Nepal

#Nepal

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Nepal
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index153rd best
CapitalKathmandu
Land Area1 143 350 km2
LocationAsia
Population2 31.01 million
Life Expectancy369.094yrs (2012)
GNI3$1 137
ISO3166-1 Codes4NP, NPL, 524
Internet Domain5.np
Currency6Rupee (NPR)
Telephone7+977

1. Overview

In 1951, the Nepali monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system of government. Reforms in 1990 established a multiparty democracy within the framework of a constitutional monarchy. An insurgency led by Maoist extremists broke out in 1996. The ensuing 10-year civil war between insurgents and government forces witnessed the dissolution of the cabinet and parliament and assumption of absolute power by the king. Several weeks of mass protests in April 2006 were followed by several months of peace negotiations between the Maoists and government officials, and culminated in a November 2006 peace accord and the promulgation of an interim constitution. Following a nationwide election in April 2008, the newly formed Constituent Assembly (CA) declared Nepal a federal democratic republic and abolished the monarchy at its first meeting the following month. The CA elected the country's first president in July. Between 2008 and 2011 there have been four different coalition governments, led twice by the United Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist, which received a plurality of votes in the Constituent Assembly election, and twice by the Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist-Leninist. In August 2011, Baburam BHATTARAI of the United Communist Party of Nepal (Maoaist) became prime minister. After the CA failed to draft a constitution by the May 2012 deadline, BHATTARAI dissolved the CA and called for new elections. Months of negotiations failed to produce a new election date. Finally, in March of 2013, the chief justice of Nepal's Supreme Court, Khil Raj REGMI, was sworn in as Chairman of the Interim Council of Ministers for Elections to lead an interim government and charged with holding Constituent Assembly elections by December 2013.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Nepal National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
154Senegal47.038.5
155Mauritania46.738.6
156Papua New Guinea46.639.2
157Nepal46.335.9
158Lesotho46.144.0
159Togo45.938.9
160Yemen45.841.7
161Uganda45.637.1
162Haiti45.640.0
163Zambia44.839.8
164Djibouti44.542.7
165Gambia43.934.2
166Benin43.634.3
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
150Bangladesh44.7
151Solomon Islands44.4
152Burkina Faso44.2
153Nepal44.1
154Congo, (Brazzaville)44.1
155Guinea43.6
156Togo43.3
157Rwanda43.2
158Djibouti42.9
159Benin42.7
160Myanmar (Burma)42.6
161Eritrea42.5
162Senegal42.2
163Gambia42.0
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
123Bangladesh69.2
124Korea, N.69
125Russia69.1
126Nepal69.1
127Philippines69
128Mongolia68.8
129Ukraine68.8
130Uzbekistan68.6
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
98Romania1.4
99Japan1.4
100Poland1.4
101Nepal2.6
102Macedonia1.4
103Fiji2.6
104Korea, S.1.4
105Slovakia1.4
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
38Iraq 33.7m78
39Afghanistan 33.4m51
40Morocco 32.6m73
41Nepal 31.01m216
42Venezuela 29.89m34
43Peru 29.73m23
44Malaysia 29.32m89
Data Source

Nepal's population is predicted to rise to 39.94 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.60. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
83Haiti1950
84Barbados1950
85Grenada1951
86Nepal1951
87Dominica1951
88St Kitts & Nevis1951
89St Vincent & Grenadines1951
90Antigua & Barbuda1951
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
100Honduras0.48
101Laos0.48
102Botswana0.49
103Nepal0.49
104Guyana0.49
105Gabon0.49
106Indonesia0.49
107Iran0.50
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Nepal and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Nepal is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
86El Salvador1%
87Cameroon0%
88Brunei0%
89Nepal0%
90Bangladesh0%
91Burundi0%
92Afghanistan0%
93Morocco0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
79Saudi Arabia93%
80Tunisia93%
81Uganda93%
82Nepal93%
83Sudan93%
84Kenya94%
85Bahrain94%
86Congo, DR94%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian0.5%
Muslim4.6%
Hindu80.7%
Buddhist10.3%
Folk Religion3.7%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.3%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
258Netherlands1.47
257Germany1.47
256Afghanistan1.46
255Nepal1.45
254Ukraine1.44
253Uganda1.44
252Mongolia1.42
251UK1.34
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
141Kiribati8.96
142Haiti8.37
143Vanuatu7.99
144Nepal7.93
145India7.50
146Gabon7.23
147Liberia7.00
148Laos7.00
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
107Tanzania6.4
108Bangladesh6.3
109Cameroon6.3
110Nepal6.3
111India6.3
112Iran6.2
113Pakistan6.2
114Guyana6.2
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
77Greece1.98
78Senegal1.99
79Peru2.00
80Nepal2.00
81Nicaragua2.01
82Montenegro2.01
83Brazil2.02
84Bolivia2.02
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
98El Salvador80
99Sri Lanka79
100Guatemala79
101Nepal78
102Mauritania76
103Uganda73
104Tanzania72
105Kenya72
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
124Kenya14
125Mauritania13
126Sri Lanka13
127Nepal13
128Equatorial Guinea13
129Ivory Coast13
130Congo, (Brazzaville)13
131Djibouti13
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
114Nigeria99.4
115Macedonia99.4
116Venezuela99.4
117Nepal99.4
118Ecuador99.4
119Cameroon99.4
120Chad99.4
121Brunei99.4
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2911
2Israel4.1111
3Japan3.5811
...
76Ecuador0.3412
77Bosnia & Herzegovina0.3313
78Iran0.3114
79Nepal0.3014
80Kuwait0.3013
81Pakistan0.2913
82Zambia0.2815
83Botswana0.2516
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
165Burkina Faso$1 202
166Uganda$1 168
167Rwanda$1 147
168Nepal$1 137
169Haiti$1 070
170Guinea-Bissau$1 042
171Ethiopia$1 017
172Afghanistan$1 000
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
137Bulgaria3.9
138Comoros3.9
139Mali3.8
140Nepal3.8
141Senegal3.8
142Afghanistan3.8
143Burundi3.8
144Haiti3.8
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
34Croatia68.7
35Dominican Rep.68.4
36Lithuania68.3
37Nepal68.2
38Suriname68.2
39Bhutan68.0
40Luxembourg67.8
41Algeria67.4
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
54Cuba30
55Lithuania30
56Chile30
57Nepal30
58Albania30
59Serbia30
60Montenegro30
61Thailand30
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/nepal.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/np.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  12. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2008.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2012.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.