The Human Truth Foundation

Latvia (Republic of Latvia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Latvia

Latvia
Republic of Latvia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index34th best
CapitalRiga
Land Area1 62 200 km2
LocationEurope, Baltic States
Population22.235 million
Life Expectancy373.631yrs (2012)
GNI3$14 724
ISO3166-1 Codes4LV, LVA, 428
Internet Domain5.lv
Currency6Lat (LVL)
Telephone7+371

1. Overview

#germany #russia #sweden

The name "Latvia" originates from the ancient Latgalians, one of four eastern Baltic tribes that formed the ethnic core of the Latvian people (ca. 8th-12th centuries A.D.). The region subsequently came under the control of Germans, Poles, Swedes, and finally, Russians. A Latvian republic emerged following World War I, but it was annexed by the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. Latvia reestablished its independence in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union. Although the last Russian troops left in 1994, the status of the Russian minority (some 28% of the population) remains of concern to Moscow. Latvia joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Latvia National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
41UAE81.872.9
42Lithuania81.877.7
43Portugal81.673.3
44Latvia81.474.2
45Argentina81.172.7
46Seychelles80.676.8
47Croatia80.577.1
48Bahrain79.673.8
49Bahamas79.476.1
50Belarus79.375.1
51Uruguay79.271.5
52Montenegro79.176.9
53Palau79.177.6
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.9
2Iceland88.7
3Denmark88.3
...
31Italy71.3
32USA71.0
33Lithuania70.5
34Latvia70.3
35Antigua & Barbuda69.9
36Costa Rica69.2
37Singapore69.1
38Israel68.5
39Seychelles68.4
40Malta68.4
41Uruguay68.2
42St Kitts & Nevis68.1
43Bahamas68.1
44Barbados68.0
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
88Dominican Rep.73.6
89Mauritius73.5
90Bulgaria73.6
91Latvia73.6
92Egypt73.5
93Algeria73.4
94Jamaica73.3
95St Kitts & Nevis73.3
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
75Mongolia2.5
76Russia1.5
77Albania1.5
78Latvia1.5
79Czech Rep.1.5
80Spain1.5
81Croatia1.5
82Dominican Rep.2.5
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
138Mongolia2.844m2
139Jamaica2.761m255
140Namibia2.364m3
141Latvia2.235m36
142Lesotho2.217m73
143Macedonia2.067m82
144Botswana2.053m4
Data Source

Latvia's population is predicted to fall to 2 073 000 by 2030, decreasing the burden on the planet's resources. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.50.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
7Russia1917
8Estonia1918
9Kyrgyzstan1918
10Latvia1918
11Germany1919
12Slovakia1919
13Czech Rep.1919
14Poland1919
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
33Croatia0.18
34UK0.21
35China0.21
36Latvia0.22
37Libya0.22
38Bulgaria0.22
39Malta0.24
40UAE0.24
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Latvia is on the way towards ending gender inequality but women are still in an unfavourable position much of the time.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
22New Zealand22%
23Canada22%
24Mongolia20%
25Latvia20%
26Ukraine20%
27Austria18%
28Switzerland17%
29Belarus17%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
9Belarus34%
10Russia34%
11Albania39%
12Latvia39%
13Luxembourg39%
14Hungary39%
15Germany40%
16Switzerland41%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian55.8%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated43.8%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 56.3% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 39% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Lutheran 19.6%, Orthodox 15.3%, other Christian 1%, other 0.4%, unspecified 63.7% (2006)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
208Sweden0.44
207Taiwan0.44
206Pakistan0.38
205Latvia0.33
204Peru0.30
203Hungary0.27
202Argentina0.27
201Czech Rep.0.24
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
26Belgium73.73
27Austria72.73
28Hong Kong71.85
29Latvia71.51
30Singapore71.13
31Barbados70.03
32Ireland69.77
33Slovenia69.34
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions11
Country%11
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
39Germany27
40Slovenia27
41Austria28
42Latvia28
43Montenegro29
44Spain29
45Venezuela30
46Moldova30
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
12
CountryValue12
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
112Cambodia99.75
113Ukraine100
114Albania101.25
115Latvia101.25
116El Salvador101.25
117Mauritania101.25
118Jordan102
119Japan102
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom13
CountryRank13
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
21Estonia21
22Poland21
23USA23
24Latvia24
25Iceland25
26Taiwan26
27Slovakia27
28Italy28
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
42Korea, S.1.73
43Lithuania1.74
44Argentina1.76
45Latvia1.77
46UAE1.78
47Kuwait1.79
48Mozambique1.80
49Namibia1.80
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
19Sweden99
20Belgium99
21Canada99
22Latvia98
23Australia98
24Spain98
25Czech Rep.98
26Denmark98
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
81Turkmenistan17
82Armenia17
83Mongolia17
84Latvia16
85Yemen16
86Belarus16
87Cambodia16
88Congo, DR16
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
35Spain99.2
36France99.2
37El Salvador99.2
38Latvia99.2
39Botswana99.2
40Papua New Guinea99.2
41Romania99.2
42Niger99.2
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2914
2Israel4.1114
3Japan3.5814
...
51Mali0.6615
52Bulgaria0.6516
53Ethiopia0.6116
54Latvia0.6016
55Gabon0.5817
56Argentina0.5818
57Senegal0.5415
58Mexico0.5414
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
51Croatia$15 419
52Argentina$15 347
53Chile$14 987
54Latvia$14 724
55Russia$14 461
56Antigua & Barbuda$13 883
57Libya$13 765
58Turkey$13 710
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
88Mozambique5
89Laos5
90Mongolia5
91Latvia5
92Mauritania5
93Philippines5
94Zambia5
95Namibia4.9
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
17Germany73.2
18Italy73.1
19Portugal73.0
20Latvia72.5
21Japan72.5
22Czech Rep.71.6
23Panama71.4
24Albania71.4
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
60Montenegro30
61Thailand30
62Micronesia30
63Latvia25
64Estonia25
65El Salvador25
66Nicaragua25
67Malta25
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/latvia.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 28.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/lg.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  12. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  13. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  14. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2009.^
  18. OECD (2016) data for year 2013.^

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