Argentina (Argentine Republic)

Argentina
Argentine Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index46th best
CapitalBuenos Aires
Land Area12 736 690 km2
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population2 41.12 million
Life Expectancy376.069yrs (2012)
GNI3$15 347
ISO3166-1 Codes4AR, ARG, 32
Internet Domain5.ar
Currency6Peso (ARS)
Telephone7+54

1. Overview

In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, with Italy and Spain providing the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina's history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the successive resignations of several presidents. In January 2013, Argentina assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Argentina National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
42Lithuania81.877.7
43Portugal81.673.3
44Latvia81.474.2
45Argentina81.172.7
46Seychelles80.676.8
47Croatia80.577.1
48Bahrain79.673.8
49Bahamas79.476.1
50Belarus79.375.1
51Uruguay79.271.5
52Montenegro79.176.9
53Palau79.177.6
54Kuwait79.072.8
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Iceland90.7
2Sweden90.2
3Norway89.2
...
43Serbia69.8
44Cyprus69.8
45Bulgaria69.8
46Argentina69.3
47Barbados69.2
48Chile69.0
49Malta68.9
50Montenegro68.6
51Seychelles68.4
52St Kitts & Nevis68.1
53Romania68.0
54Bahamas67.9
55USA67.9
56St Lucia67.3
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
51Poland76.3
52Belize76.3
53Grenada76.1
54Argentina76.1
55Syria76
56Bosnia & Herzegovina75.8
57Ecuador75.8
58Bahamas75.9
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
25Belgium1.8
26Algeria2.2
27Oman2.2
28Argentina2.2
29El Salvador2.2
30Grenada2.2
31Costa Rica1.8
32Qatar2.2
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
29Spain 46.77m94
30Ukraine 44.94m78
31Kenya 42.75m75
32Argentina 41.12m15
33Poland 38.32m126
34Algeria 36.49m15
35Uganda 35.62m178
Data Source

Argentina's population is predicted to rise to 46.76 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
68Singapore1947
69Pakistan1947
70Malta1947
71Argentina1947
72Seychelles1948
73Niger1948
74Belgium1948
75Korea, S.1948
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
68Turkey0.37
69Uruguay0.37
70Mauritius0.38
71Argentina0.38
72Mexico0.38
73Peru0.39
74Algeria0.39
75Sri Lanka0.40
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Argentina has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
56Iran4%
57Romania4%
58Uzbekistan4%
59Argentina4%
60Zimbabwe4%
61Mexico4%
62India3%
63Congo, (Brazzaville)3%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
28Ireland54%
29Serbia54%
30USA65%
31Argentina66%
32Croatia70%
33Chile70%
34Singapore70%
35Montenegro71%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian85.2%
Muslim1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.8%
Jew0.5%
Unaffiliated12.2%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 87.7% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 66% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%8.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Argentina states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. By constitutional and legal obligation, the government "sustains the apostolic Roman Catholic faith" and provides tax-exempt subsidies to the Catholic Church (to compensate for expropriation of church property in the colonial era). In addition, the Catholic Church receives institutional privileges such as school subsidies, a large degree of autonomy for parochial schools, and licensing preferences for radio frequencies.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
4Australia18
5Hungary19
6Philippines23
7Italy23
8UK25
9Argentina26
10S. Africa26
11Brazil27
12Ukraine27
Data Source
IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
205Latvia0.33
204Peru0.30
203Hungary0.27
202Argentina0.27
201Czech Rep.0.24
200Philippines0.24
199S. Africa0.22
198Japan0.22
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
78Colombia36.50
79Costa Rica36.50
80Palestine36.42
81Argentina36.00
82Venezuela35.85
83China34.38
84Peru34.30
85Grenada33.62
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
49Lithuania$16 858
50Hungary$16 088
51Croatia$15 419
52Argentina$15 347
53Chile$14 987
54Latvia$14 724
55Russia$14 461
56Antigua & Barbuda$13 883
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
37Spain6.5
38Belize6.5
39Colombia6.4
40Argentina6.4
41Guatemala6.3
42Czech Rep.6.3
43Malta6.2
44Italy6.1
Data Source
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
122Senegal5.9
123Ukraine5.9
124Gabon5.9
125Argentina5.8
126Ecuador5.8
127Lesotho5.8
128Ivory Coast5.7
129Ethiopia5.7
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
66Thailand62.2
67Egypt62.0
68Russia61.2
69Argentina61.0
70Greece60.9
71Brunei60.8
72Macedonia60.6
73Tunisia60.6
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
41Estonia1.72
42Korea, S.1.73
43Lithuania1.74
44Argentina1.76
45Latvia1.77
46UAE1.78
47Kuwait1.79
48Mozambique1.80
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
4Spain23
5Slovenia23
6Mexico23
7Serbia23
8Sweden23
9Uruguay23
10Chile23
11Costa Rica23
12Paraguay23
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
8Iceland220
9Andorra210
10Norway210
11Argentina200
12Brazil196
13France195
14Réunion185
15Mexico168
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
50Comoros99.2
51S. Africa99.2
52Japan99.2
53Argentina99.2
54Moldova99.3
55Hungary99.3
56Italy99.3
57Hong Kong99.3
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
42Georgia94
43Romania94
44Bulgaria93
45Argentina93
46Ireland92
47Greece92
48Malaysia92
49Brunei91
Data Source

The following pages mention this country or territory. The 10 most relevant are listed:

What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life, 2 times, in the following sections:
    1.9. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights (2009) Argentina, 12-country draw

Paraguay (Republic of Paraguay), 1 times, in the following sections:
    1. Overview

Uruguay (Oriental Republic of Uruguay), 1 times, in these sections:
    1. Overview

South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands, 1 times, in these sections:
    1. Overview

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/argentina.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2015 Apr 08.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^

© 2015 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.