The Human Truth Foundation

Finland

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #climate_change #economics #finland #happiness #intelligence #morals #research #scandinavia #science #the_environment

Finland
Republic of Finland
StatusIndependent State
CapitalHelsinki
Land Area 303 890km21
LocationEurope, Scandinavia
Population5.4m (2011)2
Life Expectancy81.01yrs (2017)3
GNI$38 868 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesFI, FIN, 2465
Internet Domain.fi6
CurrencyEuro (EUR)7
Telephone+3588

1. Overview

#russia #sweden

Finland was a province and then a grand duchy under Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries, and an autonomous grand duchy of Russia after 1809. It won its complete independence in 1917. During World War II, it was able to successfully defend its freedom and resist invasions by the Soviet Union - albeit with some loss of territory. In the subsequent half century, the Finns made a remarkable transformation from a farm/forest economy to a diversified modern industrial economy; per capita income is now among the highest in Western Europe. A member of the European Union since 1995, Finland was the only Nordic state to join the euro system at its initiation in January 1999. In the 21st century, the key features of Finland's modern welfare state are a high standard of education, equality promotion, and national social security system - currently challenged by an aging population and the fluctuations of an export-driven economy.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverFinland is the deep north, with forests and lakes as far as the eye can see, and revitalising crisp air. Choose between summer´s endless light or winter´s eerie frozen magic. There´s something pure in the Finnish air and a spirit that´s incredibly vital and exciting. It´s an invitation to get out and active year-round. A post-sauna dip in an ice hole under the majestic aurora borealis (Northern Lights), after whooshing across the snow behind a team of huskies, isn´t a typical winter´s day just anywhere. And canoeing or hiking under the midnight sun through pine forests populated by wolves and bears isn´t your typical tanning-oil summer either.

Although socially and economically in the vanguard of nations, large parts of Finland remain gloriously remote; trendsetting modern Helsinki is counterbalanced by vast forested wildernesses elsewhere.

Nordic peace in lakeside cottages, summer sunshine on beer terraces, avant-garde design, and cafes warm with baking aromas are other facets of Suomi (Finnish) seduction. As are the independent, loyal, warm and welcoming Finns, who tend to do their own thing and are much the better for it.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Finland National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
20Luxembourg20
21France21
22Belgium22
23Finland23
24Austria24
25Slovenia25
26Italy26
27Spain27
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
4Netherlands82.0
5Norway81.9
6Switzerland81.4
7Germany80.6
8New Zealand80.4
9Iceland80.3
10Belgium80.3
11Ireland79.4
12Canada79.2
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #Finland #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
177Spain41.4
178Netherlands41.9
179Slovenia42.7
180Finland43.3
181Hong Kong43.7
182Portugal44.7
183Germany47.7
184Italy48.6
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
91Kiribati6.5%
92Bhutan6.3%
93Tunisia6.3%
94Finland6.2%
95Singapore6.1%
96Guatemala6.1%
97Brunei6.0%
98Netherlands6.0%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
16Iceland2.10
17Denmark1.88
18Bahamas1.88
19Finland1.87
20UK1.87
21New Zealand2.15
22Azerbaijan2.16
23Chile1.84
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
80Czechia4.4%
81Dominican Rep.4.2%
82Uzbekistan4.2%
83Finland4.2%
84Tajikistan4.0%
85Kyrgyzstan4.0%
86Turkmenistan4.0%
87Georgia4.0%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
22Germany81.09
23Greece81.07
24Ireland81.05
25Finland81.01
26Belgium80.98
27UK80.85
28Malta80.73
29Slovenia80.58
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
111Eritrea5.6m
112Slovakia5.5m
113Kyrgyzstan5.4m
114Finland5.4m
115Singapore5.3m
116Turkmenistan5.2m
117Norway5.0m
118Costa Rica4.8m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Finland's population is predicted to rise to 5.619 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.87. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#equality #Finland #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

When it comes to ensuring human rights and freedom, Finland leads the world, setting excellent examples. Finland does the best in terms of supporting press freedom18. It comes in the best 20 for fighting corruption19 (one of the best in Europe), the year from which women could participate in democracy20 (one of the lowest in Europe), commentary in Human Rights Watch reports21, opposing gender inequality22, its Global Peace Index rating23, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms24, fighting anti-semitic opinions25 and in eliminating modern slavery26. And finally, it does better than average for LGBT equality27 and in its nominal commitment to Human Rights28 (but low for Europe). Human Rights Watch's 2018 report states that Finland's support of women's rights at home and internationally has been notable29.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #Finland #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
49Timor-Leste (E. Timor)49
50Ireland50
51Norway51
52Finland52
53France53
54Australia54
55Italy55
56Mauritius56
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
4Sweden4
5Malta5
6Australia6
7Norway7
8Finland8
9Denmark9
10Switzerland10
11Canada11
12UK12
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)23
Pos.Lower is better23
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
4Canada1.32
5Japan1.33
6Austria1.33
7Ireland1.33
8Slovenia1.33
9Finland1.35
10Switzerland1.35
11Belgium1.38
12Qatar1.40
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"23. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark23 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan23.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)31
Pos.Lower is better
Score31
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
67Austria1.66
68Argentina1.68
69Madagascar1.96
70Finland2.03
71Haiti2.18
72Kosovo2.26
73Japan2.29
74Netherlands2.35
World Avg2.78
q=150.

6. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Disbelief In God (2007)32
Pos.Higher is better
%32
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
15Hungary32
16Norway31
17S. Korea30
18Finland28
19Russia27
20Australia25
21Taiwan24
22New Zealand22
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below33:

Christian81.6%
Muslim0.8%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated17.6%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 82.5% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (28%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Lutheran Church of Finland 82.5%, Orthodox Church 1.1%, other Christian 1.1%, other 0.1%, none 15.1% (2006)34.

Links:

7. The Internet

#Finland #internet #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)35
Pos.Higher is better35
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
10Sweden93%
11Monaco93%
12UK93%
13Finland93%
14Qatar92%
15UAE92%
16Bahrain92%
17Estonia91%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)36
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio36
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
18Norway14.7
19Australia14.6
20Trinidad & Tobago14.5
21Finland14.1
22Brazil13.9
23Netherlands10.5
24Czechia10.1
25New Zealand9.7
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #Finland #genetics #health #mental_health #obesity #organ_donation #public_health #smoking #sociology #suicide #UK

Finland does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Finland comes in the best 20 when it comes to its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance30, its immunizations take-up37 (amongst the best in Europe), number of organ donors38 and in its adolescent birth rate22. Finland does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in the prevalence of overweight adults39, its smoking rate40 (still good for Europe) and in its alcohol consumption rate41. And finally, it falls into the worst-performing 20 in its suicide rate42. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)41
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita41
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
156Cook Islands10.6
157Australia10.6
158New Zealand10.7
159Finland10.7
160Uruguay10.8
161Cyprus10.8
162Serbia11.1
163Belarus11.2
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking43 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink44 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies45 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"46. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"47. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Organ Donors (At Death) (2017)38
Pos.Higher is better
pmp38
1Spain46.9048
2Portugal34.0148
3Belgium33.6248
...
12Belarus22.10
13Norway22.06
14Canada21.91
15Finland21.41
16Slovenia20.87
17Ireland20.80
18Australia20.7049
19Uruguay20.43
World Avg13.03
q=70.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
9Netherlands9
10USA10
11Luxembourg11
12Finland12
13Australia13
14UAE14
15Saudi Arabia15
16Belgium16
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)39
Pos.Lower is better
%39
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
117Romania57.7
118Netherlands57.8
119Latvia57.8
120Finland57.9
121Macedonia58.1
122Nicaragua58.2
123Norway58.3
124Poland58.3
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese50. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up51. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight51 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year52 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"53. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes54. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar55.

Smoking Rates (2014)40
Pos.Lower is better40
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
123Algeria1 024
124Latvia1 041
125USA1 083
126Finland1 083
127Portugal1 113
128Moldova1 114
129Lithuania1 124
130Uruguay1 135
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)42
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k42
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
76Croatia36.4
77Estonia37.9
78Serbia38.1
79Finland39
80Belgium39.1
81Slovenia44
82Ukraine44.8
83Latvia48.2
World Avg20.93
q=91.

9. Children's Health

#Finland #health #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)22
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100022
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
14Italy6.0
15Iceland6.1
16Libya6.2
17Finland6.5
18Germany6.7
19Maldives6.7
20Tunisia6.8
21Austria7.1
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)37
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %37
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
10St Lucia98.2
11Bahrain98.2
12Iran98.1
13Finland98.1
14Saudi Arabia98.0
15Luxembourg98.0
16Oman98.0
17Antigua & Barbuda98.0
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
56
Pos.Lower is better56
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
26Guatemala25
27Denmark25.5
28Malaysia27.5
29Finland28.25
30Thailand28.75
31Uzbekistan29
32Libya29
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
4Denmark4
5UK5
6Austria6
7Finland7
8Netherlands8
9Belgium9
10Slovenia10
11Switzerland11
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
10Luxembourg10
11UK11
12Portugal12
13Finland13
14France14
15Germany15
16Slovenia16
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
49Timor-Leste (E. Timor)49
50Ireland50
51Norway51
52Finland52
53France53
54Australia54
55Italy55
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
4Sweden4
5Malta5
6Australia6
7Norway7
8Finland8
9Denmark9
10Switzerland10
11Canada11
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
4Netherlands4
5Switzerland5
6Serbia6
7Belgium7
8Norway8
9Finland9
10Croatia10
11Georgia11
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2957
2Israel4.1157
3Japan3.5857
4Finland3.1757
5Sweden3.1657
6Denmark3.0557
7Taiwan3.0157
8Austria3.0058
9Switzerland2.9659
10Germany2.8457
11USA2.7460
12Belgium2.4657
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)61
Pos.Higher is better61
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
8Canada7.4
9Australia7.4
10Israel7.4
11Finland7.4
12Costa Rica7.3
13Panama7.3
14UAE7.2
15New Zealand7.2
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
21Australia$42 822
22Canada$42 582
23Belgium$41 243
24Finland$38 868
25France$38 085
26UK$37 931
27Japan$37 268
28Bahrain$37 236
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)62
Pos.Higher is better62
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
7Luxembourg79.1
8Austria79.0
9Ireland78.8
10Finland78.6
11Iceland78.6
12Spain78.4
13Germany78.4
14Norway77.5
q=180.
IQ (2006)63
Pos.Higher is better63
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
15New Zealand99
16Poland99
17Germany99
18Finland99
19Estonia99
20Sweden99
21Belgium99
22Canada99
q=138.