The Human Truth Foundation

Jamaica

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Jamaica

Jamaica
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index49th best
CapitalKingston
Land Area1 10 830 km2
LocationNorth America, The Americas, Caribbean
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population22.761 million
Life Expectancy373.334yrs (2012)
GNI3$6 701
ISO3166-1 Codes4JM, JAM, 388
Internet Domain5.jm
Currency6Dollar (JMD)
Telephone7+

1. Overview

The island - discovered by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1494 - was settled by the Spanish early in the 16th century. The native Taino, who had inhabited Jamaica for centuries, were gradually exterminated and replaced by African slaves. England seized the island in 1655 and established a plantation economy based on sugar, cocoa, and coffee. The abolition of slavery in 1834 freed a quarter million slaves, many of whom became small farmers. Jamaica gradually increased its independence from Britain. In 1958 it joined other British Caribbean colonies in forming the Federation of the West Indies. Jamaica gained full independence when it withdrew from the Federation in 1962. Deteriorating economic conditions during the 1970s led to recurrent violence as rival gangs affiliated with the major political parties evolved into powerful organized crime networks involved in international drug smuggling and money laundering. Violent crime, drug trafficking, and poverty pose significant challenges to the government today. Nonetheless, many rural and resort areas remain relatively safe and contribute substantially to the economy.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Jamaica National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
82Azerbaijan73.469.9
83St Vincent & Grenadines73.371.5
84Oman73.170.4
85Jamaica73.066.2
86Brazil73.063.2
87Armenia72.967.8
88St Lucia72.572.0
89Ecuador72.465.3
90Turkey72.258.8
91Colombia71.962.6
92Sri Lanka71.561.0
93Algeria71.358.1
94Tunisia71.258.0
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
46Malta67.1
47Hungary67.0
48Cyprus66.7
49Jamaica66.5
50Poland66.4
51Dominica65.7
52Argentina65.1
53Chile65.1
54Mauritius64.9
55Grenada64.6
56Croatia64.5
57Albania64.5
58Trinidad & Tobago64.0
59Suriname63.7
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
91Latvia73.6
92Egypt73.5
93Algeria73.4
94Jamaica73.3
95St Kitts & Nevis73.3
96Honduras73.4
97Iran73.2
98Oman73.2
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
41Armenia1.7
42Kuwait2.3
43Bhutan2.3
44Jamaica2.3
45Suriname2.3
46Uzbekistan2.3
47Cape Verde2.3
48Estonia1.7
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
136Oman2.904m9
137Kuwait2.892m162
138Mongolia2.844m2
139Jamaica2.761m255
140Namibia2.364m3
141Latvia2.235m36
142Lesotho2.217m73
Data Source

Jamaica's population is predicted to rise to 2.842 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.28.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
46Dominican Rep.1942
47Bermuda1944
48France1944
49Jamaica1944
50Bulgaria1944
51Japan1945
52Italy1945
53Indonesia1945
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
84Morocco0.44
85Brazil0.45
86Namibia0.45
87Jamaica0.46
88Colombia0.46
89Nicaragua0.46
90Tonga0.46
91S. Africa0.46
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Jamaica is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
62Congo, (Brazzaville)3%
63India3%
64Poland3%
65Jamaica3%
66Lebanon3%
67Turkmenistan2%
68Tajikistan2%
69Chile2%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian77.2%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion4.5%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated17.2%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Protestant 62.5% (Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%, Pentecostal 9.5%, Other Church of God 8.3%, Baptist 7.2%, New Testament Church of God 6.3%, Church of God in Jamaica 4.8%, Church of God of Prophecy 4.3%, Anglican 3.6%, other Christian 7.7%), Roman Catholic 2.6%, other or unspecified 14.2%, none 20.9%, (2001 census)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
96Maldives28.29
97Vietnam27.85
98Egypt26.74
99Jamaica26.48
100Georgia26.30
101Kenya25.90
102Tuvalu25.00
103Philippines25.00
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
17Iceland16
18Bhutan17.5
19Kenya17.75
20Jamaica20.5
21Austria21.25
22Kuwait21.5
23Hong Kong21.5
24Germany22.75
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
75Trinidad & Tobago6.9
76Indonesia6.9
77Kenya6.9
78Jamaica6.9
79Kazakhstan6.8
80Tunisia6.8
81Italy6.8
82Greece6.8
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
109Uzbekistan2.22
110El Salvador2.22
111Egypt2.22
112Jamaica2.22
113Benin2.23
114Armenia2.24
115Niger2.24
116Turkmenistan2.24
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
106Kenya72
107Ghana71
108Zambia71
109Jamaica71
110Rwanda70
111Botswana70
112Benin70
113Namibia70
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
118Sudan14
119Mauritius14
120Cameroon14
121Jamaica14
122Japan14
123Jordan14
124Kenya14
125Mauritania13
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
10Sweden99.0
11Estonia99.0
12Austria99.0
13Jamaica99.0
14Switzerland99.0
15Ireland99.0
16Czech Rep.99.0
17Germany99.0
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
96Ecuador$7 471
97Algeria$7 418
98Suriname$7 327
99Jamaica$6 701
100Ukraine$6 428
101Namibia$5 973
102El Salvador$5 915
103Armenia$5 540
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
85Moldova58.8
86Ukraine58.2
87Belgium58.1
88Jamaica58.0
89Lebanon57.9
90Sao Tome & Principe57.3
91Kazakhstan57.3
92Nicaragua57.1
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
173Senegal-70
174Dominica-90
175St Vincent & Grenadines-100
176Jamaica-100
177Barbados-100
178Grenada-100
179St Kitts & Nevis-100
180Tonga-100
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/jamaica.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/jm.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^

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