The Human Truth Foundation

Argentina (Argentine Republic)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#argentina

Argentina
Argentine Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index46th best
CapitalBuenos Aires
Land Area2 736 690km21
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population44.4m2
Life Expectancy76.46yrs (2017)3
GNI$20 945 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesAR, ARG, 325
Internet Domain.ar6
CurrencyPeso (ARS)7
Telephone+548

1. Overview

#argentina #bolivia #brazil #italy #paraguay #spain #uruguay

In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, with Italy and Spain providing the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina's history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the successive resignations of several presidents. In January 2013, Argentina assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverWhile Argentina's big cities have a lot of urban pleasures to offer (think cafes, purple jacaranda flowers draped over sidewalks, stylish residents of Buenos Aires, and handsome stone facades), their real purpose is to springboard travelers into the country's greatest attraction: the natural world. From mighty Iguazú Falls in the subtropical north to the thunderous, crackling advance of the Perito Moreno Glacier in the south, Argentina is a vast natural wonderland. The country boasts some of the Andes' highest peaks, several of which top 6000m near Mendoza and San Juan. It's home to rich wetlands that rival Brazil's famous Pantanal, mountains painted in rustic colors, deserts dotted with cacti, massive ice fields and arid steppes in Patagonia, cool lichen-clad Valdivian forests, glacial lakes, Andean salt flats, a spectacular Lake District, penguins, flamingos, caimans, capybaras and more. All unforgettable sights and adventures waiting for you to experience and be amazed by.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Argentina National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
43Hungary43
44Latvia44
45Croatia45
46Argentina45
47Bahrain47
48Montenegro48
49Russia49
50Romania50
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
54Chile$21 665
55Bahamas$21 565
56Equatorial Guinea$21 517
57Argentina$20 945
58Antigua & Barbuda$20 907
59Croatia$20 291
60Panama$19 470
61Romania$19 428
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
43Bulgaria66.7
44Brazil66.9
45Israel67.5
46Argentina68.1
47Serbia68.5
48Monaco70.5
49Albania71.4
50Mexico72.3
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Argentina's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Argentina's population is predicted to rise to 46.76 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.18. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
28S. Korea51.2m
29Colombia49.7m
30Spain46.7m
31Argentina44.4m
32Ukraine44.2m
33Uganda42.7m
34Algeria42.2m
35Sudan41.8m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
50Maldives76.96
51Bahrain76.72
52Bosnia & Herzegovina76.63
53Argentina76.46
54Slovakia76.41
55Montenegro76.40
56Antigua & Barbuda76.24
57Ecuador76.12
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
25Belgium1.83
26Algeria2.17
27Oman2.17
28Argentina2.18
29El Salvador2.18
30Grenada2.18
31Costa Rica1.81
32Qatar2.20
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
118Seychelles19.8
119St Lucia19.9
120Brazil19.9
121Argentina20.3
122Jamaica21.0
123Lebanon21.1
124Trinidad & Tobago21.9
125Bahamas22.4
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
82Thailand5.2%
83Hungary5.2%
84Palestine5.2%
85Argentina4.9%
86Panama4.7%
87Tonga4.6%
88Venezuela4.5%
89Lithuania4.3%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
147Pakistan2.5%
148Vietnam2.5%
149Niger2.4%
150Argentina2.4%
151Cambodia2.3%
152Uganda2.2%
153Sudan2.2%
154Chad2.1%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#Argentina #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Argentina performs very well in ensuring human rights and freedom compared to most other countries. Argentina does the best in its nominal commitment to Human Rights19. It comes in the best 20 in LGBT equality20 (it was the first Latin American country to legalize same-sex marriage27). It does better than average in terms of speed of uptake of HR treaties21, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice22, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports23 (but bad for The Americas), supporting press freedom24 and in opposing gender inequality25. Argentina does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms26. Specific long-term issues include police abuse, violence against women and inconsistent freedom accessing reproductive services27.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Argentina's Health

#alcohol #Argentina #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
163Philippines113.5
164Mozambique114.0
165Uganda114.1
166Argentina114.3
167Central African Rep.114.9
168S. Africa114.9
169Venezuela115.1
170Laos116.4
171Guinea-Bissau116.5
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

Argentina has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Argentina does better than average when it comes to its suicide rate30 (but high for The Americas), its average life expectancy12, its fertility rate15 and in its immunizations take-up31. Argentina does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average for its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance32, its adolescent birth rate25, its smoking rate33 (one of the highest in The Americas) and in its alcohol consumption rate34 (amongst the highest in The Americas). The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
50Maldives76.96
51Bahrain76.72
52Bosnia & Herzegovina76.63
53Argentina76.46
54Slovakia76.41
55Montenegro76.40
56Antigua & Barbuda76.24
57Ecuador76.12
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)34
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita34
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
142Tanzania9.4
143Uganda9.5
144Barbados9.6
145Argentina9.8
146Georgia9.8
147Namibia9.8
148USA9.8
149St Lucia9.9
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
25Belgium1.83
26Algeria2.17
27Oman2.17
28Argentina2.18
29El Salvador2.18
30Grenada2.18
31Costa Rica1.81
32Qatar2.20
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)33
Pos.Higher is worse33
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
145Cuba1 392
144Georgia1 378
143Denmark1 378
142Argentina1 359
141Israel1 346
140Libya1 33335
139Indonesia1 322
138Philippines1 291
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)30
Pos.
Per 100k30
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
39UK13.9
40Ecuador14.1
41Spain15.3
42Argentina15.6
43Thailand15.8
44Australia16.4
45El Salvador16.5
46Kyrgyzstan17.7
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
119Yemen119
120Seychelles120
121Guinea-Bissau121
122Argentina122
123Laos123
124Antigua & Barbuda124
125Burkina Faso125
126Mauritius126
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)36
Pos.Lower is better
%36
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
153Greece62.3
154Czechia62.3
155Oman62.6
156Argentina62.7
157Uruguay62.9
158Chile63.1
159Venezuela63.4
160Egypt63.5
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)25
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100025
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
125Yemen61.5
126Philippines61.7
127Mexico62.8
128Argentina63.8
129Laos64.1
130Honduras65.0
131El Salvador65.2
132S. Sudan65.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)31
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %31
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
85N. Korea93.8
86Italy93.8
87Austria93.8
88Argentina93.7
89Bulgaria93.7
90Serbia93.5
91Egypt93.4
92Cape Verde93.4
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Argentina's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #modernity #politics #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)37
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank37
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
32Greece29.3
33Lithuania30.5
34Italy33.5
35Argentina33.7
36Russia37.1
37Slovakia38.9
38Turkey40.0
39Croatia40.0
40Ukraine41.9
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2938
2Israel4.1138
3Japan3.5838
...
53Ethiopia0.6139
54Latvia0.6039
55Gabon0.5840
56Argentina0.5841
57Mexico0.5438
58Senegal0.5442
59UAE0.4943
60Uganda0.4842
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
83Oman66.4%
84Jamaica66.3%
85Egypt65.3%
86Argentina64.8%
87Greece64.8%
88Guyana63.3%
89Ghana63.1%
90Peru62.2%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)45
Pos.Higher is better
Years45
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
9Norway18.1
10Netherlands18.0
11Spain17.9
12Argentina17.6
13UK17.4
14Slovenia17.4
15Greece17.3
16Germany17.1
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
72Tunisia72
73Timor-Leste (E. Timor)73
74Chile74
75Argentina75
76Costa Rica76
77Jamaica77
78Colombia78
79Liberia79
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)46
Pos.Higher is better
Score46
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
37Lithuania1425
38Hungary1424
39Israel1416
40Argentina140647
41Malta1391
42Slovakia1389
43Greece1376
44Chile1329
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)48
Pos.Lower is better
%48
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
28Serbia54
29Ireland54
30USA65
31Argentina66
32Chile70
33Croatia70
34Singapore70
35Montenegro71
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)49
Pos.Higher is better49
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
43Armenia94
44Romania94
45Georgia94
46Argentina93
47Bulgaria93
48Ireland92
49Malaysia92
50Greece92
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)50
Pos.Higher is better50
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
56Oman71%
57New Caledonia70%
58Macedonia69%
59Argentina69%
60Trinidad & Tobago69%
61Malaysia69%
62Greenland67%
63Portugal67%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
Freedom On The Internet (2012)51
Pos.Lower is better51
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
7Italy23
8UK25
9S. Africa26
10Argentina26
11Ukraine27
12Brazil27
13Kenya29
14Georgia30
World Avg46.7
q=47.
IT Security (2013)52
Pos.Lower is better52
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
9Japan0.22
10Philippines0.24
11Czechia0.24
12Argentina0.27
13Hungary0.27
14Peru0.30
15Latvia0.33
16Pakistan0.38
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)53
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio53
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
42Latvia2.2
43Israel1.8
44Italy1.7
45Argentina1.4
46Faroe Islands1.4
47Russia1.3
48Bulgaria1.3
49S. Korea1.2
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
54
Pos.Lower is better54
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
95Comoros84
96Vietnam84.5
97Paraguay84.75
98Argentina86.5
99Gabon86.75
100Bangladesh87.5
101Brazil88.5
102Mexico89.5
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)55
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score55
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
102Gabon35.0
103Albania34.4
104Egypt34.2
105Argentina34.2
106Niger34.2
107Indonesia34.2
108Djibouti34.0
109Bolivia34.0
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)56
Pos.Higher is better56
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
26Taiwan6.4
27Panama6.4
28Brazil6.4
29Argentina6.4
30Guatemala6.4
31Uruguay6.4
32Qatar6.4
33Saudi Arabia6.4
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
110Kuwait110
111China111
112Swaziland112
113Argentina113
114Qatar114
115Afghanistan115
116Ivory Coast116
117Panama117
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
97Libya97
98Czechia98
99Israel99
100Argentina100
101Seychelles101
102Australia102
103Madagascar103
104Dominica104
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)57
Pos.Lower is better57
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
41Estonia1.72
42S. Korea1.73
43Lithuania1.74
44Argentina1.76
45Latvia1.77
46UAE1.79
47Kuwait1.79
48Mozambique1.80
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
36Qatar36
37Germany37
38Togo38
39Argentina39
40China40
41Canada41
42Azerbaijan42
43Senegal43
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
46Bolivia46
47Japan47
48Czechia48
49Argentina49
50Brazil50
51Dominican Rep.51
52Slovakia52
53UAE53
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)58
Pos.Lower is better
Score58
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
65Ghana1.56
66Kazakhstan1.57
67Austria1.66
68Argentina1.68
69Madagascar1.96
70Finland2.03
71Haiti2.18
72Kosovo2.26
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)59
Pos.Higher is better
%59
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
155Botswana-21.0
156Namibia-21.0
157Burkina Faso-21.9
158Argentina-22.1
159Cameroon-22.6
160Somalia-23.2
161Indonesia-23.2
162Kyrgyzstan-23.8
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)60
Pos.Higher is better60
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
71Equatorial Guinea60.4
72Mexico59.7
73Dominica59.4
74Argentina59.3
75Malaysia59.2
76Antigua & Barbuda59.2
77UAE58.9
78Jamaica58.6
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)61
Pos.Higher is better61
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
53Hungary09.80
54Latvia09.80
55Poland09.71
56Argentina09.35
57Pakistan09.26
58Montenegro09.17
59Slovakia09.09
60Jordan09.09
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
98Zimbabwe1995 Feb 09
99Vietnam1995 Feb 14
100Switzerland1995 Feb 19
101Argentina1995 Feb 20
102Myanmar (Burma)1995 Feb 23
103Colombia1995 Feb 26
104Ivory Coast1995 Feb 27
105Congo, DR1995 Mar 03
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)62
Pos.Higher is better
%62
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
4Trinidad & Tobago74.5%
5Costa Rica74.2%
6Cyprus71.0%
7Guatemala70.9%
8Philippines70.8%
9S. Korea70.7%
10Colombia70.3%
11Bolivia69.3%
12Paraguay68.9%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)63
Pos.Higher is worse63
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
72Turkey9.00
71Armenia8.70
70Barbados8.70
69Argentina8.60
68China7.90
67Macedonia7.90
66Uruguay7.90
65Georgia7.90
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)64
Pos.Lower is better
%64
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
99Micronesia40.1
100Philippines40.1
101Senegal40.3
102Argentina40.6
103Kenya40.8
104Malaysia41.0
105Haiti41.1
106USA41.5
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#afterlife #belief #buddhism #christianity #god #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #universalism

Religiosity (2009)48
Pos.Lower is better
%48
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
28Serbia54
29Ireland54
30USA65
31Argentina66
32Chile70
33Croatia70
34Singapore70
35Montenegro71
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)65
Pos.Higher is better
%65
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
56Mexico4
57Portugal4
58Romania4
59Argentina4
60Georgia4
61Uzbekistan4
62Lebanon3
63Congo, (Brazzaville)3
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below66:

Christian85.2%
Muslim1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.8%
Jew0.5%
Unaffiliated12.2%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 87.7% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 66% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%9.

The Afterlife: Ipsos-NA in 2011 gathered some statistics on Argentina67. Despite the large numbers of Christians, not many have traditional beliefs in the afterlife - just 16%. More people don't know what to believe (21%). Even more people believe that upon death, you simply cease to exist (25%). Also, 3% specifically believe in heaven but not in hell (which is nice - making them possible "universalists"). 9% believe in reincarnation.

Freedom of Thought: The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012)68, in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Argentina states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. By constitutional and legal obligation, the government "sustains the apostolic Roman Catholic faith" and provides tax-exempt subsidies to the Catholic Church (to compensate for expropriation of church property in the colonial era). In addition, the Catholic Church receives institutional privileges such as school subsidies, a large degree of autonomy for parochial schools, and licensing preferences for radio frequencies.

Links: