France (French Republic)

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France
French Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index18th best
CapitalParis
Land Area1 547 660 km2
LocationEurope, Mediterranean
Population2 63.46 million
Life Expectancy381.68yrs (2012)
GNI3$30 277
ISO3166-1 Codes4FR, FRA, 250
Internet Domain5.fr
Currency6Euro (EUR)
Telephone7+33

1. Overview

#France #Germany

France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. It plays an influential global role as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, NATO, the G-8, the G-20, the EU and other multilateral organizations. France rejoined NATO's integrated military command structure in 2009, reversing de Gaulle's 1966 decision to take French forces out of NATO. Since 1958, it has constructed a hybrid presidential-parliamentary governing system resistant to the instabilities experienced in earlier, more purely parliamentary administrations. In recent decades, its reconciliation and cooperation with Germany have proved central to the economic integration of Europe, including the introduction of a common currency, the euro, in January 1999. In the early 21st century, five French overseas entities - French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Reunion - became French regions and were made part of France proper.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. France National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
17Belgium89.783.2
18Austria89.581.3
19Singapore89.583.3
20France89.380.7
21Finland89.281.7
22Slovenia89.284.4
23Spain88.578.9
24Liechtenstein88.390.4
25Italy88.179.5
26Luxembourg87.580.9
27UK87.580.4
28Czech Rep.87.383.9
29Greece86.078.7
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
15Andorra79.4
16Japan79.2
17Estonia78.9
18France78.5
19UK78.5
20Ireland78.2
21Liechtenstein76.6
22Spain76.4
23Hong Kong76.2
24Czech Rep.76.1
25Korea, S.76.0
26St Vincent & Grenadines74.9
27Taiwan74.7
28Slovakia74.4
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
7Iceland81.9
8San Marino81.9
9Israel81.9
10France81.7
11Sweden81.6
12Spain81.6
13Singapore81.2
14Norway81.3
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
4France2.0
5Turkey2.0
6Australia2.0
7Uruguay2.0
8Norway2.0
9Myanmar (Burma)2.0
10Indonesia2.1
11Sweden1.9
12Tunisia1.9
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
18Turkey 74.51m97
19Thailand 69.89m137
20Congo, DR 69.58m31
21France 63.46m116
22UK 62.8m260
23Italy 60.96m207
24S. Africa 50.74m42
Data Source

France's population is predicted to rise to 68.47 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.99. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
45Uzbekistan1938
46Dominican Rep.1942
47Bermuda1944
48France1944
49Jamaica1944
50Bulgaria1944
51Japan1945
52Italy1945
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
4Switzerland0.06
5Norway0.06
6Finland0.08
7Germany0.08
8Slovenia0.08
9France0.08
10Iceland0.09
11Italy0.09
12Belgium0.10
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

France is on the way towards ending gender inequality.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
4Czech Rep.61%
5Estonia49%
6Denmark48%
7France44%
8Belgium43%
9UK42%
10Netherlands42%
11Germany42%
12Cuba40%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
4Hong Kong24%
5Japan24%
6UK27%
7France30%
8Vietnam30%
9Belarus34%
10Russia34%
11Albania39%
12Latvia39%
Data Source

France is a highly secular country, and even amongst those who declare themselves to be religious there is a high degree of non-belief. 51% of the French people are Catholic, but only half of those Catholics actually say they believe in God. Of the god-believers, only 18% of them have Catholic beliefs about God. These statistics led scholar Nikolai G. Wenzel (2011) to ask "what does it really mean to be Catholic any more?".9. Those statistics from 2007 have been verified by later data:

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below10:

Christian63%
Muslim7.5%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.5%
Folk Religion0.3%
Jew0.5%
Unaffiliated28%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 71% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (44%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 71.9% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 30% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 83%-88%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 5%-10%, unaffiliated 4%. overseas departments: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist, pagan11.

The movement to remove the privileges of institutionalized religion in France started earliest out of all Europe. Dobbelaere (2011) records that...:

In France, the secularist movement started at the end of the eighteenth century with laws introducing gradually the separation of church and state... state schools were compelled by law to be 'laïque' and 'neutral' towards the different creeds.

"The Meaning and Scope of Secularization" by Karel Dobbelaere (2011)12

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for France is one of the shortest of all countries (a good sign). It states:

The constitution and other laws, including the 1905 law on the "Separation of the Churches and the State", ensure state secularism (laïcité) and protect freedom of religion or belief. There are some exceptions to the policy of strict secularism. For example the French government owns and maintains free of charge all the Roman Catholic churches built before 1905, but no other religious building. And the law of 1905 does not completely apply to regions that (re)joined France after 1905. For example, there are still blasphemy laws on the book in the regions of Alsace and Moselle, as Articles 166 and 167 of the local penal code, although no convictions have been registered.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)13

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
242Nigeria1.18
241Vietnam1.15
240Italy1.15
239France1.13
238Mali1.12
237British Virgin Islands1.08
236Indonesia1.05
235Brazil1.02
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
18Slovakia79.89
19UAE78.00
20Japan77.64
21France77.50
22St Kitts & Nevis76.59
23Australia75.90
24USA74.25
25Estonia74.16
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
39Bahamas7.4
40Armenia7.4
41Georgia7.4
42France7.4
43Belgium7.4
44Costa Rica7.4
45Poland7.3
46Bulgaria7.3
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
37Laos1.66
38Italy1.69
39Bulgaria1.70
40France1.71
41Estonia1.72
42Korea, S.1.73
43Lithuania1.74
44Argentina1.76
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
26USA98
27Denmark98
28Czech Rep.98
29France98
30Russia97
31Belarus97
32Ukraine97
33Moldova96
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
19Brazil21
20Bosnia & Herzegovina21
21Bolivia21
22France21
23Montenegro21
24Senegal21
25Mali21
26Azerbaijan21
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
33Lithuania99.2
34Slovenia99.2
35Spain99.2
36France99.2
37El Salvador99.2
38Latvia99.2
39Botswana99.2
40Papua New Guinea99.2
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2914
2Israel4.1114
3Japan3.5814
...
11USA2.7415
12Belgium2.4614
13Slovenia2.3914
14France2.2614
15Australia2.2516
16Czech Rep.2.0014
17Singapore2.0015
18Netherlands1.9714
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
21Japan$32 545
22UK$32 538
23Finland$32 510
24France$30 277
25Iceland$29 176
26Ireland$28 671
27Korea, S.$28 231
28Bahamas$27 401
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
16USA7.1
17Luxembourg7.1
18Ireland7
19France7
20Iceland6.9
21Korea, S.6.9
22UK6.9
23Oman6.9
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
4Sweden86.0
5Norway81.1
6Mauritius80.6
7France78.2
8Cuba78.1
9Austria78.1
10Colombia76.8
11Malta76.3
12Finland74.7
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
10Norway210
11Argentina200
12Brazil196
13France195
14Réunion185
15Mexico168
16Luxembourg165
17Greenland135
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
(Last Modified: 2016 Nov 17)
http://www.humantruth.info/france.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Book Cover

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Clarke, Peter B.. Peter B. Clarke: Professor Emeritus of the History and Sociology of Religion, King's College, University of London, and currently Professor in the Faculty of Theology, University of Oxford, UK.
(2011) The Oxford Handbook of The Sociology of Religion. Published by Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. First published 2009.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 17.

Dobbelaere, Karel
(2011) The Meaning and Scope of Secularization. This essay is chapter 33 of "The Oxford Handbook of The Sociology of Religion" by Peter B. Clarke (2011) (pages p599-615).

Donegani, J. M.
(2007) Article "L'église sera vaincue par le libéralisme" published by Le Monde (2007 Jan 20, at www.lemonde.fr. In Wenzel (2011) p185.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Wenzel, Nikolai G.
(2011) Postmodernism and Religion. This essay is chapter 9 of "The Oxford Handbook of The Sociology of Religion" by Peter B. Clarke (2011) (pages p172-193).

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fr.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Wenzel (2011) p185, using stats from Donegani (2007). Added to this page on 2016 Nov 17.^
  10. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  11. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  12. Dobbelaere (2011) p603. Added to this page on 2016 Nov 17.^
  13. IHEU (2012) Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  14. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  15. OECD (2016) data for year 2013.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2011.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.