The Human Truth Foundation

France (French Republic)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #climate_change #economics #france #happiness #intelligence #morals #research #science #the_environment

France
French Republic
StatusIndependent State
CapitalParis
Land Area 547 660km21
LocationEurope, Mediterranean
Population63.5m (2011)2
Life Expectancy82.36yrs (2017)3
GNI$38 085 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesFR, FRA, 2505
Internet Domain.fr6
CurrencyEuro (EUR)7
Telephone+338

1. Overview

#france #germany

France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. It plays an influential global role as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, NATO, the G-8, the G-20, the EU and other multilateral organizations. France rejoined NATO's integrated military command structure in 2009, reversing de Gaulle's 1966 decision to take French forces out of NATO. Since 1958, it has constructed a hybrid presidential-parliamentary governing system resistant to the instabilities experienced in earlier, more purely parliamentary administrations. In recent decades, its reconciliation and cooperation with Germany have proved central to the economic integration of Europe, including the introduction of a common currency, the euro, in January 1999. In the early 21st century, five French overseas entities - French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Reunion - became French regions and were made part of France proper.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverFrance seduces travellers with its unfalteringly familiar culture woven around cafe terraces, village-square markets and lace-curtained bistros with their plat du jour chalked on the board. Few countries provoke such passion as La Belle France. Love it or loathe it, everyone has their own opinion about this Gallic Goliath. Snooty, sexy, superior, chic, infuriating, arrogant, officious and inspired in equal measures, the French have long lived according to their own idiosyncratic rules, and if the rest of the world doesn´t always see eye-to-eye with them, well, tant pis (too bad) - it´s the price you pay for being a culinary trendsetter, artistic pioneer and cultural icon.

If ever there was a country of contradictions, this is it. France is a deeply traditional place: castles, chateaux and ancient churches litter the landscape, while centuries-old principles of rich food, fine wine and joie de vivre underpin everyday life. Yet it is also a country that has one of Western Europe´s most multicultural make-ups, not to mention a well-deserved reputation for artistic experimentation and architectural invention. Enjoy!

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. France National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
18S. Korea18
19Israel19
20Luxembourg20
21France21
22Belgium22
23Finland23
24Austria24
25Slovenia25
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
17Luxembourg78.1
18Hong Kong77.0
19Japan75.8
20France75.1
21Estonia73.4
22Spain73.0
23S. Korea72.5
24Singapore71.9
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #France #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
171Canada38.5
172Croatia39.7
173Malta39.9
174France40.5
175Austria40.5
176Greece41.3
177Spain41.4
178Netherlands41.9
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
141Spain3.0%
142Central African Rep.2.9%
143Angola2.8%
144France2.8%
145Costa Rica2.7%
146Rwanda2.6%
147Pakistan2.5%
148Vietnam2.5%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
4France1.99
5Turkey2.04
6Australia1.96
7Uruguay2.05
8Norway1.95
9Myanmar (Burma)1.95
10Indonesia2.07
11Sweden1.93
12Tunisia1.93
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
47UK11.2%
48Ivory Coast11.2%
49Barbados10.9%
50France10.7%
51Costa Rica10.5%
52Netherlands10.5%
53Armenia10.5%
54Libya10.4%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
7Iceland82.72
8Israel82.56
9Australia82.54
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
13S. Korea82.13
14New Zealand82.03
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
18Turkey74.5m
19Thailand69.9m
20Congo, DR69.6m
21France63.5m
22UK62.8m
23Italy61.0m
24S. Africa50.7m
25Myanmar (Burma)48.7m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

France's population is predicted to rise to 68.47 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.99. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#equality #France #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

France performs very well in ensuring human rights and freedom compared to most other countries. France does the best for commentary in Human Rights Watch reports18. It comes in the best 20 in LGBT equality19, its nominal commitment to Human Rights20 and in opposing gender inequality21. It does better than average when it comes to fighting corruption22, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms23, eliminating modern slavery24, supporting press freedom25, its Global Peace Index rating26 and in the year from which women could participate in democracy27. France does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in terms of fighting anti-semitic opinions28. In some cases, anti-terrorism laws are being used to bypass judicial process, and, France's dealing with the Calais area migration camps have resulted in "dire living conditions" and the French ombudsman states that police behaviour has been abusive.29.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #France #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
50Ireland50
51Norway51
52Finland52
53France53
54Australia54
55Italy55
56Mauritius56
57Zambia57
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
13Belgium13
14Italy14
15Spain15
16France16
17Cyprus17
18Slovenia18
19New Zealand19
20Luxembourg20
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)26
Pos.Lower is better26
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
37Laos1.66
38Italy1.69
39Bulgaria1.70
40France1.71
41Estonia1.72
42S. Korea1.73
43Lithuania1.74
44Argentina1.76
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"26. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark26 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan26.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)31
Pos.Lower is better
Score31
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
112Iran4.72
113Chad4.76
114Russia4.90
115France5.01
116Indonesia5.07
117Nepal5.09
118Burundi5.10
119Palestine5.18
World Avg2.78
q=150.

6. Religion and Beliefs

#afterlife #belief #buddhism #christianity #god #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #universalism

Religiosity (2009)32
Pos.Lower is better
%32
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
4Japan24
5Hong Kong24
6UK27
7France30
8Vietnam30
9Russia34
10Belarus34
11Latvia39
12Luxembourg39
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)33
Pos.Higher is better
%33
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
4Czechia61
5Estonia49
6Denmark48
7France44
8Belgium43
9Netherlands42
10Germany42
11UK42
12Cuba40
World Avg9.9
q=137.

France is a highly secular country, and even amongst those who declare themselves to be religious there is a high degree of non-belief. 51% of the French people are Catholic, but only half of those Catholics actually say they believe in God. Of the god-believers, only 18% of them have Catholic beliefs about God. These statistics led scholar Nikolai G. Wenzel (2011)34 to ask "what does it really mean to be Catholic any more?".35. Those statistics from 2007 have been verified by later data:

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below36:

Christian63%
Muslim7.5%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.5%
Folk Religion0.3%
Jew0.5%
Unaffiliated28%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 71% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (44%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 71.9% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 30% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 83%-88%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 5%-10%, unaffiliated 4%. overseas departments: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist, pagan37.

The Afterlife: Ipsos-NA in 2011 gathered some statistics on France38. Despite the large numbers of Christians, not many have traditional beliefs in the afterlife - just 4%. More people don't know what to believe (32%). Even more people believe that upon death, you simply cease to exist (39%). Also, 1% specifically believe in heaven but not in hell (which is nice - making them possible "universalists"). 5% believe in reincarnation.

The movement to remove the privileges of institutionalized religion in France started earliest out of all Europe. Dobbelaere (2011)39 records that...:

In France, the secularist movement started at the end of the eighteenth century with laws introducing gradually the separation of church and state... state schools were compelled by law to be 'laïque' and 'neutral' towards the different creeds.

"The Meaning and Scope of Secularization" by Karel Dobbelaere (2011)40

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012)41, in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for France is one of the shortest of all countries (a good sign). It states:

The constitution and other laws, including the 1905 law on the "Separation of the Churches and the State", ensure state secularism (laïcité) and protect freedom of religion or belief. There are some exceptions to the policy of strict secularism. For example the French government owns and maintains free of charge all the Roman Catholic churches built before 1905, but no other religious building. And the law of 1905 does not completely apply to regions that (re)joined France after 1905. For example, there are still blasphemy laws on the book in the regions of Alsace and Moselle, as Articles 166 and 167 of the local penal code, although no convictions have been registered.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)42

Links:

7. The Internet

#France #internet #it_security #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
24Germany88%
25Aruba88%
26Switzerland87%
27France86%
28S. Korea86%
29Australia85%
30Bahamas85%
31Puerto Rico83%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)44
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio44
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
9Ireland26.1
10UK24.7
11Japan22.1
12France18.8
13Canada18.3
14Peru18.3
15Ecuador18.2
16Estonia17.6
World Avg3.82
q=176.
IT Security (2013)45
Pos.Lower is better45
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
46Indonesia1.05
47British Virgin Islands1.08
48Mali1.12
49France1.13
50Italy1.15
51Vietnam1.15
52Nigeria1.18
53Mauritania1.19
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #France #genetics #health #mental_health #obesity #organ_donation #public_health #smoking #sociology #suicide #UK

France has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. France comes in the best 20 when it comes to number of organ donors46. It does better than average in terms of its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance30 and in its adolescent birth rate21. France does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its immunizations take-up47, its smoking rate48 (still good for Europe) and in the prevalence of overweight adults49. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 for its suicide rate50 and in its alcohol consumption rate51. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)51
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita51
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
176Belgium12.1
177Portugal12.3
178Slovenia12.6
179France12.6
180Romania12.7
181Bulgaria12.7
182Latvia12.9
183Luxembourg13.0
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking52 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink53 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies54 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"55. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"56. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Organ Donors (At Death) (2017)46
Pos.Higher is better
pmp46
1Spain46.9057
2Portugal34.0157
3Belgium33.6257
4Croatia33.0057
5USA31.9658
6Malta30.00
7Italy28.50
8France26.84
9Czechia25.51
10Austria24.7057
11UK23.0559
12Belarus22.10
World Avg13.03
q=70.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
20Kuwait20
21Japan21
22Spain22
23France23
24Italy24
25Qatar25
26Oman26
27Estonia27
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)49
Pos.Lower is better
%49
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
133Iceland59.1
134Montenegro59.4
135Belarus59.4
136France59.5
137Belgium59.5
138Lithuania59.6
139Croatia59.6
140El Salvador59.9
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese60. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up61. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight61 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year62 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"63. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes64. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar65.

Smoking Rates (2014)48
Pos.Lower is better48
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
118Australia 956
119Mongolia 957
120Bahrain 969
121France 993
122Brunei1 023
123Algeria1 024
124Latvia1 041
125USA1 083
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)50
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k50
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
70Poland30.5
71Austria30.9
72Uruguay32.3
73France33.2
74Moldova35.7
75Switzerland36.2
76Croatia36.4
77Estonia37.9
World Avg20.93
q=91.

9. Children's Health

#France #health #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)21
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100021
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
26Spain8.4
27Bosnia & Herzegovina8.6
28Saudi Arabia8.8
29France8.9
30Croatia9.5
31Israel9.7
32Canada9.8
33Kuwait9.8
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)47
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %47
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
98USA92.8
99Latvia92.8
100Romania92.7
101France92.6
102El Salvador92.4
103Swaziland92.4
104Palau92.4
105Vietnam92.3
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
66
Pos.Lower is better66
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
90Senegal79
91Kazakhstan79.75
92Portugal80.25
93France80.5
94Peru83.75
95Comoros84
96Vietnam84.5
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
21Germany21
22Grenada22
23Poland23
24France24
25S. Africa25
26Singapore26
27Greece27
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
11UK11
12Portugal12
13Finland13
14France14
15Germany15
16Slovenia16
17Latvia17
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
50Ireland50
51Norway51
52Finland52
53France53
54Australia54
55Italy55
56Mauritius56
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
13Belgium13
14Italy14
15Spain15
16France16
17Cyprus17
18Slovenia18
19New Zealand19
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
14Germany14
15Albania15
16Togo16
17France17
18Singapore18
19Malaysia19
20Nicaragua20
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2967
2Israel4.1167
3Japan3.5867
...
11USA2.7468
12Belgium2.4667
13Slovenia2.3967
14France2.2667
15Australia2.2569
16Singapore2.0068
17Czechia2.0067
18Netherlands1.9767
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)70
Pos.Higher is better70
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
15New Zealand7.2
16Luxembourg7.1
17USA7.1
18France7.0
19Ireland7.0
20Belgium6.9
21UK6.9
22Oman6.9
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
22Canada$42 582
23Belgium$41 243
24Finland$38 868
25France$38 085
26UK$37 931
27Japan$37 268
28Bahrain$37 236
29Iceland$37 065
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)71
Pos.Higher is better71
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
4Malta80.9
5Sweden80.5
6UK79.9
7Luxembourg79.1
8Austria79.0
9Ireland78.8
10Finland78.6
11Iceland78.6
12Spain78.4
q=180.
IQ (2006)72
Pos.Higher is better72
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
23Andorra98
24Czechia98
25Spain98
26France98
27Australia98
28Denmark98
29USA98
30Latvia98
q=138.