The Human Truth Foundation

Indonesia (Republic of Indonesia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#atheism #confucianism #humanism #Indonesia #pakistan

Indonesia
Republic of Indonesia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index127th best
CapitalJakarta
Land Area1 811 570 km21
LocationAsia
Population 244.77 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy69.05yrs (2017)3
GNI$10 053 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesID, IDN, 3605
Internet Domain.id6
CurrencyRupiah (IDR)7
Telephone+628

1. Overview

#australia #germany #indonesia #islam #japan #netherlands #papua_new_guinea #UK

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence shortly before Japan's surrender, but it required four years of sometimes brutal fighting, intermittent negotiations, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. A period of sometimes unruly parliamentary democracy ended in 1957 when President SOEKARNO declared martial law and instituted "Guided Democracy." After an abortive coup in 1965 by alleged Communist sympathizers, SOEKARNO was removed from power. From 1966 until 1988, President SUHARTO ruled Indonesia with his "New Order" Government. After rioting toppled Suharto in 1998, free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and the world's largest Muslim-majority nation. Current issues include: alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, reforming the criminal justice system, holding the military and police accountable for human rights violations, addressing climate change, and controlling infectious diseases, particularly those of global and regional importance. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Indonesia owns half of the large island, New Guinea.

The island of New Guinea is divided almost equally into two halves. The Eatern half is called Papua New Guinea, which has been an independent state since 1975, before which it was owned by Australia, Germany and the UK. The Western half is part of Indonesia. Humans have lived on the island of New Guinea for 40,000 years, whereupon they started cultivating and exploiting plants like yams and taro10. "Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance in Papua by the separatist Free Papua Movement"9.

2. Indonesia National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)11
CountryRank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
110Paraguay110
111Egypt111
112Turkmenistan111
113Indonesia113
114Palestine114
115Vietnam115
116Philippines116
117El Salvador117
118Bolivia118
119S. Africa119
120Kyrgyzstan120
121Iraq121
122Cape Verde122
123Morocco123
124Nicaragua124
125Guatemala125
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.7
2Iceland88.6
3Denmark86.5
...
124Bahrain54.5
125Venezuela54.5
126Bolivia54.0
127Indonesia54.0
128Botswana53.6
129Russia53.2
130Moldova52.9
131Myanmar (Burma)52.6
132Sao Tome & Principe52.5
133Algeria52.4
134Namibia52.3
135Ghana52.2
136Solomon Islands52.0
137Laos52.0
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)12
CountryYears12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
125Tajikistan69.58
126Uzbekistan69.40
127Micronesia69.27
128Indonesia69.05
129Cambodia68.81
130Bolivia68.74
131Timor-Leste (E. Timor)68.51
132Philippines68.34
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
7Uruguay2.0
8Norway2.0
9Myanmar (Burma)2.0
10Indonesia2.1
11Sweden1.9
12Tunisia1.9
13St Lucia1.9
14USA2.1
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
4Indonesia 244.77m135
5Brazil 198.36m23
6Pakistan 179.95m233
7Nigeria 166.63m183
8Bangladesh 152.41m1171
9Russia 142.7m9
10Japan 126.43m347
11Mexico 116.15m60
Data Source

Indonesia's population is predicted to rise to 279.66 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.07.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
50Bulgaria1944
51Japan1945
52Italy1945
53Indonesia1945
54Senegal1945
55Togo1945
56Slovenia1945
57Croatia1945
Gender Inequality (2015)13
CountryValue13
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
102Venezuela0.46
103Nicaragua0.46
104Paraguay0.46
105Indonesia0.47
106Laos0.47
107Dominican Rep.0.47
108Namibia0.47
109Burundi0.47

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
69Chile2%
70Angola2%
71Central African Rep.2%
72Indonesia2%
73Costa Rica1%
74Ecuador1%
75El Salvador1%
76S. Africa1%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
106Mauritania98%
107Djibouti98%
108Burundi98%
109Indonesia99%
110Malawi99%
111Sri Lanka99%
112Yemen99%
113Bangladesh99.5%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below14:

Christian9.9%
Muslim87.2%
Hindu1.7%
Buddhist0.7%
Folk Religion0.3%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)15.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Indonesia states:

Indonesia recognizes only six official religions - Islam, Catholicism, Protestantism, Confucianism, Buddhism, and Hinduism - and requires its citizens to adhere to one of these. The country's blasphemy law makes it illegal to promote other faiths, or atheism. Article 156(a) of the country's criminal code also punishes "disseminating information aimed at inciting religious hatred or hostility" with up to five years in prison. Persons who do not identify with one of the six official religions, including people with no religion, continue to experience official discrimination. This discrimination occurs often in the context of civil registration of marriages and births and other situation involving family law.16

Official ID cards must list one of the six official religions16; therefore "atheism" or "Humanism" or "no religion" are not permitted options. Applicants for government jobs must also identify as belonging to one of the six official religions. To register an organization in Indonesia, the organizers must declare their allegiance to the Basic Ideology of the State (called Pancasila); the first principle of Pancasila is 'Belief in the one and only God'. That means no atheist group can legally register itself.

Cases of discrimination:

"In January 2012, Alexander Aan, an Indonesian civil servant in the province of West Sumatra, was arrested after being attacked by a mob of Muslim militants. The mob was reacting to statements Aan made on Facebook which criticized Islam and said he had left Islam and become an atheist. The police charged Aan on three separate counts: insulting religion (which has a maximum sentence of five years jail), the electronic transmission of defamatory comments (six years jail), and false reporting on an official form (six years jail). The charges of blasphemy and defamation related to his criticism of Islam on Facebook. The final charge [... was] based on the conflict between his atheist Facebook posts and his official registration as a Muslim - a registration he had to submit because Indonesians must identify with one of the six officially permitted religions. [...]

On June 14, 2012, a district court sentenced atheist Alexander Aan to two years and six months in prison for "spreading information inciting religious hatred and animosity." Aan was also reportedly fined 100 million rupiah (US $10,600)."

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)17

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
18Kyrgyzstan35
19Mexico37
20India39
21Indonesia42
22Malaysia43
23Libya43
24Jordan45
25Tunisia46
Data Source
IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
239France1.13
238Mali1.12
237British Virgin Islands1.08
236Indonesia1.05
235Brazil1.02
234Tajikistan1.01
233Canada0.96
232Malaysia0.96
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
134Zambia10.12
135Angola10.00
136Nicaragua10.00
137Indonesia9.90
138Ghana9.55
139Gambia9.20
140Swaziland9.01
141Kiribati8.96
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

The IHEU's Freedom of Thought publication notes that in countries like Pakistan and Indonesia, where "organized atheism is impossible if not directly illegal", atheists frequently organize themselves online. This is because in these heavily Muslim countries, any deviance from Islam is grimly punishable. It is their only possible avenue of expression. But those "who have been caught criticizing religion online have been arrested and harrassed on seemingly spurious thought-crime type offences"18. The Internet is itself a tool of human rights, even in the dark corners of the world where the vested interests of powerful religionists seek to restrict basic freedoms.

Links:

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)13
CountryPer 100013
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
106Chile47.8
107Solomon Islands48.4
108Peru49.1
109Indonesia49.6
110Colombia50.2
111St Vincent & Grenadines51.0
112Cambodia51.6
113Egypt51.9
Alcohol Consumption (2010)19
CountryPer Capita19
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
12Somalia0.5
13Senegal0.6
14Timor-Leste (E. Timor)0.6
15Indonesia0.6
16Guinea0.7
17Afghanistan0.7
18Jordan0.7
19Myanmar (Burma)0.7

8. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions20
Country%20
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
75Bulgaria44
76Mauritius44
77Poland45
78Indonesia48
79Panama52
80Senegal53
81Korea, S.53
82Iran56
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
21
CountryValue21
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
13Bahrain13
14Norway13.33
15Malta14
16Indonesia14.75
17Iceland16
18Bhutan17.5
19Kenya17.75
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)22
CountryRank22
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
69Moldova69
70Namibia69
71Bolivia71
72Indonesia72
73Turkey73
74S. Africa74
75Papua New Guinea74
76Nicaragua76
Global Peace Index (2012)23
CountryValue23
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
60Malawi1.89
61Panama1.90
62Jordan1.90
63Indonesia1.91
64Serbia1.92
65Bosnia & Herzegovina1.92
66Moldova1.93
67Albania1.93
Research and Development
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2924
2Israel4.1124
3Japan3.5824
...
110Peru0.1025
111Paraguay0.0926
112Congo, DR0.0827
113Indonesia0.0828
114Cape Verde0.0729
115Saudi Arabia0.0727
116Algeria0.0725
117Trinidad & Tobago0.0526
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
58Costa Rica89
59Mexico88
60Ecuador88
61Indonesia87
62Iraq87
63Turkmenistan87
64Uzbekistan87
65Brazil87
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
175Eritrea8
176Sao Tome & Principe7
177Grenada7
178Indonesia7
179Korea, N.7
180UAE7
181Pakistan6
182Tonga6
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
135Morocco99.4
136Ethiopia99.4
137Tunisia99.4
138Indonesia99.4
139India99.4
140Oman99.4
141Congo, DR99.4
142Cambodia99.5
Data Source
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
CountryPPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
102Dominica$10 096
103Bosnia & Herzegovina$10 091
104Egypt$10 064
105Indonesia$10 053
106St Lucia$9 791
107Namibia$9 770
108Georgia$8 856
109Philippines$8 395
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
72Pakistan5.3
73Albania5.3
74Turkey5.3
75Indonesia5.2
76Lebanon5.2
77Algeria5.2
78Belarus5.2
79Portugal5.2
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
130Oman45.9
131Guinea-Bissau44.7
132Cameroon44.6
133Indonesia44.6
134Rwanda44.6
135Guinea44.4
136Bolivia44.3
137Papua New Guinea44.3
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
126Chad0
127Sri Lanka0
128Ivory Coast-10
129Indonesia-10
130Iraq-10
131Namibia-10
132Angola-10
133Kazakhstan-10
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2015 Mar 08
http://www.humantruth.info/indonesia.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#atheism #australia #buddhism #christianity #confucianism #germany #hinduism #humanism #indonesia #islam #japan #judaism #netherlands #pakistan #papua_new_guinea #UK

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Apr 13.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

MacGregor, Neil. Director of the British Museum.
(2010) A History of the World in 100 Objects. Published by the BBC and the British Museum. Aired on BBC Radio 4.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

UNESCO
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from unesdoc.unesco.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 30.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/id.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. MacGregor (2010) Week 2, episode 1. Notes are from Professor Graeme Barker, Archaeologist, University of Cambridge.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  12. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  13. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  14. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  15. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  16. 2010 IRF report (US International Religious Freedom report). In IHEU 2012.^
  17. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  18. IHEU (2012) p12. Added to this page on 2015 Mar 07.^
  19. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  20. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  21. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  22. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  23. ^
  24. OECD (2016) . Data for year 2014.^
  25. UNESCO . Data for year 2007.^
  26. World Bank . Data for year 2012.^
  27. World Bank . Data for year 2009.^
  28. World Bank . Data for year 2013.^
  29. World Bank . Data for year 2011.^

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