The Human Truth Foundation

Zimbabwe (Republic of Zimbabwe)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe
Republic of Zimbabwe
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index172nd best
CapitalHarare
Land Area1 386 850 km2
LocationAfrica
Population2 13.01 million
Life Expectancy352.691yrs (2012)
GNI3$ 424
ISO3166-1 Codes4ZW, ZWE, 716
Internet Domain5.zw
Currency6Dollar (ZWD)
Telephone7+263

1. Overview

#UK

The UK annexed Southern Rhodesia from the [British] South Africa Company in 1923. A 1961 constitution was formulated that favored whites in power. In 1965 the government unilaterally declared its independence, but the UK did not recognize the act and demanded more complete voting rights for the black African majority in the country (then called Rhodesia). UN sanctions and a guerrilla uprising finally led to free elections in 1979 and independence (as Zimbabwe) in 1980. Robert MUGABE, the nation's first prime minister, has been the country's only ruler (as president since 1987) and has dominated the country's political system since independence. His chaotic land redistribution campaign, which began in 2000, caused an exodus of white farmers, crippled the economy, and ushered in widespread shortages of basic commodities. Ignoring international condemnation, MUGABE rigged the 2002 presidential election to ensure his reelection. In April 2005, Harare embarked on Operation Restore Order, ostensibly an urban rationalization program, which resulted in the destruction of the homes or businesses of 700,000 mostly poor supporters of the opposition. President MUGABE in June 2007 instituted price controls on all basic commodities causing panic buying and leaving store shelves empty for months. General elections held in March 2008 contained irregularities but still amounted to a censure of the ZANU-PF-led government with the opposition winning a majority of seats in parliament. MDC opposition leader Morgan TSVANGIRAI won the most votes in the presidential polls, but not enough to win outright. In the lead up to a run-off election in late June 2008, considerable violence enacted against opposition party members led to the withdrawal of TSVANGIRAI from the ballot. Extensive evidence of violence and intimidation resulted in international condemnation of the process. Difficult negotiations over a power-sharing government, in which MUGABE remained president and TSVANGIRAI became prime minister, were finally settled in February 2009, although the leaders failed to agree upon many key outstanding governmental issues. MUGABE since 2010 has called for early elections - his term does not expire until June 2013 - but no election has been held.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Zimbabwe National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
169Comoros42.943.1
170Malawi41.832.5
171Sudan41.433.1
172Zimbabwe39.738.2
173Ethiopia39.631.6
174Liberia38.832.2
175Afghanistan37.426.7
176Guinea-Bissau36.435.1
177Sierra Leone35.926.9
178Guinea35.534.2
179Burundi35.525.2
180Central African Rep.35.230.9
181Eritrea35.134.5
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
169Togo41.6
170Mozambique41.6
171Rwanda41.6
172Zimbabwe41.4
173Benin41.3
174India41.0
175Saudi Arabia40.8
176Equatorial Guinea39.7
177Ethiopia38.2
178Burundi38.2
179Pakistan38.1
180Guinea-Bissau37.5
181Mali35.9
182Niger35.4
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

Zimbabwe has such a poor Human Rights record that political theorist Jack Donnelly in his book Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice included it amongst 3 countries for which "compliance with international human rights standards would mean removal of those in power"9. Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe has a particular hate for gay and lesbian folk, and over the last two decades has stated repeatedly that "gays are worse than dogs and pigs"10.

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
177Nigeria52.3
178Cameroon52.1
179Mali51.9
180Zimbabwe52.7
181Somalia51.5
182Angola51.5
183Equatorial Guinea51.4
184Burundi50.9
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
122Philippines3.1
123Lesotho3.1
124Namibia3.1
125Zimbabwe3.1
126Tajikistan3.2
127Haiti3.2
128Gabon3.2
129Swaziland3.2
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
68Cambodia 14.48m82
69Zambia 13.88m19
70Senegal 13.11m68
71Zimbabwe 13.01m34
72Chad 11.83m9
73Greece 11.42m89
74Rwanda 11.27m457
Data Source

Zimbabwe's population is predicted to rise to 17.63 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 3.15.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
169Mozambique1975
170Portugal1976
171Guinea-Bissau1977
172Zimbabwe1978
173Micronesia1979
174Marshall Islands1979
175Palau1979
176Vanuatu1980
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
113Lesotho0.53
114Guatemala0.54
115Senegal0.54
116Zimbabwe0.54
117Qatar0.55
118Syria0.55
119Tanzania0.56
120Iraq0.56
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Zimbabwe is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
51Laos5%
52Mozambique5%
53Portugal4%
54Zimbabwe4%
55Namibia4%
56Mexico4%
57Georgia4%
58Argentina4%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
65Ivory Coast88%
66Panama88%
67Guatemala88%
68Zimbabwe88%
69Bolivia89%
70Tanzania89%
71Syria89%
72India90%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below11:

Christian87%
Muslim0.9%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion3.8%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated7.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, Muslim and other 1%12.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
28Azerbaijan50
29Rwanda51
30Russia52
31Zimbabwe54
32Sri Lanka55
33Kazakhstan58
34Egypt59
35Thailand61
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
127Tonga12.01
128Sri Lanka12.00
129Tajikistan11.55
130Zimbabwe11.50
131Honduras11.09
132Tanzania11.00
133Guatemala10.50
134Zambia10.12
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)13
CountryValue13
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
102Mexico89.5
103India89.75
104Ethiopia90.5
105Zimbabwe92.75
106Ivory Coast93.33
107Burkina Faso93.75
108Belarus94.75
109Poland96.5
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
137Chad5.3
138Guinea-Bissau5.2
139Angola5.1
140Congo, DR5.0
141Congo, (Brazzaville)4.7
142Myanmar (Burma)4.3
143Zimbabwe4.3
144Venezuela4.0
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
136Ethiopia2.50
137Burundi2.52
138Myanmar (Burma)2.53
139Zimbabwe2.54
140Georgia2.54
141India2.55
142Yemen2.60
143Colombia2.62
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
126Liberia67
127Guinea67
128Gambia66
129Zimbabwe66
130Senegal66
131Cameroon64
132Central African Rep.64
133Congo, (Brazzaville)64
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
151Cuba11
152Barbados11
153Thailand11
154Zimbabwe11
155Vatican City10
156Vietnam10
157Vanuatu10
158Saudi Arabia10
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
129Angola99.4
130Libya99.4
131Burundi99.4
132Zimbabwe99.4
133Jordan99.4
134Thailand99.4
135Morocco99.4
136Ethiopia99.4
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
180Malawi$ 774
181Central African Rep.$ 722
182Niger$ 701
183Burundi$ 544
184Eritrea$ 531
185Liberia$ 480
186Zimbabwe$ 424
187Congo, DR$ 319
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
97Hungary4.9
98Kyrgyzstan4.9
99Palestine4.8
100Zimbabwe4.8
101Iran4.8
102Nigeria4.8
103S. Africa4.7
104Bosnia & Herzegovina4.7
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
123Yemen48.3
124Pakistan48.0
125Tanzania47.9
126Zimbabwe47.8
127Burkina Faso47.3
128Sudan47.1
129Zambia47.0
130Oman45.9
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
152Ethiopia-30
153Somalia-30
154Uzbekistan-30
155Zimbabwe-30
156Ghana-30
157Mauritius-40
158Turkmenistan-40
159Algeria-40
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2015 Sep 14
http://www.humantruth.info/zimbabwe.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Book Cover

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Donnelly, Jack
(2013) Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice. 3rd edition. Published by Cornell University Press.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/zi.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Donnelly (2013) p171. Added to this page on 2015 Sep 14.^
  10. Donnelly (2013) p279. Added to this page on 2015 Sep 14.^
  11. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  12. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  13. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^

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