The Human Truth Foundation

France (French Republic)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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France
French Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index20th best
CapitalParis
Land Area 547 660km21
LocationEurope, Mediterranean
Population63.5m (2011)2
Life Expectancy82.36yrs (2017)3
GNI$38 085 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesFR, FRA, 2505
Internet Domain.fr6
CurrencyEuro (EUR)7
Telephone+338

1. Overview

#france #germany

France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. It plays an influential global role as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, NATO, the G-8, the G-20, the EU and other multilateral organizations. France rejoined NATO's integrated military command structure in 2009, reversing de Gaulle's 1966 decision to take French forces out of NATO. Since 1958, it has constructed a hybrid presidential-parliamentary governing system resistant to the instabilities experienced in earlier, more purely parliamentary administrations. In recent decades, its reconciliation and cooperation with Germany have proved central to the economic integration of Europe, including the introduction of a common currency, the euro, in January 1999. In the early 21st century, five French overseas entities - French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Reunion - became French regions and were made part of France proper.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverFrance seduces travellers with its unfalteringly familiar culture woven around cafe terraces, village-square markets and lace-curtained bistros with their plat du jour chalked on the board. Few countries provoke such passion as La Belle France. Love it or loathe it, everyone has their own opinion about this Gallic Goliath. Snooty, sexy, superior, chic, infuriating, arrogant, officious and inspired in equal measures, the French have long lived according to their own idiosyncratic rules, and if the rest of the world doesn´t always see eye-to-eye with them, well, tant pis (too bad) – it´s the price you pay for being a culinary trendsetter, artistic pioneer and cultural icon.

If ever there was a country of contradictions, this is it. France is a deeply traditional place: castles, chateaux and ancient churches litter the landscape, while centuries-old principles of rich food, fine wine and joie de vivre underpin everyday life. Yet it is also a country that has one of Western Europe´s most multicultural make-ups, not to mention a well-deserved reputation for artistic experimentation and architectural invention. Enjoy!

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. France National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)
Lower is better

Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
18Korea, S.18
19Israel19
20Luxembourg20
21France21
22Belgium22
23Finland23
24Austria24
25Slovenia25
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
Higher is better

Points12
1Iceland84.1
2Sweden80.8
3Norway80.0
...
17Taiwan75.4
18Austria75.3
19Japan73.5
20France72.2
21Spain71.0
22Estonia70.7
23USA69.4
24Portugal69.0
World Avg54.5
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)
Lower is better

Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
171Canada38.5
172Croatia39.7
173Malta39.9
174France40.5
175Austria40.5
176Greece41.3
177Spain41.4
178Netherlands41.9
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)
%14
1Dominica104.8
2Palestine68.4
3Samoa67.3
...
141Spain3.0
142Central African Rep.2.9
143Angola2.8
144France2.8
145Costa Rica2.7
146Rwanda2.6
147Pakistan2.5
148Vietnam2.5
World Avg11.5
q=192.
Fertility Rate (2013)
2.0 is best
15
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
4France1.99
5Turkey2.04
6Australia1.96
7Uruguay2.05
8Norway1.95
9Myanmar (Burma)1.95
10Indonesia2.07
11Sweden1.93
12Tunisia1.93
World Avg2.81
q=180.

Immigrants (2010)
%14
1Qatar86.5
2Monaco71.6
3UAE70.0
...
47UK11.2
48Ivory Coast11.2
49Barbados10.9
50France10.7
51Costa Rica10.5
52Netherlands10.5
53Armenia10.5
54Libya10.4
World Avg9.2
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)
Higher is better

Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
7Iceland82.72
8Israel82.56
9Australia82.54
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
13Korea, S.82.13
14New Zealand82.03
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
18Turkey74.5m
19Thailand69.9m
20Congo, DR69.6m
21France63.5m
22UK62.8m
23Italy61.0m
24S. Africa50.7m
25Myanmar (Burma)48.7m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

France's population is predicted to rise to 68.47 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.99. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Gender Inequality (2015)
Lower is better18
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
16Italy0.08
17Portugal0.09
18Canada0.10
19France0.10
20Israel0.10
21Japan0.12
22Cyprus0.12
23Greece0.12
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote
Lower is better

Year19
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
45Uzbekistan1938
46Dominican Rep.1942
47Bulgaria1944
48France1944
49Bermuda1944
50Jamaica1944
51Slovenia1945
52Croatia1945
World Avg1930
q=189.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

France is on the way towards ending gender inequality.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#afterlife #buddhism #christianity #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #judaism #universalism

Religiosity (2009)
Lower is better
%20
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
4Japan24
5Hong Kong24
6UK27
7France30
8Vietnam30
9Russia34
10Belarus34
11Latvia39
12Luxembourg39
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)
Higher is better21
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
4Czech Rep.61
5Estonia49
6Denmark48
7France44
8Belgium43
9Netherlands42
10Germany42
11UK42
12Cuba40
World Avg9.9
q=137.

France is a highly secular country, and even amongst those who declare themselves to be religious there is a high degree of non-belief. 51% of the French people are Catholic, but only half of those Catholics actually say they believe in God. Of the god-believers, only 18% of them have Catholic beliefs about God. These statistics led scholar Nikolai G. Wenzel (2011) to ask "what does it really mean to be Catholic any more?".22. Those statistics from 2007 have been verified by later data:

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below23:

Christian63%
Muslim7.5%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.5%
Folk Religion0.3%
Jew0.5%
Unaffiliated28%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 71% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (44%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 71.9% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 30% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 83%-88%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 5%-10%, unaffiliated 4%. overseas departments: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist, pagan24.

The Afterlife: Ipsos-NA in 2011 gathered some statistics on France25. Despite the large numbers of Christians, not many have traditional beliefs in the afterlife - just 4%. More people don't know what to believe (32%). Even more people believe that upon death, you simply cease to exist (39%). Also, 1% specifically believe in heaven but not in hell (which is nice - making them possible "universalists"). 5% believe in reincarnation.

The movement to remove the privileges of institutionalized religion in France started earliest out of all Europe. Dobbelaere (2011) records that...:

In France, the secularist movement started at the end of the eighteenth century with laws introducing gradually the separation of church and state... state schools were compelled by law to be 'laïque' and 'neutral' towards the different creeds.

"The Meaning and Scope of Secularization" by Karel Dobbelaere (2011)26

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for France is one of the shortest of all countries (a good sign). It states:

The constitution and other laws, including the 1905 law on the "Separation of the Churches and the State", ensure state secularism (laïcité) and protect freedom of religion or belief. There are some exceptions to the policy of strict secularism. For example the French government owns and maintains free of charge all the Roman Catholic churches built before 1905, but no other religious building. And the law of 1905 does not completely apply to regions that (re)joined France after 1905. For example, there are still blasphemy laws on the book in the regions of Alsace and Moselle, as Articles 166 and 167 of the local penal code, although no convictions have been registered.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)27

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users (2016)
Higher is better
28
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
24Germany88%
25Aruba88%
26Switzerland87%
27France86%
28Korea, S.86%
29Australia85%
30Bahamas85%
31Puerto Rico83%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)
Higher is better

Ratio29
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
9Ireland26.1
10UK24.7
11Japan22.1
12France18.8
13Canada18.3
14Peru18.3
15Ecuador18.2
16Estonia17.6
World Avg3.82
q=176.
IT Security (2013)
Lower is better
30
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
46Indonesia1.05
47British Virgin Islands1.08
48Mali1.12
49France1.13
50Italy1.15
51Vietnam1.15
52Nigeria1.18
53Mauritania1.19
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)
Lower is better

Per 100018
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
26Spain8.4
27Bosnia & Herzegovina8.6
28Saudi Arabia8.8
29France8.9
30Croatia9.5
31Israel9.7
32Canada9.8
33Kuwait9.8
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)
Lower is better

Per Capita31
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
169Germany11.8
170Luxembourg11.9
171Ireland11.9
172France12.2
173Australia12.2
174Croatia12.2
175Korea, S.12.3
176Latvia12.3
World Avg6.2
q=191.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)
Higher is better

Avg %32
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
98USA92.8
99Latvia92.8
100Romania92.7
101France92.6
102El Salvador92.4
103Swaziland92.4
104Palau92.4
105Vietnam92.3
World Avg88.3
q=194.

Smoking Rates (2014)
Lower is better
33
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
118Australia 956
119Mongolia 957
120Bahrain 969
121France 993
122Brunei1 023
123Algeria1 024
124Latvia1 041
125USA1 083
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)
Lower is better

Per 100k34
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
70Poland30.5
71Austria30.9
72Uruguay32.3
73France33.2
74Moldova35.7
75Switzerland36.2
76Croatia36.4
77Estonia37.9
World Avg20.93
q=91.

8. Politics and Freedom

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)
Higher is better

Treaties35
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
24Bosnia & Herzegovina21
25Bolivia21
26Australia21
27France21
28Senegal21
29Hungary20
30Czech Rep.20
31Georgia20
World Avg15.1
q=194.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)
Lower is better

Rank36
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
28Italy28
29Chile29
30Romania30
31France31
32Japan32
33Cyprus33
34Mauritius34
35Korea, S.35
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)
Lower is better
37
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
33Lithuania1824
34Slovenia2049
35Spain2050
36France2160
37El Salvador2286
38Latvia2289
39Botswana2291
40Papua New Guinea2297
World Avg3249
q=178.

9. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions
Lower is better

%38
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
61Kenya35
62Lithuania36
63Guatemala36
64France37
65Chile37
66Azerbaijan37
67Ukraine38
68S. Africa38
q=101.
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
Lower is better
39
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
90Senegal79
91Kazakhstan79.75
92Portugal80.25
93France80.5
94Peru83.75
95Comoros84
96Vietnam84.5
q=156.
Global Peace Index (2012)
Lower is better
40
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
37Laos1.66
38Italy1.69
39Bulgaria1.70
40France1.71
41Estonia1.72
42Korea, S.1.73
43Lithuania1.74
44Argentina1.76
q=157.
Research and Development
Higher is better

% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.29
2Israel4.11
3Japan3.58
...
11USA2.74
12Belgium2.46
13Slovenia2.39
14France2.26
15Australia2.25
16Singapore2.00
17Czech Rep.2.00
18Netherlands1.97
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)
Higher is better
41
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
15New Zealand7.2
16Luxembourg7.1
17USA7.1
18France7.0
19Ireland7.0
20Belgium6.9
21UK6.9
22Oman6.9
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)
Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
22Canada$42 582
23Belgium$41 243
24Finland$38 868
25France$38 085
26UK$37 931
27Japan$37 268
28Bahrain$37 236
29Iceland$37 065
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2010)
Higher is better
42
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
4Sweden86.0
5Norway81.1
6Mauritius80.6
7France78.2
8Austria78.1
9Cuba78.1
10Colombia76.8
11Malta76.3
12Finland74.7
q=162.
LGBT Equality (2013)
Higher is better

Score43
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
10Andorra210
11Argentina200
12Brazil196
13France195
14Réunion185
15Mexico168
16Luxembourg165
17Portugal135
q=211.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2017 Jun 21
http://www.humantruth.info/france.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#afterlife #buddhism #christianity #france #germany #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #judaism #universalism

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Book Cover

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Clarke, Peter B.. Peter B. Clarke: Professor Emeritus of the History and Sociology of Religion, King's College, University of London, and currently Professor in the Faculty of Theology, University of Oxford, UK.
(2011) The Oxford Handbook of The Sociology of Religion. Paperback book. Originally published 2009. Current version published by Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Jun 22.

Dobbelaere, Karel
(2011) The Meaning and Scope of Secularization. This essay is chapter 33 of "The Oxford Handbook of The Sociology of Religion" by Peter B. Clarke (2011) (pages p599-615).

Donegani, J. M.
(2007) Article "L'église sera vaincue par le libéralisme" published by Le Monde (2007 Jan 20, at www.lemonde.fr. In Wenzel (2011) p185.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Ipsos-NA. Ipsos-North America.
(2011) Supreme Being(s), the Afterlife and Evolution. Ipsos press release page, link to raw data. Accessed 2017 May 29. The poll was conducted in 23 developed and mostly rich countries - it would be unwise to use their irresponsibly extrapolated data on "global beliefs", but their data on individual countries is still good..

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes..

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

Wenzel, Nikolai G.
(2011) Postmodernism and Religion. This essay is chapter 9 of "The Oxford Handbook of The Sociology of Religion" by Peter B. Clarke (2011) (pages p172-193).

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fr.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. Lonely Planet (2014) chapter "France" .^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  12. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  13. UN (2017) Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  14. UN (2013) Table 11.^
  15. UN (2013) Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  16. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  17. UN (2013) Table 14.^
  18. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  19. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 3.6. Women Stand for Election & Vote (1893+) New Zealand, Australia, Finland" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  20. Gallup (2009) .^
  21. Zuckerman, P. (2007). Atheism: contemporary numbers and patterns. In M.Martin (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. In "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" by Lynn et al. (2009).^
  22. Wenzel (2011) p185, using stats from Donegani (2007). Added to this page on 2016 Nov 17.^
  23. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  24. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  25. Ipsos (2011) .^
  26. Dobbelaere (2011) p603. Added to this page on 2016 Nov 17.^
  27. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  28. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  29. % of internet access via native IPv6 compared to IPv4. As of 2017 Jun 20, from http://www.cidr-report.org. Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  30. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 4.4. Malware and Email Spam (2010-2) " by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  31. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  32. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  33. Annual Cigarette Consumption Per Adult (age 15 and above) - compustible cigarettes. Euromonitor International (2014), via tobaccoatlas.org/topic/cigarette-use-globally/ . Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  34. UN (2013) World Health Organisation statistics. Suicide Rates Per 100k.^
  35. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  36. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  37. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  38. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  39. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  40. ^
  41. UN (2013) Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  42. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^
  43. Higher is better. Sources:^

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