 27%, Protestant 69.4% (Evangelical Lutheran 19.5%, United Church 11.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10%, Pentecostal 8.6%, Evangelical Alliance 5.2%, Anglican 3.2%, Baptist 2.5%, other Protestant 8.9%), Baha'i 0.3%, indigenous beliefs and other 3.3% (2000 census)17.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users (2016)18
CountryValue
Higher is better
18
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
170Rwanda12%
171Mali12%
172Haiti12%
173Papua New Guinea12%
174Djibouti12%
175Cambodia11%
176Gabon10%
177Burkina Faso10%
q=201.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)15
CountryPer 1000
Lower is better
15
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
113Egypt51.9
114St Lucia53.9
115Eritrea54.3
116Papua New Guinea54.8
117Uruguay56.1
118Costa Rica56.5
119Seychelles57.4
120Paraguay57.4
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)19
CountryPer Capita
Lower is better
19
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
50Israel2.8
51Tajikistan2.8
52Kiribati3
53Papua New Guinea3
54Fiji3
55El Salvador3.2
56Micronesia3.3
57Gambia3.4
q=191.
Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)20
CountryAvg %
Higher is better
20
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
180Niger69.7
181Samoa68.1
182Yemen67.4
183Papua New Guinea66.3
184Haiti65.7
185Vanuatu65.5
186Guinea63.3
187Syria62.4
q=194.

8. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)21
CountryRank
Lower is better
21
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
72Indonesia72
73Turkey73
74S. Africa74
75Papua New Guinea74
76Nicaragua76
77Paraguay77
78Mexico77
79Trinidad & Tobago79
q=159.
Global Peace Index (2012)22
CountryValue
Lower is better
22
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
90Dominican Rep.2.07
91Bangladesh2.07
92Guinea2.07
93Papua New Guinea2.08
94Trinidad & Tobago2.08
95Angola2.11
96Cameroon2.11
97Uganda2.12
q=157.
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)23
CountryTreaties
Higher is better
23
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
163Vanuatu10
164Iraq9
165Samoa9
166Papua New Guinea9
167Oman9
168Iran9
169St Kitts & Nevis9
170Comoros9
q=194.
Press Freedom (2013)24
CountryValue
Lower is better
24
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
37El Salvador2286
38Latvia2289
39Botswana2291
40Papua New Guinea2297
41Romania2305
42Niger2308
43Trinidad & Tobago2312
44Malta2330
q=178.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
CountryPPP $
Higher is better12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
155Cameroon$2 894
156Kenya$2 881
157Vanuatu$2 805
158Papua New Guinea$2 712
159Tajikistan$2 601
160Kiribati$2 475
161Tanzania$2 467
162Syria$2 441
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2010)25
CountryValue
Higher is better
25
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
133Indonesia44.6
134Cameroon44.6
135Guinea44.4
136Papua New Guinea44.3
137Bolivia44.3
138Bangladesh44.0
139Burundi43.9
140Ethiopia43.1
q=162.
LGBT Equality (2013)26
CountryScore
Higher is better
26
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
187Kuwait-120
188Seychelles-130
189Tuvalu-130
190Papua New Guinea-140
191Zambia-140
192Antigua & Barbuda-150
193Solomon Islands-160
194Gambia-160
q=211.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2015 Mar 08
http://www.humantruth.info/papua_new_guinea.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#australia #buddhism #christianity #germany #hinduism #indonesia #islam #judaism #Papua_New_Guinea #UK

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 May 24.

MacGregor, Neil. Director of the British Museum.
(2010) A History of the World in 100 Objects. Published by the BBC and the British Museum. Aired on BBC Radio 4.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. MacGregor (2010) Week 2, episode 1. Notes are from Professor Graeme Barker, Archaeologist, University of Cambridge. Added to this page on 2015 Mar 08.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pp.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  12. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  13. UN (2013) Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  14. UN (2017) Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  15. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  16. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  17. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  18. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  19. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  20. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  21. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  22. ^
  23. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  24. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  25. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^
  26. Higher is better. Sources:^

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