The Human Truth Foundation

Greece (Hellenic Republic)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#christianity #greece #pastafarianism

Greece
Hellenic Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index40th best
CapitalAthens
Land Area 128 900km21
LocationEurope, The Balkans, The Mediterranean
Population10.5m2
Life Expectancy81.07yrs (2017)3
GNI$24 808 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesGR, GRC, 3005
Internet Domain.gr6
CurrencyEuro (EUR)7
Telephone+308

1. Overview

Greece achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories, most with Greek-speaking populations. In World War II, Greece was first invaded by Italy (1940) and subsequently occupied by Germany (1941-44); fighting endured in a protracted civil war between supporters of the king and other anti-Communist and Communist rebels. Following the latter's defeat in 1949, Greece joined NATO in 1952. In 1967, a group of military officers seized power, establishing a military dictatorship that suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country. In 1974, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy. In 1981, Greece joined the EC (now the EU); it became the 12th member of the European Economic and Monetary Union in 2001. In 2010, the prospect of a Greek default on its euro-denominated debt created severe strains within the EMU and raised the question of whether a member country might voluntarily leave the common currency or be removed.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverExperience miles of aquamarine coastline, sun-bleached ruins, strong feta and stronger ouzo. The Greek landscape thrills, and the people are passionate about politics, coffee, art and gossiping. Don´t let headline-grabbing financial woes put you off going to Greece. The alluring combination of history and hedonism, which has made Greece one of the most popular destinations on the planet, continues to beckon, and now is as good a time as ever to turn up for some fun in the sun.

Within easy reach of magnificent archaeological sites are breathtaking beaches and relaxed tavernas serving everything from ouzo to octopus. Wanderers can island-hop to their heart´s content, while party types can enjoy pulsating nightlife in Greece´s vibrant modern cities and on islands such as Mykonos, Ios and Santorini. Add welcoming locals with an enticing culture to the mix and it´s easy to see why most visitors head home vowing to come back. Travellers to Greece inevitably end up with a favourite site they long to return to - so get out there and find yours.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Greece National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
26Italy26
27Spain27
28Czechia28
29Greece29
30Brunei30
31Estonia30
32Andorra32
33Malta33
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
42Estonia$26 362
43Portugal$26 104
44Lithuania$26 006
45Greece$24 808
46Malaysia$24 620
47Poland$24 117
48Seychelles$23 886
49Hungary$23 394
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
37Latvia61.1
38Romania61.6
39Croatia61.7
40Greece62.6
41Lithuania64.4
42Mauritius66.5
43Bulgaria66.7
44Brazil66.9
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Greece's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Greece's population is predicted to rise to 11.62 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.54. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
83S. Sudan11.0m
84Czechia10.7m
85Dominican Rep.10.6m
86Greece10.5m
87Portugal10.3m
88Sweden10.0m
89Jordan10.0m
90Azerbaijan9.9m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
20Andorra81.46
21Portugal81.18
22Germany81.09
23Greece81.07
24Ireland81.05
25Finland81.01
26Belgium80.98
27UK80.85
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
69Bulgaria1.54
70Bahrain2.46
71Thailand1.54
72Greece1.54
73Georgia1.53
74Switzerland1.53
75Mongolia2.48
76Russia1.52
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
173Malta39.9
174France40.5
175Austria40.5
176Greece41.3
177Spain41.4
178Netherlands41.9
179Slovenia42.7
180Finland43.3
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
54Montenegro11.3%
55Ukraine11.2%
56Belgium11.1%
57Greece10.9%
58Malta10.6%
59Italy10.0%
60Gambia9.8%
61Dominica9.2%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
59Tajikistan11.2%
60Cuba10.9%
61Mauritius10.9%
62Greece10.8%
63Mexico10.7%
64Andorra10.7%
65Liberia10.5%
66Uruguay10.5%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #Greece #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Greece does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Greece comes in the best 20 for commentary in Human Rights Watch reports19. It does better than average in terms of opposing gender inequality20, LGBT equality21 (but bad for Europe), supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms22 (but high for Europe), its nominal commitment to Human Rights23 (but low for Europe), speed of uptake of HR treaties24 and in supporting press freedom25 (but bad for Europe). Greece does not succeed in everything, however. It falls into the worst 20 for its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice26 (one of the worst in Europe). The state gives preferential treatment to the Orthodox Church, granting it both excessive funding and exclusive access to religious education in schools27. Blasphemy laws are used to protect Christian concepts at the expense of free debate, and are sometimes used to persecute odd minorities such as Pastafarians27,28.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Greece's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #Greece #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)29,30
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank29,30
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
32Sweden75.6
33Armenia76.0
34Iceland76.0
35Greece76.1
36Netherlands76.4
37Cuba76.4
38UAE76.6
39Antigua & Barbuda77.7
40Myanmar (Burma)78.3
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives29. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea29.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe29, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia29.

Health:

Greece does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Greece comes in the best 20 when it comes to its suicide rate31. It does better than average for its adolescent birth rate20, its average life expectancy12, its immunizations take-up32, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance33 and in its fertility rate15. Greece does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to its alcohol consumption rate34. And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 for its smoking rate35. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
20Andorra81.46
21Portugal81.18
22Germany81.09
23Greece81.07
24Ireland81.05
25Finland81.01
26Belgium80.98
27UK80.85
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)34
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita34
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
151Spain10.0
152S. Korea10.2
153Laos10.4
154Greece10.4
155Denmark10.4
156Cook Islands10.6
157Australia10.6
158New Zealand10.7
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
69Bulgaria1.54
70Bahrain2.46
71Thailand1.54
72Greece1.54
73Georgia1.53
74Switzerland1.53
75Mongolia2.48
76Russia1.52
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)35
Pos.Higher is worse35
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
172Czechia2 194
171Kazakhstan2 157
170Azerbaijan2 114
169Greece2 086
168S. Korea2 073
167Austria1 988
166Jordan1 855
165Ukraine1 854
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)31
Pos.
Per 100k31
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
14Tajikistan5.2
15Venezuela6.5
16Malta6.9
17Greece7
18Paraguay7.1
19St Vincent & Grenadines7.3
20Guatemala7.3
21Barbados7.3
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
26Oman26
27Estonia27
28Austria28
29Greece29
30Nicaragua30
31Armenia31
32Bangladesh32
33Hungary33
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)36
Pos.Lower is better
%36
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
150Iran61.6
151Bulgaria61.7
152Algeria62.0
153Greece62.3
154Czechia62.3
155Oman62.6
156Argentina62.7
157Uruguay62.9
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)20
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100020
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
20Tunisia6.8
21Austria7.1
22China7.3
23Greece7.5
24Oman8.1
25Belgium8.2
26Spain8.4
27Bosnia & Herzegovina8.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)32
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %32
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
24Morocco97.5
25Monaco97.3
26Cook Islands97.3
27Greece97.3
28Turkmenistan97.2
29St Vincent & Grenadines97.2
30Dominica97.1
31Kazakhstan97.1
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Greece's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #maths #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)37
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank37
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
29Latvia27.3
30Poland28.1
31Spain28.8
32Greece29.3
33Lithuania30.5
34Italy33.5
35Argentina33.7
36Russia37.1
37Slovakia38.9
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2938
2Israel4.1138
3Japan3.5838
...
36Poland0.9438
37Slovakia0.8938
38Malta0.8939
39Greece0.8438
40India0.8240
41Croatia0.8139
42Kenya0.7941
43Ukraine0.7639
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)42
Pos.Higher is better42
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
84Jamaica66.3%
85Egypt65.3%
86Argentina64.8%
87Greece64.8%
88Guyana63.3%
89Ghana63.1%
90Peru62.2%
91Palestine61.1%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)43
Pos.Higher is better
Years43
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
12Argentina17.6
13UK17.4
14Slovenia17.4
15Greece17.3
16Germany17.1
17Saudi Arabia17.0
18Czechia16.8
19Grenada16.6
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
24France24
25S. Africa25
26Singapore26
27Greece27
28Serbia28
29Canada29
30Romania30
31Cyprus31
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)44
Pos.Higher is better
Score44
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
40Argentina140645
41Malta1391
42Slovakia1389
43Greece1376
44Chile1329
45Bulgaria1319
46Romania1313
47Cyprus1313
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)46
Pos.Lower is better
%46
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
33Croatia70
34Singapore70
35Montenegro71
36Greece71
37Italy72
38Moldova72
39Kyrgyzstan72
40Armenia73
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)47
Pos.Higher is better47
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
47Bulgaria93
48Ireland92
49Malaysia92
50Greece92
51Brunei91
52Thailand91
53Lithuania91
54Cambodia91
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
67Italy66%
68Uruguay65%
69Antigua & Barbuda65%
70Greece65%
71Saudi Arabia65%
72French Polynesia64%
73Albania63%
74Palestine63%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)49
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio49
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
4USA35.0
5Greece33.5
6Luxembourg32.4
7India26.8
8Portugal26.6
9Ireland26.1
10UK24.7
11Japan22.1
12France18.8
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
50
Pos.Lower is better50
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
149Armenia126.25
150Congo, DR126.5
151Turkey128
152Greece133
153Palestine135
154Yemen136.25
155China136.25
156Burundi145
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)51
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score51
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
71Sao Tome & Principe42.8
72Macedonia42.2
73Solomon Islands42.0
74Greece41.8
75Senegal41.8
76Bulgaria41.4
77Brazil41.2
78Serbia40.8
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)52
Pos.Higher is better52
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
76Hong Kong5.4
77Portugal5.4
78Serbia5.4
79Greece5.4
80Tajikistan5.4
81Montenegro5.3
82Croatia5.3
83Dominican Rep.5.3
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
44Cyprus44
45Japan45
46Moldova46
47Greece47
48Australia48
49Seychelles49
50Grenada50
51Chile51
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
47Japan47
48Armenia48
49UAE49
50Greece50
51Niger51
52Sri Lanka52
53Haiti53
54Rwanda54
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)53
Pos.Lower is better53
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
74Gambia1.96
75Gabon1.97
76Paraguay1.97
77Greece1.98
78Senegal1.99
79Peru2.00
80Nepal2.00
81Montenegro2.01
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
112Botswana112
113Slovakia113
114Suriname114
115Greece115
116Trinidad & Tobago116
117Benin117
118Venezuela118
119Angola119
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
28Portugal28
29USA29
30Singapore30
31Greece31
32Bulgaria32
33S. Korea33
34Mauritius34
35Bosnia & Herzegovina35
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)54
Pos.Lower is better
Score54
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
103Mexico4.08
104Venezuela4.10
105Chile4.12
106Greece4.17
107Germany4.25
108Lebanon4.40
109China4.47
110S. Africa4.51
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)55
Pos.Higher is better
%55
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
21Moldova28.2
22Israel25.0
23Swaziland24.2
24Greece22.9
25Philippines22.7
26Lesotho22.5
27Italy22.5
28Turkey21.8
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)56
Pos.Higher is better56
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
19Israel75.0
20Japan74.7
21Australia74.1
22Greece73.6
23Taiwan72.8
24Cyprus72.6
25Canada72.2
26Portugal71.9
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)57
Pos.Higher is better57
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
31Romania11.49
32Austria11.24
33Germany11.24
34Greece11.24
35Tunisia11.24
36Indonesia11.11
37Israel11.11
38Turkey11.11
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
70Kenya1994 Oct 24
71Finland1994 Oct 25
72Estonia1994 Oct 25
73Greece1994 Nov 02
74Grenada1994 Nov 09
75Kiribati1994 Nov 14
76Romania1994 Nov 15
77Austria1994 Nov 16
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)58
Pos.Higher is better
%58
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
4Trinidad & Tobago74.5%
5Costa Rica74.2%
6Cyprus71.0%
7Guatemala70.9%
8Philippines70.8%
9S. Korea70.7%
10Colombia70.3%
11Bolivia69.3%
12Paraguay68.9%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)59
Pos.Higher is worse59
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
21Estonia3.60
20Belgium3.60
19Switzerland3.50
18Greece3.50
17Portugal3.50
16Ireland3.40
15Luxembourg3.40
14Israel3.30
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)60
Pos.Lower is better
%60
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
66Mauritius35.8
67Romania35.9
68Gambia35.9
69Greece36.0
70Spain36.2
71Laos36.4
72Thailand36.5
73Fiji36.7
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #pastafarianism #religion #religion_in_greece

Religiosity (2009)46
Pos.Lower is better
%46
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
33Croatia70
34Singapore70
35Montenegro71
36Greece71
37Italy72
38Moldova72
39Kyrgyzstan72
40Armenia73
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)61
Pos.Higher is better
%61
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
28Slovakia17
29Switzerland17
30Belarus17
31Greece16
32Iceland16
33Spain15
34Israel15
35Armenia14
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below62:

Christian88.1%
Muslim5.3%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated6.1%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 93.5% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (16%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 93.8% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 71% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Greek Orthodox (official) 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%63.

Freedom of Religion and Belief: "The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However, antiblasphemy laws and state sponsorship of religion exist"27, which creates natural prejudice and legal discrimination against other (non-Christian communities). The Orthodox Church has its clergy's salaries and training paid for by the state and it forces most children to either undergo Orthodox religious education (RE), or, no RE at all27. Blasphemy laws are used exclusively to protect Christian concepts from ridicule, but are also used to persecute minorities and oddities such as Pastafarians27,28.

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