The Human Truth Foundation

Papua New Guinea (Independent State of Papua New Guinea)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#economics #homosexuality #papua_new_guinea #the_environment

Papua New Guinea
Independent State of Papua New Guinea
StatusIndependent State
CapitalPort Moresby
Land Area 452 860km21
LocationAustralasia, Melanesia
Population7.2m (2011)2
Life Expectancy62.77yrs (2017)3
GNI$2 712 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesPG, PNG, 5985
Internet Domain.pg6
CurrencyKina (PGK)7
Telephone+6758

1. Overview

#australia #germany #indonesia #papua_new_guinea #UK

The island of New Guinea is divided almost equally into two halves. The Eatern half is called Papua New Guinea, which has been an independent state since 1975, before which it was owned by Australia, Germany and the UK. The Western half is part of Indonesia. Humans have lived on the island of New Guinea for 40,000 years, whereupon they started cultivating and exploiting plants like yams and taro9.

The eastern half of the island of New Guinea - second largest in the world - was divided between Germany (north) and the UK (south) in 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia in 1902, which occupied the northern portion during World War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence in 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended in 1997 after claiming some 20,000 lives.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)10

Book CoverCoral-ringed beaches, smouldering volcanoes and rainforest-covered mountains meet traditional villages and tropical islands in a remote and unforgettable adventure getaway. The striking natural beauty and myriad complex cultures in Papua New Guinea offer some riveting and truly life-affirming experiences – along with some challenging, frontier-style travel. Highland cultures, wild festivals, world-class diving, the notorious Kokoda Track and a relative dearth of tourists make this one of the Pacific´s most intriguing destinations.

PNG is a megadiverse region, owing much of its diversity to its topography. The mountainous terrain has spawned diversity in two ways: isolated highlands are often home to unique fauna and flora found nowhere else, while within any one mountain range you will find different species as you go higher.

Slip beneath the surface to find an incredible underwater world and a wealth of WWII wreck dives. For a glimpse into PNG´s fascinating tribal cultures, head to the Highlands or to the remote, untrammelled island provinces and Trobriand Islands. Just don´t expect a lazy island resort holiday – PNG is a true travel experience.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)11

2. Papua New Guinea National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)12
Pos.Lower is better
Rank12
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
152Nigeria152
153Cameroon153
154Zimbabwe154
155Papua New Guinea154
156Solomon Islands156
157Mauritania157
158Madagascar158
159Rwanda159
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13
Pos.Higher is better
Points13
1Iceland83.4
2Denmark82.4
3Sweden82.1
...
155Uganda46.2
156Egypt46.2
157Myanmar (Burma)46.2
158Papua New Guinea46.1
159Swaziland45.9
160Mozambique45.9
161Gambia45.5
162Nauru45.4
World Avg55.3
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #overpopulation #Papua_New_Guinea #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)14
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10014
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
34Comoros06.3
35Mozambique06.4
36Madagascar06.4
37Papua New Guinea06.4
38Ghana06.5
39Palestine06.5
40Ethiopia06.6
41Swaziland06.6
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)15
Pos.
%15
1Dominica104.8
2Palestine68.4
3Samoa67.3
...
175Myanmar (Burma)1.0
176Solomon Islands1.0
177India0.9
178Papua New Guinea0.9
179USA0.8
180Namibia0.7
181Ethiopia0.7
182Tanzania0.7
World Avg11.5
q=192.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
135Vanuatu3.77
136Samoa3.77
137Tonga3.81
138Papua New Guinea3.83
139Guatemala3.86
140Togo3.90
141Ethiopia3.91
142Ghana4.03
World Avg2.81
q=180.

Immigrants (2010)15
Pos.
%15
1Qatar86.5
2Monaco71.6
3UAE70.0
...
166India0.4
167Guatemala0.4
168Mongolia0.4
169Papua New Guinea0.4
170Brazil0.4
171Angola0.3
172Haiti0.3
173Vanuatu0.3
World Avg9.2
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)17
Pos.Higher is better
Years17
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
155Mauritania63.24
156Haiti63.12
157Congo, (Brazzaville)62.89
158Papua New Guinea62.77
159Djibouti62.30
160Kenya62.16
161Niger61.94
162Ghana61.53
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)18
Pos.The Overpopulation of the Earth18
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
97Israel7.7m
98Bulgaria7.4m
99Hong Kong7.2m
100Papua New Guinea7.2m
101Tajikistan7.1m
102Paraguay6.7m
103Libya6.5m
104Jordan6.5m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Papua New Guinea's population is predicted to rise to 10.18 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 3.83. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Politics and Freedom

#corruption #freedom #human_development #human_rights #mass_media #Papua_New_Guinea #peace #politics #slavery

Corruption (2012-2016)19
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score19
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
146Paraguay26.0
147Kenya26.0
148Bangladesh25.8
149Papua New Guinea25.6
150Laos25.4
151Guinea25.0
152Central African Rep.23.8
153Tajikistan23.6
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Global Peace Index (2012)20
Pos.Lower is better20
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
90Dominican Rep.2.07
91Bangladesh2.07
92Guinea2.07
93Papua New Guinea2.08
94Trinidad & Tobago2.08
95Angola2.11
96Cameroon2.11
97Uganda2.12
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)21
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties21
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
163Vanuatu10
164Iraq9
165Samoa9
166Papua New Guinea9
167Oman9
168Iran9
169St Kitts & Nevis9
170Comoros9
World Avg15.1
q=194.

Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)22
Pos.Lower is better
Rank22
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
72Indonesia72
73Turkey73
74S. Africa74
75Papua New Guinea74
76Nicaragua76
77Paraguay77
78Mexico77
79Trinidad & Tobago79
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)23
Pos.Lower is better23
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
37El Salvador2286
38Latvia2289
39Botswana2291
40Papua New Guinea2297
41Romania2305
42Niger2308
43Trinidad & Tobago2312
44Malta2330
World Avg3249
q=178.
Slavery (2018)24
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims24
1Japan0.0003
2Canada0.0005
3Taiwan0.0005
...
144Swaziland0.0088
145Thailand0.0089
146Laos0.0094
147Papua New Guinea0.0103
148Belarus0.0109
149Brunei0.0109
150Myanmar (Burma)0.0110
151Turkmenistan0.0112
World Avg0.0065
q=167.

5. Gender Equality

#gender #misogyny #Papua_New_Guinea #politics #women

Gender Inequality (2015)25
Pos.Lower is better25
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
140Sudan0.57
141Congo, (Brazzaville)0.59
142Haiti0.59
143Papua New Guinea0.59
144Benin0.61
145Malawi0.61
146Burkina Faso0.62
147Mauritania0.63
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote26
Pos.Lower is better
Year26
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
145Bahamas1963
146Sudan1964
147Libya1964
148Papua New Guinea1964
149Lesotho1965
150Botswana1965
151Tuvalu1967
152Kiribati1967
World Avg1930
q=189.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Papua New Guinea is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

6. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below27:

Christian99%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.4%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 27%, Protestant 69.4% (Evangelical Lutheran 19.5%, United Church 11.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10%, Pentecostal 8.6%, Evangelical Alliance 5.2%, Anglican 3.2%, Baptist 2.5%, other Protestant 8.9%), Baha'i 0.3%, indigenous beliefs and other 3.3% (2000 census)28.

Links:

7. The Internet

#internet #Papua_New_Guinea #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)29
Pos.Higher is better29
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
170Rwanda12%
171Mali12%
172Haiti12%
173Papua New Guinea12%
174Djibouti12%
175Cambodia11%
176Gabon10%
177Burkina Faso10%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)30
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio30
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
143Mauritania0.0
144Iraq0.0
145Oman0.0
146Papua New Guinea0.0
147French Polynesia0.0
148Palestine0.0
149Lesotho0.0
150Monaco0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #health #Papua_New_Guinea #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)25
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100025
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
113Egypt51.9
114St Lucia53.9
115Eritrea54.3
116Papua New Guinea54.8
117Uruguay56.1
118Costa Rica56.5
119Seychelles57.4
120Paraguay57.4
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)31
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita31
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
50Israel2.8
51Tajikistan2.8
52Kiribati3.0
53Papua New Guinea3.0
54Fiji3.0
55El Salvador3.2
56Micronesia3.3
57Gambia3.4
World Avg6.2
q=191.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)32
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %32
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
180Niger69.7
181Samoa68.1
182Yemen67.4
183Papua New Guinea66.3
184Haiti65.7
185Vanuatu65.5
186Guinea63.3
187Syria62.4
World Avg88.3
q=194.

Smoking Rates (2014)33
Pos.Lower is better33
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
106Qatar 698
107UAE 715
108Namibia 740
109Papua New Guinea 826
110UK 827
111Sweden 831
112Laos 836
113Iran 869
World Avg 819
q=182.

9. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)17
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $17
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
155Cameroon$2 894
156Kenya$2 881
157Vanuatu$2 805
158Papua New Guinea$2 712
159Tajikistan$2 601
160Kiribati$2 475
161Tanzania$2 467
162Syria$2 441
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)34
Pos.Higher is better34
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
161Cameroon40.8
162Swaziland40.3
163Djibouti40.0
164Papua New Guinea39.4
165Eritrea39.3
166Mauritania39.2
167Benin38.2
168Afghanistan37.7
q=180.
LGBT Equality (2017)35
Pos.Higher is better
Score35
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
134Samoa-10
135Trinidad & Tobago-10
136S. Sudan-10
137Papua New Guinea-10
138Sri Lanka-10
139Antigua & Barbuda-10
140St Vincent & Grenadines-10
141Mauritius-10
q=196.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2017 Jun 21
http://www.humantruth.info/papua_new_guinea.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#alcohol #australia #buddhism #christianity #corruption #demographics #economics #freedom #gender #germany #health #hinduism #homosexuality #human_development #human_rights #immigration #indonesia #internet #islam #judaism #life_expectancy #mass_media #misogyny #overpopulation #Papua_New_Guinea #parenting #peace #politics #population #slavery #smoking #the_environment #the_internet #UK #vaccines #women

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2018 Aug 16.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016.

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes.

MacGregor, Neil. Director of the British Museum.
(2010) A History of the World in 100 Objects. Published by the BBC and the British Museum. Aired on BBC Radio 4.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Available on hdr.undp.org/... UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Available on hdr.undp.org/... UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017). Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017). Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. MacGregor (2010) Week 2, episode 1. Notes are from Professor Graeme Barker, Archaeologist, University of Cambridge. Added to this page on 2015 Mar 08.^
  10. CIA (2013). Https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pp.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Lonely Planet (2014). Chapter "Papua New Guinea".^
  12. UN (2017). Table 1. Lower is better.^
  13. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  14. UN (2017). Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  15. UN (2013). Table 11.^
  16. UN (2013). Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  17. UN (2017). Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  18. UN (2013). Table 14.^
  19. Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (2017). Accessed 2017 Dec 30. The scores given are the TI average for the years 2012-2016.^
  20. ^
  21. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  22. Fraser Institute, the (2016). Covers data for 2014.^
  23. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  24. Global Slavery Index (2018), published by The Walk Free Foundation. Accessed 2018 Aug 16.^
  25. UN (2017). Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  26. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 2.6. Women Stand for Election & Vote" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  27. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  28. CIA (2013). Https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  29. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  30. % of internet access via native IPv6 compared to IPv4. As of 2017 Jun 20, from http://www.cidr-report.org. Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  31. WHO (2014). Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  32. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  33. Annual Cigarette Consumption Per Adult (age 15 and above) - compustible cigarettes. Euromonitor International (2014), via tobaccoatlas.org/topic/cigarette-use-globally/ . Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  34. Yale University Center for Environmental Law & Policy 2018 EPI.^
  35. Sources:^

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