By Vexen Crabtree 2013
|Timor-Leste (East Timor)|
Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
|Social and Moral Index||107th best|
|Land Area||14 870 km21|
|Population||1.187 million (2011)2|
|Life Expectancy||68.51yrs (2017)3|
|GNI||$5 371 (2017)4|
|ISO3166-1 Codes||TL, TLS, 6265|
|Internet Domain||.tp, .tl6|
“The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied Portuguese Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of Timor Timur (East Timor). An unsuccessful campaign of pacification followed over the next two decades, during which an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 individuals lost their lives. On 30 August 1999, in a UN-supervised popular referendum, an overwhelming majority of the people of Timor-Leste voted for independence from Indonesia. However, in the next three weeks, anti-independence Timorese militias - organized and supported by the Indonesian military - commenced a large-scale, scorched-earth campaign of retribution. The militias killed approximately 1,400 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into western Timor as refugees. Most of the country's infrastructure, including homes, irrigation systems, water supply systems, and schools, and nearly 100% of the country's electrical grid were destroyed. On 20 September 1999, Australian-led peacekeeping troops deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. On 20 May 2002, Timor-Leste was internationally recognized as an independent state. In 2006, internal tensions threatened the new nation's security when a military strike led to violence and a breakdown of law and order. At Dili's request, an Australian-led International Stabilization Force (ISF) deployed to Timor-Leste, and the UN Security Council established the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT), which included an authorized police presence of over 1,600 personnel. The ISF and UNMIT restored stability, allowing for presidential and parliamentary elections in 2007 in a largely peaceful atmosphere. In February 2008, a rebel group staged an unsuccessful attack against the president and prime minister. The ringleader was killed in the attack, and most of the rebels surrendered in April 2008. Since the attack, the government has enjoyed one of its longest periods of post-independence stability, including successful 2012 elections for both the parliament and president. In late 2012, the UN Security Council voted to end its peacekeeping mission in Timor-Leste and both the ISF and UNMIT departed the country by the end of the year.”
CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9
|UN HDI (2016)10|
Lower is better10
|133||Timor-Leste (E. Timor)||133|
|142||Sao Tome & Principe||142|
|Social and Moral Development|
|107||Timor-Leste (E. Timor)||55.8|
The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..
The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).
|Life Expectancy (2015)11|
Higher is better11
|131||Timor-Leste (E. Timor)||68.51|
|Fertility Rate (2013)12|
Lower is better12
|3||St Vincent & Grenadines||2.01|
|175||Timor-Leste (E. Timor)||5.99|
|155||Timor-Leste (E. Timor)||1.187m||80|
|Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13|
Lower is better13
|55||Timor-Leste (E. Timor)||08.2|
Timor-Leste (East Timor)'s population is predicted to rise to 1.989 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 5.99. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.
Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.
Timor-Leste (East Timor) is notable for its equality between the sexes.
Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below14:
The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 98%, Muslim 1%, Protestant 1% (2005)15.
|Internet Users (2016)16|
Higher is better16
|200||Timor-Leste (E. Timor)||1%|
Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.
|Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)17|
Lower is better17
|105||Timor-Leste (E. Timor)||46.6|
|Alcohol Consumption (2010)18|
Lower is better18
|14||Timor-Leste (E. Timor)||0.6|
|Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)19|
Higher is better19
|168||Timor-Leste (E. Timor)||76.5|
|Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)20|
Lower is better20
|121||Timor-Leste (E. Timor)||120|
|Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)21|
Higher is better21
|76||Timor-Leste (E. Timor)||17|
|Press Freedom (2013)22|
Lower is better22
|89||Timor-Leste (E. Timor)||2872|
|Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11|
Higher is better11
|132||Timor-Leste (E. Timor)||$5 371|
|LGBT Equality (2013)23|
Higher is better23
|77||Timor-Leste (E. Timor)||20|
All #tags used on this page - click for more:
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 May 24.
The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..
World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.
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