Ireland

#Ireland

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Ireland
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index20th best
CapitalDublin
Land Area1 68 890 km2
LocationEurope
Population24.579 million
Life Expectancy380.731yrs (2012)
GNI3$28 671
ISO3166-1 Codes4IE, IRL, 372
Internet Domain5.ie
Currency6Euro (EUR)
Telephone7+353

1. Overview

#Ireland #UK

Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600 and 150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014. English invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. A failed 1916 Easter Monday Rebellion touched off several years of guerrilla warfare that in 1921 resulted in independence from the UK for 26 southern counties; six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK. In 1949, Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth; it joined the European Community in 1973. Irish governments have sought the peaceful unification of Ireland and have cooperated with Britain against terrorist groups. A peace settlement for Northern Ireland is gradually being implemented despite some difficulties. In 2006, the Irish and British governments developed and began to implement the St. Andrews Agreement, building on the Good Friday Agreement approved in 1998.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Ireland National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
4Netherlands92.185.5
5Germany92.082.3
6New Zealand91.985.3
7Ireland91.682.3
8Sweden91.684.9
9Switzerland91.385.4
10Japan91.284.3
11Canada91.186.5
12Korea, S.90.977.5
13Iceland90.683.2
14Hong Kong90.680.3
15Denmark90.183.7
16Israel90.082.7
17Belgium89.783.2
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
17Estonia78.9
18France78.5
19UK78.5
20Ireland78.2
21Liechtenstein76.6
22Spain76.4
23Hong Kong76.2
24Czech Rep.76.1
25Korea, S.76.0
26St Vincent & Grenadines74.9
27Taiwan74.7
28Slovakia74.4
29Slovenia74.4
30Lithuania73.7
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
18Netherlands80.8
19New Zealand80.8
20Korea, S.80.7
21Ireland80.7
22Germany80.6
23UK80.3
24Belgium80
25Finland80.1
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
12Tunisia1.9
13St Lucia1.9
14USA2.1
15Ireland2.1
16Iceland2.1
17Denmark1.9
18Bahamas1.9
19Finland1.9
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
116Turkmenistan5.17m11
117Norway4.96m16
118Costa Rica4.794m94
119Ireland4.579m66
120Central African Rep.4.576m7
121New Zealand4.461m17
122Croatia4.387m78
Data Source

Ireland's population is predicted to rise to 5.356 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.10. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
25Sweden1921
26Georgia1921
27Armenia1921
28Ireland1922
29Mongolia1924
30St Lucia1924
31Tajikistan1924
32Turkmenistan1927
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
16Portugal0.11
17Australia0.12
18Canada0.12
19Ireland0.12
20Czech Rep.0.12
21Japan0.13
22Cyprus0.13
23Greece0.14
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Ireland is on the way towards ending gender inequality but women are still in an unfavourable position much of the time.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
49Moldova6%
50Laos5%
51Mozambique5%
52Ireland5%
53Zimbabwe4%
54Namibia4%
55Argentina4%
56Mexico4%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
25Azerbaijan50%
26Israel51%
27Uzbekistan51%
28Ireland54%
29Serbia54%
30USA65%
31Argentina66%
32Croatia70%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian92%
Muslim1.1%
Hindu0.2%
Buddhist0.2%
Folk Religion0.2%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated6.2%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 93.8% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 54% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 87.4%, Church of Ireland 2.9%, other Christian 1.9%, other 2.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.2% (2006 census)10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Ireland states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However, antiblasphemy laws and state sponsorship of religion exist. Section 36 of Ireland's Defamation Act of 2009 criminalizes the publishing or utterance of "blasphemous matter" and imposes a maximum fine of €25,000. That is "matter that is grossly abusive or insulting in relation to matters held sacred by any religion, thereby causing outrage among a substantial number of the adherents of that religion..." Protection exists if "a reasonable person would find genuine literary, artistic, political, scientific, or academic value in the matter to which the offence relates." There is still a requirement for holders of public office - including judges and the state president--to take a religious oath.

Cases of Discrimination

In 2000, a new religious education course was introduced that was supposed to be suitable for all religions and those without religion. However, parents who do not wish to have their children attend religious classes in school are routinely asked to supervise them personally during school hours because schools will not do so. Furthermore, some schools are reportedly forcing the children of non-religious parents to take a religious education course introduced a decade ago.

In 2003 the Equality Authority declared that publicly-funded church-linked schools are legally permitted to refuse to admit a student who is not of that religious group if the school can prove that the refusal is essential to the maintenance of the "ethos" of the school.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)11

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
196Israel0.20
195Mexico0.16
194Hong Kong0.12
193Ireland0.11
192Luxembourg0.11
191Belize0.11
190Monaco
189Micronesia
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
29Latvia71.51
30Singapore71.13
31Barbados70.03
32Ireland69.77
33Slovenia69.34
34Czech Rep.68.64
35Spain65.81
36Israel65.39
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
10UAE7.9
11Chile7.9
12Estonia7.8
13Ireland7.8
14UK7.8
15Denmark7.8
16USA7.8
17Taiwan7.8
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
4Canada1.32
5Japan1.33
6Austria1.33
7Ireland1.33
8Slovenia1.33
9Finland1.35
10Switzerland1.35
11Belgium1.38
12Qatar1.39
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
44Bulgaria93
45Argentina93
46Malaysia92
47Ireland92
48Greece92
49Lithuania91
50Cambodia91
51Thailand91
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
50Bulgaria20
51Netherlands19
52Nicaragua19
53Ireland19
54Kazakhstan19
55Luxembourg19
56Finland19
57Greece19
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
12Austria99.0
13Jamaica99.0
14Switzerland99.0
15Ireland99.0
16Czech Rep.99.0
17Germany99.0
18Costa Rica99.1
19Namibia99.1
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
20Norway1.7012
21UK1.7012
22Canada1.6112
23Ireland1.5212
24Estonia1.4312
25Hungary1.3712
26Italy1.2912
27Portugal1.2812
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
23Finland$32 510
24France$30 277
25Iceland$29 176
26Ireland$28 671
27Korea, S.$28 231
28Bahamas$27 401
29Israel$26 224
30Italy$26 158
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
15UAE7.2
16USA7.1
17Luxembourg7.1
18Ireland7
19France7
20Iceland6.9
21Korea, S.6.9
22UK6.9
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
40Luxembourg67.8
41Algeria67.4
42Mexico67.3
43Ireland67.1
44Romania67.0
45Netherlands66.4
46Canada66.4
47Fiji65.9
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
43Romania50
44Austria45
45Greece45
46Ireland45
47Bulgaria40
48Israel40
49Hungary35
50Slovakia35
Data Source

8. Christian Child Abuse in Ireland and the Catholic Church's Cover-ups13

#Christianity #Ireland

Ireland has seen a long line of child abuse scandals from within the Catholic Church, but, the particular twist taken in this country is the leaking of government documents by Edward Snowden, revealing the political battle that Catholic Church has been involved in with its attempts to stall and prevent investigations from taking place, including a long history of its staff hiding paedophiles, moving them around, and no matter what, not reporting them to the police. The Murphy Commission and the Cloyne Report finally revealed most of these antics to the public in the early 2010s. This has occurred at the local level, and, worse of all, centrally from within the Vatican. Any "moral" ground the church once had has evaporated, and it is clear to all that its sole concern is its own power and influence. Between 1991 and 2011, the number of non-religious, atheist and agnostic folk quadrupled, and the percent of Catholics in the population dropped to its lowest figure ever, although this is still a pretty high number at 84% of the population14.

See: Organized Coverups of Sexual Child Abuse by Priests, Clergy and Christian Institutions.

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
(Last Modified: 2015 Mar 08)
http://www.humantruth.info/ireland.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

NSS. The National Secular Society, London, UK.
Newsline. Weekly news letter. See: "Secularism" by Vexen Crabtree (2011).

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ei.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. IHEU (2012) Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  13. Added to this page on 2015 Mar 08.^
  14. Added to this page on 2015 Mar 08. The Journal (2011) article "Number of Catholics at record high, despite lowest percentage ever - CSO".^
  15. The Economist (2009 May 23) article "The world this week".^
  16. The Guardian (2010) article "WikiLeaks cables: Vatican refused to engage with child sex abuse inquiry" (2010 Dec 11. Accessed 2015 Mar 08^
  17. National Secular Society, Newsline (2011 Dec 23).^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.