The Human Truth Foundation

Israel (State of Israel)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#israel

Israel
State of Israel
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index45th best
CapitalJerusalem
Land Area 21 640km21
LocationAsia, The Mediterranean, The Middle East
Population8.4m2
Life Expectancy82.56yrs (2017)3
GNI$31 215 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesIL, ISR, 3765
Internet Domain.il6
CurrencyShekel (ILS)7
Telephone+9728

1. Overview

#egypt #israel #lebanon #syria

Following World War II, the British withdrew from their mandate of Palestine, and the UN partitioned the area into Arab and Jewish states, an arrangement rejected by the Arabs. Subsequently, the Israelis defeated the Arabs in a series of wars without ending the deep tensions between the two sides. (The territories Israel occupied since the 1967 war are not included in the Israel country profile, unless otherwise noted.) On 25 April 1982, Israel withdrew from the Sinai pursuant to the 1979 Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty. In keeping with the framework established at the Madrid Conference in October 1991, bilateral negotiations were conducted between Israel and Palestinian representatives and Syria to achieve a permanent settlement. Israel and Palestinian officials signed on 13 September 1993 a Declaration of Principles (also known as the "Oslo Accords") guiding an interim period of Palestinian self-rule. Outstanding territorial and other disputes with Jordan were resolved in the 26 October 1994 Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace. Progress toward a permanent status agreement was undermined by Israeli-Palestinian violence between September 2003 and February 2005. Israel in 2005 unilaterally disengaged from the Gaza Strip, evacuating settlers and its military while retaining control over most points of entry into the Gaza Strip. The election of HAMAS to head the Palestinian Legislative Council in 2006 froze relations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority (PA). In 2006 Israel engaged in a 34-day conflict with Hizballah in Lebanon in June-August 2006 and a 23-day conflict with HAMAS in the Gaza Strip during December 2008 and January 2009. Prime Minister Binyamin NETANYAHU formed a coalition in March 2009 following a February 2009 general election. Direct talks with the PA launched in September 2010 collapsed following the expiration of Israel's 10-month partial settlement construction moratorium in the West Bank.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverAt the intersection of Asia, Europe and Africa, the region of Israel and the Palestinian Territories has been a meeting place of cultures, empires and religions since history began. The Holy Land, cradle of Judaism and Christianity and sacred to Muslims and Baha´is, offers visitors the opportunity to immerse themselves in the richness and variety of their own religious traditions and to discover the beliefs of other faiths.Human beings have lived in Israel and the Palestinian Territories since long before recorded history, and thanks to the painstaking work of archaeologists, you can explore and ponder what they left behind. After you´ve admired the 10,000-year-old mud-brick relics of Jericho, you might find inspiration in Jerusalem´s City of David, which dates from the time of Kings David and Solomon.

Distances are short, so you can relax on a Mediterranean beach one day, spend the next floating in the Dead Sea and the day after that scuba diving in the Red Sea.

In 2012 the Palestinian Territories were elevated to a `non-member observer state´ by the United Nations but as yet a resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict remains only a vague hope.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Israel National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
16UK16
17Japan17
18S. Korea18
19Israel19
20Luxembourg20
21France21
22Belgium22
23Finland23
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
32Italy$33 573
33New Zealand$32 870
34Spain$32 779
35Israel$31 215
36Malta$29 500
37Cyprus$29 459
38Slovenia$28 664
39Czechia$28 144
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
42Mauritius66.5
43Bulgaria66.7
44Brazil66.9
45Israel67.5
46Argentina68.1
47Serbia68.5
48Monaco70.5
49Albania71.4
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Israel's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Israel's population is predicted to rise to 9.816 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.91. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
97Serbia8.8m
98Papua New Guinea8.6m
99Switzerland8.5m
100Israel8.4m
101Togo7.9m
102Sierra Leone7.7m
103Hong Kong7.4m
104Laos7.1m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
4Singapore83.21
5Switzerland83.13
6Spain82.77
7Iceland82.72
8Israel82.56
9Australia82.54
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
116Bosnia & Herzegovina1.13
117Paraguay2.87
118Hong Kong1.12
119Israel2.91
120Jordan2.93
121Honduras3.02
122Philippines3.06
123Lesotho3.08
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
124Trinidad & Tobago21.9
125Bahamas22.4
126Costa Rica22.6
127Israel22.9
128Sri Lanka23.7
129Moldova24.7
130China25.3
131Mauritius25.9
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
17Australia28.8%
18Antigua & Barbuda28.1%
19Brunei25.3%
20Israel23.6%
21Palau23.0%
22New Zealand22.7%
23Canada21.5%
24Kazakhstan20.0%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
44Seychelles14.6%
45New Zealand14.5%
46Ukraine14.4%
47Israel14.0%
48Swaziland13.4%
49Lithuania13.2%
50Romania13.1%
51Iceland13.0%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #gaza_strip #human_rights #israel #palestine #politics #tolerance #west_bank

Israel does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Israel does better than average in opposing gender inequality19 (amongst the best in Asia), LGBT equality20 (the highest in Asia) and in supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms21. Israel does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average for commentary in Human Rights Watch reports22, speed of uptake of HR treaties23, supporting press freedom24 (still good for Asia) and in its nominal commitment to Human Rights25. Critics of Israel (including journalists) faced increasing restrictions in 201726 and its blasphemy law is too vague and wide-ranging27. The Israeli government continues to enforce severe and discriminatory restrictions on Palestinians´ human rights and restricts movement in/out of the Gaza Strip26. Israel does not investigate violent abuses committed by its security forces in Palestinian areas. Unfortunately, the Palestinian Authority (PA) in the West Bank and Hamas in Gaza both conducted their own crackdowns on their own citizens, including making arbitrary arrests and persecuting dissenters.26

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Israel's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #Israel #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
47Slovenia79.8
48Tunisia80.0
49Slovakia80.1
50Israel80.8
51UK80.9
52Hungary81.0
53Brazil81.0
54Macedonia81.5
55Malta81.6
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

Israel does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Israel comes in the best 20 in its average life expectancy12. It does better than average in terms of its suicide rate30, its adolescent birth rate19, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31, its alcohol consumption rate32 and in its immunizations take-up33. Israel does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to its fertility rate15 and in its smoking rate34. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
4Singapore83.21
5Switzerland83.13
6Spain82.77
7Iceland82.72
8Israel82.56
9Australia82.54
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)32
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita32
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
63Malawi3.7
64El Salvador3.8
65Gambia3.8
66Israel3.8
67UAE3.8
68N. Korea3.9
69Honduras4.0
70Jamaica4.2
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
116Bosnia & Herzegovina1.13
117Paraguay2.87
118Hong Kong1.12
119Israel2.91
120Jordan2.93
121Honduras3.02
122Philippines3.06
123Lesotho3.08
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)34
Pos.Higher is worse34
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
144Georgia1 378
143Denmark1 378
142Argentina1 359
141Israel1 346
140Libya1 33335
139Indonesia1 322
138Philippines1 291
137Malta1 266
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)30
Pos.
Per 100k30
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
23Bahrain7.5
24Albania8
25Mexico8.5
26Israel8.5
27Georgia8.8
28Seychelles8.9
29Cyprus9.1
30Uzbekistan9.3
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
48China48
49Singapore49
50Ecuador50
51Israel51
52Slovakia52
53Bulgaria53
54Panama54
55Ukraine55
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)36
Pos.Lower is better
%36
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
162UK63.7
163Fiji63.8
164Canada64.1
165Israel64.3
166Bahamas64.4
167Australia64.5
168Iraq64.6
169Mexico64.9
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)19
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100019
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
28Saudi Arabia8.8
29France8.9
30Croatia9.5
31Israel9.7
32Canada9.8
33Kuwait9.8
34Portugal9.9
35Czechia9.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)33
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %33
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
63Gambia95.4
64Cyprus95.3
65Switzerland95.3
66Israel95.2
67Grenada95.2
68Slovenia95.2
69Macedonia95.2
70Belize95.1
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Israel's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)37
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank37
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
24France22.0
25Luxembourg22.2
26USA24.7
27Israel26.0
28Portugal27.0
29Latvia27.3
30Poland28.1
31Spain28.8
32Greece29.3
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2938
2Israel4.1138
3Japan3.5838
4Finland3.1738
5Sweden3.1638
6Denmark3.0538
7Taiwan3.0138
8Austria3.0039
9Switzerland2.9640
10Germany2.8438
11USA2.7441
12Belgium2.4638
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)42
Pos.Higher is better42
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
41Botswana90.0%
42Serbia89.5%
43Denmark89.3%
44Israel89.1%
45Sweden88.9%
46Mongolia88.8%
47Bahamas88.4%
48Ireland88.3%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)43
Pos.Higher is better
Years43
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
32Switzerland16.2
33Canada16.1
34Estonia16.1
35Israel16.0
36Latvia16.0
37Malta15.9
38Palau15.6
39Russia15.5
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
31Cyprus31
32Ireland32
33Croatia33
34Israel34
35Barbados35
36Estonia36
37Luxembourg37
38USA38
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)44
Pos.Higher is better
Score44
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
36Croatia1426
37Lithuania1425
38Hungary1424
39Israel1416
40Argentina140645
41Malta1391
42Slovakia1389
43Greece1376
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)46
Pos.Lower is better
%46
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
23Slovenia47
24Spain49
25Azerbaijan50
26Israel51
27Uzbekistan51
28Serbia54
29Ireland54
30USA65
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)47
Pos.Higher is better47
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
37Slovenia96
38Slovakia96
39Portugal95
40Israel95
41Kazakhstan94
42Vietnam94
43Armenia94
44Romania94
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
46Hong Kong74%
47Cayman Islands74%
48Macau73%
49Israel73%
50Guam73%
51Poland72%
52Brunei72%
53Slovenia72%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security (2013)49
Pos.Lower is better49
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
4Hong Kong0.12
5Mexico0.16
6Israel0.20
7Colombia0.22
8S. Africa0.22
9Japan0.22
10Philippines0.24
11Czechia0.24
12Argentina0.27
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)50
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio50
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
40Bosnia & Herzegovina3.1
41Sri Lanka2.9
42Latvia2.2
43Israel1.8
44Italy1.7
45Argentina1.4
46Faroe Islands1.4
47Russia1.3
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
51
Pos.Lower is better51
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
52Panama45
53Haiti45
54Malawi45.25
55Israel45.25
56Taiwan46
57Belgium47.25
58Chile47.25
59Saudi Arabia48
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)52
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score52
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
32Portugal62.8
33Cyprus61.6
34St Vincent & Grenadines61.5
35Israel61.2
36Taiwan61.2
37Poland60.8
38Spain60.0
39Slovenia59.4
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)53
Pos.Higher is better53
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
8New Zealand7.3
9Sweden7.3
10Australia7.3
11Israel7.2
12Austria7.1
13Costa Rica7.1
14Ireland7.0
15Germany7.0
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
60Samoa60
61Montenegro61
62Ukraine62
63Israel63
64Mexico64
65S. Africa65
66Lebanon66
67USA67
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
96Peru96
97Libya97
98Czechia98
99Israel99
100Argentina100
101Seychelles101
102Australia102
103Madagascar103
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)54
Pos.Lower is better54
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
146Syria2.83
147Libya2.83
148Pakistan2.83
149Israel2.84
150Central African Rep.2.87
151N. Korea2.93
152Russia2.94
153Congo, DR3.07
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
120Ivory Coast120
121Kyrgyzstan121
122Guinea122
123Israel123
124Malta124
125Burundi125
126Barbados126
127Chad127
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
81Kuwait81
82Paraguay82
83Sierra Leone83
84Israel84
85Tanzania85
86Jamaica86
87Nicaragua87
88Niger88
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)55
Pos.Lower is better
Score55
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
108Lebanon4.40
109China4.47
110S. Africa4.51
111Israel4.53
112Iran4.72
113Chad4.76
114Russia4.90
115France5.01
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)56
Pos.Higher is better
%56
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
19UAE31.7
20Samoa31.5
21Moldova28.2
22Israel25.0
23Swaziland24.2
24Greece22.9
25Philippines22.7
26Lesotho22.5
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)57
Pos.Higher is better57
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
16Italy77.0
17New Zealand76.0
18Netherlands75.5
19Israel75.0
20Japan74.7
21Australia74.1
22Greece73.6
23Taiwan72.8
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)58
Pos.Higher is better58
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
34Greece11.24
35Tunisia11.24
36Indonesia11.11
37Israel11.11
38Turkey11.11
39Azerbaijan10.87
40Netherlands10.75
41Mexico10.64
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
120Uzbekistan1995 Oct 17
121Niger1995 Oct 23
122Honduras1995 Oct 29
123Israel1995 Nov 05
124Algeria1995 Nov 12
125Morocco1995 Nov 19
126Bhutan1995 Nov 23
127Mozambique1995 Nov 23
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)59
Pos.Higher is better
%59
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
97Senegal29.6%
98Comoros28.3%
99Ireland27.9%
100Israel27.6%
101Palestine27.5%
102Saudi Arabia27.2%
103Belgium26.9%
104Syria26.6%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)60
Pos.Higher is worse60
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
17Portugal3.50
16Ireland3.40
15Luxembourg3.40
14Israel3.30
13Italy3.10
12Netherlands3.10
11Spain3.00
10S. Korea3.00
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)61
Pos.Lower is better
%61
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
89Burundi38.6
90China38.6
91Samoa38.7
92Israel38.9
93Tuvalu39.1
94Ethiopia39.1
95Morocco39.5
96Uruguay39.5
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #israel #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)46
Pos.Lower is better
%46
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
23Slovenia47
24Spain49
25Azerbaijan50
26Israel51
27Uzbekistan51
28Serbia54
29Ireland54
30USA65
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)62
Pos.Higher is better
%62
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
31Greece16
32Iceland16
33Spain15
34Israel15
35Armenia14
36Lithuania13
37Singapore13
38Kazakhstan12
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below63:

Christian2%
Muslim18.6%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.3%
Folk Religion0.2%
Jew75.6%
Unaffiliated3.1%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 96.2% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (15%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 96.8% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 51% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Jewish 75.6%, Muslim 16.9%, Christian 2%, Druze 1.7%, other 3.8% (2008)64.

Freedom of Religion and Belief: Israel upholds the human rights of freedom of belief and freedom of religion, however, "governmental and legal discrimination" exists against those who do not belong to orthodox Judaism, "for example practicing Jews who are not Orthodox must leave the country to marry"27. Israel's blasphemy law (Article 173) is too vague and wide-ranging27.

Links:

12. Divisions: Arabs Versus Jews65

#gaza_strip #israel #judaism #palestine #USA

Conflicts between Arabs and Jews in Israel and Palestine are one of the world's worst causes of violence and sectarianism, stemming from the creation of Israel after World War 2. There have been many attempts to normalize relations, but so far all have failed.

The fact that the Arabs rejected the UN's partition plan of 60 years ago has long given ideological comfort to Israel and its supporters. Abba Eban, an Israeli foreign minister, quipped that the Palestinians 'never missed an opportunity to miss an opportunity'. Israel's story is that the Arabs have missed at least four chances to have a Palestinian state. They could have said yes to partition in 1947. They could have made peace after the war of 1947-48.They had another chance after Israel routed its neighbours in 1967 ('We are just waiting for a telephone call,' said Moshoe Dayan [...]). They had yet another in 2000 when Ehud Barak, now Israel's defence minister and then its prime minister, offered the Palestinians a state at Bill Clinton's fateful summit at Camp David. [...]

This is the Israel side of the argument - that the Palestinians have rejected all chances at peace, which Israel keeps offering. The other side is that when Israel's population was 600,000 Jews of Palestine, and the Arabs of Palestine almost twice that, an offer of partition didn't seem fair. In the late 1970s and 1980s, Israel wanted all of the West Bank, and 'Israeli prime ministers such as Menachem Begin and Yitzhak Shamir asserted a God-given right to a 'greater Israel' that included the West Bank and Gaza Strip [...].

If rejection of the other side's national claims is one of the things that make this conflict so hard to end, the other is religion. The two are tied together. Hamas is a religious movement, and its formal creed is to reject the possibility of Jewish statehood not only because of Israel's alleged sins but also because there is no place for a Jewish state in a Muslim land.

The Economist (2009)

Discussion of the Jerusalem issue continued in the Iraeli-Palestinian talks held in the United States under American auspices in late 2000. In his last meeting with the negotiators from both sides, on 26 December, President Clinton proposed the 'general principal' that .

"Israel & Palestine" by Bernard Wasserstein (2003)66

Israeli prime minister Ehud Barak offered the Palestinians their own state in 2000 at Camp David in a prolonged meeting with leaders of both sides (which they rejected, again), orchestrated by American president Bill Clinton67. He himself also proposed that in Jerusalem 'Arab areas are Palestinian and Jewish ones are Israeli', 66. It may seem wise on the surface, but, the ramifications and symbolism is dark. The president of the USA, the "leader of the free world" is recommending a solution that divides up a city into respective parts based on the religion of most of the inhabitants of each part. The best improvements in the human condition across the world have occurred when we stop dividing people up according to their beliefs. When faiths intermingle, it is hard to maintain hatred.