The Human Truth Foundation

Solomon Islands

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#solomon_islands

Solomon Islands
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index178th best
CapitalHoniara
Land Area 27 990km21
LocationAustralasia, Melanesia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population0.7m2
Life Expectancy68.11yrs (2017)3
GNI$1 561 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesSB, SLB, 905
Internet Domain.sb6
CurrencyDollar (SBD)7
Telephone+6778

1. Overview

First settled by the French in the early 17th century, the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverFor those seeking an authentic Melanesian experience or an off-the-beaten-track destination, the Solomons are hard to beat. From WWII relics scattered in the jungle to leaf-hut villages where traditional culture is alive, the Solomon Islands has so much on offer.

Then there´s the visual appeal, with scenery reminiscent of a Discovery Channel documentary: volcanic islands that jut up dramatically from the cobalt-blue ocean, croc-infested mangroves, huge lagoons, tropical islets and emerald forests.

Don´t expect white-sand beaches, ritzy resorts and wild nightlife - the Solomon Islands is not a beach-holiday destination. With only a smattering of traditional guesthouses and comfortable hideaways, it´s tailor-made for ecotourists.

For outdoorsy types, lots of action-packed experiences can easily be organised: climb an extinct volcano, surf uncrowded waves, snorkel pristine reefs or kayak across a lagoon. Beneath the ocean´s surface, unbeatable diving adventures await. The best part is, there´ll be no crowds to mar the experience.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Solomon Islands National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
153Cameroon153
154Zimbabwe154
155Papua New Guinea154
156Solomon Islands156
157Mauritania157
158Madagascar158
159Rwanda159
160Comoros160
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
172Haiti$1 657
173Rwanda$1 617
174Zimbabwe$1 588
175Solomon Islands$1 561
176Gambia$1 541
177Burkina Faso$1 537
178Sierra Leone$1 529
179Ethiopia$1 523
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
175Mauritania119.3
176Burundi120.9
177Papua New Guinea121.0
178Solomon Islands121.6
179Congo, (Brazzaville)122.2
180Yemen122.6
181Nauru123.2
182Guinea-Bissau123.7
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Solomon Islands's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

The Solomon Islands's population is predicted to rise to 841 161 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 4.08. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
160Comoros0.8m
161Guyana0.8m
162Bhutan0.8m
163Solomon Islands0.7m
164Montenegro0.6m
165Luxembourg0.6m
166Suriname0.6m
167Cape Verde0.5m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
131Timor-Leste (E. Timor)68.51
132Philippines68.34
133India68.32
134Solomon Islands68.11
135Senegal66.93
136Laos66.60
137Sao Tome & Principe66.58
138Guyana66.50
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
140Togo3.90
141Ethiopia3.91
142Ghana4.03
143Solomon Islands4.08
144Burundi4.10
145Ivory Coast4.27
146Eritrea4.28
147Palestine4.31
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
44Mauritania06.8
45Kuwait06.8
46Congo, (Brazzaville)07.0
47Solomon Islands07.0
48Rwanda07.0
49Namibia07.4
50Botswana07.7
51UAE07.7
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
172Guatemala0.5%
173Cambodia0.5%
174Honduras0.4%
175Solomon Islands0.4%
176Papua New Guinea0.4%
177India0.4%
178Afghanistan0.4%
179Haiti0.4%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
173Kenya1.1%
174Indonesia1.1%
175Myanmar (Burma)1.0%
176Solomon Islands1.0%
177India0.9%
178Papua New Guinea0.9%
179USA0.8%
180Namibia0.7%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Solomon Islands's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)19,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank19,20
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
191Nauru153.3
192Micronesia157.0
193Somalia157.9
194Palau159.8
195Marshall Islands160.0
196Kiribati164.8
197Palestine170.0
198Solomon Islands175.3
199Tuvalu176.5
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway19. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine19.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe19, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia19.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)21
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties21
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
154Zimbabwe11
155Saudi Arabia10
156Laos10
157Solomon Islands10
158Qatar10
159Vatican City10
160India10
161Fiji10
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)22
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty22
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
186Micronesia15.55
187Somalia15.71
188Kiribati15.80
189Solomon Islands15.81
190Nauru16.16
191Sao Tome & Principe16.17
192Tuvalu16.33
193Palau16.34
World Avg10.02
q=195.

Gender Equality:

See:

Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
162San Marino1973
163Andorra1973
164Jordan1974
165Solomon Islands1974
166Sao Tome & Principe1975
167Cape Verde1975
168Angola1975
169Mozambique1975
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)23
Pos.Higher is better
Score23
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
188Senegal-39
189Libya-42
190Morocco-42
191Solomon Islands-44
192Qatar-54
193Sudan-67
194Saudi Arabia-72
195Somalia-79
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Solomon Islands's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #Solomon_Islands #vaccines

Health (2020)24,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank24,20
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
62Canada83.1
63Bosnia & Herzegovina83.1
64St Lucia84.4
65Solomon Islands84.7
66Turkmenistan85.1
67Australia85.3
68Estonia85.3
69Turkey85.6
70Tajikistan86.4
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives24. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea24.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe24, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia24.

Health:

The Solomon Islands does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. The Solomon Islands does the second-best in terms of its smoking rate25. It does better than average in its alcohol consumption rate26 and in its immunizations take-up27. The Solomon Islands does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to its adolescent birth rate28 (amongst the worst in Australasia), its average life expectancy12 (one of the lowest in Australasia) and in its fertility rate15 (the highest in Australasia). The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
131Timor-Leste (E. Timor)68.51
132Philippines68.34
133India68.32
134Solomon Islands68.11
135Senegal66.93
136Laos66.60
137Sao Tome & Principe66.58
138Guyana66.50
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)26
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita26
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
31Eritrea1.3
32Guinea1.3
33Mali1.3
34Solomon Islands1.4
35Tonga1.5
36Lebanon1.5
37Chad1.6
38Tuvalu1.7
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
140Togo3.90
141Ethiopia3.91
142Ghana4.03
143Solomon Islands4.08
144Burundi4.10
145Ivory Coast4.27
146Eritrea4.28
147Palestine4.31
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)25
Pos.Higher is worse25
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
8Ethiopia 76
7Congo, DR 74
6Samoa 54
5Rwanda 53
4Uganda 41
3Kiribati 28
2Solomon Islands 26
1Guinea 15
World Avg 819
q=182.
Overweight Adults (2016)29
Pos.Lower is better
%29
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
94Belize54.8
95Haiti54.9
96St Vincent & Grenadines55.0
97Solomon Islands55.0
98Denmark55.4
99Jamaica55.5
100Mongolia55.6
101Honduras55.8
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)28
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100028
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
104Suriname46.1
105Timor-Leste (E. Timor)46.6
106Chile47.8
107Solomon Islands48.4
108Peru49.1
109Indonesia49.6
110Colombia50.2
111St Vincent & Grenadines51.0
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)27
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %27
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
73Eritrea94.7
74Singapore94.6
75UK94.6
76Solomon Islands94.5
77Norway94.3
78Bolivia94.2
79UAE94.0
80Bangladesh94.0
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Solomon Islands's Modernity and Learning

#education #the_internet

Modernity and Education:

Length of Schooling (2018)30
Pos.Higher is better
Years30
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
161Zimbabwe10.5
162Madagascar10.4
163Myanmar (Burma)10.3
164Solomon Islands10.2
165Honduras10.2
166Sierra Leone10.2
167Afghanistan10.1
168Papua New Guinea10.0
World Avg13.2
q=193.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)31
Pos.Higher is better31
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
175Cambodia11%
176Gabon10%
177Burkina Faso10%
178Solomon Islands10%
179Liberia9%
180Congo, (Brazzaville)8%
181Togo7%
182Comoros7%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)32
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio32
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
135Honduras0.0
136Syria0.0
137Nicaragua0.0
138Solomon Islands0.0
139Congo, (Brazzaville)0.0
140Sao Tome & Principe0.0
141Kiribati0.0
142Ivory Coast0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#corruption #politics

Corruption (2012-2016)33
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score33
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
70Montenegro43.2
71Sao Tome & Principe42.8
72Macedonia42.2
73Solomon Islands42.0
74Greece41.8
75Senegal41.8
76Bulgaria41.4
77Brazil41.2
World Avg43.05
q=176.

8. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)34
Pos.Higher is better
%34
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
125Angola-05.1
126Singapore-05.2
127Mexico-05.3
128Solomon Islands-06.0
129Mauritius-06.1
130Kenya-06.6
131Eritrea-06.8
132St Lucia-06.9
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)35
Pos.Higher is better35
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
148Rwanda43.7
149Zimbabwe43.4
150Cambodia43.2
151Solomon Islands43.2
152Iraq43.2
153Laos42.9
154Burkina Faso42.8
155Sierra Leone42.5
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
125Morocco1995 Nov 19
126Bhutan1995 Nov 23
127Mozambique1995 Nov 23
128Solomon Islands1996 Jan 01
129Togo1996 Jan 02
130Botswana1996 Jan 10
131Moldova1996 Jan 18
132Guinea-Bissau1996 Jan 25
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

9. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)36
Pos.Higher is worse36
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
100Suriname12.80
99El Salvador12.50
98Cape Verde12.20
97Solomon Islands12.10
96Palestine12.00
95Panama12.00
94Egypt11.60
93Ecuador11.50
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)37
Pos.Lower is better
%37
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
72Thailand36.5
73Fiji36.7
74Yemen36.7
75Solomon Islands37.1
76Lithuania37.4
77Bulgaria37.4
78Bhutan37.4
79Vanuatu37.6
World Avg38.1
q=152.

10. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below38:

Christian97.4%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.3%
Folk Religion1.3%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.2%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Protestant 73.7% (Church of Melanesia 32.8%, South Seas Evangelical 17%, Seventh-Day Adventist 11.2%, United Church 10.3%, Christian Fellowship Church 2.4%), Roman Catholic 19%, other Christian 4.4%, other 2.4%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.2% (1999 census)39.

Links: