The Human Truth Foundation

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#canada #venezuela

Venezuela
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index130th best
CapitalCaracas
Land Area 882 050km21
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population28.9m2
Life Expectancy74.39yrs (2017)3
GNI$15 129 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesVE, VEN, 8625
Internet Domain.ve6
CurrencyBolivar (VEB)7
Telephone+588

1. Overview

#colombia #ecuador

Venezuela was one of three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others being Ecuador and New Granada, which became Colombia). For most of the first half of the 20th century, Venezuela was ruled by generally benevolent military strongmen, who promoted the oil industry and allowed for some social reforms. Democratically elected governments have held sway since 1959. Hugo CHAVEZ, president from 1999 to 2013, sought to implement his "21st Century Socialism," which purported to alleviate social ills while at the same time attacking capitalist globalization and existing democratic institutions. Current concerns include: a weakening of democratic institutions, political polarization, a politicized military, rampant violent crime, overdependence on the petroleum industry with its price fluctuations, and irresponsible mining operations that are endangering the rain forest and indigenous peoples.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book Cover`La Tierra de Gracia´ (Land of Grace), as Christopher Columbus called Venezuela in 1498, is nothing if not strangely beautiful and beautifully strange. While other South American countries are romanticized for the tango, Machu Picchu or Carnaval, Venezuela´s international reputation swirls around oil and the next international beauty-pageant winner. But through the rhetorical looking glass lies a little-known secret: Venezuela can be shockingly gorgeous and, though criminally undervisited, offers more to travelers than even the most intrepid explorers are aware.

The sixth-largest country in South America boasts Andean peaks; the longest stretch of Caribbean coastline to be found in any single nation; tranquil offshore islands set amid turquoise seas; wetlands teeming with caimans, capybaras, piranhas and anacondas; the steamy Amazon; and rolling savanna punctuated by flat-topped mountains called tepuis. Those seeking adventure will find hiking, snorkeling, scuba diving, kitesurfing, windsurfing, paragliding and more. Even better, Venezuela is relatively compact - no thrill is discouragingly too far from the next.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Venezuela National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
69Iran69
70Georgia70
71Turkey71
72Venezuela71
73Sri Lanka73
74St Kitts & Nevis74
75Albania75
76Lebanon76
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
70Suriname$16 018
71Belarus$15 629
72Montenegro$15 410
73Venezuela$15 129
74Barbados$14 952
75Botswana$14 663
76Thailand$14 519
77Libya$14 303
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
127Burkina Faso97.9
128Uganda99.3
129Bangladesh99.3
130Venezuela99.4
131Turkmenistan99.5
132Zambia100.3
133Namibia100.8
134Botswana101.4
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Venezuela's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Venezuela's population is predicted to rise to 37.04 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.41. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
45Angola30.8m
46Ghana29.8m
47Mozambique29.5m
48Venezuela28.9m
49Yemen28.5m
50Nepal28.1m
51Madagascar26.3m
52N. Korea25.5m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
80Mauritius74.60
81Kuwait74.55
82Saudi Arabia74.44
83Venezuela74.39
84Latvia74.34
85Bulgaria74.32
86Morocco74.31
87Colombia74.23
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
56Montenegro1.63
57S. Africa2.39
58Iran1.60
59Venezuela2.41
60Ecuador2.41
61Mauritius1.59
62Panama2.42
63Peru2.43
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
98Mexico15.4
99Peru15.5
100Dominican Rep.15.6
101Venezuela15.6
102Kazakhstan15.6
103Ecuador16.0
104Morocco16.1
105Suriname16.2
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
85Argentina4.9%
86Panama4.7%
87Tonga4.6%
88Venezuela4.5%
89Lithuania4.3%
90St Vincent & Grenadines4.2%
91Czechia4.1%
92Uganda3.9%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
154Chad2.1%
155Australia2.1%
156Serbia2.0%
157Venezuela1.8%
158S. Africa1.7%
159Iran1.7%
160Libya1.7%
161Gabon1.7%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance #venezuela

Venezuela is generally poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world. Venezuela does better than average when it comes to speed of uptake of HR treaties19, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice20, its nominal commitment to Human Rights21 and in LGBT equality22. Venezuela does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in commentary in Human Rights Watch reports23 (one of the worst in The Americas), opposing gender inequality24 and in supporting press freedom25. And finally, it falls into the worst-performing 20 in supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms26 (the worst in The Americas). President Nicolás Maduro has been increasingly dictatorial, damaging and dismantling Venezuela's democratic institutions27. Security forces are increasingly abusive27. The justice system is no longer independent of government27. Harassment of critics continues, with arbitrary arrests of opponents "as his rule became more brutal and autocratic" at the expense of good governance - food and medicine shortages have come to affect many27. The United Nations reported in 2017 that rights abuses have been extensive27. Eleven Latin American states (and Canada) signed the Lima Declaration in 2017, condemning "the assault on democratic order and the systematic violation of human rights in Venezuela"27.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Venezuela's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines #Venezuela

Health (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
166Argentina114.3
167Central African Rep.114.9
168S. Africa114.9
169Venezuela115.1
170Laos116.4
171Guinea-Bissau116.5
172Burkina Faso117.0
173Micronesia117.2
174Cameroon118.0
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

Venezuela has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Venezuela comes in the best 20 when it comes to its suicide rate30. It does better than average when it comes to its average life expectancy12, its alcohol consumption rate31 and in its smoking rate32 (but bad for The Americas). Venezuela does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to its fertility rate15, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance33, its adolescent birth rate24 and in its immunizations take-up34 (one of the lowest in The Americas). The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
80Mauritius74.60
81Kuwait74.55
82Saudi Arabia74.44
83Venezuela74.39
84Latvia74.34
85Bulgaria74.32
86Morocco74.31
87Colombia74.23
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)31
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita31
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
82Nicaragua5.2
83Turkmenistan5.4
84Armenia5.5
85Venezuela5.6
86Sierra Leone5.7
87India5.7
88Cape Verde5.7
89Liberia5.8
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
56Montenegro1.63
57S. Africa2.39
58Iran1.60
59Venezuela2.41
60Ecuador2.41
61Mauritius1.59
62Panama2.42
63Peru2.43
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)32
Pos.Higher is worse32
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
94Malaysia 584
93Oman 577
92Uzbekistan 573
91Venezuela 565
90Gabon 559
89Norway 556
88Iceland 551
87S. Africa 537
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)30
Pos.
Per 100k30
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
12Dominican Rep.4.6
13St Lucia4.9
14Tajikistan5.2
15Venezuela6.5
16Malta6.9
17Greece7
18Paraguay7.1
19St Vincent & Grenadines7.3
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
101Tanzania101
102Equatorial Guinea102
103Barbados103
104Venezuela104
105Timor-Leste (E. Timor)105
106Serbia106
107Zimbabwe107
108Central African Rep.108
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)35
Pos.Lower is better
%35
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
156Argentina62.7
157Uruguay62.9
158Chile63.1
159Venezuela63.4
160Egypt63.5
161Andorra63.7
162UK63.7
163Fiji63.8
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)24
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100024
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
145Namibia76.8
146Senegal78.6
147Mauritania78.6
148Venezuela79.4
149Guatemala80.7
150Bangladesh83.0
151Benin83.2
152Iraq84.0
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)34
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %34
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
151Comoros81.8
152Marshall Islands81.8
153Mozambique81.4
154Venezuela80.6
155Myanmar (Burma)80.3
156Benin80.1
157Guinea-Bissau80.1
158Tonga80.0
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Venezuela's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #modernity #politics #religion #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
93Jordan71.8
94Lebanon71.9
95Mauritius72.0
96Venezuela72.3
97Belize72.7
98Brunei73.0
99Philippines74.1
100Palestine74.8
101Uganda75.3
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Secondary Education (2018)37
Pos.Higher is better37
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
77Brunei70.1%
78Iran69.8%
79Vietnam69.4%
80Venezuela69.2%
81Qatar67.5%
82Mauritius66.9%
83Oman66.4%
84Jamaica66.3%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)38
Pos.Higher is better
Years38
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
103Suriname12.9
104Palestine12.8
105Bahamas12.8
106Venezuela12.8
107Libya12.8
108Cameroon12.7
109Philippines12.7
110Botswana12.7
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
146Philippines146
147Mozambique147
148Lesotho148
149Venezuela149
150Libya150
151Gabon151
152Sierra Leone152
153Cambodia153
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Religiosity (2009)39
Pos.Lower is better
%39
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
43Cyprus75
44Macedonia76
45Bosnia & Herzegovina77
46Venezuela79
47Costa Rica79
48Turkmenistan80
49Georgia81
50Turkey82
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)40
Pos.Higher is better40
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
73Trinidad & Tobago85
74Peru85
75Cuba85
76Venezuela84
77Colombia84
78Jordan84
79Afghanistan84
80UAE84
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)41
Pos.Higher is better41
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
81Bulgaria59%
82Turkey58%
83Romania58%
84Venezuela58%
85Seychelles58%
86Morocco58%
87Colombia57%
88Costa Rica56%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
Freedom On The Internet (2012)42
Pos.Lower is better42
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
24Jordan45
25Turkey46
26Tunisia46
27Venezuela48
28Azerbaijan50
29Rwanda51
30Russia52
31Zimbabwe54
World Avg46.7
q=47.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)43
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio43
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
111Guernsey0.0
112Bahamas0.0
113Antigua & Barbuda0.0
114Venezuela0.0
115Kazakhstan0.0
116New Caledonia0.0
117Maldives0.0
118Tunisia0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
44
Pos.Lower is better44
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
135Angola115
136Mali115.25
137Czechia116.5
138Venezuela117.5
139Georgia117.75
140Togo118
141Morocco119
142Tunisia121
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)45
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score45
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
164Syria18.8
165Haiti18.8
166Yemen18.4
167Venezuela18.4
168Uzbekistan18.4
169Turkmenistan18.2
170Libya16.8
171Iraq16.6
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)46
Pos.Higher is better46
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
99Cameroon5.0
100Bulgaria4.9
101Nepal4.9
102Venezuela4.8
103Gabon4.8
104Palestine4.7
105S. Africa4.7
106Iran4.7
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
151Guinea-Bissau151
152Syria152
153Liberia153
154Venezuela154
155Yemen155
156Iraq156
157Iran157
158Gabon158
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
153Iraq153
154Paraguay154
155Grenada155
156Venezuela156
157Bahrain157
158Mauritania158
159Brunei159
160Algeria160
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)47
Pos.Lower is better47
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
119Kenya2.25
120Algeria2.26
121Eritrea2.26
122Venezuela2.28
123Guatemala2.29
124Mauritania2.30
125Thailand2.30
126S. Africa2.32
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
115Greece115
116Trinidad & Tobago116
117Benin117
118Venezuela118
119Angola119
120Ivory Coast120
121Kyrgyzstan121
122Guinea122
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
88Niger88
89India89
90Cameroon90
91Venezuela91
92Belarus92
93Ghana93
94Qatar94
95Peru95
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)48
Pos.Lower is better
Score48
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
101Tajikistan3.95
102Uganda3.96
103Mexico4.08
104Venezuela4.10
105Chile4.12
106Greece4.17
107Germany4.25
108Lebanon4.40
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)49
Pos.Higher is better
%49
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
138Colombia-09.2
139Sri Lanka-09.4
140Brazil-09.7
141Venezuela-10.3
142Guinea-Bissau-11.0
143Senegal-11.5
144Guinea-12.4
145Mozambique-12.5
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)50
Pos.Higher is better50
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
48Estonia64.3
49Singapore64.2
50Poland64.1
51Venezuela63.9
52Russia63.8
53Brunei63.6
54Morocco63.5
55Cuba63.4
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
86El Salvador1994 Dec 07
87Chile1994 Dec 08
88Iceland1994 Dec 11
89Venezuela1994 Dec 12
90Comoros1994 Dec 28
91S. Korea1995 Jan 01
92Bolivia1995 Jan 01
93Senegal1995 Jan 15
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)51
Pos.Higher is better
%51
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
24Angola62.4%
25Bangladesh61.5%
26Mali60.7%
27Venezuela60.1%
28Morocco60.0%
29Malta57.3%
30Ecuador57.2%
31Portugal55.8%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#health #inequality #life_expectancy

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)52
Pos.Higher is worse52
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
126Cambodia18.10
125Nepal17.50
124Bangladesh17.30
123Venezuela17.10
122Bhutan17.10
121Dominican Rep.17.00
120Sao Tome & Principe17.00
119Tajikistan16.70
World Avg14.59
q=184.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)39
Pos.Lower is better
%39
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
43Cyprus75
44Macedonia76
45Bosnia & Herzegovina77
46Venezuela79
47Costa Rica79
48Turkmenistan80
49Georgia81
50Turkey82
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)53
Pos.Higher is better
%53
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
79Brazil1
80Ecuador1
81S. Africa1
82Venezuela1
83Peru1
84Guatemala1
85El Salvador1
86Panama1
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below54:

Christian89.3%
Muslim0.3%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.2%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated10%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: nominally Roman Catholic 96%, Protestant 2%, other 2%55.

Links: