The Human Truth Foundation

Congo, DR (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Congo,_DR

Congo, DR
Democratic Republic of the Congo
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index192nd best
CapitalKinshasa
Land Area2 267 050 km21
LocationAfrica
Population 69.58 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy59.06yrs (2017)3
GNI$0 680 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesCD, COD, 1805
Internet Domain.cd6
CurrencyFranc (CDF)7
Telephone+2438

1. Overview

#angola #burundi #chad #namibia #rwanda #sudan #uganda #zimbabwe

Established as a Belgian colony in 1908, the then-Republic of the Congo gained its independence in 1960, but its early years were marred by political and social instability. Col. Joseph MOBUTU seized power and declared himself president in a November 1965 coup. He subsequently changed his name - to MOBUTU Sese Seko - as well as that of the country - to Zaire. MOBUTU retained his position for 32 years through several sham elections, as well as through brutal force. Ethnic strife and civil war, touched off by a massive inflow of refugees in 1994 from fighting in Rwanda and Burundi, led in May 1997 to the toppling of the MOBUTU regime by a rebellion backed by Rwanda and Uganda and fronted by Laurent KABILA. He renamed the country the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), but in August 1998 his regime was itself challenged by a second insurrection again backed by Rwanda and Uganda. Troops from Angola, Chad, Namibia, Sudan, and Zimbabwe intervened to support KABILA's regime. In January 2001, KABILA was assassinated and his son, Joseph KABILA, was named head of state. In October 2002, the new president was successful in negotiating the withdrawal of Rwandan forces occupying the eastern DRC; two months later, the Pretoria Accord was signed by all remaining warring parties to end the fighting and establish a government of national unity. A transitional government was set up in July 2003; it held a successful constitutional referendum in December 2005 and elections for the presidency, National Assembly, and provincial legislatures took place in 2006. In 2009, following a resurgence of conflict in the eastern DRC, the government signed a peace agreement with the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), a primarily Tutsi rebel group. An attempt to integrate CNDP members into the Congolese military failed, prompting their defection in 2012 and the formation of the M23 armed group - named after the 23 March 2009 peace agreements. Renewed conflict has lead to the displacement of large numbers of persons and significant human rights abuses. As of February 2013, peace talks between the Congolese government and the M23 were on-going. In addition, the DRC continues to experience violence committed by other armed groups including the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda and Mai Mai groups. In the most recent national elections, held in November 2011, disputed results allowed Joseph KABILA to be reelected to the presidency .

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Congo, DR National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
173Gambia173
174Ethiopia174
175Mali175
176Congo, DR176
177Liberia177
178Guinea-Bissau178
179Eritrea179
180Sierra Leone179
181Mozambique181
182S. Sudan181
183Guinea183
184Burundi184
185Burkina Faso185
186Chad186
187Niger187
188Central African Rep.188
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.2
2Iceland88.1
3Denmark85.9
...
179Equatorial Guinea39.5
180Niger39.4
181Guinea-Bissau39.3
182Burundi38.4
183Mali37.9
184Iraq37.7
185Mauritania36.5
186Somalia34.9
187Central African Rep.34.8
188Afghanistan34.8
189Sudan34.4
190Yemen33.8
191Chad32.9
192Congo, DR32.3
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
169Guinea59.22
170Uganda59.21
171Zimbabwe59.20
172Congo, DR59.06
173Burkina Faso59.01
174Mali58.47
175Equatorial Guinea57.91
176S. Africa57.66
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
167Rwanda5.3
168Nigeria5.5
169Tanzania5.5
170Congo, DR5.5
171Burkina Faso5.8
172Chad5.8
173Uganda6.0
174Malawi6.0
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
17Iran 75.61m46
18Turkey 74.51m97
19Thailand 69.89m137
20Congo, DR 69.58m31
21France 63.46m116
22UK 62.8m260
23Italy 60.96m207
Data Source

Congo, DR's population is predicted to rise to 105.96 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 5.54.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
154Swaziland1968
155Nauru1968
156Congo, (Brazzaville)1970
157Congo, DR1970
158Yemen1970
159Switzerland1971
160Bangladesh1972
161Andorra1973
Gender Inequality (2015)12
CountryValue12
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
150Liberia0.65
151Sierra Leone0.65
152Tonga0.66
153Congo, DR0.66
154Afghanistan0.67
155Ivory Coast0.67
156Mali0.69
157Chad0.69

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
83Sudan93%
84Kenya94%
85Bahrain94%
86Congo, DR94%
87Algeria95%
88Rwanda95%
89Chad95%
90Qatar95%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below13:

Christian95.8%
Muslim1.5%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.7%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.8%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 10%14.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
176Burkina Faso1.40
177Papua New Guinea1.28
178Cambodia1.26
179Guinea1.00
180Niger0.83
181Ethiopia0.75
182Congo, DR0.72
183Timor-Leste (E. Timor)0.21
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Alcohol Consumption (2010)15
CountryPer Capita15
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
57Gambia3.4
58Nauru3.5
59Mauritius3.6
60Congo, DR3.6
61Samoa3.6
62Sri Lanka3.7
63Korea, N.3.7
64Guatemala3.8
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
16
CountryValue16
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
147Russia126
148Lithuania126.25
149Armenia126.25
150Congo, DR126.5
151Turkey128
152Greece133
153Palestine135
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)17
CountryRank17
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
148Zimbabwe148
149Guinea149
150Angola150
151Congo, DR151
152Algeria152
153Myanmar (Burma)153
154Venezuela154
155Central African Rep.155
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
150Central African Rep.2.87
151Korea, N.2.93
152Russia2.94
153Congo, DR3.07
154Iraq3.19
155Sudan3.19
156Afghanistan3.25
157Somalia3.39
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
85Yemen16
86Belarus16
87Cambodia16
88Congo, DR16
89San Marino16
90Egypt16
91Seychelles16
92Gabon16
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
138Indonesia99.4
139India99.4
140Oman99.4
141Congo, DR99.4
142Cambodia99.5
143Bangladesh99.5
144Malaysia99.5
145Palestine99.5
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2918
2Israel4.1118
3Japan3.5818
...
109Philippines0.1119
110Peru0.1020
111Paraguay0.0921
112Congo, DR0.0822
113Indonesia0.0823
114Saudi Arabia0.0722
115Algeria0.0720
116Cape Verde0.0724
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
186Malawi$1 073
187Guinea$1 058
188Niger$0 889
189Burundi$0 691
190Liberia$0 683
191Congo, DR$0 680
192Central African Rep.$0 587
193Somalia$0 294
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
130Niger4.1
131Egypt4.1
132Tanzania4.1
133Congo, DR4
134Guinea4
135Rwanda4
136Burkina Faso4
137Comoros3.9
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
102Trinidad & Tobago54.2
103Congo, (Brazzaville)54.0
104Guatemala54.0
105Congo, DR51.6
106Malawi51.4
107Kenya51.4
108Ghana51.3
109Myanmar (Burma)51.3
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
111Jordan10
112Vanuatu10
113Montserrat10
114Congo, DR10
115Burkina Faso10
116Sao Tome & Principe10
117Puerto Rico10
118China10
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/congo_dr.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#angola #buddhism #burundi #chad #christianity #Congo,_DR #hinduism #islam #judaism #namibia #rwanda #sudan #uganda #zimbabwe

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References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Mar 24.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

UNESCO
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from unesdoc.unesco.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 30.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cg.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^
  13. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  14. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  15. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  16. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  17. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  18. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  19. World Bank data for year 2007.^
  20. UNESCO data for year 2007.^
  21. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  22. World Bank data for year 2009.^
  23. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  24. World Bank data for year 2011.^

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