Algeria (People's Democratic Republic of Algeria)

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Algeria
People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index120th best
CapitalAlgiers
Land Area12 381 740 km2
LocationAfrica, Mediterranean
Population2 36.49 million
Life Expectancy373.354yrs (2012)
GNI3$7 418
ISO3166-1 Codes4DZ, DZA, 12
Internet Domain5.dz
Currency6Dinar (DZD)
Telephone7+213

1. Overview

After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), was established in 1954 as part of the struggle for independence and has largely dominated politics since. The Government of Algeria in 1988 instituted a multi-party system in response to public unrest, but the surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting led the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crackdown on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets. Fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense violence from 1992-98, resulting in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s, and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000. Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA, with the backing of the military, won the presidency in 1999 in an election widely viewed as fraudulent. He was reelected to a second term in 2004 and overwhelmingly won a third term in 2009, after the government amended the constitution in 2008 to remove presidential term limits. Longstanding problems continue to face BOUTEFLIKA, including large-scale unemployment, a shortage of housing, unreliable electrical and water supplies, government inefficiencies and corruption, and the continuing activities of extremist militants. The Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) in 2006 merged with al-Qa'ida to form al-Qa'ida in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb, which has launched an ongoing series of kidnappings and bombings targeting the Algerian Government and Western interests. The government in 2011 introduced some political reforms in response to the Arab Spring, including lifting the 19-year-old state of emergency restrictions and increasing women's quotas for elected assemblies. Parliamentary elections in May 2012 and municipal and provinicial elections in November 2012 saw continued dominance by the FLN, with Islamist opposition parties performing poorly. Political protest activity in the country remained low in 2012, but small, sometimes violent socioeconomic demonstrations by disparate groups continued to be a common occurrence. Parliament in 2013 is expected to revise the constitution.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Algeria National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
90Turkey72.258.8
91Colombia71.962.6
92Sri Lanka71.561.0
93Algeria71.358.1
94Tunisia71.258.0
95Tonga71.067.7
96Samoa70.267.1
97Dominican Rep.70.260.9
98Fiji70.263.6
99Belize70.265.9
100Jordan70.061.9
101China69.954.1
102Turkmenistan69.868.1
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
117Namibia52.8
118Palestine52.7
119Vietnam52.5
120Algeria52.4
121Botswana52.3
122Bahrain52.1
123Uzbekistan52.0
124Tajikistan51.3
125Egypt51.3
126Korea, N.51.1
127Turkmenistan51.0
128Thailand50.8
129Bolivia50.8
130Lesotho50.5
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
90Bulgaria73.6
91Latvia73.6
92Egypt73.5
93Algeria73.4
94St Kitts & Nevis73.3
95Jamaica73.3
96Honduras73.4
97Oman73.2
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
23Chile1.8
24Bangladesh2.2
25Belgium1.8
26Algeria2.2
27Oman2.2
28Argentina2.2
29El Salvador2.2
30Grenada2.2
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
31Kenya 42.75m75
32Argentina 41.12m15
33Poland 38.32m126
34Algeria 36.49m15
35Uganda 35.62m178
36Sudan 35.05m15
37Canada 34.67m4
Data Source

Algeria's population is predicted to rise to 43.48 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.17.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
135Zambia1962
136Monaco1962
137Uganda1962
138Algeria1962
139Afghanistan1963
140Equatorial Guinea1963
141Bahamas1963
142Fiji1963
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
71Argentina0.38
72Mexico0.38
73Peru0.39
74Algeria0.39
75Sri Lanka0.40
76Rwanda0.41
77Philippines0.42
78Lebanon0.43
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Algeria has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
91Burundi0%
92Afghanistan0%
93Morocco0%
94Algeria0%
95Benin0%
96Chad0%
97Botswana0%
98Mauritania0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
84Kenya94%
85Bahrain94%
86Congo, DR94%
87Algeria95%
88Rwanda95%
89Chad95%
90Qatar95%
91Zambia95%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian0.2%
Muslim97.9%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.8%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Algeria states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However, Algeria's constitution also makes Islam the official religion. Its penal code disallows persons from insulting religious sentiments or inciting hatred against religion. The country also has a Ministry of Religious Affairs that works to ban any publishing and broadcasting content deemed blasphemous.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)11

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
121Mongolia12.90
122Belize12.65
123Uganda12.50
124Algeria12.50
125Yemen12.35
126S. Africa12.33
127Tonga12.01
128Sri Lanka12.00
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
133Mozambique5.4
134Burundi5.4
135Central African Rep.5.3
136Algeria5.3
137Chad5.3
138Guinea-Bissau5.2
139Angola5.1
140Congo, DR5.0
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
117Bahrain2.25
118Rwanda2.25
119Kenya2.25
120Algeria2.26
121Eritrea2.26
122Venezuela2.28
123Guatemala2.29
124Mauritania2.30
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
85Libya83
86Tunisia83
87Syria83
88Algeria83
89Oman83
90Dominican Rep.82
91Madagascar82
92Lebanon82
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
68Philippines18
69Malta18
70El Salvador18
71Algeria18
72Niger18
73Kyrgyzstan18
74Moldova18
75Timor-Leste (E. Timor)17
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
121Brunei99.4
122Tajikistan99.4
123S. Sudan99.4
124Algeria99.4
125Ukraine99.4
126Honduras99.4
127Afghanistan99.4
128Colombia99.4
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
112Congo, DR0.0813
113Indonesia0.0814
114Saudi Arabia0.0713
115Algeria0.0715
116Cape Verde0.0716
117Macau0.0514
118Trinidad & Tobago0.0517
119Honduras0.0418
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
94Bosnia & Herzegovina$7 713
95Maldives$7 478
96Ecuador$7 471
97Algeria$7 418
98Suriname$7 327
99Jamaica$6 701
100Ukraine$6 428
101Namibia$5 973
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
74Pakistan5.3
75Belarus5.2
76Lebanon5.2
77Algeria5.2
78Portugal5.2
79Indonesia5.2
80Morocco5.1
81Uzbekistan5.1
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
38Suriname68.2
39Bhutan68.0
40Luxembourg67.8
41Algeria67.4
42Mexico67.3
43Ireland67.1
44Romania67.0
45Netherlands66.4
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
156Ghana-30
157Mauritius-40
158Turkmenistan-40
159Algeria-40
160Pakistan-40
161Botswana-50
162Morocco-50
163Togo-50
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/algeria.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2017 Jan 03.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

UNESCO
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from unesdoc.unesco.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 30.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ag.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. IHEU (2012) Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2009.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  15. UNESCO data for year 2007.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  18. World Bank data for year 2000.^

© 2017 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.