The Human Truth Foundation

Cape Verde (Republic of Cape Verde)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Cape Verde
Republic of Cape Verde
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index122nd best
CapitalPraia
Land Area 4 030km21
LocationAfrica
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population0.5m2
Life Expectancy73.54yrs (2017)3
GNI$6 049 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesCV, CPV, 1325
Internet Domain.cv6
CurrencyEscudo (CVE)7
Telephone+2388

1. Overview

#brazil

The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; Cape Verde subsequently became a trading center for African slaves and later an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. Following independence in 1975, and a tentative interest in unification with Guinea-Bissau, a one-party system was established and maintained until multi-party elections were held in 1990. Cape Verde continues to exhibit one of Africa's most stable democratic governments. Repeated droughts during the second half of the 20th century caused significant hardship and prompted heavy emigration. As a result, Cape Verde's expatriate population is greater than its domestic one. Most Cape Verdeans have both African and Portuguese antecedents.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverRising from the Atlantic 500km off the coast of West Africa, the islands of Cape Verde are at once unmistakeably African and a world away from the continent. Set sail with the Saharan trade winds and rock and roll across stormy Atlantic seas for days. Then, just before you´re halfway to Brazil, an island rises into view. You have reached Cape Verde, an arrow-shaped archipelago that is the region´s most Westernised country, where the people are richer and better educated than almost anywhere on the continent. Though it may appear as a set of flyspecks poking out of the eastern Atlantic, this 10-island archipelago packs a punch. On Santo Antão, craggy peaks hide piercing green valleys of flowers and sugar cane, ideal for epic hikes. São Vicente is home to the cultural capital of the islands, Mindelo, which throbs with bars and music clubs. On Boa Vista, Sal and Maio, wispy white dunes merge with indigo-blue seas on unspoiled beaches of soft sand. Throw in the constant beat of music that Cape Verde is famed for and the renowned morabeza (Creole for hospitality) of its people and you´ll see why many have come - and never left.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Cape Verde National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
119S. Africa119
120Kyrgyzstan120
121Iraq121
122Cape Verde122
123Morocco123
124Nicaragua124
125Guatemala125
126Namibia125
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
122Guyana$6 884
123Angola$6 291
124Bolivia$6 155
125Cape Verde$6 049
126Uzbekistan$5 748
127India$5 663
128Congo, (Brazzaville)$5 503
129Nigeria$5 443
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
119Brunei96.0
120St Kitts & Nevis96.1
121Guyana96.2
122Cape Verde97.1
123Suriname97.2
124Algeria97.2
125Iran97.8
126Honduras97.9
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Cape Verde's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Cape Verde's population is predicted to rise to 588 297 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.29. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
164Montenegro0.6m
165Luxembourg0.6m
166Suriname0.6m
167Cape Verde0.5m
168Maldives0.5m
169Malta0.4m
170Brunei0.4m
171Bahamas0.4m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
90Samoa73.67
91Dominican Rep.73.65
92Grenada73.56
93Cape Verde73.54
94Lithuania73.50
95Honduras73.33
96Seychelles73.30
97El Salvador73.27
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
44Jamaica2.28
45Suriname2.28
46Uzbekistan2.29
47Cape Verde2.29
48Estonia1.71
49UAE1.70
50Canada1.69
51Colombia2.31
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
66Saudi Arabia09.5
67Haiti09.6
68Vanuatu09.9
69Cape Verde10.0
70Philippines10.3
71Cambodia10.4
72Egypt10.5
73Libya10.5
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
105Kyrgyzstan3.3%
106Chad3.3%
107Tajikistan3.1%
108Cape Verde2.8%
109Burundi2.8%
110Chile2.7%
111Micronesia2.6%
112Azerbaijan2.6%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
13Bosnia & Herzegovina38.9%
14Palau38.8%
15St Vincent & Grenadines37.7%
16Cape Verde37.6%
17Jamaica36.1%
18Armenia28.2%
19Trinidad & Tobago26.7%
20Malta26.2%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Cape Verde's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #mass_media #morals #politics #prejudice #slavery #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)19,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank19,20
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
77Russia80.7
78Venezuela80.8
79Suriname81.3
80Cape Verde81.3
81Azerbaijan81.4
82Turkey81.6
83Kyrgyzstan83.2
84Trinidad & Tobago83.9
85Burkina Faso85.1
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway19. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine19.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe19, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia19.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)21
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties21
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
106Libya15
107Maldives15
108Andorra15
109Cape Verde15
110Bangladesh15
111Mozambique15
112Dominican Rep.14
113Kenya14
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)22
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty22
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
32Hungary5.91
33Mongolia6.26
34Poland6.34
35Cape Verde6.40
36Venezuela6.51
37Italy6.56
38Russia6.58
39UK6.62
World Avg10.02
q=195.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)23
Pos.Lower is better
Rank23
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
89Kenya88
90Bahrain88
91Jordan91
92Cape Verde92
93Botswana93
94Liberia94
95Lesotho94
96Kazakhstan96
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)24
Pos.Lower is better24
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
22Poland1311
23Slovakia1325
24Cyprus1383
25Cape Verde1433
26Australia1524
27Uruguay1592
28Portugal1675
29UK1689
World Avg3249
q=178.
Slavery (2018)25
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims25
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
...
79Latvia0.39
80Dominican Rep.0.40
81Kosovo0.40
82Cape Verde0.41
83Kyrgyzstan0.41
84Cyprus0.42
85Kazakhstan0.42
86Lesotho0.42
World Avg0.65
q=167.

Gender Equality:

See:

Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
164Jordan1974
165Solomon Islands1974
166Sao Tome & Principe1975
167Cape Verde1975
168Angola1975
169Mozambique1975
170Portugal1976
171Guinea-Bissau1977
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)26
Pos.Higher is better
Score26
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
69Mongolia25
70Liechtenstein25
71Macedonia25
72Cape Verde25
73Moldova25
74Turkey25
75Latvia25
76Dominican Rep.25
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Cape Verde's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)27,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank27,20
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
120Suriname99.3
121Bolivia100.0
122Jamaica100.3
123Cape Verde100.3
124Colombia100.6
125Egypt100.6
126Guatemala100.6
127Comoros101.3
128Gambia101.3
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives27. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea27.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe27, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia27.

Health:

Cape Verde has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Cape Verde does better than average when it comes to its smoking rate28 (but bad for Africa), its alcohol consumption rate29 (but bad for Africa), its immunizations take-up30 and in its average life expectancy12. Cape Verde does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its fertility rate15 (still low for Africa) and in its adolescent birth rate31 (still good for Africa). And finally, it falls into the worst 20 in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance32. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
90Samoa73.67
91Dominican Rep.73.65
92Grenada73.56
93Cape Verde73.54
94Lithuania73.50
95Honduras73.33
96Seychelles73.30
97El Salvador73.27
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)29
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita29
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
85Venezuela5.6
86Sierra Leone5.7
87India5.7
88Cape Verde5.7
89Liberia5.8
90Haiti5.8
91Colombia5.8
92Nauru6.0
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
44Jamaica2.28
45Suriname2.28
46Uzbekistan2.29
47Cape Verde2.29
48Estonia1.71
49UAE1.70
50Canada1.69
51Colombia2.31
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)28
Pos.Higher is worse28
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
88Iceland 551
87S. Africa 537
86Tajikistan 533
85Cape Verde 515
84Pakistan 511
83Senegal 504
82Brazil 492
81Honduras 489
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
151St Lucia151
152Trinidad & Tobago152
153Mozambique153
154Cape Verde154
155Bahamas155
156Libya156
157Papua New Guinea157
158Belize158
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)33
Pos.Lower is better
%33
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
56Thailand32.6
57Cameroon33.6
58Mauritania34.4
59Cape Verde34.8
60Sao Tome & Principe35.4
61Seychelles36.8
62Zimbabwe38.2
63Swaziland38.4
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)31
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100031
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
137Swaziland70.4
138Bolivia70.8
139Nepal71.9
140Cape Verde73.4
141Afghanistan74.0
142Sudan74.0
143Panama74.5
144Ecuador75.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)30
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %30
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
89Bulgaria93.7
90Serbia93.5
91Egypt93.4
92Cape Verde93.4
93Burundi93.3
94Chile93.3
95Georgia93.1
96New Zealand92.9
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Cape Verde's Modernity and Learning

#education #modernity #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)34
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank34
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
132Antigua & Barbuda92.8
133Sao Tome & Principe92.8
134Nicaragua93.3
135Cape Verde93.5
136Botswana93.5
137Namibia94.2
138Ivory Coast94.3
139Suriname94.8
140Nigeria95.3
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2935
2Israel4.1135
3Japan3.5835
...
113Indonesia0.0836
114Saudi Arabia0.0737
115Algeria0.0738
116Cape Verde0.0739
117Trinidad & Tobago0.0540
118Macau0.0536
119Honduras0.0441
120Guatemala0.0440
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)42
Pos.Higher is better42
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
141Uganda32.1%
142Angola30.2%
143Lesotho30.0%
144Cape Verde29.9%
145Liberia29.0%
146Yemen28.0%
147Benin26.5%
148Sierra Leone26.3%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)43
Pos.Higher is better
Years43
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
130El Salvador12.0
131Uzbekistan12.0
132Jordan11.9
133Cape Verde11.9
134Kiribati11.8
135Angola11.8
136Moldova11.6
137Congo, (Brazzaville)11.6
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
100Laos100
101Cameroon101
102Peru102
103Cape Verde103
104Swaziland104
105Albania105
106Madagascar106
107Thailand107
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
115Ecuador43%
116Thailand43%
117Mauritius43%
118Cape Verde43%
119Suriname42%
120Bolivia41%
121Peru41%
122Guyana40%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)45
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio45
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
96Azerbaijan0.0
97Angola0.0
98Armenia0.0
99Cape Verde0.0
100Nigeria0.0
101Uzbekistan0.0
102Colombia0.0
103Ghana0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#corruption #politics

Corruption (2012-2016)46
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score46
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
38Spain60.0
39Slovenia59.4
40Dominica58.3
41Cape Verde57.8
42Brunei57.7
43Lithuania57.4
44Malta56.6
45Grenada56.0
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Creativity and Culture (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
81Fiji81
82Kenya82
83Guatemala83
84Cape Verde84
85Morocco85
86Jamaica86
87Senegal87
88Indonesia88
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
112Laos112
113China113
114S. Africa114
115Cape Verde115
116Russia116
117Angola117
118Guyana118
119Colombia119
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
135Macedonia135
136Armenia136
137Dominica137
138Cape Verde138
139St Lucia139
140Kuwait140
141Saudi Arabia141
142St Vincent & Grenadines142
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
105Suriname105
106Namibia106
107Tunisia107
108Cape Verde108
109China109
110Kazakhstan110
111Jordan111
112Libya112
World Avg82.0
q=163.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)47
Pos.Higher is better
%47
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
8Ireland62.2
9Tunisia61.9
10Cuba56.9
11Cape Verde55.7
12Rwanda50.9
13Bhutan34.7
14Azerbaijan34.6
15Spain33.2
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
86Saudi Arabia57.5
87Ecuador57.4
88Algeria57.2
89Cape Verde56.9
90Mauritius56.6
91St Lucia56.2
92Bolivia56.0
93Barbados55.8
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
114Cambodia1995 May 10
115Central African Rep.1995 Jun 13
116Mali1995 Jun 27
117Cape Verde1995 Jun 27
118Russia1995 Jul 04
119Guatemala1995 Oct 08
120Uzbekistan1995 Oct 17
121Niger1995 Oct 23
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)49
Pos.Higher is worse49
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
101Vietnam12.90
100Suriname12.80
99El Salvador12.50
98Cape Verde12.20
97Solomon Islands12.10
96Palestine12.00
95Panama12.00
94Egypt11.60
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)50
Pos.Lower is better
%50
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
130Cameroon46.6
131Chile46.6
132Seychelles46.8
133Cape Verde47.2
134Benin47.8
135Guatemala48.3
136Costa Rica48.3
137Paraguay48.8
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below51:

Christian89.1%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1.5%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated9.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic (infused with indigenous beliefs), Protestant (mostly Church of the Nazarene)52.

Links: