The Human Truth Foundation

Luxembourg (Grand Duchy of Luxembourg)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Luxembourg

Luxembourg
Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index16th best
CapitalLuxembourg
Land Area1 2 590 km2
LocationEurope
Population2523 362
Life Expectancy380.109yrs (2012)
GNI3$48 285
ISO3166-1 Codes4LU, LUX, 442
Internet Domain5.lu
Currency6Euro (EUR)
Telephone7+352

1. Overview

#belgium #germany #netherlands

Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839 but gained a larger measure of autonomy. Full independence was attained in 1867. Overrun by Germany in both world wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the European Economic Community (later the European Union), and in 1999 it joined the euro currency area. In January 2013, Luxembourg assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Luxembourg National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
23Spain88.578.9
24Liechtenstein88.390.4
25Italy88.179.5
26Luxembourg87.580.9
27UK87.580.4
28Czech Rep.87.383.9
29Greece86.078.7
30Brunei85.579.7
31Cyprus84.879.5
32Malta84.777.1
33Andorra84.683.8
34Estonia84.677.5
35Slovakia84.078.6
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
13Belgium80.1
14UK80.1
15Andorra79.4
16Luxembourg79.4
17Ireland79.2
18Hong Kong77.1
19Liechtenstein76.6
20Japan76.3
21Estonia76.2
22France75.6
23St Vincent & Grenadines74.9
24Spain74.9
25Slovenia74.1
26Taiwan73.8
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
23UK80.3
24Belgium80
25Finland80.1
26Luxembourg80.1
27Greece80
28Nauru80
29Liechtenstein79.8
30Malta79.8
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
50Canada1.7
51Colombia2.3
52Maldives1.7
53Luxembourg1.7
54Turkmenistan2.3
55Trinidad & Tobago1.6
56Montenegro1.6
57S. Africa2.4
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
163Montenegro632 79647
164Solomon Islands566 48120
165Suriname534 1753
166Luxembourg523 362202
167Cape Verde505 335125
168Malta419 2121310
169Brunei412 89278
Data Source

Luxembourg's population is predicted to rise to 637 689 by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.67.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
14Poland1919
15Netherlands1919
16Belarus1919
17Luxembourg1919
18Ukraine1919
19Austria1919
20Canada1920
21Albania1920
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
23Greece0.14
24Poland0.14
25Israel0.14
26Luxembourg0.15
27Korea, S.0.15
28Lithuania0.16
29Estonia0.16
30Macedonia0.16
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Luxembourg is on the way towards ending gender inequality and has been striving towards this end for quite some time.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
10Russia34%
11Albania39%
12Latvia39%
13Luxembourg39%
14Hungary39%
15Germany40%
16Switzerland41%
17Uruguay41%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian70.4%
Muslim2.3%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated26.8%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 73.1% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 39% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 87%, other (includes Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim) 13% (2000)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
195Mexico0.16
194Hong Kong0.12
193Ireland0.11
192Luxembourg0.11
191Belize0.11
190Monaco
189Micronesia
188Mauritius
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
4Luxembourg90.08
5Sweden90.02
6Denmark88.77
7Finland86.90
8UK84.73
9New Zealand83.00
10Germany82.53
11Korea, S.82.52
12Switzerland82.17
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
48Singapore42
49Somaliland42
50Syria43.67
51Luxembourg43.75
52Panama45
53Haiti45
54Malawi45.25
55Israel45.25
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
29Malta7.6
30Germany7.6
31Montenegro7.6
32Luxembourg7.5
33Korea, S.7.5
34Panama7.5
35Spain7.5
36Netherlands7.5
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
52Nicaragua19
53Ireland19
54Kazakhstan19
55Luxembourg19
56Finland19
57Greece19
58Rwanda19
59Lesotho19
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
4Luxembourg99.0
5Andorra99.0
6Denmark99.0
7Liechtenstein99.0
8New Zealand99.0
9Iceland99.0
10Sweden99.0
11Estonia99.0
12Austria99.0
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
25Hungary1.3712
26Italy1.2912
27Portugal1.2812
28Luxembourg1.2612
29Spain1.2212
30Russia1.1912
31New Zealand1.1713
32Brazil1.1514
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
4Singapore$52 613
5Norway$48 688
6Luxembourg$48 285
7Brunei$45 690
8Hong Kong$45 598
9USA$43 480
10UAE$42 716
11Switzerland$40 527
12Netherlands$37 282
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
14UAE7.2
15New Zealand7.2
16USA7.1
17Luxembourg7.1
18France7
19Ireland7
20UK6.9
21Oman6.9
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
37Nepal68.2
38Suriname68.2
39Bhutan68.0
40Luxembourg67.8
41Algeria67.4
42Mexico67.3
43Ireland67.1
44Romania67.0
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
13France195
14Réunion185
15Mexico168
16Luxembourg165
17Greenland135
18Portugal135
19UK130
20Uruguay125
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2013 Nov 01
http://www.humantruth.info/luxembourg.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/lu.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  13. OECD (2016) data for year 2013.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2012.^

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