Timor-Leste (East Timor) (Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste)

#Timor-Leste_(East_Timor)

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Timor-Leste (East Timor)
Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index115th best
CapitalDili
Land Area1 14 870 km2
LocationAsia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population21.187 million
Life Expectancy362.935yrs (2012)
GNI3$5 446
ISO3166-1 Codes4TL, TLS, 626
Internet Domain5.tp, .tl
Currency6Dollar (USD)
Telephone7+670

1. Overview

The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied Portuguese Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of Timor Timur (East Timor). An unsuccessful campaign of pacification followed over the next two decades, during which an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 individuals lost their lives. On 30 August 1999, in a UN-supervised popular referendum, an overwhelming majority of the people of Timor-Leste voted for independence from Indonesia. However, in the next three weeks, anti-independence Timorese militias - organized and supported by the Indonesian military - commenced a large-scale, scorched-earth campaign of retribution. The militias killed approximately 1,400 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into western Timor as refugees. Most of the country's infrastructure, including homes, irrigation systems, water supply systems, and schools, and nearly 100% of the country's electrical grid were destroyed. On 20 September 1999, Australian-led peacekeeping troops deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. On 20 May 2002, Timor-Leste was internationally recognized as an independent state. In 2006, internal tensions threatened the new nation's security when a military strike led to violence and a breakdown of law and order. At Dili's request, an Australian-led International Stabilization Force (ISF) deployed to Timor-Leste, and the UN Security Council established the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT), which included an authorized police presence of over 1,600 personnel. The ISF and UNMIT restored stability, allowing for presidential and parliamentary elections in 2007 in a largely peaceful atmosphere. In February 2008, a rebel group staged an unsuccessful attack against the president and prime minister. The ringleader was killed in the attack, and most of the rebels surrendered in April 2008. Since the attack, the government has enjoyed one of its longest periods of post-independence stability, including successful 2012 elections for both the parliament and president. In late 2012, the UN Security Council voted to end its peacekeeping mission in Timor-Leste and both the ISF and UNMIT departed the country by the end of the year.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Timor-Leste (East Timor) National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
131Iraq59.056.7
132Cape Verde58.654.5
133Guatemala58.149.7
134Timor-Leste (E. Timor)57.644.8
135Ghana55.844.7
136India55.443.9
137Equatorial Guinea55.451.1
138Laos54.344.8
139Cambodia54.347.8
140Bhutan53.851.8
141Swaziland53.651.3
142Congo, (Brazzaville)53.449.3
143Solomon Islands53.049.3
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
112Sao Tome & Principe53.2
113Guatemala53.1
114Micronesia53.0
115Timor-Leste (E. Timor)53.0
116Samoa53.0
117Namibia52.8
118Palestine52.7
119Vietnam52.5
120Algeria52.4
121Botswana52.3
122Bahrain52.1
123Uzbekistan52.0
124Tajikistan51.3
125Egypt51.3
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
148Cambodia63.6
149Papua New Guinea63.1
150Gabon63.1
151Timor-Leste (E. Timor)62.9
152Namibia62.6
153Haiti62.4
154Eritrea62
155Sudan61.8
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
172Chad5.8
173Uganda6.0
174Malawi6.0
175Timor-Leste (E. Timor)6.0
176Afghanistan6.0
177Mali6.2
178Zambia6.3
179Somalia6.3
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
152Estonia1.34m32
153Mauritius1.314m647
154Swaziland1.22m71
155Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.187m80
156Cyprus1.129m122
157Djibouti922 70840
158Fiji875 82248
Data Source

Timor-Leste (East Timor)'s population is predicted to rise to 1.989 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 5.99. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian99%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 98%, Muslim 1%, Protestant 1% (2005)10.

Links:

5. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
176Burkina Faso1.40
177Papua New Guinea1.28
178Cambodia1.26
179Guinea1.00
180Niger0.83
181Ethiopia0.75
182Congo, DR0.72
183Timor-Leste (E. Timor)0.21
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

6. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
72Niger18
73Kyrgyzstan18
74Moldova18
75Timor-Leste (E. Timor)17
76Russia17
77Turkey17
78Estonia17
79Guinea17
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
86Bulgaria99.3
87Madagascar99.3
88Gabon99.3
89Timor-Leste (E. Timor)99.3
90Paraguay99.3
91Guinea-Bissau99.3
92Seychelles99.3
93Northern Cyprus99.3
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
102El Salvador$5 915
103Armenia$5 540
104Cuba$5 539
105Timor-Leste (E. Timor)$5 446
106Egypt$5 401
107Belize$5 327
108Jordan$5 272
109Bhutan$5 246
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
84Korea, S.20
85San Marino20
86Panama20
87Timor-Leste (E. Timor)20
88Ascension Islands20
89Kosovo20
90Russia20
91Ukraine20
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/timor-leste_(east_timor).html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

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References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tt.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.