Spain (Kingdom of Spain)

#Spain

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Spain
Kingdom of Spain
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index22nd best
CapitalMadrid
Land Area1 498 800 km2
LocationEurope, Mediterranean
Population2 46.77 million
Life Expectancy381.64yrs (2012)
GNI3$25 947
ISO3166-1 Codes4ES, ESP, 724
Internet Domain5.es
Currency6Euro (EUR)
Telephone7+34

1. Overview

Spain's powerful world empire of the 16th and 17th centuries ultimately yielded command of the seas to England. Subsequent failure to embrace the mercantile and industrial revolutions caused the country to fall behind Britain, France, and Germany in economic and political power. Spain remained neutral in World Wars I and II but suffered through a devastating civil war (1936-39). A peaceful transition to democracy following the death of dictator Francisco FRANCO in 1975, and rapid economic modernization (Spain joined the EU in 1986) gave Spain a dynamic and rapidly growing economy and made it a global champion of freedom and human rights. More recently the government has had to focus on measures to reverse a severe economic recession that began in mid-2008. Austerity measures implemented to reduce a large budget deficit and reassure foreign investors have led to one of the highest unemployment rates in Europe.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Spain National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
20France89.380.7
21Finland89.281.7
22Slovenia89.284.4
23Spain88.578.9
24Liechtenstein88.390.4
25Italy88.179.5
26Luxembourg87.580.9
27UK87.580.4
28Czech Rep.87.383.9
29Greece86.078.7
30Brunei85.579.7
31Cyprus84.879.5
32Malta84.777.1
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
19UK78.5
20Ireland78.2
21Liechtenstein76.6
22Spain76.4
23Hong Kong76.2
24Czech Rep.76.1
25Korea, S.76.0
26St Vincent & Grenadines74.9
27Taiwan74.7
28Slovakia74.4
29Slovenia74.4
30Lithuania73.7
31Portugal73.6
32Latvia71.5
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
9Israel81.9
10France81.7
11Sweden81.6
12Spain81.6
13Singapore81.2
14Norway81.3
15Canada81.1
16Andorra81.1
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
77Albania1.5
78Latvia1.5
79Czech Rep.1.5
80Spain1.5
81Croatia1.5
82Dominican Rep.2.5
83Lithuania1.5
84Kazakhstan2.5
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
26Korea, S. 48.59m500
27Tanzania 47.66m54
28Colombia 47.55m43
29Spain 46.77m94
30Ukraine 44.94m78
31Kenya 42.75m75
32Argentina 41.12m15
Data Source

Spain's population is predicted to rise to 50. million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.50. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
32Turkmenistan1927
33UK1928
34S. Africa1930
35Spain1931
36Sri Lanka1931
37Maldives1932
38Uruguay1932
39Thailand1932
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
12Belgium0.10
13Singapore0.10
14Austria0.10
15Spain0.10
16Portugal0.11
17Australia0.12
18Canada0.12
19Ireland0.12
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Spain is on the way towards ending gender inequality.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
31Iceland16%
32Greece16%
33Israel15%
34Spain15%
35Armenia14%
36Lithuania13%
37Singapore13%
38Uruguay12%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
21Korea, S.43%
22Ukraine46%
23Slovenia47%
24Spain49%
25Azerbaijan50%
26Israel51%
27Uzbekistan51%
28Ireland54%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian78.6%
Muslim2.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated19%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 81.1% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 49% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Roman Catholic 94%, other 6%10.

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
232Malaysia0.96
231Saudi Arabia0.94
230Kuwait0.93
229Spain0.88
228Laos0.86
227Iran0.85
226Ethiopia0.84
225Ivory Coast0.82
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
32Ireland69.77
33Slovenia69.34
34Czech Rep.68.64
35Spain65.81
36Israel65.39
37Hungary65.16
38Malta63.08
39Lithuania62.81
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
32Luxembourg7.5
33Korea, S.7.5
34Panama7.5
35Spain7.5
36Netherlands7.5
37Slovakia7.5
38Romania7.4
39Bahamas7.4
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
22Australia1.49
23Singapore1.52
24Poland1.52
25Spain1.55
26Slovakia1.59
27Taiwan1.60
28Netherlands1.61
29UK1.61
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
21Belgium99
22Latvia98
23Hungary98
24Spain98
25Australia98
26USA98
27Denmark98
28Czech Rep.98
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
4Spain23
5Slovenia23
6Mexico23
7Serbia23
8Sweden23
9Uruguay23
10Chile23
11Costa Rica23
12Paraguay23
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
32USA99.2
33Lithuania99.2
34Slovenia99.2
35Spain99.2
36France99.2
37El Salvador99.2
38Latvia99.2
39Botswana99.2
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2911
2Israel4.1111
3Japan3.5811
...
26Italy1.2911
27Portugal1.2811
28Luxembourg1.2611
29Spain1.2211
30Russia1.1911
31New Zealand1.1712
32Brazil1.1513
33Malaysia1.1313
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
28Bahamas$27 401
29Israel$26 224
30Italy$26 158
31Spain$25 947
32New Zealand$24 358
33Oman$24 092
34Slovenia$23 999
35Cyprus$23 825
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
35Qatar6.6
36Singapore6.5
37Belize6.5
38Spain6.5
39Colombia6.4
40Argentina6.4
41Czech Rep.6.3
42Guatemala6.3
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
22Czech Rep.71.6
23Panama71.4
24Albania71.4
25Spain70.6
26Belize69.9
27Antigua & Barbuda69.8
28Singapore69.6
29Peru69.3
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
4Sweden255
5Spain245
6S. Africa241
7Denmark225
8Iceland220
9Andorra210
10Norway210
11Argentina200
12Brazil196
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/spain.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sp.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2013.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2012.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.