The Human Truth Foundation

Brunei (Negara Brunei Darussalam)

http://www.humantruth.info/brunei.html

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#brunei

Brunei
Negara Brunei Darussalam
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index131st best
CapitalBandar Seri Begawan
Land Area 5 270km21
LocationAsia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population0.4m2
Life Expectancy74.64yrs (2017)3
GNI$64 490 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesBN, BRN, 965
Internet Domain.bn6
CurrencyDollar (BND)7
Telephone+6738

1. Overview

#philippines

The Sultanate of Brunei's influence peaked between the 15th and 17th centuries when its control extended over coastal areas of northwest Borneo and the southern Philippines. Brunei subsequently entered a period of decline brought on by internal strife over royal succession, colonial expansion of European powers, and piracy. In 1888, Brunei became a British protectorate; independence was achieved in 1984. The same family has ruled Brunei for over six centuries. Brunei benefits from extensive petroleum and natural gas fields, the source of one of the highest per capita GDPs in Asia.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverBlessed with picturesque water villages, glorious rainforests, stunning mosques and some outstanding cuisine, Brunei is as polite and unassuming as its people. The small sultanate of Brunei almost looks like a geographic comma plunked between Sarawak and Sabah. It certainly forms a conceptual one, because unless you´re a petroleum engineer, when folks ask `Why go to Brunei?´ the answer is usually the travelling equivalent of a pause: transfer or stopover.

But there´s more here than passport queues. This quiet darussalam (Arabic for `abode of peace´) has the largest oilfields in Southeast Asia, and because oil generates money, Brunei hasn´t turned its rainforests into palm plantations. Old-growth greenery abounds, especially in verdant Ulu Temburong National Park. Because booze is banned, the citizens of the capital, Bandar Seri Begawan (BSB), are mad for food and shopping. This tranquil (sometimes somnolent) nation is the realisation of a particular vision: a strict, socially controlled religious state where happiness is found in pious worship and mass consumption. Visit and judge the results for yourself.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Brunei National and Social Development

#economics #human_development #wealth

UN HDI (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Value11
1Switzerland0.962
2Norway0.961
3Iceland0.959
4Hong Kong0.952
5Australia0.951
...
48Turkey0.838
49Montenegro0.832
50Kuwait0.831
51Brunei0.829
52Russia0.822
53Romania0.821
Asia Avg0.75
World Avg0.72
q=191.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $11
1Liechtenstein$146 830
2Singapore$90 919
3Qatar$87 134
4Luxembourg$84 649
5Ireland$76 169
6Switzerland$66 933
7USA$64 765
8Norway$64 660
9Brunei$64 490
10Hong Kong$62 607
11UAE$62 574
12Denmark$60 365
Asia Avg$22 215
World Avg$20 136
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12,13
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank12,13
1Taiwan29.4
2Norway30.2
3Denmark31.1
4Sweden32.8
5Finland33.9
...
128Venezuela100.1
129Bangladesh100.4
130Iran100.4
131Brunei100.8
132Namibia101.1
133Zambia101.2
Asia Avg87.5
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Brunei's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Brunei's population is predicted to rise to 522 040 by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.99. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
4Indonesia267.7m
5Pakistan212.2m
...
167Cape Verde0.5m
168Maldives0.5m
169Malta0.4m
170Brunei0.4m
171Bahamas0.4m
172Belize0.4m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
4Australia84.5
5Switzerland84.0
...
61Grenada74.9
62Slovakia74.9
63Malaysia74.9
64Brunei74.6
65Hungary74.5
66Jordan74.3
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Fertility Rate (2013)14
Pos.2.0 is best14
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
4France1.99
5Turkey2.04
6Australia1.96
7Uruguay2.05
8Norway1.95
9Myanmar (Burma)1.95
10Indonesia2.07
11Sweden1.93
12Tunisia1.93
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)15
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10015
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
4Burkina Faso04.7
5Sierra Leone04.8
...
104Morocco16.1
105Suriname16.2
106Grenada16.2
107Brunei16.2
108El Salvador17.3
109Panama17.7
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)16
Pos.
%16
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
4Liechtenstein65.1%
5Monaco54.9%
...
16Switzerland29.6%
17Australia28.8%
18Antigua & Barbuda28.1%
19Brunei25.3%
20Israel23.6%
21Palau23.0%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)17
Pos.
%17
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
4Grenada65.5%
5St Kitts & Nevis61.1%
...
94Finland6.2%
95Singapore6.1%
96Guatemala6.1%
97Brunei6.0%
98Netherlands6.0%
99Italy5.8%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Brunei's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #freethought #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #mass_media #morals #politics #prejudice #religious_tolerance #slavery #tolerance

Compared to Asia (2020)18,19
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank18,19
1Hong Kong23.3
2Taiwan28.2
3Japan44.5
4S. Korea46.5
5Cyprus48.5
...
45Myanmar (Burma)133.9
46Afghanistan140.8
47Iran141.0
48N. Korea146.8
49Pakistan147.0
50Brunei147.1
51Palestine163.0
Asia Avg102.2
q=51.
Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)18,19
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank18,19
1Sweden9.9
2Denmark14.7
3Norway15.5
4Netherlands16.5
5New Zealand19.0
...
191Mauritania144.7
192N. Korea146.8
193Pakistan147.0
194Brunei147.1
195Sudan148.8
196Tuvalu158.8
197Somalia159.8
World Avg89.0
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Sweden, Denmark and Norway18. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are The Solomon Islands, Palestine and Somalia18.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice, LGBT equality and freethought. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe18, whereas the worst are Melanesia, Micronesia and Australasia18.

For more, see:

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)20
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties20
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
4Ecuador23
5Germany23
...
179Grenada7
180UAE7
181St Lucia6
182Brunei6
183Tonga6
184Pakistan6
Asia Avg12.7
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)21
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty21
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
4Colombia3.68
5Costa Rica4.05
...
181St Kitts & Nevis15.00
182Singapore15.02
183Papua New Guinea15.23
184Brunei15.29
185Tonga15.55
186Micronesia15.55
Asia Avg10.97
World Avg10.02
q=195.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)22
Pos.Lower is better
Rank22
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
4Ireland4
5Denmark5
...
63Dominican Rep.63
64Cambodia64
65Madagascar65
66Brunei66
67Serbia67
68Guatemala68
Asia Avg94.6
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)23
Pos.Lower is better23
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
4Luxembourg668
5Andorra682
...
118Ecuador3469
119Cameroon3478
120Chad3487
121Brunei3545
122Tajikistan3571
123S. Sudan3620
Asia Avg4378
World Avg3249
q=178.
Slavery (2018)24
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims24
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
4Australia0.06
5New Zealand0.06
...
146Laos0.94
147Papua New Guinea1.03
148Belarus1.09
149Brunei1.09
150Myanmar (Burma)1.10
151Turkmenistan1.12
Asia Avg0.79
World Avg0.65
q=167.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)25
Pos.Higher is better
Score25
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
4Brazil81
5Spain79
...
143Barbados-10
144Ethiopia-14
145Eritrea-14
146Brunei-14
147Swaziland-14
148Kenya-14
Asia Avg-02.1
World Avg12.6
q=196.
Freedom of Thought (2021)26
Pos.Lower is better26
1Belgium1.0
2Netherlands1.0
3Taiwan1.0
4Sao Tome & Principe1.3
5Ecuador1.3
...
187UAE4.8
188Maldives4.8
189Sudan4.8
190Brunei4.8
191Yemen4.8
192Iran4.8
Asia Avg3.7
World Avg3.0
q=196.

5. Brunei's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #Brunei #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Compared to Asia (2020)27,28
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank27,28
1Hong Kong18.3
2Maldives41.0
3Singapore42.6
4Japan51.0
5S. Korea51.3
6Sri Lanka52.9
7Bhutan55.1
8China60.4
9Brunei62.6
10Malaysia62.8
11Oman62.9
12N. Korea65.0
13Thailand65.3
Asia Avg80.1
q=50.
Health (2020)27,28
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank27,28
1Monaco13.0
2Hong Kong18.3
3Maldives41.0
4Singapore42.6
5Japan51.0
6S. Korea51.3
7Sri Lanka52.9
8Bhutan55.1
9China60.4
10Norway61.0
11Brunei62.6
12Malaysia62.8
13Oman62.9
World Avg93.5
q=196.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Monaco, Hong Kong and The Maldives27. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are The Marshall Islands, S. Sudan and Palau27.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and The Mediterranean27, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Australasia and Africa27.

For more, see:

Health:

Brunei does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Brunei comes in the best 20 for its alcohol consumption rate29. It does better than average for its immunizations take-up30, its adolescent birth rate31, its average life expectancy11, its fertility rate14 and in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance32. But, there's bad news too. Brunei does worse than average in terms of its smoking rate33. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
4Australia84.5
5Switzerland84.0
...
61Grenada74.9
62Slovakia74.9
63Malaysia74.9
64Brunei74.6
65Hungary74.5
66Jordan74.3
Asia Avg73.48
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)29
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita29
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
4Mauritania0.0
5Somalia0.0
...
10Pakistan0.3
11Kiribati0.4
12Iraq0.4
13Brunei0.4
14Egypt0.4
15Djibouti0.5
Asia Avg3.9
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)14
Pos.2.0 is best14
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
4France1.99
5Turkey2.04
6Australia1.96
7Uruguay2.05
8Norway1.95
9Myanmar (Burma)1.95
10Indonesia2.07
11Sweden1.93
12Tunisia1.93
Asia Avg2.46
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)33
Pos.Higher is worse33
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
179Macedonia2 732
178Russia2 690
...
125USA1 083
124Latvia1 041
123Algeria1 024
122Brunei1 023
121France 993
120Bahrain 969
Asia Avg1 035
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
4UK4
5Norway5
...
65Cambodia65
66Georgia66
67Belarus67
68Brunei68
69Paraguay69
70Latvia70
Asia Avg64.4
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)34
Pos.Lower is better
%34
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
4Ethiopia20.9
5Nepal21.0
...
65Lesotho38.7
66Gabon40.2
67Namibia40.6
68Brunei41.2
69Malaysia42.5
70Botswana43.4
Asia Avg44.3
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)31
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100031
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
4Hong Kong3.2
5Slovenia3.8
...
60Belarus18.2
61Serbia19.0
62Slovakia20.2
63Brunei21.0
64Bhutan21.4
65Djibouti21.5
Asia Avg29.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)30
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %30
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
4Niue98.8
5Mongolia98.7
...
37Kyrgyzstan96.7
38Brazil96.7
39Jordan96.6
40Brunei96.6
41Spain96.5
42Poland96.5
Asia Avg90.5
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Brunei's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #modernity #technology #the_internet

Compared to Asia (2020)35
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank35
1Taiwan10.0
2Japan21.7
3S. Korea24.3
4Singapore28.4
5Hong Kong29.0
...
32Oman88.9
33Mongolia90.0
34Tajikistan90.3
35Brunei91.6
36Palestine91.8
37Indonesia93.2
38Turkmenistan93.8
Asia Avg78.5
q=51.
Modernity and Learning (2020)35
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank35
1Finland8.7
2Taiwan10.0
3Estonia15.7
4Denmark15.9
5Switzerland16.4
...
119St Vincent & Grenadines90.3
120Tajikistan90.3
121Bolivia91.6
122Brunei91.6
123Palestine91.8
124Indonesia93.2
125Turkmenistan93.8
World Avg82.9
q=205.

Modernity and Education:

Secondary Education (2018)36
Pos.Higher is better36
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
4Canada100.0%
5Finland100.0%
...
74Andorra72.3%
75Panama72.2%
76UAE70.7%
77Brunei70.1%
78Iran69.8%
79Vietnam69.4%
Asia Avg66.0%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2021)37
Pos.Higher is better
Years37
1Australia21.1
2New Zealand20.3
3Greece20.0
4Belgium19.6
5Sweden19.4
...
83Antigua & Barbuda14.2
84Morocco14.2
85Sri Lanka14.1
86Brunei14.0
87Seychelles13.9
88Bulgaria13.9
Asia Avg13.5
World Avg13.5
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
4Denmark4
5UK5
...
122Dominican Rep.122
123Oman123
124Chad124
125Brunei125
126Ivory Coast126
127Kuwait127
Asia Avg97.1
World Avg82.0
q=163.
IQ (2006)38
Pos.Higher is better38
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
4Japan105
5Taiwan105
...
48Ireland92
49Malaysia92
50Greece92
51Brunei91
52Thailand91
53Lithuania91
Asia Avg90.4
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)39
Pos.Higher is better39
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
4Bermuda97%
5Andorra97%
...
49Israel73%
50Guam73%
51Poland72%
52Brunei72%
53Slovenia72%
54Cyprus72%
Asia Avg48.7%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)40
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio40
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
4USA35.0
5Greece33.5
...
154Cayman Islands0.0
155Andorra0.0
156Greenland0.0
157Brunei0.0
158Aruba0.0
159Bahrain0.0
Asia Avg2.11
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#corruption #politics

Corruption (2012-2016)41
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score41
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
4Sweden88.2
5Norway86.0
...
39Slovenia59.4
40Dominica58.3
41Cape Verde57.8
42Brunei57.7
43Lithuania57.4
44Malta56.6
Asia Avg39.13
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Creativity and Culture (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
4Switzerland4
5Sweden5
...
76Kyrgyzstan76
77Togo77
78Albania78
79Brunei79
80Suriname80
81Fiji81
Asia Avg99.0
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
4Netherlands4
5Switzerland5
...
156Venezuela156
157Bahrain157
158Mauritania158
159Brunei159
160Algeria160
161Papua New Guinea161
Asia Avg86.3
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
4Egypt4
5Nigeria5
6Uruguay6
7Indonesia7
8Brunei8
9Moldova9
10Morocco10
11Oman11
12Tanzania12
Asia Avg76.0
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
4Sweden4
5Malta5
...
158Vietnam158
159Laos159
160Equatorial Guinea160
161Fiji161
162Tonga162
163Brunei163
Asia Avg92.2
World Avg82.0
q=163.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #deforestation #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)42
Pos.Higher is better
%42
1Iceland+205.6
2Bahrain+144.4
3Uruguay+131.3
4Kuwait+81.2
5Dominican Rep.+79.5
...
132St Lucia-06.9
133Portugal-07.5
134Zambia-07.9
135Brunei-08.0
136Panama-08.4
137Madagascar-08.9
Asia Avg+07.0
World Avg+02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
4Malta80.9
5Sweden80.5
...
50Poland64.1
51Venezuela63.9
52Russia63.8
53Brunei63.6
54Morocco63.5
55Cuba63.4
Asia Avg54.5
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
4Colombia17.54
5Ireland17.54
...
70Senegal08.06
71Malaysia08.00
72Bolivia07.87
73Brunei07.81
74Armenia07.69
75New Zealand07.63
Asia Avg09.14
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
4Vanuatu1993 Dec 29
5Papua New Guinea1993 Dec 29
...
188Thailand2004 Jan 29
189Montenegro2006 Jun 03
190Timor-Leste (E. Timor)2007 Jan 08
191Brunei2008 Jul 27
192Iraq2009 Oct 26
193Somalia2009 Dec 10
Asia Avg1899 Dec 30
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#health #inequality #life_expectancy

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)45
Pos.Higher is worse45
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
181Somalia38.90
180Nigeria37.10
...
65Georgia7.90
64Thailand7.90
63Kazakhstan7.70
62Brunei7.60
61Ukraine7.40
60Lebanon7.40
Asia Avg11.80
World Avg14.59
q=184.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Disbelief In God (2007)46
Pos.Higher is better
%46
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
4Czechia61
5Estonia49
...
88Sri Lanka0
89Burundi0
90Burkina Faso0
91Brunei0
92Botswana0
93Syria0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below47:

Christian9.4%
Muslim75.1%
Hindu0.3%
Buddhist8.6%
Folk Religion6.2%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.4%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim (official) 67%, Buddhist 13%, Christian 10%, other (includes indigenous beliefs) 10%48.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012)49, in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Brunei states:

Though the constitution guarantees freedom of religion or belief, other laws and policies restrict this right. The constitution states, "The religion of Brunei Darussalam shall be the Muslim religion according to the Shafi'i sect of that religion." The government continues its longstanding policies to promote the Shafi'i school of Sunni Islam and discourage other religions. Anyone who teaches or promotes any "deviant" beliefs or practices in public may be charged under the Islamic Religious Council Act and punished with three months incarceration and a fine of BND 2,000 (US$1,550)50. Visitors to the country are asked to identify their religion on their visa applications. The Ministry of Education requires courses on Islam in all schools that adhere to the state curriculum. Marriage between Muslims and non-Muslims is not permitted50, and non-Muslims must convert to Islam if they wish to marry a Muslim.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)51

Links: