The Human Truth Foundation

Congo, DR (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#congo,_dr

Congo, DR
Democratic Republic of the Congo
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index185th best
CapitalKinshasa
Land Area2 267 050km21
LocationAfrica
Population84.1m2
Life Expectancy59.06yrs (2017)3
GNI$0 680 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesCD, COD, 1805
Internet Domain.cd6
CurrencyFranc (CDF)7
Telephone+2438

1. Overview

#angola #belgium #burundi #chad #namibia #rwanda #sudan #uganda #zimbabwe

Established as a Belgian colony in 1908, the then-Republic of the Congo gained its independence in 1960, but its early years were marred by political and social instability. Col. Joseph MOBUTU seized power and declared himself president in a November 1965 coup. He subsequently changed his name - to MOBUTU Sese Seko - as well as that of the country - to Zaire. MOBUTU retained his position for 32 years through several sham elections, as well as through brutal force. Ethnic strife and civil war, touched off by a massive inflow of refugees in 1994 from fighting in Rwanda and Burundi, led in May 1997 to the toppling of the MOBUTU regime by a rebellion backed by Rwanda and Uganda and fronted by Laurent KABILA. He renamed the country the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), but in August 1998 his regime was itself challenged by a second insurrection again backed by Rwanda and Uganda. Troops from Angola, Chad, Namibia, Sudan, and Zimbabwe intervened to support KABILA's regime. In January 2001, KABILA was assassinated and his son, Joseph KABILA, was named head of state. In October 2002, the new president was successful in negotiating the withdrawal of Rwandan forces occupying the eastern DRC; two months later, the Pretoria Accord was signed by all remaining warring parties to end the fighting and establish a government of national unity. A transitional government was set up in July 2003; it held a successful constitutional referendum in December 2005 and elections for the presidency, National Assembly, and provincial legislatures took place in 2006. In 2009, following a resurgence of conflict in the eastern DRC, the government signed a peace agreement with the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), a primarily Tutsi rebel group. An attempt to integrate CNDP members into the Congolese military failed, prompting their defection in 2012 and the formation of the M23 armed group - named after the 23 March 2009 peace agreements. Renewed conflict has lead to the displacement of large numbers of persons and significant human rights abuses. As of February 2013, peace talks between the Congolese government and the M23 were on-going. In addition, the DRC continues to experience violence committed by other armed groups including the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda and Mai Mai groups. In the most recent national elections, held in November 2011, disputed results allowed Joseph KABILA to be reelected to the presidency .

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverCompelling conversations with locals; exhilarating interactions in impenetrable forests and beckoning rivers are all on show in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. As much a geographical concept as a fully fledged nation, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC; formerly Zaïre) has one of the saddest chapters in modern history: from the brazen political folly of King Leopold of Belgium to the hideously corrupt kleptocracy of maverick leader Mobutu Sese Seko and the blood-stained battlegrounds of Africa´s first `world war´.

But after a decades-long decline in which much of the country descended into anarchy, Africa's second-largest nation is headed in the right direction. It still has a long way to go, but new roads, enormous untapped mineral wealth and the world´s largest UN peacekeeping force have bred optimism among its tormented but resilient population.

Carpeted by huge swaths of rain forest and punctuated by gushing rivers and smoking volcanoes, DRC is the ultimate African adventure. There is absolutely nothing soft nor easy about it but for an African immersion you´ll never forget, this is the place to be.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Congo, DR National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
173Gambia173
174Ethiopia174
175Mali175
176Congo, DR176
177Liberia177
178Guinea-Bissau178
179Eritrea179
180Sierra Leone179
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
186Malawi$1 073
187Guinea$1 058
188Niger$0 889
189Burundi$0 691
190Liberia$0 683
191Congo, DR$0 680
192Central African Rep.$0 587
193Somalia$0 294
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
182Guinea-Bissau123.7
183Iraq124.2
184Eritrea124.4
185Congo, DR124.8
186Micronesia125.3
187Palau125.9
188Chad127.0
189Afghanistan128.1
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Congo, DR's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Congo, DR's population is predicted to rise to 105.96 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 5.54. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
13Philippines106.7m
14Egypt98.4m
15Vietnam95.5m
16Congo, DR84.1m
17Germany83.1m
18Turkey82.3m
19Iran81.8m
20Thailand69.4m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
169Guinea59.22
170Uganda59.21
171Zimbabwe59.20
172Congo, DR59.06
173Burkina Faso59.01
174Mali58.47
175Equatorial Guinea57.91
176S. Africa57.66
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
167Rwanda5.30
168Nigeria5.45
169Tanzania5.51
170Congo, DR5.54
171Burkina Faso5.77
172Chad5.79
173Uganda5.95
174Malawi5.98
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
19Yemen05.7
20Cameroon05.8
21Niger05.8
22Congo, DR05.8
23Benin05.8
24Burundi05.9
25Liberia05.9
26Iraq06.0
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
150Vanuatu1.2%
151Ethiopia1.2%
152Sao Tome & Principe1.1%
153Congo, DR1.1%
154Bosnia & Herzegovina1.1%
155Guinea1.0%
156Iraq1.0%
157Mexico0.9%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
165Zambia1.4%
166Cameroon1.4%
167Malawi1.4%
168Congo, DR1.3%
169N. Korea1.3%
170Thailand1.2%
171UAE1.2%
172Mongolia1.2%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Congo, DR is very poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world, and it has cultural issues when it comes to tolerance and equality. Congo, DR does better than average in speed of uptake of HR treaties19, its nominal commitment to Human Rights20 and in LGBT equality21. Congo, DR does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in terms of supporting press freedom22. And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 when it comes to commentary in Human Rights Watch reports23 (amongst the lowest in Africa), supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms24 (one of the highest in Africa) and in opposing gender inequality25. From 2016 to 2017, thousands of civilians have been killed by government forces, hundreds of schools attacked, millions displaced from their homes and human rights observers have been executed26. To be amongst the worst countries in the world on so many factors means that the Democratic Republic of the Congo is one of the most difficult places on Earth to be a Human Being.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Congo, DR's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)27,28
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank27,28
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
154Madagascar110.3
155Haiti110.8
156Yemen111.4
157Congo, DR111.5
158Somalia111.7
159Niger111.9
160Sierra Leone112.1
161Liberia112.3
162Togo113.3
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives27. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea27.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe27, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia27.

Health:

Congo, DR is a pretty unhealthy country. Congo, DR comes in the best 20 in its smoking rate29. It does better than average in its alcohol consumption rate30. When it comes to most other metrics, Congo, DR does not do well. It does worse than average in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31 and in its immunizations take-up32. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 for its fertility rate15, its average life expectancy12 and in its adolescent birth rate25. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
169Guinea59.22
170Uganda59.21
171Zimbabwe59.20
172Congo, DR59.06
173Burkina Faso59.01
174Mali58.47
175Equatorial Guinea57.91
176S. Africa57.66
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)30
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita30
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
48Samoa2.5
49Micronesia2.5
50Guatemala2.5
51Congo, DR2.6
52Uzbekistan2.7
53Ghana2.7
54Maldives2.7
55Ethiopia2.9
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
167Rwanda5.30
168Nigeria5.45
169Tanzania5.51
170Congo, DR5.54
171Burkina Faso5.77
172Chad5.79
173Uganda5.95
174Malawi5.98
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)29
Pos.Higher is worse29
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
10Guyana 77
9Vanuatu 76
8Ethiopia 76
7Congo, DR 74
6Samoa 54
5Rwanda 53
4Uganda 41
3Kiribati 28
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
124Antigua & Barbuda124
125Burkina Faso125
126Mauritius126
127Congo, DR127
128Gabon128
129Ivory Coast129
130Mongolia130
131Afghanistan131
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)33
Pos.Lower is better
%33
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
17Madagascar23.9
18Myanmar (Burma)24.8
19Rwanda25.1
20Congo, DR25.3
21Laos25.4
22Kenya25.5
23Central African Rep.26.2
24Mozambique26.4
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)25
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100025
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
174Congo, (Brazzaville)117.7
175Sierra Leone118.2
176Tanzania118.6
177Congo, DR122.6
178Chad133.5
179Ivory Coast135.5
180Malawi136.2
181Mozambique139.7
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)32
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %32
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
164Philippines77.9
165Sweden77.8
166Ivory Coast76.9
167Congo, DR76.5
168Timor-Leste (E. Timor)76.5
169Indonesia76.4
170Mali76.0
171India75.1
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Congo, DR's Modernity and Learning

#education #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)34
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank34
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
166Afghanistan112.5
167Mozambique113.8
168Congo, (Brazzaville)115.8
169Congo, DR116.0
170Lesotho116.7
171Guinea117.5
172Chad118.6
173Papua New Guinea119.2
174Haiti119.5
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2935
2Israel4.1135
3Japan3.5835
...
109Myanmar (Burma)0.1136
110Peru0.1037
111Paraguay0.0938
112Congo, DR0.0839
113Indonesia0.0840
114Saudi Arabia0.0739
115Algeria0.0737
116Cape Verde0.0741
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)42
Pos.Higher is better42
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
108Tunisia51.8%
109India51.6%
110Kuwait51.5%
111Congo, DR50.7%
112Macedonia49.8%
113Indonesia48.8%
114Congo, (Brazzaville)48.8%
115Iraq48.0%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)43
Pos.Higher is better
Years43
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
168Papua New Guinea10.0
169Mozambique9.7
170Nigeria9.7
171Congo, DR9.7
172Ivory Coast9.6
173Liberia9.6
174Haiti9.5
175Gambia9.5
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
135Uruguay135
136Honduras136
137Papua New Guinea137
138Congo, DR138
139Ecuador139
140Syria140
141Mauritania141
142Nigeria142
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Religiosity (2009)44
Pos.Lower is better
%44
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
82Palestine93
83Nepal93
84Bahrain94
85Congo, DR94
86Kenya94
87Qatar95
88Zambia95
89Ghana95
World Avg75.1
q=114.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)45
Pos.Higher is better45
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
188Central African Rep.5%
189Madagascar4%
190Ethiopia4%
191Congo, DR4%
192Guinea-Bissau4%
193Chad3%
194Myanmar (Burma)3%
195Sierra Leone2%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
46
Pos.Lower is better46
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
147Russia126
148Lithuania126.25
149Armenia126.25
150Congo, DR126.5
151Turkey128
152Greece133
153Palestine135
154Yemen136.25
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)47
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score47
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
152Central African Rep.23.8
153Tajikistan23.6
154Congo, (Brazzaville)22.8
155Congo, DR21.6
156Myanmar (Burma)21.4
157Zimbabwe21.0
158Cambodia21.0
159Chad20.4
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
129Armenia4.3
130Myanmar (Burma)4.3
131Chad4.3
132Congo, DR4.2
133India4.2
134Niger4.2
135Uganda4.2
136Benin4.1
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
156Iraq156
157Iran157
158Gabon158
159Central African Rep.159
160Burundi160
161Rwanda161
162Congo, DR162
163Libya163
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
60Kyrgyzstan60
61Qatar61
62USA62
63Congo, DR63
64Honduras64
65S. Korea65
66Benin66
67Lesotho67
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)49
Pos.Lower is better49
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
150Central African Rep.2.87
151N. Korea2.93
152Russia2.94
153Congo, DR3.07
154Iraq3.19
155Sudan3.19
156Afghanistan3.25
157Somalia3.39
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
88Honduras88
89Namibia89
90Uganda90
91Congo, DR91
92Pakistan92
93Estonia93
94Bahamas94
95Mauritania95
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
152Grenada152
153Angola153
154Guyana154
155Congo, DR155
156Ivory Coast156
157St Lucia157
158Vietnam158
159Laos159
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)50
Pos.Lower is better
Score50
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
138Mali6.65
139Libya6.77
140Egypt6.79
141Congo, DR7.04
142Philippines7.14
143Yemen7.26
144India7.52
145Somalia7.80
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)51
Pos.Higher is better
%51
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
120Ecuador-04.4
121Burundi-04.5
122Antigua & Barbuda-04.9
123Congo, DR-04.9
124Peru-05.1
125Angola-05.1
126Singapore-05.2
127Mexico-05.3
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)52
Pos.Higher is better52
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
173Lesotho33.8
174Haiti33.7
175Madagascar33.7
176Nepal31.4
177India30.6
178Congo, DR30.4
179Bangladesh29.6
180Burundi27.4
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
102Myanmar (Burma)1995 Feb 23
103Colombia1995 Feb 26
104Ivory Coast1995 Feb 27
105Congo, DR1995 Mar 03
106Equatorial Guinea1995 Mar 06
107Sierra Leone1995 Mar 12
108Lebanon1995 Mar 15
109Jamaica1995 Apr 06
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)53
Pos.Higher is better
%53
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
121Liberia23.1%
122Netherlands23.0%
123Finland22.9%
124Congo, DR22.8%
125UK22.6%
126Malawi22.0%
127UAE20.8%
128Norway20.5%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)54
Pos.Higher is worse54
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
181Somalia38.90
180Nigeria37.10
179Mali36.70
178S. Sudan36.20
177Congo, DR36.10
176Benin34.90
175Equatorial Guinea34.60
174Cameroon33.50
173Ivory Coast33.30
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)55
Pos.Lower is better
%55
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
108Djibouti41.6
109Papua New Guinea41.9
110Turkey41.9
111Congo, DR42.1
112Madagascar42.6
113Angola42.7
114Uganda42.8
115Nigeria43.0
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)56
Pos.Lower is better
Severity56
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
88Guinea.336
89Benin.368
90Guinea-Bissau.372
91Congo, DR.389
92Burundi.403
93Mozambique.411
94Madagascar.453
95Mali.457
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #religion_in_congo

Religiosity (2009)44
Pos.Lower is better
%44
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
82Palestine93
83Nepal93
84Bahrain94
85Congo, DR94
86Kenya94
87Qatar95
88Zambia95
89Ghana95
World Avg75.1
q=114.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below57:

Christian95.8%
Muslim1.5%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.7%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.8%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 10%58.

Links: