The Human Truth Foundation

Nepal

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#nepal

Nepal
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index107th best
CapitalKathmandu
Land Area 143 350km21
LocationAsia
Population28.1m2
Life Expectancy69.99yrs (2017)3
GNI$2 337 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesNP, NPL, 5245
Internet Domain.np6
CurrencyRupee (NPR)7
Telephone+9778

1. Overview

In 1951, the Nepali monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system of government. Reforms in 1990 established a multiparty democracy within the framework of a constitutional monarchy. An insurgency led by Maoist extremists broke out in 1996. The ensuing 10-year civil war between insurgents and government forces witnessed the dissolution of the cabinet and parliament and assumption of absolute power by the king. Several weeks of mass protests in April 2006 were followed by several months of peace negotiations between the Maoists and government officials, and culminated in a November 2006 peace accord and the promulgation of an interim constitution. Following a nationwide election in April 2008, the newly formed Constituent Assembly (CA) declared Nepal a federal democratic republic and abolished the monarchy at its first meeting the following month. The CA elected the country's first president in July. Between 2008 and 2011 there have been four different coalition governments, led twice by the United Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist, which received a plurality of votes in the Constituent Assembly election, and twice by the Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist-Leninist. In August 2011, Baburam BHATTARAI of the United Communist Party of Nepal (Maoaist) became prime minister. After the CA failed to draft a constitution by the May 2012 deadline, BHATTARAI dissolved the CA and called for new elections. Months of negotiations failed to produce a new election date. Finally, in March of 2013, the chief justice of Nepal's Supreme Court, Khil Raj REGMI, was sworn in as Chairman of the Interim Council of Ministers for Elections to lead an interim government and charged with holding Constituent Assembly elections by December 2013.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverWedged between the high wall of the Himalaya and the steamy jungles of the Indian plains, Nepal is a land of snowy peaks and Sherpas, yaks and yetis, monasteries and mantras. Ever since Nepal first opened its borders to outsiders in the 1950s, this tiny mountain nation has had an irresistible mystical allure for travellers. Today, legions of trekkers are drawn to the Himalaya´s most iconic and accessible hiking, some of the world´s best, with rugged trails to Everest, the Annapurnas and beyond. Nowhere else can you trek for days or even weeks in incredible mountain scenery, secure in the knowledge that a hot meal, cosy lodge and warm slice of apple pie await you at the end of the day. Nepal is nirvana for mountain lovers.

Other travellers prefer to see Nepal at a more gentle pace, admiring the peaks over a gin and tonic from a Himalayan viewpoint, strolling through the temple-lined medieval city squares of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur, and joining Buddhist pilgrims on a spiritual stroll around centuries-old stupas and temples that lie scattered across the Kathmandu Valley.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Nepal National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
141Ghana139
142Sao Tome & Principe142
143Cambodia143
144Nepal144
145Myanmar (Burma)145
146Kenya146
147Pakistan147
148Swaziland148
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
160Kiribati$2 475
161Tanzania$2 467
162Syria$2 441
163Nepal$2 337
164Yemen$2 300
165Senegal$2 250
166Mali$2 218
167Chad$1 991
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
105Bahrain90.2
106Belize91.7
107Tajikistan91.9
108Nepal91.9
109St Lucia91.9
110Andorra92.3
111Indonesia92.4
112Egypt92.6
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Nepal's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Nepal's population is predicted to rise to 39.94 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.60. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
47Mozambique29.5m
48Venezuela28.9m
49Yemen28.5m
50Nepal28.1m
51Madagascar26.3m
52N. Korea25.5m
53Cameroon25.2m
54Ivory Coast25.1m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
116Russia70.26
117Fiji70.15
118Belize70.08
119Nepal69.99
120Bhutan69.85
121Mongolia69.81
122Syria69.65
123Iraq69.63
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
98Romania1.42
99Japan1.40
100Poland1.40
101Nepal2.60
102Macedonia1.40
103Fiji2.61
104S. Korea1.38
105Slovakia1.36
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
73Libya10.5
74S. Africa10.5
75Bangladesh10.6
76Nepal10.8
77Bhutan10.8
78Micronesia10.8
79Honduras11.0
80Turkmenistan11.0
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
134Sudan1.8%
135Albania1.8%
136Pakistan1.7%
137Nepal1.7%
138Poland1.7%
139Senegal1.7%
140Comoros1.5%
141Fiji1.5%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
135Algeria3.4%
136Sweden3.4%
137Ghana3.4%
138Nepal3.3%
139Bangladesh3.3%
140Botswana3.2%
141Spain3.0%
142Central African Rep.2.9%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #nepal #politics #tolerance

Nepal is generally poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world. Nepal does better than average in commentary in Human Rights Watch reports19, LGBT equality20 and in speed of uptake of HR treaties21. Nepal does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in terms of supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms22 (still low for Asia), opposing gender inequality23, supporting press freedom24 (still low for Asia) and in its nominal commitment to Human Rights25.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Nepal's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #Nepal #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)26,27
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank26,27
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
40Myanmar (Burma)78.3
41Belgium78.4
42Eritrea78.4
43Nepal78.6
44Bahrain79.0
45India79.1
46Cyprus79.3
47Slovenia79.8
48Tunisia80.0
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives26. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea26.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe26, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia26.

Health:

Nepal does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Nepal comes in the best 20 in its smoking rate28 (the best in Asia). It does better than average for its alcohol consumption rate29. However Nepal performs less well in most areas. It does worse than average in terms of its fertility rate15, its immunizations take-up30, its average life expectancy12 and in its adolescent birth rate23 (amongst the worst in Asia). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
116Russia70.26
117Fiji70.15
118Belize70.08
119Nepal69.99
120Bhutan69.85
121Mongolia69.81
122Syria69.65
123Iraq69.63
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)29
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita29
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
40Tunisia1.9
41Bahrain1.9
42Qatar2.0
43Nepal2.0
44Singapore2.0
45Turkey2.0
46Timor-Leste (E. Timor)2.1
47Mozambique2.4
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
98Romania1.42
99Japan1.40
100Poland1.40
101Nepal2.60
102Macedonia1.40
103Fiji2.61
104S. Korea1.38
105Slovakia1.36
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)28
Pos.Higher is worse28
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
18Trinidad & Tobago 97
17Lesotho 88
16Afghanistan 84
15Nepal 83
14Mozambique 82
13Tonga 81
12Malawi 80
11Suriname 79
World Avg 819
q=182.
Overweight Adults (2016)31
Pos.Lower is better
%31
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
4Ethiopia20.9
5Nepal21.0
6Timor-Leste (E. Timor)21.6
7Cambodia21.7
8Niger22.0
9Eritrea22.0
10Burundi22.2
11Uganda22.4
12Afghanistan23.0
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)23
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100023
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
136Comoros68.3
137Swaziland70.4
138Bolivia70.8
139Nepal71.9
140Cape Verde73.4
141Afghanistan74.0
142Sudan74.0
143Panama74.5
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)30
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %30
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
116Trinidad & Tobago91.4
117Jamaica90.9
118Burkina Faso90.6
119Nepal90.1
120Montenegro89.9
121Zimbabwe89.7
122Senegal89.5
123Peru89.3
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Nepal's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #it_security #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)32
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank32
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
115Ethiopia83.5
116Zimbabwe83.8
117Ghana84.1
118Nepal84.5
119Tajikistan84.5
120Mongolia85.4
121Marshall Islands86.8
122Samoa86.8
123Zambia89.0
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2933
2Israel4.1133
3Japan3.5833
...
76Ecuador0.3434
77Bosnia & Herzegovina0.3335
78Iran0.3136
79Nepal0.3036
80Kuwait0.3035
81Pakistan0.2935
82Zambia0.2837
83Botswana0.2538
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)39
Pos.Higher is better39
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
131Pakistan37.2%
132Cameroon37.2%
133Gambia36.8%
134Nepal35.9%
135Kenya35.2%
136Honduras33.5%
137Haiti33.2%
138S. Sudan33.2%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)40
Pos.Higher is better
Years40
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
122India12.3
123Tuvalu12.3
124Nicaragua12.2
125Nepal12.2
126Qatar12.2
127Bhutan12.1
128Maldives12.1
129Zambia12.1
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Religiosity (2009)41
Pos.Lower is better
%41
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
80Tunisia93
81Uganda93
82Palestine93
83Nepal93
84Bahrain94
85Congo, DR94
86Kenya94
87Qatar95
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)42
Pos.Higher is better42
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
100El Salvador80
101Guatemala79
102Sri Lanka79
103Nepal78
104Mauritania76
105Uganda73
106Tanzania72
107Kenya72
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
157Tajikistan19%
158Cameroon18%
159Pakistan18%
160Nepal17%
161Mauritania17%
162S. Sudan17%
163Gambia17%
164Laos16%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security (2013)44
Pos.Lower is better44
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
62Mongolia1.42
63Uganda1.44
64Ukraine1.44
65Nepal1.45
66Afghanistan1.45
67Germany1.46
68Netherlands1.47
69Rwanda1.50
World Avg0.98
q=81.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
45
Pos.Lower is better45
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
62Sierra Leone51.67
63Kyrgyzstan52
64S. Africa53.25
65Nepal53.5
66Colombia55.75
67S. Sudan58
68Uruguay61
69Namibia61
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)46
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score46
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
129Pakistan29.2
130Gambia29.0
131Honduras28.8
132Nepal28.6
133Azerbaijan28.6
134Madagascar28.4
135Lebanon28.2
136Russia28.2
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)47
Pos.Higher is better47
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
98Somalia5.0
99Cameroon5.0
100Bulgaria4.9
101Nepal4.9
102Venezuela4.8
103Gabon4.8
104Palestine4.7
105S. Africa4.7
World Avg5.38
q=156.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)48
Pos.Lower is better48
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
77Greece1.98
78Senegal1.99
79Peru2.00
80Nepal2.00
81Montenegro2.01
82Nicaragua2.01
83Brazil2.02
84Bolivia2.02
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)49
Pos.Lower is better
Score49
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
114Russia4.90
115France5.01
116Indonesia5.07
117Nepal5.09
118Burundi5.10
119Palestine5.18
120Bangladesh5.21
121Saudi Arabia5.24
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)50
Pos.Higher is better
%50
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
161Indonesia-23.2
162Kyrgyzstan-23.8
163Comoros-24.5
164Nepal-24.7
165Benin-25.2
166Guatemala-25.4
167Myanmar (Burma)-25.9
168Cambodia-26.9
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)51
Pos.Higher is better51
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
173Lesotho33.8
174Haiti33.7
175Madagascar33.7
176Nepal31.4
177India30.6
178Congo, DR30.4
179Bangladesh29.6
180Burundi27.4
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)52
Pos.Higher is better52
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
96Zambia05.71
97Canada05.56
98China05.52
99Nepal05.35
100Iran05.32
101Kenya05.24
102Kazakhstan05.10
103Moldova05.03
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
32Uruguay1994 Feb 03
33Nauru1994 Feb 08
34Jordan1994 Feb 10
35Nepal1994 Feb 21
36Czechia1994 Mar 03
37Barbados1994 Mar 10
38Sweden1994 Mar 16
39Spain1994 Mar 21
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)53
Pos.Higher is better
%53
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
31Portugal55.8%
32Hong Kong54.8%
33Lebanon54.3%
34Nepal52.8%
35Chad52.8%
36Kenya52.1%
37Central African Rep.51.9%
38Belize50.6%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)54
Pos.Higher is worse54
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
128S. Africa19.20
127Guyana19.00
126Cambodia18.10
125Nepal17.50
124Bangladesh17.30
123Venezuela17.10
122Bhutan17.10
121Dominican Rep.17.00
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)55
Pos.Lower is better
%55
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
37Mauritania32.6
38France32.7
39Estonia32.7
40Nepal32.8
41Tunisia32.8
42Mali33.0
43Bosnia & Herzegovina33.0
44UK33.2
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)56
Pos.Lower is better
Severity56
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
55Zimbabwe.137
56Ghana.138
57Lesotho.146
58Nepal.148
59Cambodia.170
60Namibia.171
61Vanuatu.174
62Bhutan.175
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)41
Pos.Lower is better
%41
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
80Tunisia93
81Uganda93
82Palestine93
83Nepal93
84Bahrain94
85Congo, DR94
86Kenya94
87Qatar95
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)57
Pos.Higher is better
%57
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
129Nigeria0
130Malawi0
131Chad0
132Nepal0
133Morocco0
134Mauritania0
135Mali0
136Senegal0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below58:

Christian0.5%
Muslim4.6%
Hindu80.7%
Buddhist10.3%
Folk Religion3.7%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.3%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)59.

Links: