The Human Truth Foundation

Mozambique (Republic of Mozambique)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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Mozambique
Republic of Mozambique
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index160th best
CapitalMaputo
Land Area 786 380 km21
LocationAfrica
Population 24.48 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy55.48yrs (2017)3
GNI$1 098 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesMZ, MOZ, 5085
Internet Domain.mz6
CurrencyMeticail (MZM)7
Telephone+2588

1. Overview

Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid 1990s. The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frelimo) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy. A UN-negotiated peace agreement between Frelimo and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (Renamo) forces ended the fighting in 1992. In December 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim CHISSANO stepped down after 18 years in office. His elected successor, Armando Emilio GUEBUZA, promised to continue the sound economic policies that have encouraged foreign investment. President GUEBUZA was reelected to a second term in October 2009. However, the elections were flawed by voter fraud, questionable disqualification of candidates, and Frelimo use of government resources during the campaign. As a result, Freedom House removed Mozambique from its list of electoral democracies.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Mozambique National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
173Gambia173
174Ethiopia174
175Mali175
176Congo, DR176
177Liberia177
178Guinea-Bissau178
179Eritrea179
180Sierra Leone179
181Mozambique181
182S. Sudan181
183Guinea183
184Burundi184
185Burkina Faso185
186Chad186
187Niger187
188Central African Rep.188
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.2
2Iceland88.1
3Denmark85.9
...
157Congo, (Brazzaville)44.9
158Burkina Faso44.8
159Benin44.6
160Mozambique44.6
161Tanzania44.3
162Saudi Arabia44.2
163Sierra Leone44.1
164India44.0
165Malawi43.8
166Gabon43.3
167Togo43.2
168Zambia42.8
169Gambia42.8
170Zimbabwe42.6
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
179Cameroon55.96
180Somalia55.71
181Guinea-Bissau55.49
182Mozambique55.48
183Nigeria53.06
184Angola52.70
185Chad51.90
186Ivory Coast51.89
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
154Kenya4.6
155Senegal4.7
156Gambia4.7
157Mozambique4.8
158Comoros4.8
159Sierra Leone4.8
160Guinea-Bissau4.9
161Yemen5.0
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
47Yemen 25.57m48
48Ghana 25.55m112
49Korea, N. 24.55m204
50Mozambique 24.48m31
51Australia 22.92m3
52Madagascar 21.93m38
53Romania 21.39m93
Data Source

Mozambique's population is predicted to rise to 35.91 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 4.75.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
166Sao Tome & Principe1975
167Cape Verde1975
168Angola1975
169Mozambique1975
170Portugal1976
171Guinea-Bissau1977
172Zimbabwe1978
173Micronesia1979
Gender Inequality (2015)12
CountryValue12
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
136Egypt0.57
137Swaziland0.57
138Cameroon0.57
139Mozambique0.57
140Sudan0.57
141Congo, (Brazzaville)0.59
142Haiti0.59
143Papua New Guinea0.59

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
49Moldova6%
50Ireland5%
51Laos5%
52Mozambique5%
53Portugal4%
54Zimbabwe4%
55Namibia4%
56Mexico4%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below13:

Christian56.7%
Muslim18%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion7.4%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated17.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Catholic 28.4%, Protestant 27.7% (Zionist Christian 15.5%, Evangelical Pentecostal 10.9%, Anglican 1.3%), Muslim 17.9%, other 7.2%, none 18.7% (1997 census)14.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
156Comoros5.10
157Solomon Islands5.00
158Congo, (Brazzaville)5.00
159Mozambique4.17
160Cameroon4.00
161Lesotho3.86
162Bangladesh3.70
163Afghanistan3.65
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Alcohol Consumption (2010)15
CountryPer Capita15
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
42Benin2.1
43Nepal2.2
44Azerbaijan2.3
45Mozambique2.3
46Togo2.3
47Lebanon2.4
48Malawi2.5
49Sudan2.7
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)16
CountryRank16
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
101Honduras101
102Philippines101
103Zambia103
104Mozambique103
105Argentina103
106Malawi106
107Thailand107
108Lebanon108
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
45Latvia1.77
46UAE1.78
47Kuwait1.79
48Mozambique1.80
49Namibia1.80
50Ghana1.81
51Zambia1.83
52Sierra Leone1.86
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
129Zimbabwe66
130Senegal66
131Cameroon64
132Central African Rep.64
133Congo, (Brazzaville)64
134Ethiopia64
135Mozambique64
136Sierra Leone64
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
105St Vincent & Grenadines15
106Maldives15
107Sierra Leone15
108Mozambique15
109Tanzania15
110Liberia15
111Libya15
112Dominican Rep.14
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
69Tanzania99.3
70Kenya99.3
71Zambia99.3
72Mozambique99.3
73Armenia99.3
74Malawi99.3
75Congo, (Brazzaville)99.3
76Kuwait99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2917
2Israel4.1117
3Japan3.5817
...
65Macedonia0.4418
66Puerto Rico0.4418
67Jordan0.4319
68Mozambique0.4220
69Thailand0.3921
70Chile0.3817
71Montenegro0.3818
72Romania0.3817
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
182Comoros$1 335
183Madagascar$1 320
184Togo$1 262
185Mozambique$1 098
186Malawi$1 073
187Guinea$1 058
188Niger$0 889
189Burundi$0 691
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
85China5
86Iraq5
87Romania5
88Mozambique5
89Laos5
90Mongolia5
91Latvia5
92Mauritania5
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
108Ghana51.3
109Myanmar (Burma)51.3
110Tajikistan51.3
111Mozambique51.2
112Solomon Islands51.1
113Kuwait51.1
114S. Africa50.8
115Gambia50.3
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
89Kosovo20
90Russia20
91Ukraine20
92Mozambique20
93Armenia20
94Philippines18
95Fiji15
96Cambodia15
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/mozambique.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

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References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Mar 24.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mz.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^
  13. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  14. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  15. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  16. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  17. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  18. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  19. World Bank data for year 2008.^
  20. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  21. World Bank data for year 2011.^

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