The Human Truth Foundation

Guinea-Bissau (Republic of Guinea-Bissau)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Guinea-Bissau
Republic of Guinea-Bissau
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index180th best
CapitalBissau
Land Area 28 120km21
LocationAfrica
Population1.9m2
Life Expectancy55.49yrs (2017)3
GNI$1 369 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesGW, GNB, 6245
Internet Domain.gw6
CurrencyFranc (XOF)7
Telephone+2458

1. Overview

Since independence from Portugal in 1974, Guinea-Bissau has experienced considerable political and military upheaval. In 1980, a military coup established authoritarian dictator Joao Bernardo 'Nino' VIEIRA as president. Despite setting a path to a market economy and multiparty system, VIEIRA's regime was characterized by the suppression of political opposition and the purging of political rivals. Several coup attempts through the 1980s and early 1990s failed to unseat him. In 1994 VIEIRA was elected president in the country's first free elections. A military mutiny and resulting civil war in 1998 eventually led to VIEIRA's ouster in May 1999. In February 2000, a transitional government turned over power to opposition leader Kumba YALA after he was elected president in transparent polling. In September 2003, after only three years in office, YALA was overthrown in a bloodless military coup, and businessman Henrique ROSA was sworn in as interim president. In 2005, former President VIEIRA was re-elected president pledging to pursue economic development and national reconciliation; he was assassinated in March 2009. Malam Bacai SANHA was elected in an emergency election held in June 2009, but he passed away in January 2012 from an existing illness. A military coup in April 2012 prevented Guinea-Bissau's second-round presidential election - to determine SANHA's successor - from taking place.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverOne of Africa´s most forgotten corners, Guinea-Bissau is one of its most beautiful and diverse, infused with Portuguese influence and home to little visited island idylls. For a country that consistently elicits frowns from heads of state and news reporters, Guinea-Bissau will pull a smile from even the most world-weary traveller. The jokes here, like the music, are loud but tender. The bowls of grilled oysters are served with a lime sauce spicy enough to give a kick, but not so strong as to mask the bitterness. The buildings are battered and the faded colonial houses bowed by sagging balconies, but you´ll see beauty alongside the decay.

Here, bare silver trees spring up like antler horns between swathes of elephant grass, and cashew sellers tease each other with an unmistakably Latin spirit. Board a boat for the Bijagós, where you can watch hippos lumber through lagoons full of fish and spot turtles nesting. Despite painful wars, coups and cocaine hauls, Guinea-Bissau buzzes with joy, even when daily life is tough and the future bleak. There must be magic in that cashew juice.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Guinea-Bissau National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
175Mali175
176Congo, DR176
177Liberia177
178Guinea-Bissau178
179Eritrea179
180Sierra Leone179
181Mozambique181
182S. Sudan181
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
178Sierra Leone$1 529
179Ethiopia$1 523
180Eritrea$1 490
181Guinea-Bissau$1 369
182Comoros$1 335
183Madagascar$1 320
184Togo$1 262
185Mozambique$1 098
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Denmark27.7
2Norway28.3
3Finland29.6
...
177Solomon Islands121.6
178Burundi122.6
179Nauru123.2
180Guinea-Bissau123.7
181Congo, (Brazzaville)124.1
182Yemen124.4
183Eritrea124.4
184Iraq124.5
World Avg86.6
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

Progress is always going to be difficult in a country where the richest 10% hold 42% of the country's entire income15.

3. Guinea-Bissau's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Guinea-Bissau's population is predicted to rise to 2.263 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 4.92. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
146Macedonia2.1m
147Slovenia2.1m
148Latvia1.9m
149Guinea-Bissau1.9m
150Bahrain1.6m
151Trinidad & Tobago1.4m
152Estonia1.3m
153Equatorial Guinea1.3m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
178S. Sudan56.13
179Cameroon55.96
180Somalia55.71
181Guinea-Bissau55.49
182Mozambique55.48
183Nigeria53.06
184Angola52.70
185Chad51.90
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
157Mozambique4.75
158Comoros4.78
159Sierra Leone4.78
160Guinea-Bissau4.92
161Yemen4.98
162Equatorial Guinea5.02
163Guinea5.08
164Liberia5.08
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)17
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10017
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
25Liberia05.9
26Iraq06.0
27Guinea06.1
28Guinea-Bissau06.1
29Lesotho06.1
30Kenya06.1
31S. Sudan06.2
32Tanzania06.2
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)18
Pos.
%18
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
146Tuvalu1.3%
147Malawi1.3%
148Sierra Leone1.3%
149Guinea-Bissau1.3%
150Vanuatu1.2%
151Ethiopia1.2%
152Sao Tome & Principe1.1%
153Congo, DR1.1%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)19
Pos.
%19
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
86Austria7.1%
87Uzbekistan7.0%
88Bolivia6.8%
89Guinea-Bissau6.8%
90Slovenia6.5%
91Kiribati6.5%
92Bhutan6.3%
93Tunisia6.3%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Guinea-Bissau's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #mass_media #morals #politics #prejudice #slavery #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)20,21
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank20,21
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
166Congo, (Brazzaville)128.5
167Syria128.7
168Central African Rep.129.8
169Guinea-Bissau132.1
170Myanmar (Burma)132.2
171Samoa134.0
172Afghanistan134.3
173Angola135.0
174Eritrea135.0
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway20. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine20.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe20, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia20.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)22
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties22
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
169St Kitts & Nevis9
170Comoros9
171Cook Islands9
172Guinea-Bissau8
173USA8
174Somalia8
175Eritrea8
176Indonesia7
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)23
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty23
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
154Swaziland13.16
155Equatorial Guinea13.18
156Vanuatu13.21
157Guinea-Bissau13.23
158Liechtenstein13.28
159Ireland13.38
160Oman13.46
161Uzbekistan13.53
World Avg10.02
q=195.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)24
Pos.Lower is better
Rank24
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
116Russia115
117Qatar117
118UAE118
119Guinea-Bissau118
120Oman120
121Timor-Leste (E. Timor)120
122Burundi122
123Tunisia123
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)25
Pos.Lower is better25
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
88Gabon2869
89Timor-Leste (E. Timor)2872
90Paraguay2878
91Guinea-Bissau2894
92Seychelles2919
93Northern Cyprus2934
94Guatemala2939
95Ivory Coast2977
World Avg3249
q=178.
Slavery (2018)26
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims26
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
...
129Angola0.72
130Syria0.73
131Liberia0.74
132Guinea-Bissau0.75
133Madagascar0.75
134Malawi0.75
135Uganda0.76
136Timor-Leste (E. Timor)0.77
World Avg0.65
q=167.

Gender Equality:

See:

Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
168Angola1975
169Mozambique1975
170Portugal1976
171Guinea-Bissau1977
172Zimbabwe1978
173Marshall Islands1979
174Palau1979
175Micronesia1979
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)27
Pos.Higher is better
Score27
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
86Palau20
87Nauru20
88Marshall Islands20
89Guinea-Bissau20
90Micronesia20
91Armenia20
92Mozambique17
93Laos15
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Guinea-Bissau's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)28,21
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,21
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
168S. Africa114.9
169Venezuela115.1
170Laos116.4
171Guinea-Bissau116.5
172Burkina Faso117.0
173Micronesia117.2
174Cameroon118.0
175Chad118.6
176Swaziland120.0
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

Guinea-Bissau is a pretty unhealthy country. Guinea-Bissau does better than average for its smoking rate29 and in its alcohol consumption rate30. However Guinea-Bissau performs less well in most areas. It does worse than average when it comes to its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31, its immunizations take-up32, its adolescent birth rate33 and in its fertility rate16. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 in its average life expectancy12. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
178S. Sudan56.13
179Cameroon55.96
180Somalia55.71
181Guinea-Bissau55.49
182Mozambique55.48
183Nigeria53.06
184Angola52.70
185Chad51.90
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)30
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita30
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
73Ecuador4.4
74Bolivia4.8
75Costa Rica4.8
76Guinea-Bissau4.8
77Myanmar (Burma)4.8
78Zambia4.8
79Zimbabwe4.8
80Lesotho5.0
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
157Mozambique4.75
158Comoros4.78
159Sierra Leone4.78
160Guinea-Bissau4.92
161Yemen4.98
162Equatorial Guinea5.02
163Guinea5.08
164Liberia5.08
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)29
Pos.Higher is worse29
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
42Guatemala 190
41Cameroon 184
40Central African Rep. 178
39Guinea-Bissau 175
38Nigeria 173
37Paraguay 166
36Gambia 166
35Zambia 165
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
118Iran118
119Yemen119
120Seychelles120
121Guinea-Bissau121
122Argentina122
123Laos123
124Antigua & Barbuda124
125Burkina Faso125
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)34
Pos.Lower is better
%34
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
41Sudan28.9
42Nigeria28.9
43Benin29.5
44Guinea-Bissau29.9
45S. Korea30.3
46Maldives30.6
47Congo, (Brazzaville)30.9
48Liberia30.9
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)33
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100033
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
153Sao Tome & Principe84.3
154Guyana88.0
155Nicaragua88.8
156Guinea-Bissau89.5
157Zambia90.4
158Kenya90.9
159Central African Rep.91.9
160Togo92.0
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)32
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %32
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
154Venezuela80.6
155Myanmar (Burma)80.3
156Benin80.1
157Guinea-Bissau80.1
158Tonga80.0
159Mauritania79.9
160Lebanon79.4
161San Marino79.3
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Guinea-Bissau's Modernity and Learning

#education #it_security #modernity #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)35
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank35
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
160Liberia107.8
161Central African Rep.108.5
162Mauritania108.7
163Guinea-Bissau109.3
164Cambodia110.0
165Gambia110.3
166Afghanistan112.5
167Mozambique113.8
168Congo, (Brazzaville)115.8
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Length of Schooling (2018)36
Pos.Higher is better
Years36
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
157N. Korea10.8
158Lesotho10.7
159Guatemala10.6
160Guinea-Bissau10.5
161Zimbabwe10.5
162Madagascar10.4
163Myanmar (Burma)10.3
164Solomon Islands10.2
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
54St Lucia54
55Turkey55
56Armenia56
57Guinea-Bissau57
58Central African Rep.58
59Kenya59
60Egypt60
61Japan61
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)37
Pos.Higher is better37
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
189Madagascar4%
190Ethiopia4%
191Congo, DR4%
192Guinea-Bissau4%
193Chad3%
194Myanmar (Burma)3%
195Sierra Leone2%
196Niger2%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security (2013)38
Pos.Lower is better38
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
25Libya0.63
26Qatar0.65
27Chile0.66
28Guinea-Bissau0.67
29Uzbekistan0.69
30Moldova0.71
31Zambia0.76
32Kenya0.77
World Avg0.98
q=81.

7. National Culture

#corruption #politics

Corruption (2012-2016)39
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score39
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
160Burundi20.2
161Eritrea19.8
162Angola19.4
163Guinea-Bissau19.2
164Syria18.8
165Haiti18.8
166Yemen18.4
167Venezuela18.4
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
148Angola148
149Zambia149
150Pakistan150
151Guinea-Bissau151
152Syria152
153Liberia153
154Venezuela154
155Yemen155
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
88Vietnam88
89Central African Rep.89
90Botswana90
91Guinea-Bissau91
92Burundi92
93Mozambique93
94Guinea94
95Ivory Coast95
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
156Swaziland156
157Yemen157
158Iraq158
159Bahrain159
160Slovenia160
161Tonga161
162Marshall Islands162
163Guinea-Bissau163
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
70Latvia70
71Guatemala71
72Estonia72
73Guinea-Bissau73
74Albania74
75Botswana75
76Lebanon76
77Bahrain77
World Avg82.0
q=163.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)40
Pos.Higher is better
%40
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
139Sri Lanka-09.4
140Brazil-09.7
141Venezuela-10.3
142Guinea-Bissau-11.0
143Senegal-11.5
144Guinea-12.4
145Mozambique-12.5
146Bolivia-12.8
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)41
Pos.Higher is better41
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
140Gabon45.1
141Ethiopia44.8
142S. Africa44.7
143Guinea-Bissau44.7
144Vanuatu44.6
145Uganda44.3
146Comoros44.2
147Mali43.7
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
129Togo1996 Jan 02
130Botswana1996 Jan 10
131Moldova1996 Jan 18
132Guinea-Bissau1996 Jan 25
133Sudan1996 Jan 28
134S. Africa1996 Jan 31
135Nicaragua1996 Feb 18
136Latvia1996 Mar 13
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)42
Pos.Higher is worse42
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
174Cameroon33.50
173Ivory Coast33.30
172Lesotho33.10
171Guinea-Bissau32.30
170Haiti32.20
169Burkina Faso32.00
168Angola32.00
167Guinea31.30
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)43
Pos.Lower is better
%43
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
139Colombia49.7
140Panama49.9
141Honduras50.5
142Guinea-Bissau50.7
143St Lucia51.2
144Swaziland51.5
145Botswana53.3
146Brazil53.3
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)44
Pos.Lower is better
Severity44
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
87Liberia.320
88Guinea.336
89Benin.368
90Guinea-Bissau.372
91Congo, DR.389
92Burundi.403
93Mozambique.411
94Madagascar.453
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below45:

Christian19.7%
Muslim45.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion30.9%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated4.3%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Muslim 50%, indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 10%46.

Links: