The Human Truth Foundation

Morocco (Kingdom of Morocco)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Morocco

Morocco
Kingdom of Morocco
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index129th best
CapitalRabat
Land Area1 446 300 km2
LocationAfrica, Mediterranean
Population2 32.6 million
Life Expectancy372.409yrs (2012)
GNI3$4 384
ISO3166-1 Codes4MA, MAR, 504
Internet Domain5.ma
Currency6Dirham (MAD)
Telephone7+212

1. Overview

In 788, about a century after the Arab conquest of North Africa, a series of Moroccan Muslim dynasties began to rule in Morocco. In the 16th century, the Sa'adi monarchy, particularly under Ahmad AL-MANSUR (1578-1603), repelled foreign invaders and inaugurated a golden age. The Alaouite dynasty, to which the current Moroccan royal family belongs, dates from the 17th century. In 1860, Spain occupied northern Morocco and ushered in a half century of trade rivalry among European powers that saw Morocco's sovereignty steadily erode; in 1912, the French imposed a protectorate over the country. A protracted independence struggle with France ended successfully in 1956. The internationalized city of Tangier and most Spanish possessions were turned over to the new country that same year. Sultan MOHAMMED V, the current monarch's grandfather, organized the new state as a constitutional monarchy and in 1957 assumed the title of king. Although Morocco is not the UN-recognized Administering Power for the Western Sahara, it exercises de facto administrative control there. The UN assists with direct negotiations between Morocco and the Polisario Front, but the status of the territory remains unresolved. Gradual political reforms in the 1990s resulted in the establishment of a bicameral legislature, which first met in 1997. Morocco enjoys a moderately free press, but the government has taken action against journalists who they perceive to be challenging the monarchy, Islam, or the status of Western Sahara. Influenced by protests elsewhere in the region, in February 2011 thousands of Moroccans began weekly rallies in multiple cities across the country to demand greater democracy and end to government corruption. Overall the response of Moroccan security forces was subdued compared to the violence elsewhere in the region. King MOHAMMED VI responded quickly with a reform program that included a new constitution and early elections. The constitution was passed by popular referendum in July 2011; some new powers were extended to parliament and the prime minister, but ultimate authority remains in the hands of the monarch. In early elections in November 2012, the Justice and Development Party - a moderate Islamist party, won the largest number of seats, becoming the first Islamist party to lead the Moroccan Government. In January 2012, Morocco assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2012-13 term.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Morocco National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
127Vietnam61.751.8
128Namibia60.858.8
129Nicaragua59.951.2
130Morocco59.147.1
131Iraq59.056.7
132Cape Verde58.654.5
133Guatemala58.149.7
134Timor-Leste (E. Timor)57.644.8
135Ghana55.844.7
136India55.443.9
137Equatorial Guinea55.451.1
138Laos54.344.8
139Cambodia54.347.8
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.9
2Iceland88.7
3Denmark88.3
...
126Bahrain50.2
127Timor-Leste (E. Timor)50.2
128Kiribati50.1
129Morocco50.0
130Tuvalu50.0
131Indonesia50.0
132Laos50.0
133Kenya49.7
134Haiti49.2
135Oman49.1
136Cambodia48.4
137Vanuatu47.5
138Algeria47.0
139Madagascar46.9
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
105St Vincent & Grenadines72.5
106Lithuania72.5
107El Salvador72.4
108Morocco72.4
109Marshall Islands72.3
110Palau72.1
111Guatemala71.4
112Vanuatu71.3
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
30Grenada2.2
31Costa Rica1.8
32Qatar2.2
33Morocco2.2
34Brazil1.8
35Guyana2.2
36Netherlands1.8
37Vietnam1.8
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
37Canada 34.67m4
38Iraq 33.7m78
39Afghanistan 33.4m51
40Morocco 32.6m73
41Nepal 31.01m216
42Venezuela 29.89m34
43Peru 29.73m23
Data Source

Morocco's population is predicted to rise to 37.5 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.20.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
141Bahamas1963
142Fiji1963
143Iran1963
144Morocco1963
145Kenya1963
146Sudan1964
147Libya1964
148Papua New Guinea1964
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
81Georgia0.44
82El Salvador0.44
83Ecuador0.44
84Morocco0.44
85Brazil0.45
86Namibia0.45
87Jamaica0.46
88Colombia0.46
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Morocco is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
117Mali0%
118Mauritania0%
119Nepal0%
120Morocco0%
121Libya0%
122Ghana0%
123Syria0%
124Sri Lanka0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
100Afghanistan97%
101Thailand97%
102Comoros97%
103Morocco97%
104Egypt97%
105Somaliland98%
106Mauritania98%
107Djibouti98%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian0.1%
Muslim99%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 99% (official), Christian 1%, Jewish about 6,00010.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
49Macedonia51.91
50Portugal51.28
51Brunei49.99
52Morocco49.00
53Trinidad & Tobago48.52
54Uruguay47.87
55Dominica47.28
56Azerbaijan46.68
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions11
Country%11
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
88Egypt75
89Oman76
90Lebanon78
91Morocco80
92Qatar80
93UAE80
94Jordan81
95Bahrain81
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
12
CountryValue12
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
138Venezuela117.5
139Georgia117.75
140Togo118
141Morocco119
142Tunisia121
143Montenegro121.75
144Bulgaria122
145Rwanda122.75
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom13
CountryRank13
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
128Azerbaijan128
129Vietnam128
130Sri Lanka130
131Morocco131
132Niger132
133Sierra Leone133
134Swaziland134
135Gabon135
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
51Zambia1.83
52Sierra Leone1.86
53Lesotho1.86
54Morocco1.87
55Tanzania1.87
56Djibouti1.88
57Burkina Faso1.88
58Mongolia1.88
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
80Pakistan84
81UAE84
82Jordan84
83Morocco84
84Afghanistan84
85Tunisia83
86Syria83
87Algeria83
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
77Turkey17
78Estonia17
79Guinea17
80Morocco17
81Turkmenistan17
82Armenia17
83Mongolia17
84Latvia16
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
132Zimbabwe99.4
133Jordan99.4
134Thailand99.4
135Morocco99.4
136Ethiopia99.4
137Tunisia99.4
138Indonesia99.4
139India99.4
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2914
2Israel4.1114
3Japan3.5814
...
42Kenya0.7915
43Ukraine0.7616
44Hong Kong0.7317
45Morocco0.7315
46S. Africa0.7317
47Serbia0.7316
48Egypt0.6816
49Tunisia0.6817
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
114Syria$4 674
115Paraguay$4 497
116Bolivia$4 444
117Morocco$4 384
118Mongolia$4 245
119Guatemala$4 235
120Indonesia$4 154
121Tonga$4 153
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
77Algeria5.2
78Belarus5.2
79Portugal5.2
80Morocco5.1
81Uzbekistan5.1
82Ukraine5.1
83Malawi5.1
84Bangladesh5
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
48Maldives65.9
49Philippines65.7
50Australia65.7
51Morocco65.6
52Belarus65.4
53Malaysia65.0
54Slovenia65.0
55Syria64.6
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
159Algeria-40
160Pakistan-40
161Botswana-50
162Morocco-50
163Togo-50
164Benin-50
165Oman-50
166Syria-50
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/morocco.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 28.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mo.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  12. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  13. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  14. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2012.^

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