The Human Truth Foundation

Zimbabwe (Republic of Zimbabwe)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #economics #happiness #homosexuality #intelligence #morals #the_environment #zimbabwe

Zimbabwe
Republic of Zimbabwe
StatusIndependent State
CapitalHarare
Land Area 386 850km21
LocationAfrica
Population13.0m (2011)2
Life Expectancy59.20yrs (2017)3
GNI$1 588 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesZW, ZWE, 7165
Internet Domain.zw6
CurrencyDollar (ZWD)7
Telephone+2638

1. Overview

#UK

The UK annexed Southern Rhodesia from the [British] South Africa Company in 1923. A 1961 constitution was formulated that favored whites in power. In 1965 the government unilaterally declared its independence, but the UK did not recognize the act and demanded more complete voting rights for the black African majority in the country (then called Rhodesia). UN sanctions and a guerrilla uprising finally led to free elections in 1979 and independence (as Zimbabwe) in 1980. Robert MUGABE, the nation's first prime minister, has been the country's only ruler (as president since 1987) and has dominated the country's political system since independence. His chaotic land redistribution campaign, which began in 2000, caused an exodus of white farmers, crippled the economy, and ushered in widespread shortages of basic commodities. Ignoring international condemnation, MUGABE rigged the 2002 presidential election to ensure his reelection. In April 2005, Harare embarked on Operation Restore Order, ostensibly an urban rationalization program, which resulted in the destruction of the homes or businesses of 700,000 mostly poor supporters of the opposition. President MUGABE in June 2007 instituted price controls on all basic commodities causing panic buying and leaving store shelves empty for months. General elections held in March 2008 contained irregularities but still amounted to a censure of the ZANU-PF-led government with the opposition winning a majority of seats in parliament. MDC opposition leader Morgan TSVANGIRAI won the most votes in the presidential polls, but not enough to win outright. In the lead up to a run-off election in late June 2008, considerable violence enacted against opposition party members led to the withdrawal of TSVANGIRAI from the ballot. Extensive evidence of violence and intimidation resulted in international condemnation of the process. Difficult negotiations over a power-sharing government, in which MUGABE remained president and TSVANGIRAI became prime minister, were finally settled in February 2009, although the leaders failed to agree upon many key outstanding governmental issues. MUGABE since 2010 has called for early elections - his term does not expire until June 2013 - but no election has been held.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverThe welcomes are warm and the national parks offer some of Africa´s most rewarding wildlife encounters. Zimbabwe is ready and waiting. All it´s missing is you. After a decade of political ruin, violence and economic disaster, finally some good news is coming out of Zimbabwe - tourism is back. Visitors are returning in numbers not seen since the turmoil began to spot the Big Five strut their stuff around spectacular parks, discover World Heritage-listed archaeological sites and stand in awe of a natural wonder of the world: Victoria Falls.

A journey here will take you through an attractive patchwork of landscapes, from central highveld, balancing boulders and flaming msasa trees, to laid-back towns, lush Eastern Highland mountains and a network of lifeblood rivers up north. Along the way you´ll receive a friendly welcome from locals, famous for their politeness and resilience in the face of hardship.

While there may be a long way to go, sure signs of recovery continue in Zimbabwe, giving hope to this embattled nation that a new dawn will soon rise.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Zimbabwe National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
151Tanzania151
152Nigeria152
153Cameroon153
154Zimbabwe154
155Papua New Guinea154
156Solomon Islands156
157Mauritania157
158Madagascar158
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark84.2
2Sweden83.7
3Finland83.5
...
170Swaziland42.4
171S. Sudan42.3
172Mozambique42.1
173Zimbabwe41.6
174Sierra Leone41.4
175Pakistan41.2
176Tuvalu40.9
177Ivory Coast40.1
World Avg54.1
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

Zimbabwe has such a poor Human Rights record that political theorist Jack Donnelly in his book Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice13 included it amongst 3 countries for which "compliance with international human rights standards would mean removal of those in power"14. Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe has a particular hate for gay and lesbian folk, and over the last two decades has stated repeatedly that "gays are worse than dogs and pigs"15.

3. Population and Demographics

#demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #overpopulation #population #Zimbabwe

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
8Gambia04.9
9Angola05.0
10Afghanistan05.0
11Zimbabwe05.0
12Nigeria05.1
13Qatar05.1
14Somalia05.4
15Togo05.4
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)17
Pos.
%17
1Dominica104.8
2Palestine68.4
3Samoa67.3
...
66Uruguay10.5
67Hong Kong10.2
68Dominican Rep.10.1
69Zimbabwe9.9
70Haiti9.9
71San Marino9.9
72Burkina Faso9.7
73Slovakia9.6
World Avg11.5
q=192.
Fertility Rate (2013)18
Pos.2.0 is best18
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
122Philippines3.06
123Lesotho3.08
124Namibia3.08
125Zimbabwe3.15
126Tajikistan3.19
127Haiti3.19
128Gabon3.20
129Swaziland3.21
World Avg2.81
q=180.

Immigrants (2010)17
Pos.
%17
1Qatar86.5
2Monaco71.6
3UAE70.0
...
101Nepal3.2
102Azerbaijan3.0
103Mauritania2.9
104Zimbabwe2.9
105Ecuador2.9
106Iran2.8
107Albania2.8
108Togo2.7
World Avg9.2
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)19
Pos.Higher is better
Years19
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
168Benin59.76
169Guinea59.22
170Uganda59.21
171Zimbabwe59.20
172Congo, DR59.06
173Burkina Faso59.01
174Mali58.47
175Equatorial Guinea57.91
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)20
Pos.The Overpopulation of the Earth20
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
68Cambodia14.5m
69Zambia13.9m
70Senegal13.1m
71Zimbabwe13.0m
72Chad11.8m
73Greece11.4m
74Rwanda11.3m
75Cuba11.2m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Zimbabwe's population is predicted to rise to 17.63 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 3.15. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Politics and Freedom

#burundi #corruption #eritrea #france #freedom #human_development #human_rights #indonesia #mass_media #peace #politics #slavery #Zimbabwe

Corruption (2012-2016)21
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score21
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
154Congo, (Brazzaville)22.8
155Congo, DR21.6
156Myanmar (Burma)21.4
157Zimbabwe21.0
158Cambodia21.0
159Chad20.4
160Burundi20.2
161Eritrea19.8
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Global Peace Index (2012)22
Pos.Lower is better22
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
136Ethiopia2.50
137Burundi2.52
138Myanmar (Burma)2.53
139Zimbabwe2.54
140Georgia2.54
141India2.55
142Yemen2.60
143Colombia2.63
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)23
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties23
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
151Cuba11
152Guyana11
153Swaziland11
154Zimbabwe11
155Saudi Arabia10
156Laos10
157Solomon Islands10
158Qatar10
World Avg15.1
q=194.

Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)24
Pos.Lower is better
Rank24
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
145Saudi Arabia144
146Chad146
147Pakistan146
148Zimbabwe148
149Guinea149
150Angola150
151Congo, DR151
152Algeria152
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)25
Pos.Lower is better25
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
129Angola3780
130Libya3786
131Burundi3802
132Zimbabwe3812
133Jordan3847
134Thailand3860
135Morocco3904
136Ethiopia3957
World Avg3249
q=178.
Slavery (2018)26
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims26
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
...
119Ukraine0.64
120Turkey0.65
121Niger0.67
122Zimbabwe0.67
123Togo0.68
124Cameroon0.69
125Kenya0.69
126Albania0.69
World Avg0.65
q=167.

The taking of slaves has been an unwholesome feature of Human cultures since prehistory27. Private households and national endeavours have frequently been augmented with the use of slaves. The Egyptian and Roman empires both thrived on them for both purposes. Aside from labourers they are often abused sexually by their owners and their owners' friends28. The era of colonialism and the beginnings of globalisation changed nothing: the imprisonment and forced movements of labour continued to destroy many lives except that new justifications were invented based on Christian doctrine and the effort to convert non-Christians. By 1786 over 12 million slaves had been extracted from Africa and sent to colonial labour camps, with a truly atrocious condition of life29. But they were not the only ones to blame; in Africa internal nations such as the Asantes sold and bought tens of thousands of slaves30.

The abolition of the slave trade was a long and slow process. Until a relatively modern time, even philosophers, religious leaders and those concerned with ethics justified, or ignored, the problem of slavery31. The first abolitionists were always the slaves themselves. Their protests and rebellions caused the industry to become too expensive to continue. After that, it was the economic costs of maintain slave colonies that led the British to reject and then oppose the slave trade globally. Finally, the enlightenment-era thinkers of France encouraged moral and ethical thinking including the declaration of the inherent value of human life and human dignity32. A long-overdue wave of compassionate and conscientious movements swept across the West, eliminating public support for slavery, until the industries and churches that supported it had no choice but to back down.

'Modern slavery' includes forced labour (often of the under-age), debt bondage (especially generational), sexual slavery, chattel slavery and other forms of abuse, some of which can be surprisingly difficult to detect, but often target those fleeing from warzones and the vulnerable.33. Some industries (diamond, clothing, coal) from some countries (Burundi26, Eritrea26, Indonesia34) are a particular concern. The Walk Free Foundation, say that in 2016, 40.3 million people were living in modern slavery35.

5. Gender Equality

#gender #misogyny #politics #women #Zimbabwe

Gender Inequality (2015)36
Pos.Lower is better36
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
123Iraq0.53
124Zambia0.53
125India0.53
126Zimbabwe0.54
127Gabon0.54
128Qatar0.54
129Tanzania0.54
130Pakistan0.55
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote37
Pos.Lower is better
Year37
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
169Mozambique1975
170Portugal1976
171Guinea-Bissau1977
172Zimbabwe1978
173Marshall Islands1979
174Palau1979
175Micronesia1979
176Iraq1980
World Avg1930
q=189.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Zimbabwe is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

6. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)38
Pos.Lower is better
%38
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
64Lebanon87
65Ivory Coast88
66Guatemala88
67Zimbabwe88
68Panama88
69Bolivia89
70Syria89
71Tanzania89
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)39
Pos.Higher is better39
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
50Laos5
51Ireland5
52Mozambique5
53Zimbabwe4
54Namibia4
55Iran4
56Mexico4
57Portugal4
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below40:

Christian87%
Muslim0.9%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion3.8%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated7.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, Muslim and other 1%41.

Links:

7. The Internet

#internet #politics #the_internet #Zimbabwe

Freedom On The Internet (2012)42
Pos.Lower is better42
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
28Azerbaijan50
29Rwanda51
30Russia52
31Zimbabwe54
32Sri Lanka55
33Kazakhstan58
34Egypt59
35Thailand61
World Avg46.7
q=47.
Internet Users (2016)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
145Honduras22%
146Botswana21%
147Libya21%
148Zimbabwe21%
149Equatorial Guinea21%
150Lesotho21%
151Indonesia20%
152Marshall Islands20%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #health #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines #Zimbabwe

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)36
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100036
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
166Burkina Faso108.5
167Equatorial Guinea108.7
168Liberia108.8
169Zimbabwe109.7
170Nigeria110.6
171Uganda111.9
172Gambia113.0
173Madagascar116.2
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)44
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita44
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
87Puerto Rico5.4
88Cambodia5.5
89Seychelles5.6
90Zimbabwe5.7
91Swaziland5.7
92Bolivia5.9
93Ivory Coast6.0
94Colombia6.2
World Avg6.2
q=191.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)45
Pos.Lower is better
Rank45
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
104Venezuela104
105Timor-Leste (E. Timor)105
106Serbia106
107Zimbabwe107
108Central African Rep.108
109Benin109
110Costa Rica110
111Dominica111
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)46
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %46
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
118Burkina Faso90.6
119Nepal90.1
120Montenegro89.9
121Zimbabwe89.7
122Senegal89.5
123Peru89.3
124Ireland89.2
125Sudan89.2
World Avg88.3
q=194.
Smoking Rates (2014)47
Pos.Lower is better47
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
28Somalia 117
29Ghana 121
30Benin 122
31Zimbabwe 134
32Mauritania 135
33Bhutan 155
34Chad 156
35Zambia 165
World Avg 819
q=182.

9. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
48
Pos.Lower is better48
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
102Mexico89.5
103India89.75
104Ethiopia90.5
105Zimbabwe92.75
106Ivory Coast93.33
107Burkina Faso93.75
108Belarus94.75
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)45
Pos.Lower is better
Rank45
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
95Mexico95
96Guinea96
97St Vincent & Grenadines97
98Zimbabwe98
99Panama99
100Laos100
101Cameroon101
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)45
Pos.Lower is better
Rank45
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
119Brazil119
120Honduras120
121Tanzania121
122Zimbabwe122
123Egypt123
124Burkina Faso124
125Dominican Rep.125
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)45
Pos.Lower is better
Rank45
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
67Sweden67
68Congo, (Brazzaville)68
69Bulgaria69
70Zimbabwe70
71Spain71
72USA72
73Cyprus73
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)45
Pos.Lower is better
Rank45
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
148Bahamas148
149Marshall Islands149
150Burundi150
151Zimbabwe151
152Grenada152
153Angola153
154Guyana154
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)45
Pos.Lower is better
Rank45
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
23Hungary23
24Jordan24
25Mauritius25
26Zimbabwe26
27Canada27
28Trinidad & Tobago28
29Timor-Leste (E. Timor)29
q=163.
Life Satisfaction (2011)49
Pos.Higher is better49
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
97Hungary4.9
98Libya4.9
99Palestine4.8
100Zimbabwe4.8
101Iran4.8
102Nigeria4.8
103Dominican Rep.4.7
104Tunisia4.7
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)19
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $19
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
171Uganda$1 670
172Haiti$1 657
173Rwanda$1 617
174Zimbabwe$1 588
175Solomon Islands$1 561
176Gambia$1 541
177Burkina Faso$1 537
178Sierra Leone$1 529
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)50
Pos.Higher is better50
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
146Comoros44.2
147Mali43.7
148Rwanda43.7
149Zimbabwe43.4
150Cambodia43.2
151Solomon Islands43.2
152Iraq43.2
153Laos42.9
q=180.
LGBT Equality (2017)51
Pos.Higher is better
Score51
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
165Yemen-22
166Turkmenistan-24
167Lebanon-24
168Zimbabwe-24
169St Kitts & Nevis-25
170Botswana-25
171Ghana-25
172Pakistan-26
q=196.
IQ (2006)52
Pos.Higher is better52
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3Korea, S.106
...
128Liberia67
129Haiti67
130Gambia66
131Zimbabwe66
132Senegal66
133Sierra Leone64
134Mozambique64
135Ethiopia64
q=138.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2017 Jun 21
http://www.humantruth.info/zimbabwe.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#alcohol #belief #buddhism #burundi #charity #christianity #corruption #demographics #economics #eritrea #france #freedom #gender #god #happiness #health #hinduism #homosexuality #human_development #human_rights #immigration #indonesia #intelligence #internet #islam #judaism #life_expectancy #mass_media #misogyny #morals #overpopulation #parenting #peace #politics #population #religion #slavery #smoking #the_environment #the_internet #UK #vaccines #women #Zimbabwe

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Book Cover

The Good Country Index. Published by The Good Country Inc., New York, USA. Website: goodcountry.org. The Good Country Index gauges how well countries are doing in helping international development. Edition 1.2 (2017) has 35 criteria.

Casely-Hayford, Gus
(2012) The Lost Kingdoms of Africa. Published by Bantram Press. A hardback book.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2018) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2018). Accessed 2018 Aug 22.

Donnelly, Jack
(2013) Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice. 3rd edition. Published by Cornell University Press.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Klein, Naomi
(2004) No Logo. Originally published 2000, HarperCollins, London, UK. A paperback book.

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg. Published in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

McCall, Andrew
(1979) The Medieval Underworld. 2004 edition. Published by Sutton Publishing. A paperback book.

Thomson, Oliver
(1993) A History of Sin. Published by Canongate Press. A hardback book.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Available on hdr.undp.org/... UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Available on hdr.undp.org/... UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/.

Walk Free Foundation
(2018) Global Slavery Index. Published on www.walkfreefoundation.org/.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017). Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017). Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013). Https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/zi.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. Lonely Planet (2014). Chapter "Zimbabwe".^
  11. UN (2017). Table 1. Lower is better.^
  12. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2018)^
  13. Donnelly (2013) .^
  14. Donnelly (2013). P171. Added to this page on 2015 Sep 14.^
  15. Donnelly (2013). Chapter 16 "Nondiscrimination for All: The Case of Sexual Minorities" p279. Added to this page on 2015 Sep 14.^
  16. UN (2017). Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  17. UN (2013). Table 11.^
  18. UN (2013). Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  19. UN (2017). Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  20. UN (2013). Table 14.^
  21. Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (2017). Accessed 2017 Dec 30. The scores given are the TI average for the years 2012-2016.^
  22. ^
  23. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  24. Fraser Institute, the (2016). Covers data for 2014.^
  25. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  26. Walk Free Foundation (2018) .^
  27. Thomson (1993). P28.^
  28. McCall (1979). P180.^
  29. Thomson (1993). P166.^
  30. Casely-Hayford (2012). P253.^
  31. Thomson (1993). P31.^
  32. Thomson (1993). P199.^
  33. Thomson (1993). P28-29.^
  34. Klein (2004) .^
  35. Walk Free Foundation (2018). P2.^
  36. UN (2017). Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  37. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 2.6. Women Stand for Election & Vote" by Vexen Crabtree (2018)^
  38. Gallup (2009) .^
  39. Zuckerman, P. (2007). Atheism: contemporary numbers and patterns. In M.Martin (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. In "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" by Lynn et al. (2009)52.^
  40. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  41. CIA (2013). Https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  42. Freedom House publication "Freedom on the Net 2012" at www.freedomhouse.org/.../FOTN%202012%20-%20Tables%20and%20Charts%20FINAL.pdf accessed 2013 Feb 05.^
  43. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  44. WHO (2014). Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  45. The Good Country Index (2017) .^^
  46. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  47. Annual Cigarette Consumption Per Adult (age 15 and above) - compustible cigarettes. Euromonitor International (2014), via tobaccoatlas.org/topic/cigarette-use-globally/ . Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  48. Charities Aid Foundation. Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  49. UN (2013). Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  50. Yale University Center for Environmental Law & Policy 2018 EPI.^
  51. Sources:^
  52. Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg (2009) .^

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