The Human Truth Foundation

Germany (Federal Republic of Germany)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#denmark #germany

Germany
Federal Republic of Germany
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index8th best
CapitalBerlin
Land Area 348 570km21
LocationEurope
Population82.0m (2011)2
Life Expectancy81.09yrs (2017)3
GNI$45 000 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesDE, DEU, 2765
Internet Domain.de6
CurrencyEuro (EUR)7
Telephone+498

1. Overview

#france #russia #UK

As Europe's largest economy and second most populous nation (after Russia), Germany is a key member of the continent's economic, political, and defense organizations. European power struggles immersed Germany in two devastating World Wars in the first half of the 20th century and left the country occupied by the victorious Allied powers of the US, UK, France, and the Soviet Union in 1945. With the advent of the Cold War, two German states were formed in 1949: the western Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the eastern German Democratic Republic (GDR). The democratic FRG embedded itself in key Western economic and security organizations, the EC, which became the EU, and NATO, while the Communist GDR was on the front line of the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact. The decline of the USSR and the end of the Cold War allowed for German unification in 1990. Since then, Germany has expended considerable funds to bring Eastern productivity and wages up to Western standards. In January 1999, Germany and 10 other EU countries introduced a common European exchange currency, the euro.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverPrepare for a roller coaster of feasts, treats and temptations as you take in Germany´s soul-stirring scenery, spirit-lifting culture, big-city beauties, romantic palaces and half-timbered towns. Beer or wine? That sums up the German conundrum. One is at the heart of a pilsner-swilling culture, is the very reason for one of the world´s great parties (Oktoberfest) and is consumed with pleasure across the land. The other is responsible for gorgeous vine-covered valleys, comes in myriad forms and is enjoyed everywhere, often from cute little green-stemmed glasses. [...]

Berlin, edgy and vibrant, is a grand capital in a constant state of reinvention. Munich rules Bavaria, the centre of national traditions. Half-timbered villages bring smiles as you wander the cobblestoned and castle-shadowed lanes. Exploring this country and all its facets keeps visitors happy for weeks.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Germany National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
4Germany4
5Denmark5
6Singapore5
7Netherlands7
8Ireland8
9Iceland9
10Canada10
11USA10
12Hong Kong12
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
14Andorra$47 979
15Netherlands$46 326
16Sweden$46 251
17Germany$45 000
18Denmark$44 519
19Ireland$43 798
20Austria$43 609
21Australia$42 822
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Denmark28.3
2Norway29.1
3Finland29.7
4Taiwan30.2
5Sweden32.0
6Netherlands32.9
7Germany33.5
8Austria34.7
9Switzerland34.9
10New Zealand34.9
11Canada35.8
12Luxembourg36.5
World Avg86.9
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Germany's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Population:

Germany's population is predicted to fall to 79 469 000 by 2030. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.44. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2012)15
Pos.
Population15
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
13Vietnam89.7m
14Ethiopia86.5m
15Egypt84.0m
16Germany82.0m
17Iran75.6m
18Turkey74.5m
19Thailand69.9m
20Congo, DR69.6m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
19Austria81.58
20Andorra81.46
21Portugal81.18
22Germany81.09
23Greece81.07
24Ireland81.05
25Finland81.01
26Belgium80.98
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
91Moldova1.46
92Cuba1.45
93India2.55
94Germany1.44
95Laos2.58
96Malaysia2.58
97Hungary1.42
98Romania1.42
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)17
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10017
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
178Netherlands41.9
179Slovenia42.7
180Finland43.3
181Hong Kong43.7
182Portugal44.7
183Germany47.7
184Italy48.6
185Japan53.1
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
36Belgium13.7%
37Estonia13.6%
38USA13.5%
39Germany13.1%
40Djibouti13.0%
41Seychelles12.8%
42Grenada12.1%
43Ukraine11.6%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
118Sierra Leone4.6%
119Philippines4.6%
120Egypt4.4%
121Germany4.3%
122S. Korea4.3%
123Belgium4.2%
124Syria4.2%
125Burundi4.2%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #Germany #human_rights #politics #tolerance

When it comes to ensuring human rights and freedom, Germany leads the world, setting excellent examples. Germany performs the best in commentary in Human Rights Watch reports19. It does the second-best in terms of its nominal commitment to Human Rights20. It comes in the best 20 when it comes to opposing gender inequality21, the year from which women could participate in democracy, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms22 and in supporting press freedom23. And finally, it does better than average in terms of eliminating modern slavery24 and in its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice25.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Germany's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #Germany #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)26,27
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank26,27
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
23Portugal71.5
24Kuwait72.3
25Luxembourg72.9
26Germany73.3
27Saudi Arabia73.4
28Austria73.9
29Iran74.4
30Denmark74.9
31Morocco75.1
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives26. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea26.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia.

Health:

Germany does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Germany comes in the best 20 in terms of its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance28, its fertility rate16 and in its adolescent birth rate21. It does better than average in its average life expectancy12 and in its immunizations take-up29. Germany does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its suicide rate30 and in its smoking rate31. And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 when it comes to its alcohol consumption rate32 (amongst the highest in Europe). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
19Austria81.58
20Andorra81.46
21Portugal81.18
22Germany81.09
23Greece81.07
24Ireland81.05
25Finland81.01
26Belgium80.98
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)32
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita32
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
182Latvia12.9
183Luxembourg13.0
184Ireland13.0
185Nigeria13.4
186Germany13.4
187Czechia14.4
188Lithuania15.0
189Moldova15.2
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
91Moldova1.46
92Cuba1.45
93India2.55
94Germany1.44
95Laos2.58
96Malaysia2.58
97Hungary1.42
98Romania1.42
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)31
Pos.Higher is worse31
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
153Armenia1 545
152Kuwait1 517
151Bulgaria1 505
150Germany1 480
149Italy1 443
148Poland1 396
147Netherlands1 396
146Saudi Arabia1 395
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)30
Pos.
Per 100k30
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
58Ireland23.7
59Norway23.8
60Denmark23.9
61Germany23.9
62Cuba24.5
63Romania24.5
64Bulgaria25
65Sweden25.5
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
4UK4
5Norway5
6Switzerland6
7Germany7
8Canada8
9Netherlands9
10USA10
11Luxembourg11
12Finland12
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)33
Pos.Lower is better
%33
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
107Slovakia56.2
108Sweden56.4
109Brazil56.5
110Germany56.8
111Vanuatu57.1
112Serbia57.1
113Russia57.1
114Portugal57.5
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)21
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100021
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
15Iceland6.1
16Libya6.2
17Finland6.5
18Germany6.7
19Maldives6.7
20Tunisia6.8
21Austria7.1
22China7.3
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)29
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %29
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
79UAE94.0
80Bangladesh94.0
81Tanzania94.0
82Germany94.0
83Lithuania93.9
84Estonia93.9
85N. Korea93.8
86Italy93.8
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Germany's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #modernity #politics #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)34
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank34
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
10UK15.8
11Ireland16.4
12Norway16.6
13Germany17.1
14Japan17.3
15Netherlands18.6
16Austria18.9
17Iceland19.1
18Slovenia19.5
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2935
2Israel4.1135
3Japan3.5835
...
7Taiwan3.0135
8Austria3.0036
9Switzerland2.9637
10Germany2.8435
11USA2.7438
12Belgium2.4635
13Slovenia2.3935
14France2.2635
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)39
Pos.Higher is better39
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
18New Zealand96.9%
19Switzerland96.5%
20Moldova96.4%
21Germany96.3%
22Russia95.9%
23Croatia95.7%
24Azerbaijan95.6%
25USA95.6%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)40
Pos.Higher is better
Years40
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
13UK17.4
14Slovenia17.4
15Greece17.3
16Germany17.1
17Saudi Arabia17.0
18Czechia16.8
19Grenada16.6
20Chile16.5
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
18Lithuania18
19Macedonia19
20Australia20
21Germany21
22Grenada22
23Poland23
24France24
25S. Africa25
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)41
Pos.Higher is better
Score41
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
10China154342
11Ireland1528
12Slovenia1528
13Germany1524
14Netherlands1524
15Switzerland1519
16New Zealand1517
17Norway1513
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)43
Pos.Lower is better
%43
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
12Luxembourg39
13Hungary39
14Albania39
15Germany40
16Switzerland41
17Uruguay41
18Lithuania42
19Canada42
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
14UK100
15New Zealand99
16Poland99
17Germany99
18Finland99
19Estonia99
20Sweden99
21Belgium99
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)45
Pos.Higher is better45
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
21Canada89%
22Belgium89%
23Czechia88%
24Germany88%
25Aruba88%
26Switzerland87%
27France86%
28S. Korea86%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
Freedom On The Internet (2012)46
Pos.Lower is better46
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
4Australia18
5Hungary19
6Philippines23
7Italy23
8UK25
9S. Africa26
10Argentina26
11Ukraine27
12Brazil27
World Avg46.7
q=47.
IT Security (2013)47
Pos.Lower is better47
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
64Ukraine1.44
65Nepal1.45
66Afghanistan1.45
67Germany1.46
68Netherlands1.47
69Rwanda1.50
70Tanzania1.50
71Maldives1.57
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)48
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio48
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
4USA35.0
5Greece33.5
6Luxembourg32.4
7India26.8
8Portugal26.6
9Ireland26.1
10UK24.7
11Japan22.1
12France18.8
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
49
Pos.Lower is better49
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
21Austria21.25
22Kuwait21.5
23Hong Kong21.5
24Germany22.75
25Switzerland25
26Guatemala25
27Denmark25.5
28Malaysia27.5
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Life Satisfaction (2011)50
Pos.Higher is better50
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
28Cyprus6.7
29Thailand6.7
30Saudi Arabia6.7
31Germany6.7
32Trinidad & Tobago6.7
33Kuwait6.6
34Qatar6.6
35Chile6.6
World Avg5.4
q=150.
Corruption (2012-2016)51
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score51
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
9Canada82.2
10Luxembourg81.6
11Australia80.8
12Germany79.6
13Iceland79.2
14UK78.0
15Belgium76.0
16Hong Kong75.6
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)52
Pos.Higher is better52
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
12Austria7.1
13Costa Rica7.1
14Ireland7.0
15Germany7.0
16Belgium6.9
17Luxembourg6.9
18USA6.9
19UK6.8
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
12Portugal12
13Finland13
14France14
15Germany15
16Slovenia16
17Latvia17
18Barbados18
19Hungary19
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
11Georgia11
12Philippines12
13Austria13
14Germany14
15Albania15
16Togo16
17France17
18Singapore18
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)53
Pos.Lower is better53
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
12Qatar1.40
13Czechia1.40
14Sweden1.42
15Germany1.42
16Portugal1.47
17Hungary1.48
18Norway1.48
19Bhutan1.48
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
34Malaysia34
35S. Korea35
36Qatar36
37Germany37
38Togo38
39Argentina39
40China40
41Canada41
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
4Sweden4
5Malta5
6Australia6
7Norway7
8Finland8
9Denmark9
10Switzerland10
11Canada11
12UK12
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)54
Pos.Lower is better
Score54
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
104Venezuela4.10
105Chile4.12
106Greece4.17
107Germany4.25
108Lebanon4.40
109China4.47
110S. Africa4.51
111Israel4.53
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)55
Pos.Higher is better
%55
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
68Finland01.8
69Ivory Coast01.8
70Czechia01.5
71Germany01.2
72Estonia01.2
73Seychelles01.1
74Palestine01.0
75Tajikistan01.0
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)56
Pos.Higher is better56
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
10Finland78.6
11Iceland78.6
12Spain78.4
13Germany78.4
14Norway77.5
15Belgium77.4
16Italy77.0
17New Zealand76.0
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)57
Pos.Higher is better57
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
30El Salvador11.76
31Romania11.49
32Austria11.24
33Germany11.24
34Greece11.24
35Tunisia11.24
36Indonesia11.11
37Israel11.11
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
38Sweden1994 Mar 16
39Spain1994 Mar 21
40Portugal1994 Mar 21
41Germany1994 Mar 21
42Denmark1994 Mar 21
43Belize1994 Mar 30
44Albania1994 Apr 05
45Malawi1994 May 03
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Religion and Beliefs

#afterlife #belief #buddhism #christianity #god #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #universalism

Religiosity (2009)43
Pos.Lower is better
%43
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
12Luxembourg39
13Hungary39
14Albania39
15Germany40
16Switzerland41
17Uruguay41
18Lithuania42
19Canada42
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)58
Pos.Higher is better
%58
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
7France44
8Belgium43
9Netherlands42
10Germany42
11UK42
12Cuba40
13Slovenia35
14Bulgaria34
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below59:

Christian68.7%
Muslim5.8%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.3%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.3%
Unaffiliated24.7%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 74.8% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (42%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 75.3% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 40% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%60.

The Afterlife: Ipsos-NA in 2011 gathered some statistics on Germany61. Despite the large numbers of Christians, not many have traditional beliefs in the afterlife - just 5%. More people don't know what to believe (37%). Some believe that upon death, you simply cease to exist (25%). Also, 3% specifically believe in heaven but not in hell (which is nice - making them possible "universalists"). 6% believe in reincarnation.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012)62, in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Germany states:

The constitution and other laws protect freedom of religion or belief. However, the criminal code addresses the insulting of faiths, religious societies, and ideological groups. Article 166 of the German Criminal Code states, "Whoever publicly or through dissemination of writings insults the content of others' religious faith or faith related to a philosophy of life in a manner that is capable of disturbing the public peace, shall be punished with imprisonment for not more than three years or a fine."

In 1974, the German state of Bavaria concluded a treaty with the Holy See (technically an addition to the concordat between Bavaria and Pope Pius XI of 1924) which gave Catholic bishops the right to veto the nomination of a professor of theology, philosophy, pedagogy and sociology/political science at state universities if the candidate does not entertain the standpoint of the Catholic Church. This stipulation concerned professors in the faculties of seven Bavarian universities. The Catholic Church had urged this privilege as a compensation for its loss of influence over children from Catholic families after the people of Bavaria had voted in a referendum in 1968 to abolish the separation of primary schools into separate Catholic and Protestant schools.

Cases of Discrimination:

On Feb. 23, 2006, a 61-year-old German businessman who printed the word "Koran" repeatedly along toilet paper reportedly in order to raise funds for an artistic campaign against Islamic terrorism was given a one year suspended prison sentence and ordered to complete 300 hours of community service. The jail term was suspended for five years, meaning the man could be jailed for one year if he committed another offence in the next five. His sentence was made harsher than usual because it followed the worldwide controversy over the cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad published in Danish newspapers.

On April 24, 2009, German professor of Islamic studies Sven Kalisch, expressed doubts about the historical existence of Muhammad and received death threats. He must live under police protection and teach in secret. Kalisch received a prohibition from the Minister of Science Andreas Pinkwart against participating in the education of teachers of Qur'an, but he is permitted to continue his research.

On April 9, 2010, the German magazine Titanic was prosecuted by a Frankfurt court for a front page cartoon in which the crucified Jesus appears to be receiving fellatio from a Catholic cleric, as a commentary to the actual pedophilia scandals in the Catholic Church.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)63

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