The Human Truth Foundation

Papua New Guinea (Independent State of Papua New Guinea)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#papua_new_guinea

Papua New Guinea
Independent State of Papua New Guinea
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index177th best
CapitalPort Moresby
Land Area 452 860km21
LocationAustralasia, Melanesia
Population8.6m2
Life Expectancy62.77yrs (2017)3
GNI$2 712 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesPG, PNG, 5985
Internet Domain.pg6
CurrencyKina (PGK)7
Telephone+6758

1. Overview

#australia #germany #indonesia #papua_new_guinea #UK

The island of New Guinea is divided almost equally into two halves. The Eatern half is called Papua New Guinea, which has been an independent state since 1975, before which it was owned by Australia, Germany and the UK. The Western half is part of Indonesia. Humans have lived on the island of New Guinea for 40,000 years, whereupon they started cultivating and exploiting plants like yams and taro9.

The eastern half of the island of New Guinea - second largest in the world - was divided between Germany (north) and the UK (south) in 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia in 1902, which occupied the northern portion during World War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence in 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended in 1997 after claiming some 20,000 lives.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)10

Book CoverCoral-ringed beaches, smouldering volcanoes and rainforest-covered mountains meet traditional villages and tropical islands in a remote and unforgettable adventure getaway. The striking natural beauty and myriad complex cultures in Papua New Guinea offer some riveting and truly life-affirming experiences - along with some challenging, frontier-style travel. Highland cultures, wild festivals, world-class diving, the notorious Kokoda Track and a relative dearth of tourists make this one of the Pacific´s most intriguing destinations.

PNG is a megadiverse region, owing much of its diversity to its topography. The mountainous terrain has spawned diversity in two ways: isolated highlands are often home to unique fauna and flora found nowhere else, while within any one mountain range you will find different species as you go higher.

Slip beneath the surface to find an incredible underwater world and a wealth of WWII wreck dives. For a glimpse into PNG´s fascinating tribal cultures, head to the Highlands or to the remote, untrammelled island provinces and Trobriand Islands. Just don´t expect a lazy island resort holiday - PNG is a true travel experience.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)11

2. Papua New Guinea National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)12
Pos.Lower is better
Rank12
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
152Nigeria152
153Cameroon153
154Zimbabwe154
155Papua New Guinea154
156Solomon Islands156
157Mauritania157
158Madagascar158
159Rwanda159
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)13
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $13
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
155Cameroon$2 894
156Kenya$2 881
157Vanuatu$2 805
158Papua New Guinea$2 712
159Tajikistan$2 601
160Kiribati$2 475
161Tanzania$2 467
162Syria$2 441
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
14,15
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank14,15
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
174Comoros119.3
175Mauritania119.3
176Burundi120.9
177Papua New Guinea121.0
178Solomon Islands121.6
179Congo, (Brazzaville)122.2
180Yemen122.6
181Nauru123.2
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Papua New Guinea's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Papua New Guinea's population is predicted to rise to 10.18 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.83. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
95Tajikistan9.1m
96Austria8.9m
97Serbia8.8m
98Papua New Guinea8.6m
99Switzerland8.5m
100Israel8.4m
101Togo7.9m
102Sierra Leone7.7m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)13
Pos.Higher is better
Years13
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
155Mauritania63.24
156Haiti63.12
157Congo, (Brazzaville)62.89
158Papua New Guinea62.77
159Djibouti62.30
160Kenya62.16
161Niger61.94
162Ghana61.53
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
135Vanuatu3.77
136Samoa3.77
137Tonga3.81
138Papua New Guinea3.83
139Guatemala3.86
140Togo3.90
141Ethiopia3.91
142Ghana4.03
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)17
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10017
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
34Comoros06.3
35Mozambique06.4
36Madagascar06.4
37Papua New Guinea06.4
38Ghana06.5
39Palestine06.5
40Ethiopia06.6
41Swaziland06.6
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)18
Pos.
%18
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
173Cambodia0.5%
174Honduras0.4%
175Solomon Islands0.4%
176Papua New Guinea0.4%
177India0.4%
178Afghanistan0.4%
179Haiti0.4%
180Brazil0.4%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)19
Pos.
%19
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
175Myanmar (Burma)1.0%
176Solomon Islands1.0%
177India0.9%
178Papua New Guinea0.9%
179USA0.8%
180Namibia0.7%
181Ethiopia0.7%
182Tanzania0.7%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #papua_new_guinea #politics #tolerance

Papua New Guinea is very poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world, and it has cultural issues when it comes to tolerance and equality. Papua New Guinea does better than average for supporting press freedom20 (amongst the best in Australasia), commentary in Human Rights Watch reports21 (amongst the best in Australasia) and in supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms22 (but one of the worst in Australasia). Papua New Guinea does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in LGBT equality23 (amongst the worst in Australasia) and in its nominal commitment to Human Rights24. And finally, it falls into the worst-performing 20 in terms of opposing gender inequality25 (one of the worst in Australasia) and in speed of uptake of HR treaties26. "The government has not taken sufficient steps to address gender inequality, violence, excessive use of force by police, or corruption and relies heavily on religious groups and nongovernment organizations (NGOs) to provide services on a charitable basis to meet the economic and social rights of the population"27.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Papua New Guinea's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #Papua_New_Guinea #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
176Swaziland120.0
177Mali120.6
178Namibia121.1
179Papua New Guinea122.0
180Congo, (Brazzaville)123.1
181Gabon131.4
182Iraq132.0
183Ivory Coast132.4
184Angola135.0
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

Papua New Guinea is a pretty unhealthy country. Papua New Guinea does better than average in terms of its alcohol consumption rate30 (amongst the lowest in Australasia). However Papua New Guinea performs less well in most areas. It does worse than average for its smoking rate31 (amongst the highest in Australasia), its adolescent birth rate25 (the highest in Australasia), its fertility rate16 (amongst the worst in Australasia) and in its average life expectancy13 (the lowest in Australasia). And finally, it falls into the worst-performing 20 in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance32 (the worst in Australasia) and in its immunizations take-up33 (one of the lowest in Australasia). The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)13
Pos.Higher is better
Years13
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
155Mauritania63.24
156Haiti63.12
157Congo, (Brazzaville)62.89
158Papua New Guinea62.77
159Djibouti62.30
160Kenya62.16
161Niger61.94
162Ghana61.53
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)30
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita30
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
27Comoros0.9
28Iran1.0
29Vanuatu1.0
30Papua New Guinea1.2
31Eritrea1.3
32Guinea1.3
33Mali1.3
34Solomon Islands1.4
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
135Vanuatu3.77
136Samoa3.77
137Tonga3.81
138Papua New Guinea3.83
139Guatemala3.86
140Togo3.90
141Ethiopia3.91
142Ghana4.03
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)31
Pos.Higher is worse31
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
112Laos 836
111Sweden 831
110UK 827
109Papua New Guinea 826
108Namibia 740
107UAE 715
106Qatar 698
105Kyrgyzstan 68334
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
154Cape Verde154
155Bahamas155
156Libya156
157Papua New Guinea157
158Belize158
159Algeria159
160Senegal160
161Mauritania161
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)35
Pos.Lower is better
%35
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
81Moldova51.8
82St Kitts & Nevis52.3
83Barbados52.4
84Papua New Guinea52.9
85Bosnia & Herzegovina53.3
86Paraguay53.5
87Kazakhstan53.6
88Azerbaijan53.6
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)25
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100025
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
113Egypt51.9
114St Lucia53.9
115Eritrea54.3
116Papua New Guinea54.8
117Uruguay56.1
118Costa Rica56.5
119Seychelles57.4
120Paraguay57.4
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)33
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %33
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
180Niger69.7
181Samoa68.1
182Yemen67.4
183Papua New Guinea66.3
184Haiti65.7
185Vanuatu65.5
186Guinea63.3
187Syria62.4
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Papua New Guinea's Modernity and Learning

#education #modernity #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
170Lesotho116.7
171Guinea117.5
172Chad118.6
173Papua New Guinea119.2
174Haiti119.5
175Niger124.0
176Timor-Leste (E. Timor)127.8
177Sierra Leone128.3
178Djibouti129.2
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Secondary Education (2018)37
Pos.Higher is better37
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
160Rwanda16.3%
161Tanzania14.3%
162Mali13.1%
163Papua New Guinea12.5%
164Bhutan12.0%
165Guinea11.7%
166Burundi9.3%
167Burkina Faso8.8%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)38
Pos.Higher is better
Years38
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
165Honduras10.2
166Sierra Leone10.2
167Afghanistan10.1
168Papua New Guinea10.0
169Mozambique9.7
170Nigeria9.7
171Congo, DR9.7
172Ivory Coast9.6
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
134Suriname134
135Uruguay135
136Honduras136
137Papua New Guinea137
138Congo, DR138
139Ecuador139
140Syria140
141Mauritania141
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)39
Pos.Higher is better39
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
170Rwanda12%
171Mali12%
172Haiti12%
173Papua New Guinea12%
174Djibouti12%
175Cambodia11%
176Gabon10%
177Burkina Faso10%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)40
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio40
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
143Mauritania0.0
144Iraq0.0
145Oman0.0
146Papua New Guinea0.0
147French Polynesia0.0
148Palestine0.0
149Lesotho0.0
150Monaco0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#corruption #politics

Corruption (2012-2016)41
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score41
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
146Paraguay26.0
147Kenya26.0
148Bangladesh25.8
149Papua New Guinea25.6
150Laos25.4
151Guinea25.0
152Central African Rep.23.8
153Tajikistan23.6
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Creativity and Culture (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
91Jordan91
92Haiti92
93Tunisia93
94Papua New Guinea94
95Belarus95
96Mongolia96
97Madagascar97
98Bolivia98
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
156Venezuela156
157Bahrain157
158Mauritania158
159Brunei159
160Algeria160
161Papua New Guinea161
162Brazil162
163Equatorial Guinea163
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)42
Pos.Lower is better42
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
90Dominican Rep.2.07
91Bangladesh2.07
92Guinea2.07
93Papua New Guinea2.08
94Trinidad & Tobago2.08
95Angola2.11
96Cameroon2.11
97Uganda2.12
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
127Chad127
128Montenegro128
129Dominican Rep.129
130Papua New Guinea130
131Syria131
132Belarus132
133Portugal133
134El Salvador134
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
95Peru95
96Gabon96
97Russia97
98Papua New Guinea98
99Mexico99
100Senegal100
101Georgia101
102Timor-Leste (E. Timor)102
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)43
Pos.Lower is better
Score43
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
59Morocco1.22
60Guatemala1.33
61Georgia1.34
62Papua New Guinea1.36
63Bosnia & Herzegovina1.39
64Kyrgyzstan1.47
65Ghana1.56
66Kazakhstan1.57
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)44
Pos.Higher is better
%44
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
98Barbados00.0
99St Kitts & Nevis00.0
100Norway-00.2
101Papua New Guinea-00.2
102Canada-00.3
103Jordan-00.6
104Suriname-00.6
105Guyana-00.8
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)45
Pos.Higher is better45
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
161Cameroon40.8
162Swaziland40.3
163Djibouti40.0
164Papua New Guinea39.4
165Eritrea39.3
166Mauritania39.2
167Benin38.2
168Afghanistan37.7
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
4Vanuatu1993 Dec 29
5Papua New Guinea1993 Dec 29
6Mexico1993 Dec 29
7Armenia1993 Dec 29
8Ecuador1993 Dec 29
9Fiji1993 Dec 29
10Canada1993 Dec 29
11Monaco1993 Dec 29
12Maldives1993 Dec 29
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)46
Pos.Higher is worse46
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
148Kiribati24.70
147Zimbabwe24.20
146Ghana24.20
145Papua New Guinea24.10
144Turkmenistan23.40
143Djibouti23.40
142Gabon22.80
141Myanmar (Burma)22.80
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
%47
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
106USA41.5
107Ivory Coast41.5
108Djibouti41.6
109Papua New Guinea41.9
110Turkey41.9
111Congo, DR42.1
112Madagascar42.6
113Angola42.7
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below48:

Christian99%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.4%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 27%, Protestant 69.4% (Evangelical Lutheran 19.5%, United Church 11.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10%, Pentecostal 8.6%, Evangelical Alliance 5.2%, Anglican 3.2%, Baptist 2.5%, other Protestant 8.9%), Baha'i 0.3%, indigenous beliefs and other 3.3% (2000 census)49.

Links: