Panama (Republic of Panama)

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Panama
Republic of Panama
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index66th best
CapitalPanama
Land Area1 74 340 km2
LocationNorth America, The Americas, Central America
Population23.625 million
Life Expectancy376.3yrs (2012)
GNI3$13 519
ISO3166-1 Codes4PA, PAN, 591
Internet Domain5.pa
Currency6Balboa (PAB)
Telephone7+507

1. Overview

Explored and settled by the Spanish in the 16th century, Panama broke with Spain in 1821 and joined a union of Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela - named the Republic of Gran Colombia. When the latter dissolved in 1830, Panama remained part of Colombia. With US backing, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903 and promptly signed a treaty with the US allowing for the construction of a canal and US sovereignty over a strip of land on either side of the structure (the Panama Canal Zone). The Panama Canal was built by the US Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. In 1977, an agreement was signed for the complete transfer of the Canal from the US to Panama by the end of the century. Certain portions of the Zone and increasing responsibility over the Canal were turned over in the subsequent decades. With US help, dictator Manuel NORIEGA was deposed in 1989. The entire Panama Canal, the area supporting the Canal, and remaining US military bases were transferred to Panama by the end of 1999. In October 2006, Panamanians approved an ambitious plan (estimated to cost $5.3 billion) to expand the Canal. The project, which began in 2007 and could double the Canal's capacity, is expected to be completed in 2015.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Panama National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
56Romania78.672.8
57Saudi Arabia78.270.9
58Bulgaria78.272.7
59Panama78.069.3
60Cuba78.071.0
61Mexico77.568.2
62Costa Rica77.367.9
63Grenada77.074.6
64Serbia76.974.2
65Libya76.977.0
66Malaysia76.966.3
67Trinidad & Tobago76.070.2
68Antigua & Barbuda76.076.3
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
63Montenegro64.0
64Macedonia63.3
65Maldives63.1
66Panama62.7
67Ukraine62.0
68Brazil61.7
69Fiji61.6
70Belize61.5
71Trinidad & Tobago61.4
72Mexico60.9
73Belarus60.5
74Peru60.1
75Nicaragua59.9
76Bosnia & Herzegovina59.8
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
47Barbados77
48Croatia76.8
49UAE76.7
50Panama76.3
51Poland76.3
52Belize76.3
53Grenada76.1
54Argentina76.1
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
59Venezuela2.4
60Ecuador2.4
61Mauritius1.6
62Panama2.4
63Peru2.4
64Barbados1.6
65China1.6
66Serbia1.6
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
126Liberia4.245m44
127Congo, (Brazzaville)4.233m12
128Bosnia & Herzegovina3.744m73
129Panama3.625m49
130Mauritania3.623m4
131Moldova3.519m107
132Uruguay3.391m19
Data Source

Panama's population is predicted to rise to 4.502 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.42. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
63Trinidad & Tobago1946
64Macedonia1946
65Cameroon1946
66Panama1946
67Romania1946
68Singapore1947
69Pakistan1947
70Malta1947
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
105Gabon0.49
106Indonesia0.49
107Iran0.50
108Panama0.50
109Dominican Rep.0.51
110Uganda0.52
111Bangladesh0.52
112Swaziland0.53
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Panama is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
70Indonesia2%
71Central African Rep.2%
72Tajikistan2%
73Panama1%
74Costa Rica1%
75Peru1%
76Venezuela1%
77Colombia1%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
63Lebanon87%
64Brazil87%
65Ivory Coast88%
66Panama88%
67Guatemala88%
68Zimbabwe88%
69Bolivia89%
70Tanzania89%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian93%
Muslim0.7%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.2%
Folk Religion0.4%
Jew0.4%
Unaffiliated4.8%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 15%10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
63Russia43.37
64Serbia43.06
65Bahamas42.98
66Panama42.75
67Saudi Arabia41.00
68Seychelles40.77
69Brazil40.65
70Moldova40.12
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
31Montenegro7.6
32Luxembourg7.5
33Korea, S.7.5
34Panama7.5
35Spain7.5
36Netherlands7.5
37Slovakia7.5
38Romania7.4
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
58Mongolia1.88
59Oman1.89
60Malawi1.89
61Panama1.90
62Jordan1.90
63Indonesia1.91
64Serbia1.92
65Bosnia & Herzegovina1.92
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
73Peru85
74UAE84
75Pakistan84
76Panama84
77Paraguay84
78Venezuela84
79Colombia84
80Iran84
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
37Korea, S.20
38Cyprus20
39Portugal20
40Panama20
41Macedonia20
42Romania20
43Poland20
44Honduras20
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
107Brazil99.3
108Bolivia99.3
109Qatar99.3
110Panama99.3
111Israel99.3
112Montenegro99.3
113UAE99.3
114Nigeria99.4
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2911
2Israel4.1111
3Japan3.5811
...
91Azerbaijan0.2112
92Burkina Faso0.2013
93Vietnam0.1914
94Panama0.1814
95Mauritius0.1815
96Kazakhstan0.1712
97Oman0.1712
98Kyrgyzstan0.1614
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
57Libya$13 765
58Turkey$13 710
59Malaysia$13 676
60Panama$13 519
61Belarus$13 385
62Uruguay$13 333
63Mauritius$13 300
64Botswana$13 102
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
10Finland7.4
11Israel7.4
12Costa Rica7.3
13Panama7.3
14New Zealand7.2
15UAE7.2
16USA7.1
17Luxembourg7.1
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
20Latvia72.5
21Japan72.5
22Czech Rep.71.6
23Panama71.4
24Albania71.4
25Spain70.6
26Belize69.9
27Antigua & Barbuda69.8
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
83Dominican Rep.20
84Korea, S.20
85San Marino20
86Panama20
87Timor-Leste (E. Timor)20
88Ascension Islands20
89Kosovo20
90Russia20
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/panama.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pm.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  12. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2009.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2012.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.