The Human Truth Foundation

Mongolia

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Mongolia

Mongolia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index72nd best
CapitalUlaanbaatar
Land Area11 553 560 km2
LocationAsia
Population22.844 million
Life Expectancy368.775yrs (2012)
GNI3$4 245
ISO3166-1 Codes4MN, MNG, 496
Internet Domain5.mn
Currency6Tugrik (MNT)
Telephone7+976

1. Overview

The Mongols gained fame in the 13th century when under Chinggis KHAAN they established a huge Eurasian empire through conquest. After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol states, but these broke apart in the 14th century. The Mongols eventually retired to their original steppe homelands and in the late 17th century came under Chinese rule. Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing and a Communist regime was installed in 1924. The modern country of Mongolia, however, represents only part of the Mongols' historical homeland; more ethnic Mongolians live in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China than in Mongolia. Following a peaceful democratic revolution, the ex-Communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) won elections in 1990 and 1992, but was defeated by the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) in the 1996 parliamentary election. The MPRP won an overwhelming majority in the 2000 parliamentary election, but the party lost seats in the 2004 election and shared power with democratic coalition parties from 2004-08. The MPRP regained a solid majority in the 2008 parliamentary elections but nevertheless formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party that lasted until January 2012. In 2009, current President ELBEGDORJ of the Democratic Party was elected to office. In 2010, the MPRP voted to retake the name of the Mongolian People's Party (MPP), a name it used in the early 1920s. Shortly thereafter, a new party was formed by former president ENKHBAYAR, which adopted the MPRP name. In the 2012 Parliamentary elections, a coalition of four political parties led by the Democratic Party, gained control of the Parliament.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Mongolia National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
105Suriname68.467.7
106Gabon68.360.4
107El Salvador68.057.0
108Mongolia67.558.1
109Bolivia67.558.5
110Palestine67.064.0
111Paraguay66.959.8
112Egypt66.253.3
113Moldova66.061.5
114Philippines65.459.1
115Uzbekistan65.463.6
116Syria64.856.5
117Micronesia64.563.5
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.9
2Iceland88.7
3Denmark88.3
...
69Montenegro61.2
70Bhutan60.6
71Mexico60.3
72Mongolia60.1
73Dominican Rep.59.8
74Ukraine59.7
75Bosnia & Herzegovina59.0
76Belarus58.9
77Peru58.8
78Nicaragua58.7
79Kyrgyzstan58.1
80Georgia57.5
81Belize57.3
82Philippines57.2
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
125Russia69.1
126Nepal69.1
127Philippines69
128Mongolia68.8
129Ukraine68.8
130Uzbekistan68.6
131Kiribati68.4
132Solomon Islands68.2
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
72Greece1.5
73Georgia1.5
74Switzerland1.5
75Mongolia2.5
76Russia1.5
77Albania1.5
78Latvia1.5
79Czech Rep.1.5
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
135Armenia3.109m109
136Oman2.904m9
137Kuwait2.892m162
138Mongolia2.844m2
139Jamaica2.761m255
140Namibia2.364m3
141Latvia2.235m36
Data Source

Mongolia's population is predicted to rise to 3.524 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.48.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
26Georgia1921
27Armenia1921
28Ireland1922
29Mongolia1924
30St Lucia1924
31Tajikistan1924
32Turkmenistan1927
33UK1928
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
53Bahamas0.32
54Azerbaijan0.32
55Romania0.33
56Mongolia0.33
57Tajikistan0.34
58Ukraine0.34
59Armenia0.34
60Oman0.34
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Mongolia has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
21Taiwan24%
22New Zealand22%
23Canada22%
24Mongolia20%
25Latvia20%
26Ukraine20%
27Austria18%
28Switzerland17%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian2.3%
Muslim3.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist55.1%
Folk Religion3.5%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated35.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Buddhist Lamaist 50%, Shamanist and Christian 6%, Muslim 4%, none 40% (2004)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
255Nepal1.45
254Ukraine1.44
253Uganda1.44
252Mongolia1.42
251UK1.34
250Djibouti1.29
249Kazakhstan1.23
248Turkmenistan1.23
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
118Bhutan13.60
119Iran13.00
120Rwanda13.00
121Mongolia12.90
122Belize12.65
123Uganda12.50
124Algeria12.50
125Yemen12.35
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions11
Country%11
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
33Argentina24
34Mexico24
35Haiti26
36Mongolia26
37Switzerland26
38Belgium27
39Germany27
40Slovenia27
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
12
CountryValue12
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
39Nigeria35
40Dominican Rep.35.75
41Northern Cyprus37
42Mongolia38
43Slovenia38.75
44Costa Rica38.75
45Liberia40.67
46Laos41
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom13
CountryRank13
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
44Croatia44
45Montenegro44
46Panama46
47Mongolia47
48Bahamas48
49Greece48
50Albania50
51Seychelles51
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
55Tanzania1.87
56Djibouti1.88
57Burkina Faso1.88
58Mongolia1.88
59Oman1.89
60Malawi1.89
61Panama1.90
62Jordan1.90
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
4Japan105
5China105
6Italy102
7Iceland101
8Mongolia101
9Switzerland101
10Norway100
11Austria100
12Netherlands100
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
80Morocco17
81Turkmenistan17
82Armenia17
83Mongolia17
84Latvia16
85Yemen16
86Belarus16
87Cambodia16
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
94Guatemala99.3
95Ivory Coast99.3
96Liberia99.3
97Mongolia99.3
98Mali99.3
99Georgia99.3
100Lebanon99.3
101Albania99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2914
2Israel4.1114
3Japan3.5814
...
85Bermuda0.2315
86Sudan0.2316
87Uruguay0.2317
88Mongolia0.2315
89Togo0.2217
90Nigeria0.2218
91Azerbaijan0.2115
92Burkina Faso0.2019
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
115Paraguay$4 497
116Bolivia$4 444
117Morocco$4 384
118Mongolia$4 245
119Guatemala$4 235
120Indonesia$4 154
121Tonga$4 153
122Fiji$4 087
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
87Romania5
88Mozambique5
89Laos5
90Mongolia5
91Latvia5
92Mauritania5
93Philippines5
94Zambia5
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
138Bangladesh44.0
139Burundi43.9
140Ethiopia43.1
141Mongolia42.8
142Uzbekistan42.3
143Senegal42.3
144Bahrain42.0
145Equatorial Guinea41.9
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
76Gabon20
77St Helena20
78Marshall Islands20
79Mongolia20
80Cape Verde20
81Central African Rep.20
82Macedonia20
83Dominican Rep.20
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/mongolia.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

UNESCO
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from unesdoc.unesco.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 30.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mg.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  12. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  13. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  14. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  16. UNESCO data for year 2007.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  18. World Bank data for year 2007.^
  19. World Bank data for year 2009.^

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