The Human Truth Foundation

Montenegro (Republic of Montenegro)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Montenegro

Montenegro
Republic of Montenegro
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index70th best
CapitalPodgorica
Land Area1 13 450 km2
LocationEurope, Mediterranean, The Balkans
Population2632 796
Life Expectancy374.781yrs (2012)
GNI3$10 471
ISO3166-1 Codes4ME, MNE, 499
Internet Domain5.me, .yu
Currency6Euro (EUR)
Telephone7+382

1. Overview

The use of the name Crna Gora (Montenegro) began in the 13th century in reference to a highland region in the Serbian province of Zeta. The later medieval state of Zeta maintained its existence until 1496 when Montenegro finally fell under Ottoman rule. Over subsequent centuries, Montenegro, while a part of the Ottoman Empire, was able to maintain a level of autonomy. From the 16th to 19th centuries, Montenegro was a theocracy ruled by a series of bishop princes; in 1852, it was transformed into a secular principality. Montenegro was recognized as an independent sovereign principality at the Congress of Berlin in 1878. After World War I, during which Montenegro fought on the side of the Allies, Montenegro was absorbed by the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which became the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929; at the conclusion of World War II, it became a constituent republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. When the latter dissolved in 1992, Montenegro federated with Serbia, first as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and, after 2003, in a looser State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. In May 2006, Montenegro invoked its right under the Constitutional Charter of Serbia and Montenegro to hold a referendum on independence from the state union. The vote for severing ties with Serbia barely exceeded 55% - the threshold set by the EU - allowing Montenegro to formally restore its independence on 3 June 2006.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Montenegro National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
49Bahamas79.476.1
50Belarus79.375.1
51Uruguay79.271.5
52Montenegro79.176.9
53Palau79.177.6
54Kuwait79.072.8
55Russia78.872.1
56Romania78.672.8
57Saudi Arabia78.270.9
58Bulgaria78.272.7
59Panama78.069.3
60Cuba78.071.0
61Mexico77.568.2
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
67Greece61.5
68Macedonia61.5
69Bhutan61.4
70Montenegro61.1
71Belize60.7
72Mexico60.4
73Ukraine60.2
74Dominican Rep.59.9
75Nicaragua59.5
76Mongolia59.5
77Peru59.1
78Belarus58.9
79Kyrgyzstan58.8
80Philippines58.6
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
65Libya75
66St Lucia74.8
67Kuwait74.7
68Montenegro74.8
69Serbia74.7
70Tunisia74.7
71Hungary74.6
72Venezuela74.6
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
53Luxembourg1.7
54Turkmenistan2.3
55Trinidad & Tobago1.6
56Montenegro1.6
57S. Africa2.4
58Iran1.6
59Venezuela2.4
60Ecuador2.4
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
160Guyana757 6234
161Bhutan750 44320
162Equatorial Guinea740 47126
163Montenegro632 79647
164Solomon Islands566 48120
165Suriname534 1753
166Luxembourg523 362202
Data Source

Montenegro's population is predicted to fall to 633 000 by 2030, decreasing the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 1.63.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
32Croatia70%
33Chile70%
34Singapore70%
35Montenegro71%
36Greece71%
37Italy72%
38Moldova72%
39Kyrgyzstan72%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian78.1%
Muslim18.7%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated3.2%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 97.2% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 71% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Orthodox 74.2%, Muslim 17.7%, Catholic 3.5%, other 0.6%, unspecified 3%, atheist 1% (2003 census)10.

Links:

5. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
45Italy53.74
46Cyprus53.02
47Bosnia & Herzegovina52.00
48Montenegro51.96
49Macedonia51.91
50Portugal51.28
51Brunei49.99
52Morocco49.00
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

6. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
140Togo118
141Morocco119
142Tunisia121
143Montenegro121.75
144Bulgaria122
145Rwanda122.75
146Serbia125
147Russia126
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
28Lithuania7.6
29Malta7.6
30Germany7.6
31Montenegro7.6
32Luxembourg7.5
33Korea, S.7.5
34Panama7.5
35Spain7.5
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
79Peru2.00
80Nepal2.00
81Nicaragua2.01
82Montenegro2.01
83Brazil2.02
84Bolivia2.02
85Swaziland2.03
86Ecuador2.03
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
20Bosnia & Herzegovina21
21Bolivia21
22France21
23Montenegro21
24Senegal21
25Mali21
26Azerbaijan21
27Guatemala21
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
109Qatar99.3
110Panama99.3
111Israel99.3
112Montenegro99.3
113UAE99.3
114Nigeria99.4
115Macedonia99.4
116Venezuela99.4
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
68Mozambique0.4213
69Thailand0.3914
70Chile0.3812
71Montenegro0.3815
72Romania0.3812
73Ghana0.3813
74Tanzania0.3813
75Moldova0.3515
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
73Dominica$10 977
74Costa Rica$10 863
75Iran$10 695
76Montenegro$10 471
77Kazakhstan$10 451
78Brazil$10 152
79S. Africa$9 594
80Serbia$9 533
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
62Poland5.6
63Ghana5.6
64Kazakhstan5.5
65Montenegro5.5
66Estonia5.5
67Hong Kong5.5
68Mauritius5.5
69Lithuania5.4
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
57Nepal30
58Albania30
59Serbia30
60Montenegro30
61Thailand30
62Micronesia30
63Latvia25
64Estonia25
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/montenegro.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mj.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2013.^

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