The Human Truth Foundation

Germany (Federal Republic of Germany)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Germany

Germany
Federal Republic of Germany
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index11st best
CapitalBerlin
Land Area1 348 570 km2
LocationEurope
Population2 81.99 million
Life Expectancy380.56yrs (2012)
GNI3$35 431
ISO3166-1 Codes4DE, DEU, 276
Internet Domain5.de
Currency6Euro (EUR)
Telephone7+49

1. Overview

#france #russia #UK

As Europe's largest economy and second most populous nation (after Russia), Germany is a key member of the continent's economic, political, and defense organizations. European power struggles immersed Germany in two devastating World Wars in the first half of the 20th century and left the country occupied by the victorious Allied powers of the US, UK, France, and the Soviet Union in 1945. With the advent of the Cold War, two German states were formed in 1949: the western Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the eastern German Democratic Republic (GDR). The democratic FRG embedded itself in key Western economic and security organizations, the EC, which became the EU, and NATO, while the Communist GDR was on the front line of the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact. The decline of the USSR and the end of the Cold War allowed for German unification in 1990. Since then, Germany has expended considerable funds to bring Eastern productivity and wages up to Western standards. In January 1999, Germany and 10 other EU countries introduced a common European exchange currency, the euro.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Germany National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
4Netherlands92.185.5
5Germany92.082.3
6New Zealand91.985.3
7Ireland91.682.3
8Sweden91.684.9
9Switzerland91.385.4
10Japan91.284.3
11Canada91.186.5
12Korea, S.90.977.5
13Iceland90.683.2
14Hong Kong90.680.3
15Denmark90.183.7
16Israel90.082.7
17Belgium89.783.2
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
8Australia82.7
9Austria81.7
10Switzerland81.2
11Germany81.1
12Canada80.8
13Belgium80.1
14UK80.1
15Andorra79.4
16Luxembourg79.4
17Ireland79.2
18Hong Kong77.1
19Liechtenstein76.6
20Japan76.3
21Estonia76.2
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
19New Zealand80.8
20Korea, S.80.7
21Ireland80.7
22Germany80.6
23UK80.3
24Belgium80
25Finland80.1
26Luxembourg80.1
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
91Moldova1.5
92Cuba1.4
93India2.6
94Germany1.4
95Laos2.6
96Malaysia2.6
97Hungary1.4
98Romania1.4
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
13Vietnam 89.73m289
14Ethiopia 86.54m87
15Egypt 83.96m84
16Germany 81.99m235
17Iran 75.61m46
18Turkey 74.51m97
19Thailand 69.89m137
Data Source

Germany's population is predicted to fall to 79 469 000 by 2030, decreasing the burden on the planet's resources. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.44.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
8Estonia1918
9Kyrgyzstan1918
10Latvia1918
11Germany1919
12Slovakia1919
13Czech Rep.1919
14Poland1919
15Netherlands1919
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
4Switzerland0.06
5Norway0.06
6Finland0.08
7Germany0.08
8Slovenia0.08
9France0.08
10Iceland0.09
11Italy0.09
12Belgium0.10
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Germany is notable for its equality between the sexes and this has been a feature of the country's culture for quite some time.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
7France44%
8Belgium43%
9Netherlands42%
10Germany42%
11UK42%
12Cuba40%
13Slovenia35%
14Bulgaria34%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
12Latvia39%
13Luxembourg39%
14Hungary39%
15Germany40%
16Switzerland41%
17Uruguay41%
18Lithuania42%
19Canada42%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian68.7%
Muslim5.8%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.3%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.3%
Unaffiliated24.7%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 74.8% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (42%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 75.3% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 40% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Germany states:

The constitution and other laws protect freedom of religion or belief. However, the criminal code addresses the insulting of faiths, religious societies, and ideological groups. Article 166 of the German Criminal Code states, "Whoever publicly or through dissemination of writings insults the content of others' religious faith or faith related to a philosophy of life in a manner that is capable of disturbing the public peace, shall be punished with imprisonment for not more than three years or a fine."

In 1974, the German state of Bavaria concluded a treaty with the Holy See (technically an addition to the concordat between Bavaria and Pope Pius XI of 1924) which gave Catholic bishops the right to veto the nomination of a professor of theology, philosophy, pedagogy and sociology/political science at state universities if the candidate does not entertain the standpoint of the Catholic Church. This stipulation concerned professors in the faculties of seven Bavarian universities. The Catholic Church had urged this privilege as a compensation for its loss of influence over children from Catholic families after the people of Bavaria had voted in a referendum in 1968 to abolish the separation of primary schools into separate Catholic and Protestant schools.

Cases of Discrimination:

On Feb. 23, 2006, a 61-year-old German businessman who printed the word "Koran" repeatedly along toilet paper reportedly in order to raise funds for an artistic campaign against Islamic terrorism was given a one year suspended prison sentence and ordered to complete 300 hours of community service. The jail term was suspended for five years, meaning the man could be jailed for one year if he committed another offence in the next five. His sentence was made harsher than usual because it followed the worldwide controversy over the cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad published in Danish newspapers.

On April 24, 2009, German professor of Islamic studies Sven Kalisch, expressed doubts about the historical existence of Muhammad and received death threats. He must live under police protection and teach in secret. Kalisch received a prohibition from the Minister of Science Andreas Pinkwart against participating in the education of teachers of Qur'an, but he is permitted to continue his research.

On April 9, 2010, the German magazine Titanic was prosecuted by a Frankfurt court for a front page cartoon in which the crucified Jesus appears to be receiving fellatio from a Catholic cleric, as a commentary to the actual pedophilia scandals in the Catholic Church.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)11

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
4Australia18
5Hungary19
6Philippines23
7Italy23
8UK25
9Argentina26
10S. Africa26
11Brazil27
12Ukraine27
Data Source
IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
260Tanzania1.50
259Rwanda1.50
258Netherlands1.47
257Germany1.47
256Afghanistan1.46
255Nepal1.45
254Ukraine1.44
253Uganda1.44
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
7Finland86.90
8UK84.73
9New Zealand83.00
10Germany82.53
11Korea, S.82.52
12Switzerland82.17
13Qatar81.59
14Canada81.34
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)12
CountryValue12
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
21Austria21.25
22Kuwait21.5
23Hong Kong21.5
24Germany22.75
25Switzerland25
26Guatemala25
27Denmark25.5
28Malaysia27.5
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
27Sweden7.6
28Lithuania7.6
29Malta7.6
30Germany7.6
31Montenegro7.6
32Luxembourg7.5
33Korea, S.7.5
34Panama7.5
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
12Qatar1.39
13Czech Rep.1.40
14Sweden1.42
15Germany1.42
16Portugal1.47
17Hungary1.48
18Norway1.48
19Bhutan1.48
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
11Austria100
12Netherlands100
13UK100
14Germany99
15Poland99
16Finland99
17Estonia99
18New Zealand99
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
4Spain23
5Slovenia23
6Mexico23
7Serbia23
8Sweden23
9Uruguay23
10Chile23
11Costa Rica23
12Paraguay23
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
14Switzerland99.0
15Ireland99.0
16Czech Rep.99.0
17Germany99.0
18Costa Rica99.1
19Namibia99.1
20Canada99.1
21Belgium99.1
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2913
2Israel4.1113
3Japan3.5813
...
7Taiwan3.0113
8Austria3.0014
9Switzerland2.9615
10Germany2.8413
11USA2.7416
12Belgium2.4613
13Slovenia2.3913
14France2.2613
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
12Netherlands$37 282
13Austria$36 438
14Sweden$36 143
15Germany$35 431
16Canada$35 369
17Australia$34 340
18Andorra$33 918
19Denmark$33 518
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
24Iceland6.9
25Mexico6.8
26Brazil6.8
27Germany6.7
28Cyprus6.7
29Thailand6.7
30Saudi Arabia6.7
31Trinidad & Tobago6.7
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
14UK74.2
15New Zealand73.4
16Chile73.3
17Germany73.2
18Italy73.1
19Portugal73.0
20Latvia72.5
21Japan72.5
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
27Monaco110
28Japan110
29Turkey100
30Germany100
31Suriname100
32Vietnam100
33New Zealand90
34Croatia90
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/germany.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gm.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  12. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  13. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  14. OECD (2016) data for year 2015.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  16. OECD (2016) data for year 2013.^

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