The Human Truth Foundation

Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Macedonia

Macedonia
Republic of Macedonia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index68th best
CapitalSkopje
Land Area1 25 220 km2
LocationEurope, The Balkans
Population22.067 million
Life Expectancy375.01yrs (2012)
GNI3$9 377
ISO3166-1 Codes4MK, MKD, 807
Internet Domain5.mk
Currency6Denar (MKD)
Telephone7+389

1. Overview

Macedonia gained its independence peacefully from Yugoslavia in 1991. Greece's objection to the new state's use of what it considered a Hellenic name and symbols delayed international recognition, which occurred under the provisional designation of "the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia." In 1995, Greece lifted a 20-month trade embargo and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, but the issue of the name remained unresolved and negotiations for a solution are ongoing. Since 2004, the United States and 133 other nations have recognized Macedonia by its constitutional name, Republic of Macedonia. Some ethnic Albanians, angered by perceived political and economic inequities, launched an insurgency in 2001 that eventually won the support of the majority of Macedonia's ethnic Albanian population and led to the internationally brokered Ohrid Framework Agreement, which ended the fighting and established guidelines for the creation of new laws that enhanced the rights of minorities. Fully implementing the Framework Agreement, maintaining momentum on democratic reforms, and stimulating economic growth and development continue to be challenges for Macedonia, although progress has been made over the past several years.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Macedonia National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
76Iran74.257.9
77Peru74.164.5
78Ukraine74.070.0
79Macedonia74.072.6
80Mauritius73.764.1
81Bosnia & Herzegovina73.573.1
82Azerbaijan73.469.9
83St Vincent & Grenadines73.371.5
84Oman73.170.4
85Jamaica73.066.2
86Brazil73.063.2
87Armenia72.967.8
88St Lucia72.572.0
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
65Fiji61.6
66Serbia61.5
67Greece61.5
68Macedonia61.5
69Bhutan61.4
70Montenegro61.1
71Belize60.7
72Mexico60.4
73Ukraine60.2
74Dominican Rep.59.9
75Nicaragua59.5
76Mongolia59.5
77Peru59.1
78Belarus58.9
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
60Vietnam75.4
61Bahrain75.2
62Sri Lanka75.1
63Macedonia75
64Estonia75
65Libya75
66St Lucia74.8
67Kuwait74.7
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
99Japan1.4
100Poland1.4
101Nepal2.6
102Macedonia1.4
103Fiji2.6
104Korea, S.1.4
105Slovakia1.4
106Botswana2.6
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
140Namibia2.364m3
141Latvia2.235m36
142Lesotho2.217m73
143Macedonia2.067m82
144Botswana2.053m4
145Slovenia2.04m101
146Qatar1.939m167
Data Source

Macedonia's population is predicted to fall to 2 043 000 by 2030, decreasing the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 1.40.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
61Venezuela1946
62Korea, N.1946
63Trinidad & Tobago1946
64Macedonia1946
65Cameroon1946
66Panama1946
67Romania1946
68Singapore1947
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
27Korea, S.0.15
28Lithuania0.16
29Estonia0.16
30Macedonia0.16
31New Zealand0.16
32Slovakia0.17
33Croatia0.18
34UK0.21
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Macedonia is on the way towards ending gender inequality.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
41Armenia73%
42Poland75%
43Cyprus75%
44Macedonia76%
45Bosnia & Herzegovina77%
46Venezuela79%
47Costa Rica79%
48Turkmenistan80%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian59.3%
Muslim39.3%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.4%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 99% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 76% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Macedonian Orthodox 64.7%, Muslim 33.3%, other Christian 0.37%, other and unspecified 1.63% (2002 census)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
46Cyprus53.02
47Bosnia & Herzegovina52.00
48Montenegro51.96
49Macedonia51.91
50Portugal51.28
51Brunei49.99
52Morocco49.00
53Trinidad & Tobago48.52
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
107Burkina Faso93.75
108Belarus94.75
109Poland96.5
110Macedonia98.75
111Romania99.75
112Cambodia99.75
113Ukraine100
114Albania101.25
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
65Iceland7.1
66Hungary7.1
67Botswana7.0
68Macedonia7.0
69Malaysia7.0
70Ghana7.0
71Mongolia7.0
72Papua New Guinea7.0
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
65Bosnia & Herzegovina1.92
66Moldova1.93
67Albania1.93
68Macedonia1.93
69Guyana1.94
70Cuba1.95
71Ukraine1.95
72Tunisia1.96
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
38Cyprus20
39Portugal20
40Panama20
41Macedonia20
42Romania20
43Poland20
44Honduras20
45Burkina Faso20
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
112Montenegro99.3
113UAE99.3
114Nigeria99.4
115Macedonia99.4
116Venezuela99.4
117Nepal99.4
118Ecuador99.4
119Cameroon99.4
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
62Qatar0.4713
63Cuba0.4714
64Costa Rica0.4715
65Macedonia0.4414
66Puerto Rico0.4414
67Jordan0.4316
68Mozambique0.4217
69Thailand0.3915
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
78Brazil$10 152
79S. Africa$9 594
80Serbia$9 533
81Macedonia$9 377
82St Vincent & Grenadines$9 367
83Peru$9 306
84Grenada$9 257
85Colombia$8 711
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
123Georgia4.2
124Angola4.2
125Uganda4.2
126Macedonia4.2
127Cambodia4.2
128Syria4.1
129Sierra Leone4.1
130Niger4.1
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
69Argentina61.0
70Greece60.9
71Brunei60.8
72Macedonia60.6
73Tunisia60.6
74Djibouti60.5
75Armenia60.4
76Turkey60.4
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
79Mongolia20
80Cape Verde20
81Central African Rep.20
82Macedonia20
83Dominican Rep.20
84Korea, S.20
85San Marino20
86Panama20
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/macedonia.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mk.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2008.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2010.^

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