The Human Truth Foundation

San Marino (Republic of San Marino)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

San Marino
Republic of San Marino
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index154th best
CapitalSan Marino
Land Area 60km21
LocationEurope
Population33 7852
Life Expectancy
GNI$50 063 (2017)3
ISO3166-1 CodesSM, SMR, 6744
Internet Domain.sm5
CurrencyEuro (EUR)6
Telephone+3787

1. Overview

Geographically the third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco), San Marino also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in A.D. 301. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of the European Union, although it is not a member; social and political trends in the republic track closely with those of its larger neighbor, Italy.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

Book CoverThis landlocked micronation offers spectacular views from its location atop Mount Titano, a dozen kilometres from the Adriatic Coast. San Marino has been an independent republic since AD 301 when a Croatian stone-cutter built a church atop a windswept bluff here. Of the world´s 193 independent countries, San Marino is the fifth smallest and - arguably - the most curious. How it exists at all is something of an enigma. A sole survivor of Italy´s once powerful city-state network, the micronation clung on long after the more powerful kingdoms of Genoa and Venice folded. And still it clings, secure in its status as the world´s oldest surviving sovereign state and its oldest republic.

The country is made up of nine settlements. Città di San Marino, the medieval settlement on the slopes of 750m-high Mount Titano that was added to the Unesco World Heritage list in 2008, attracts two million annual visitors. Its highlights are its picturesque views, its atmospheric streets, and a stash of rather bizarre museums dedicated to vampires, torture, wax dummies and strange facts.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)9

2. San Marino National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)10
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $10
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
10Hong Kong$54 265
11USA$53 245
12Saudi Arabia$51 320
13San Marino$50 063
14Andorra$47 979
15Netherlands$46 326
16Sweden$46 251
17Germany$45 000
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
11,12
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank11,12
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
152Gabon110.9
153Benin110.9
154Djibouti111.0
155San Marino111.0
156Ethiopia111.2
157Cameroon111.3
158Pakistan111.4
159Gambia111.4
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. San Marino's Demographics

#immigration #migration #population

Population:

San Marino's population is predicted to rise to 33 861 by 2030.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
188Marshall Islands58 413
189St Kitts & Nevis52 441
190Monaco38 682
191Liechtenstein37 910
192San Marino33 785
193Palau17 907
194Tuvalu11 508
195Nauru10 670
World Avg39.0m
q=195.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)13
Pos.
%13
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
28Ireland16.9%
29Cyprus16.0%
30Belize16.0%
31San Marino15.7%
32Bahamas15.6%
33Maldives15.4%
34USA15.3%
35Norway15.1%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
68Dominican Rep.10.1%
69Zimbabwe9.9%
70Haiti9.9%
71San Marino9.9%
72Burkina Faso9.7%
73Slovakia9.6%
74Morocco9.3%
75Sri Lanka9.1%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. San Marino's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)15,16
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank15,16
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
140Uzbekistan113.3
141Libya113.4
142Guinea114.6
143San Marino114.8
144Zambia115.1
145Bahamas115.5
146Dominica115.8
147Cameroon116.1
148Qatar117.2
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway15. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine15.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe15, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia15.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)17
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties17
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
96Nigeria16
97Benin16
98Gabon16
99San Marino16
100Cambodia16
101Sierra Leone15
102Chad15
103Tanzania15
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)18
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty18
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
161Uzbekistan13.53
162Mauritania13.56
163Liberia13.61
164San Marino13.63
165Saudi Arabia13.73
166Timor-Leste (E. Timor)13.73
167Grenada13.86
168Bahamas13.93
World Avg10.02
q=195.

Gender Equality:

See:

Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
159Switzerland1971
160Bangladesh1972
161Bahrain1973
162San Marino1973
163Andorra1973
164Jordan1974
165Solomon Islands1974
166Sao Tome & Principe1975
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)19
Pos.Higher is better
Score19
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
45Czechia39
46Slovakia39
47Romania39
48San Marino35
49Montenegro35
50Guatemala35
51Japan35
52Bosnia & Herzegovina35
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. San Marino's Health

#health #vaccines

Children's Health:

Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)20
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %20
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
158Tonga80.0
159Mauritania79.9
160Lebanon79.4
161San Marino79.3
162Gabon78.7
163Micronesia78.2
164Philippines77.9
165Sweden77.8
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. San Marino's Modernity and Learning

#education #the_internet

Modernity and Education:

Length of Schooling (2018)21
Pos.Higher is better
Years21
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
49Albania15.2
50Barbados15.2
51Hungary15.1
52San Marino15.1
53Tunisia15.1
54Ukraine15.1
55Montenegro15.0
56Mauritius15.0
World Avg13.2
q=193.

Technology and Information:

IPv6 Uptake (2017)22
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio22
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
150Monaco0.0
151Bermuda0.0
152Isle of Man0.0
153San Marino0.0
154Cayman Islands0.0
155Andorra0.0
156Greenland0.0
157Brunei0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #the_environment

Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
93Senegal1995 Jan 15
94Cameroon1995 Jan 17
95N. Korea1995 Jan 24
96San Marino1995 Jan 26
97Swaziland1995 Feb 07
98Zimbabwe1995 Feb 09
99Vietnam1995 Feb 14
100Switzerland1995 Feb 19
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

8. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below23:

Christian91.6%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.3%
Unaffiliated7.2%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Roman Catholic24.

Links: