The Human Truth Foundation

Estonia (Republic of Estonia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Estonia

Estonia
Republic of Estonia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index21st best
CapitalTallinn
Land Area1 42 390 km2
LocationEurope, Baltic States, Scandinavia
Population21.34 million
Life Expectancy375.013yrs (2012)
GNI3$17 402
ISO3166-1 Codes4EE, EST, 233
Internet Domain5.ee
Currency6Kroon (EEK)
Telephone7+372

1. Overview

After centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, Estonia attained independence in 1918. Forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US - it regained its freedom in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia has been free to promote economic and political ties with the West. It joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004, formally joined the OECD in late 2010, and adopted the euro as its official currency on 1 January 2011.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8


2. Estonia National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
31Cyprus84.879.5
32Malta84.777.1
33Andorra84.683.8
34Estonia84.677.5
35Slovakia84.078.6
36Qatar83.476.4
37Hungary83.174.9
38Barbados82.579.1
39Poland82.179.0
40Chile81.972.0
41UAE81.872.9
42Lithuania81.877.7
43Portugal81.673.3
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
18Hong Kong77.1
19Liechtenstein76.6
20Japan76.3
21Estonia76.2
22France75.6
23St Vincent & Grenadines74.9
24Spain74.9
25Slovenia74.1
26Taiwan73.8
27Czech Rep.73.4
28Korea, S.73.1
29Portugal72.1
30Slovakia71.3
31USA70.5
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
61Bahrain75.2
62Sri Lanka75.1
63Macedonia75
64Estonia75
65Libya75
66St Lucia74.8
67Kuwait74.7
68Montenegro74.8
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
45Suriname2.3
46Uzbekistan2.3
47Cape Verde2.3
48Estonia1.7
49UAE1.7
50Canada1.7
51Colombia2.3
52Maldives1.7
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
149Gabon1.564m6
150Bahrain1.359m1789
151Trinidad & Tobago1.351m263
152Estonia1.34m32
153Mauritius1.314m647
154Swaziland1.22m71
155Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.187m80
Data Source

Estonia's population is predicted to fall to 1 296 000 by 2030, decreasing the burden on the planet's resources. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.71.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
4Norway1913
5Iceland1915
6Denmark1915
7Russia1917
8Estonia1918
9Kyrgyzstan1918
10Latvia1918
11Germany1919
12Slovakia1919
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
26Luxembourg0.15
27Korea, S.0.15
28Lithuania0.16
29Estonia0.16
30Macedonia0.16
31New Zealand0.16
32Slovakia0.17
33Croatia0.18
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Estonia is on the way towards ending gender inequality and has been striving towards this end for quite some time.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
4Czech Rep.61%
5Estonia49%
6Denmark48%
7France44%
8Belgium43%
9Netherlands42%
10Germany42%
11UK42%
12Cuba40%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
4Hong Kong24%
5Japan24%
6UK27%
7France30%
8Vietnam30%
9Belarus34%
10Russia34%
11Albania39%
12Latvia39%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian39.9%
Muslim0.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated59.6%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 40.5% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 16% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Evangelical Lutheran 13.6%, Orthodox 12.8%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 1.4%, unaffiliated 34.1%, other and unspecified 32%, none 6.1% (2000 census)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
4Australia18
5Hungary19
6Philippines23
7Italy23
8UK25
9Argentina26
10S. Africa26
11Brazil27
12Ukraine27
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
22St Kitts & Nevis76.59
23Australia75.90
24USA74.25
25Estonia74.16
26Belgium73.73
27Austria72.73
28Hong Kong71.85
29Latvia71.51
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
119Japan102
120Hungary102
121Azerbaijan102.25
122Estonia103.25
123Moldova103.5
124Congo, (Brazzaville)104.75
125Bosnia & Herzegovina107
126Algeria109
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
9Finland7.9
10UAE7.9
11Chile7.9
12Estonia7.8
13Ireland7.8
14UK7.8
15Denmark7.8
16USA7.8
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
38Italy1.69
39Bulgaria1.70
40France1.71
41Estonia1.72
42Korea, S.1.73
43Lithuania1.74
44Argentina1.76
45Latvia1.77
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
14Germany99
15Poland99
16Finland99
17Estonia99
18New Zealand99
19Sweden99
20Belgium99
21Canada99
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
75Timor-Leste (E. Timor)17
76Russia17
77Turkey17
78Estonia17
79Guinea17
80Morocco17
81Turkmenistan17
82Armenia17
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
8New Zealand99.0
9Iceland99.0
10Sweden99.0
11Estonia99.0
12Austria99.0
13Jamaica99.0
14Switzerland99.0
15Ireland99.0
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
21Norway1.7012
22Canada1.6112
23Ireland1.5212
24Estonia1.4312
25Hungary1.3712
26Italy1.2912
27Portugal1.2812
28Luxembourg1.2612
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
44Slovakia$19 696
45Bahrain$19 154
46Poland$17 776
47Estonia$17 402
48Barbados$17 308
49Lithuania$16 858
50Hungary$16 088
51Croatia$15 419
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
63Ghana5.6
64Kazakhstan5.5
65Montenegro5.5
66Estonia5.5
67Hong Kong5.5
68Mauritius5.5
69Lithuania5.4
70Russia5.4
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
53Malaysia65.0
54Slovenia65.0
55Syria64.6
56Estonia63.8
57Sri Lanka63.7
58Georgia63.6
59USA63.5
60Paraguay63.5
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
61Thailand30
62Micronesia30
63Latvia25
64Estonia25
65El Salvador25
66Nicaragua25
67Malta25
68Costa Rica25
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/estonia.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/en.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^

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