The Human Truth Foundation

New Caledonia

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

New Caledonia
StatusDependency (Sui generis Collectivity)
SovereigntyFrance
CapitalNoumea
Land Area 18 280km21
LocationAustralasia, Melanesia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population
GNI
ISO3166-1 CodesNC, NCL, 5402
Internet Domain.nc3
CurrencyFranc (XPF)4
Telephone+6875

1. Overview

#france

Settled by both Britain and France during the first half of the 19th century, the island was made a French possession in 1853. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. Agitation for independence during the 1980s and early 1990s ended in the 1998 Noumea Accord, which over a period of 15 to 20 years will transfer an increasing amount of governing responsibility from France to New Caledonia. The agreement also commits France to conduct a referendum between 2014 and 2018 to decide whether New Caledonia should assume full sovereignty and independence.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)6

Book CoverDazzling - yes, New Caledonia is dazzling. Its lagoon surrounds it with every colour of blue. So the light and the space delight your senses. The prestigious listing of the lagoon as a World Heritage site in 2008 has brought the people together to celebrate and protect it, from village level through to the government.New Caledonia isn´t just a tropical playground. There´s a charming mix of French and Melanesian: warm hospitality sitting beside European elegance, gourmet food beneath palm trees, sand, resorts, bungalows, concrete, bamboo. Long gorgeous beaches are backed by cafes and bars, with horizons that display tiny islets to attract day trippers. Be lured into kayaks, rock climb, sail, dive into a world of corals, canyons, caves and heritage shipwrecks, go whale watching or snorkelling, or relax on the warm sands of a deserted isle. Natural wonders and manmade delights are at your fingertips.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)7

As a territory of France I do not have many specific statistics for this territory in its own right.

2. New Caledonia's Modernity and Learning

#the_internet

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)8
Pos.Higher is better8
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
54Cyprus72%
55Russia71%
56Oman71%
57New Caledonia70%
58Macedonia69%
59Argentina69%
60Trinidad & Tobago69%
61Malaysia69%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)9
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio9
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
113Antigua & Barbuda0.0
114Venezuela0.0
115Kazakhstan0.0
116New Caledonia0.0
117Maldives0.0
118Tunisia0.0
119Tuvalu0.0
120Marshall Islands0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

3. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below10:

Christian85.2%
Muslim2.8%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.6%
Folk Religion0.2%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated10.4%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%11.

Links:

There isn't much information in the database for New Caledonia, most likely because it is either a part of another country (i.e., a territory or posession) and therefore most international statistics are counted for the country as a whole, or, this is such an exotic place that little data exists about it.