The Human Truth Foundation

Timor-Leste (East Timor) (Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Timor-Leste (East Timor)
Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index142nd best
CapitalDili
Land Area 14 870km21
LocationAsia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population1.3m2
Life Expectancy68.51yrs (2017)3
GNI$5 371 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesTL, TLS, 6265
Internet Domain.tp, .tl6
CurrencyDollar (USD)7
Telephone+6708

1. Overview

#indonesia #japan #portugal

The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied Portuguese Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of Timor Timur (East Timor). An unsuccessful campaign of pacification followed over the next two decades, during which an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 individuals lost their lives. On 30 August 1999, in a UN-supervised popular referendum, an overwhelming majority of the people of Timor-Leste voted for independence from Indonesia. However, in the next three weeks, anti-independence Timorese militias - organized and supported by the Indonesian military - commenced a large-scale, scorched-earth campaign of retribution. The militias killed approximately 1,400 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into western Timor as refugees. Most of the country's infrastructure, including homes, irrigation systems, water supply systems, and schools, and nearly 100% of the country's electrical grid were destroyed. On 20 September 1999, Australian-led peacekeeping troops deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. On 20 May 2002, Timor-Leste was internationally recognized as an independent state. In 2006, internal tensions threatened the new nation's security when a military strike led to violence and a breakdown of law and order. At Dili's request, an Australian-led International Stabilization Force (ISF) deployed to Timor-Leste, and the UN Security Council established the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT), which included an authorized police presence of over 1,600 personnel. The ISF and UNMIT restored stability, allowing for presidential and parliamentary elections in 2007 in a largely peaceful atmosphere. In February 2008, a rebel group staged an unsuccessful attack against the president and prime minister. The ringleader was killed in the attack, and most of the rebels surrendered in April 2008. Since the attack, the government has enjoyed one of its longest periods of post-independence stability, including successful 2012 elections for both the parliament and president. In late 2012, the UN Security Council voted to end its peacekeeping mission in Timor-Leste and both the ISF and UNMIT departed the country by the end of the year.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverWith mountains to climb and untouched reefs to dive, Asia´s newest country, Timor-Leste, is a winner. It´s home to a youthful population and a diverse international presence that adds just the right amount of spice. Its capital, Dili, has all the bright lights, but venture out for wild cultural experiences. Stay in a grand Portuguese pousada on a misty hilltop, or at a quiet island ecolodge. Get rowdy dancing the night away, journey down roads alongside herds of buffalo, then wind up through rainforests dotted with coffee plants. Keep an eye out for whales as you hug the cliffs along the north-coast road. Photogenic white-sand beaches with aqua waters tempt swimmers and for those who want to delve deeper, Dili-based dive companies have spent the past decade discovering world-class dive sites.Timor-Leste richly rewards those who venture to its mountainous interior for trekking, hot springs, dense jungles and raging rivers. Getting there is a major part of the adventure, whether by vehicle, mountain bike, foot or even Timor pony - however, it is well worth the effort. Trailblaze your way through this amazing country: it´s adventure with a smile.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Timor-Leste (East Timor) National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
130Honduras130
131India131
132Bhutan132
133Timor-Leste (E. Timor)133
134Vanuatu134
135Congo, (Brazzaville)135
136Equatorial Guinea135
137Kiribati137
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
129Nigeria$5 443
130Tuvalu$5 395
131Samoa$5 372
132Timor-Leste (E. Timor)$5 371
133Vietnam$5 335
134Tonga$5 284
135Palestine$5 256
136Laos$5 049
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
139Tanzania104.4
140Libya106.5
141Laos107.0
142Timor-Leste (E. Timor)107.5
143Togo108.1
144Cambodia108.6
145Malawi109.0
146Mali110.1
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Timor-Leste (East Timor)'s Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Timor-Leste (East Timor)'s population is predicted to rise to 1.989 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 5.99. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
151Trinidad & Tobago1.4m
152Estonia1.3m
153Equatorial Guinea1.3m
154Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.3m
155Mauritius1.3m
156Cyprus1.2m
157Swaziland1.1m
158Djibouti1.0m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
128Indonesia69.05
129Cambodia68.81
130Bolivia68.74
131Timor-Leste (E. Timor)68.51
132Philippines68.34
133India68.32
134Solomon Islands68.11
135Senegal66.93
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
172Chad5.79
173Uganda5.95
174Malawi5.98
175Timor-Leste (E. Timor)5.99
176Afghanistan6.03
177Mali6.16
178Zambia6.30
179Somalia6.30
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
52Oman07.8
53Jordan08.0
54Laos08.1
55Timor-Leste (E. Timor)08.2
56Belize08.3
57Gabon08.5
58Pakistan08.6
59Bahrain08.7
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
155Guinea1.0%
156Iraq1.0%
157Mexico0.9%
158Timor-Leste (E. Timor)0.9%
159Zambia0.9%
160Bangladesh0.9%
161Tanzania0.9%
162Mozambique0.8%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
161Gabon1.7%
162Vanuatu1.6%
163Djibouti1.5%
164Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.4%
165Zambia1.4%
166Cameroon1.4%
167Malawi1.4%
168Congo, DR1.3%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Timor-Leste (East Timor)'s Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #mass_media #morals #politics #prejudice #slavery #tolerance

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)19,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank19,20
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
127Kuwait104.3
128Togo104.8
129Bahrain106.9
130Timor-Leste (E. Timor)107.7
131Indonesia107.7
132Sierra Leone109.6
133Saudi Arabia110.1
134Laos110.6
135Algeria110.6
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway19. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine19.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe19, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia19.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)21
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties21
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
73Niger18
74El Salvador18
75Mongolia17
76Timor-Leste (E. Timor)17
77Estonia17
78Turkmenistan17
79Turkey17
80Morocco17
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)22
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty22
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
163Liberia13.61
164San Marino13.63
165Saudi Arabia13.73
166Timor-Leste (E. Timor)13.73
167Grenada13.86
168Bahamas13.93
169Zimbabwe13.95
170Djibouti13.99
World Avg10.02
q=195.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)23
Pos.Lower is better
Rank23
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
118UAE118
119Guinea-Bissau118
120Oman120
121Timor-Leste (E. Timor)120
122Burundi122
123Tunisia123
124Mali124
125Gambia125
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)24
Pos.Lower is better24
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
86Bulgaria2858
87Madagascar2862
88Gabon2869
89Timor-Leste (E. Timor)2872
90Paraguay2878
91Guinea-Bissau2894
92Seychelles2919
93Northern Cyprus2934
World Avg3249
q=178.
Slavery (2018)25
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims25
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
...
133Madagascar0.75
134Malawi0.75
135Uganda0.76
136Timor-Leste (E. Timor)0.77
137Philippines0.77
138Libya0.77
139Nigeria0.77
140Guinea0.78
World Avg0.65
q=167.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)26
Pos.Higher is better
Score26
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
58Bulgaria33
59Fiji32
60S. Korea30
61Timor-Leste (E. Timor)30
62Costa Rica30
63Suriname30
64Venezuela30
65Lithuania30
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Timor-Leste (East Timor)'s Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #vaccines

Health (2020)27,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank27,20
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
137Bulgaria104.0
138Syria104.9
139Romania105.1
140Timor-Leste (E. Timor)105.3
141Lesotho105.8
142Kenya106.4
143Senegal107.5
144Zimbabwe107.6
145Mauritania107.8
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives27. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea27.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe27, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia27.

Health:

Timor-Leste (East Timor) is a pretty unhealthy country. Timor-Leste (E. Timor) does better than average in its alcohol consumption rate28. But that's it. Timor-Leste (E. Timor) has problems. It does worse than average in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance29, its adolescent birth rate30, its average life expectancy12 and in its immunizations take-up31. And finally, it falls into the worst-performing 20 for its fertility rate15 (one of the highest in Asia). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
128Indonesia69.05
129Cambodia68.81
130Bolivia68.74
131Timor-Leste (E. Timor)68.51
132Philippines68.34
133India68.32
134Solomon Islands68.11
135Senegal66.93
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)28
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita28
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
43Nepal2.0
44Singapore2.0
45Turkey2.0
46Timor-Leste (E. Timor)2.1
47Mozambique2.4
48Samoa2.5
49Micronesia2.5
50Guatemala2.5
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
172Chad5.79
173Uganda5.95
174Malawi5.98
175Timor-Leste (E. Timor)5.99
176Afghanistan6.03
177Mali6.16
178Zambia6.30
179Somalia6.30
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
102Equatorial Guinea102
103Barbados103
104Venezuela104
105Timor-Leste (E. Timor)105
106Serbia106
107Zimbabwe107
108Central African Rep.108
109Benin109
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)32
Pos.Lower is better
%32
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
4Ethiopia20.9
5Nepal21.0
6Timor-Leste (E. Timor)21.6
7Cambodia21.7
8Niger22.0
9Eritrea22.0
10Burundi22.2
11Uganda22.4
12Afghanistan23.0
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)30
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100030
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
102S. Africa45.5
103Cuba45.6
104Suriname46.1
105Timor-Leste (E. Timor)46.6
106Chile47.8
107Solomon Islands48.4
108Peru49.1
109Indonesia49.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)31
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %31
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
165Sweden77.8
166Ivory Coast76.9
167Congo, DR76.5
168Timor-Leste (E. Timor)76.5
169Indonesia76.4
170Mali76.0
171India75.1
172Ethiopia73.9
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Timor-Leste (East Timor)'s Modernity and Learning

#education #modernity #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)33
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank33
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
172Chad118.6
173Papua New Guinea119.2
174Haiti119.5
175Niger124.0
176Timor-Leste (E. Timor)127.8
177Sierra Leone128.3
178Djibouti129.2
179Madagascar141.0
180Equatorial Guinea150.0
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Length of Schooling (2018)34
Pos.Higher is better
Years34
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
117Samoa12.5
118Antigua & Barbuda12.5
119Azerbaijan12.4
120Timor-Leste (E. Timor)12.4
121Marshall Islands12.4
122India12.3
123Tuvalu12.3
124Nicaragua12.2
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
70China70
71Burundi71
72Tunisia72
73Timor-Leste (E. Timor)73
74Chile74
75Argentina75
76Costa Rica76
77Jamaica77
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)35
Pos.Higher is better35
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
194Myanmar (Burma)3%
195Sierra Leone2%
196Niger2%
197Guinea2%
198Somalia2%
199Burundi2%
200Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1%
201Eritrea1%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)36
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio36
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
131Tonga0.0
132Myanmar (Burma)0.0
133Morocco0.0
134Timor-Leste (E. Timor)0.0
135Honduras0.0
136Syria0.0
137Nicaragua0.0
138Solomon Islands0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#corruption #politics

Corruption (2012-2016)37
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score37
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
119Vietnam31.4
120Dominican Rep.31.4
121Ivory Coast30.8
122Timor-Leste (E. Timor)30.8
123Togo30.4
124Sierra Leone30.2
125Mozambique30.0
126Guatemala30.0
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Creativity and Culture (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
130Bangladesh130
131Kazakhstan131
132Guinea132
133Timor-Leste (E. Timor)133
134Mali134
135Chad135
136Saudi Arabia136
137Congo, (Brazzaville)137
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
26Zimbabwe26
27Canada27
28Trinidad & Tobago28
29Timor-Leste (E. Timor)29
30Burkina Faso30
31Lebanon31
32Barbados32
33Mongolia33
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
46Burkina Faso46
47Philippines47
48UK48
49Timor-Leste (E. Timor)49
50Ireland50
51Norway51
52Finland52
53France53
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
99Mexico99
100Senegal100
101Georgia101
102Timor-Leste (E. Timor)102
103Barbados103
104Armenia104
105Suriname105
106Namibia106
World Avg82.0
q=163.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)38
Pos.Higher is better
%38
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
168Cambodia-26.9
169Chad-27.3
170Paraguay-27.6
171Timor-Leste (E. Timor)-29.0
172Mali-29.5
173El Salvador-29.7
174Nicaragua-31.0
175Zimbabwe-36.6
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)39
Pos.Higher is better39
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
122Micronesia49.8
123Libya49.8
124Ghana49.7
125Timor-Leste (E. Timor)49.5
126Senegal49.5
127Malawi49.2
128Guyana47.9
129Tajikistan47.9
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
187Tuvalu2003 Mar 20
188Thailand2004 Jan 29
189Montenegro2006 Jun 03
190Timor-Leste (E. Timor)2007 Jan 08
191Brunei2008 Jul 27
192Iraq2009 Oct 26
193Somalia2009 Dec 10
194Palestine2015 Apr 02
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)40
Pos.Higher is worse40
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
138Bolivia22.50
137Kenya22.50
136Namibia22.10
135Timor-Leste (E. Timor)21.70
134Eritrea21.40
133Senegal21.20
132Madagascar21.10
131India19.70
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)41
Pos.Lower is better
%41
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
14Denmark28.2
15Netherlands28.2
16Serbia28.5
17Timor-Leste (E. Timor)28.7
18Albania29.0
19Sweden29.2
20Malta29.4
21Iraq29.5
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)42
Pos.Lower is better
Severity42
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
66Bangladesh.198
67Pakistan.198
68Haiti.200
69Timor-Leste (E. Timor).210
70Ivory Coast.236
71Yemen.241
72Cameroon.243
73Malawi.243
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below43:

Christian99%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 98%, Muslim 1%, Protestant 1% (2005)44.

Links: