The Human Truth Foundation

Mali (Republic of Mali)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Like this page:

Share this page:
Comments:
FB, LJ

#Mali

Mali
Republic of Mali
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index188th best
CapitalBamako
Land Area1 220 190 km21
LocationAfrica
Population 16.32 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy58.47yrs (2017)3
GNI$2 218 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesML, MLI, 4665
Internet Domain.ml6
CurrencyFranc (XOF)7
Telephone+2238

1. Overview

The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of France in 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, what formerly made up the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali. Rule by dictatorship was brought to a close in 1991 by a military coup that ushered in a period of democratic rule. President Alpha KONARE won Mali's first two democratic presidential elections in 1992 and 1997. In keeping with Mali's two-term constitutional limit, he stepped down in 2002 and was succeeded by Amadou TOURE, who was elected to a second term in 2007 elections that were widely judged to be free and fair. Malian returnees from Libya in 2011 exacerbated tensions in northern Mali, and Tuareg ethnic militias started a rebellion in January 2012. Low-mid level soldiers, frustrated with the poor handling of the rebellion overthrew TOURE on 22 March. Intensive mediation efforts led by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) returned power to a civilian administration in April with the appointment of interim President Dioncounda TRAORE. The post-coup chaos led to rebels expelling the Malian military from the three northern regions of the country and allowed Islamic militants to set up strongholds. Hundreds of thousands of northern Malians fled the violence to southern Mali and neighboring countries, exacerbating regional food insecurity in host communities. A military intervention to retake the three northern regions began in January 2013 and within a month most of the north had been retaken. Democratic elections are scheduled for mid-2013.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Mali National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank
Lower is better
10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
172Djibouti172
173Gambia173
174Ethiopia174
175Mali175
176Congo, DR176
177Liberia177
178Guinea-Bissau178
179Eritrea179
180Sierra Leone179
181Mozambique181
182S. Sudan181
183Guinea183
184Burundi184
185Burkina Faso185
186Chad186
187Niger187
q=188.
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Iceland88.9
2Denmark84.5
3Sweden84.2
...
183Iraq38.7
184Equatorial Guinea38.6
185Mauritania38.2
186Nigeria37.8
187Angola37.2
188Mali36.5
189Afghanistan36.4
190Niger36.0
191Central African Rep.35.2
192Yemen34.8
193Sudan34.0
194Congo, DR33.8
195Somalia33.3
196Chad32.6
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears
Higher is better
11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
171Zimbabwe59.20
172Congo, DR59.06
173Burkina Faso59.01
174Mali58.47
175Equatorial Guinea57.91
176S. Africa57.66
177Burundi57.12
178S. Sudan56.13
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)12
CountryValue
Lower is better
12
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
173Uganda5.95
174Malawi5.98
175Timor-Leste (E. Timor)5.99
176Afghanistan6.03
177Mali6.16
178Zambia6.30
179Somalia6.30
180Niger6.96
q=180.
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
61Netherlands 16.71m496
62Niger 16.64m13
63Kazakhstan 16.38m6
64Mali 16.32m13
65Malawi 15.88m168
66Guatemala 15.14m141
67Ecuador 14.86m60
Data Source
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
CountryPer 100
Lower is better
13
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
4Burkina Faso04.7
5Sierra Leone04.8
6Zambia04.8
7Eritrea04.9
8Gambia04.9
9Angola05.0
10Afghanistan05.0
11Zimbabwe05.0
12Nigeria05.1
q=185.

Mali's population is predicted to rise to 26.78 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 6.16. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
105Cambodia1955
106Peru1955
107Ethiopia1955
108Mali1956
109Benin1956
110Mauritius1956
111Somalia1956
112Gabon1956
Gender Inequality (2015)14
CountryValue
Lower is better14
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
152Tonga0.66
153Congo, DR0.66
154Afghanistan0.67
155Ivory Coast0.67
156Mali0.69
157Chad0.69
158Niger0.70
159Yemen0.77
q=159.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Mali and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Mali is notable for its equality between the sexes.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
114Jordan0%
115Malawi0%
116Malaysia0%
117Mali0%
118Mauritania0%
119Nepal0%
120Morocco0%
121Libya0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
90Qatar95%
91Zambia95%
92Ghana95%
93Mali95%
94Nigeria96%
95Senegal96%
96Philippines96%
97Cambodia96%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below15:

Christian3.2%
Muslim92.4%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1.6%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated2.7%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 94.8%, Christian 2.4%, Animist 2%, none 0.5%, unspecified 0.3% (2009 Census)16.

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
241Vietnam1.15
240Italy1.15
239France1.13
238Mali1.12
237British Virgin Islands1.08
236Indonesia1.05
235Brazil1.02
234Tajikistan1.01
Data Source
Internet Users (2016)17
CountryValue
Higher is better
17
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
168Iraq13%
169Kiribati13%
170Rwanda12%
171Mali12%
172Haiti12%
173Papua New Guinea12%
174Djibouti12%
175Cambodia11%
q=201.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)14
CountryPer 1000
Lower is better
14
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
178Chad133.5
179Ivory Coast135.5
180Malawi136.2
181Mozambique139.7
182Guinea140.6
183Angola164.3
184Mali174.6
185Niger202.4
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)18
CountryPer Capita
Lower is better
18
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
24Iran1
25Algeria1
26Eritrea1.1
27Mali1.1
28Syria1.2
29Maldives1.2
30Djibouti1.3
31Malaysia1.3
q=191.
Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)19
CountryAvg %
Higher is better
19
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
167Congo, DR76.5
168Timor-Leste (E. Timor)76.5
169Indonesia76.4
170Mali76.0
171India75.1
172Ethiopia73.9
173Pakistan73.0
174Liberia72.6
q=194.

8. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
20
CountryValue
Lower is better
20
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
133Benin114.25
134Niger115
135Angola115
136Mali115.25
137Czech Rep.116.5
138Venezuela117.5
139Georgia117.75
q=156.
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)21
CountryRank
Lower is better
21
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
121Timor-Leste (E. Timor)120
122Burundi122
123Tunisia123
124Mali124
125Gambia125
126Cameroon126
127Guyana126
128Vietnam128
q=159.
Global Peace Index (2012)22
CountryValue
Lower is better
22
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
98Tajikistan2.12
99Madagascar2.12
100Liberia2.13
101Mali2.13
102Sri Lanka2.15
103Congo, (Brazzaville)2.15
104Kazakhstan2.15
105Saudi Arabia2.18
q=157.
Research and Development
Country% RDP PPP
Higher is better
1Korea, S.4.2923
2Israel4.1123
3Japan3.5823
...
48Tunisia0.6824
49Egypt0.6825
50Belarus0.6725
51Mali0.6626
52Bulgaria0.6525
53Ethiopia0.6125
54Latvia0.6025
55Gabon0.5827
q=126.
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)28
CountryTreaties
Higher is better
28
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
19Brazil21
20Montenegro21
21Guatemala21
22Mali21
23Azerbaijan21
24Bosnia & Herzegovina21
25Bolivia21
26Australia21
q=194.
Press Freedom (2013)29
CountryValue
Lower is better
29
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
95Ivory Coast2977
96Liberia2989
97Mongolia2993
98Mali3003
99Georgia3009
100Lebanon3015
101Albania3088
102Maldives3110
q=178.
Life Satisfaction (2011)30
CountryValue
Higher is better
30
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
136Burkina Faso4.0
137Comoros3.9
138Bulgaria3.9
139Mali3.8
140Senegal3.8
141Nepal3.8
142Haiti3.8
143Burundi3.8
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $
Higher is better11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
163Nepal$2 337
164Yemen$2 300
165Senegal$2 250
166Mali$2 218
167Chad$1 991
168Benin$1 979
169S. Sudan$1 882
170Afghanistan$1 871
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2010)31
CountryValue
Higher is better
31
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
152Nigeria40.2
153Benin39.6
154Haiti39.5
155Mali39.4
156Turkmenistan38.4
157Niger37.6
158Togo36.4
159Angola36.3
q=162.
LGBT Equality (2013)32
CountryScore
Higher is better
32
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
135Liberia-10
136Iraq-10
137Kazakhstan-10
138Mali-10
139Indonesia-10
140Bhutan-10
141Guinea-Bissau-15
142Singapore-20
q=211.
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
117Burundi69
118Ivory Coast69
119Malawi69
120Mali69
121Burkina Faso68
122Angola68
123Somalia68
124Chad68
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/mali.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #Mali

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 May 24.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ml.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2013) Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  13. UN (2017) Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  14. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  15. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  16. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  17. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  18. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  19. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  20. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  21. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  22. ^
  23. OECD (2016) . Data for year 2014.^
  24. World Bank . Data for year 2012.^
  25. World Bank . Data for year 2013.^
  26. World Bank . Data for year 2010.^
  27. World Bank . Data for year 2009.^
  28. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  29. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  30. UN (2013) Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  31. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^
  32. Higher is better. Sources:^

©2017. All rights reserved.