The Human Truth Foundation

Indonesia (Republic of Indonesia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#atheism #confucianism #humanism #indonesia #pakistan

Indonesia
Republic of Indonesia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index123rd best
CapitalJakarta
Land Area1 811 570km21
LocationAsia
Population244.8m (2011)2
Life Expectancy69.05yrs (2017)3
GNI$10 053 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesID, IDN, 3605
Internet Domain.id6
CurrencyRupiah (IDR)7
Telephone+628

1. Overview

#australia #germany #indonesia #islam #japan #malaysia #netherlands #papua_new_guinea #UK

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence shortly before Japan's surrender, but it required four years of sometimes brutal fighting, intermittent negotiations, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. A period of sometimes unruly parliamentary democracy ended in 1957 when President SOEKARNO declared martial law and instituted "Guided Democracy." After an abortive coup in 1965 by alleged Communist sympathizers, SOEKARNO was removed from power. From 1966 until 1988, President SUHARTO ruled Indonesia with his "New Order" Government. After rioting toppled Suharto in 1998, free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and the world's largest Muslim-majority nation. Current issues include: alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, reforming the criminal justice system, holding the military and police accountable for human rights violations, addressing climate change, and controlling infectious diseases, particularly those of global and regional importance. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Indonesia owns half of the large island, New Guinea.

The island of New Guinea is divided almost equally into two halves. The Eatern half is called Papua New Guinea, which has been an independent state since 1975, before which it was owned by Australia, Germany and the UK. The Western half is part of Indonesia. Humans have lived on the island of New Guinea for 40,000 years, whereupon they started cultivating and exploiting plants like yams and taro10. "Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance in Papua by the separatist Free Papua Movement"9.

Book CoverFrom the western tip of Sumatra to the eastern edge of Papua, Indonesia offers endless exploration and infinite diversity. This unique land may well be the last great adventure on Earth. Indonesia defines adventure: the only limitation is how many of its 17,000 islands you can reach before your visa expires. Following the equator, Indonesia stretches between Malaysia and Australia in one long intoxicating sweep. The nation´s natural diversity is staggering, alluring and inspiring, from the snow-capped peaks in Papua, sandalwood forests in Sumba, dense jungle in Borneo and impossibly green rice paddies in Bali and Java. Indonesian reefs are a diver´s fantasy while the surf breaks above are the best anywhere.

But even as the diversity on land and sea run like a traveller´s fantasy playlist, it´s the mash-up of people and cultures that´s the most appealing. Bali justifiably leads off, but there are also Papua´s stone-age folk, the many cultures of Flores, the artisans of Java, mall-rats of Jakarta and much more. Whether it´s a dreamy remote beach, an orang-utan encounter or a Bali all-nighter, Indonesia scores.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)11

2. Indonesia National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)
Lower is better

Rank12
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
110Paraguay110
111Egypt111
112Turkmenistan111
113Indonesia113
114Palestine114
115Vietnam115
116Philippines116
117El Salvador117
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
Higher is better

Points13
1Iceland84.1
2Sweden80.8
3Norway80.0
...
120Morocco50.9
121Kenya50.7
122Haiti50.5
123Indonesia50.4
124Jordan50.4
125Russia50.2
126Honduras50.2
127Puerto Rico50.1
World Avg54.5
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)
Lower is better

Per 10014
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
83Uzbekistan11.9
84Tonga11.9
85Kyrgyzstan12.1
86Indonesia12.4
87Myanmar (Burma)12.5
88India12.5
89Bolivia12.7
90Nicaragua13.1
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)
%15
1Dominica104.8
2Palestine68.4
3Samoa67.3
...
171UAE1.2
172Mongolia1.2
173Kenya1.1
174Indonesia1.1
175Myanmar (Burma)1.0
176Solomon Islands1.0
177India0.9
178Papua New Guinea0.9
World Avg11.5
q=192.
Fertility Rate (2013)
2.0 is best
16
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
7Uruguay2.05
8Norway1.95
9Myanmar (Burma)1.95
10Indonesia2.07
11Sweden1.93
12Tunisia1.93
13St Lucia1.93
14USA2.08
World Avg2.81
q=180.

Immigrants (2010)
%15
1Qatar86.5
2Monaco71.6
3UAE70.0
...
185Myanmar (Burma)0.2
186Korea, N.0.2
187Morocco0.2
188Cuba0.1
189Peru0.1
190Vietnam0.1
191Indonesia0.1
192China0.1
World Avg9.2
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)
Higher is better

Years17
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
125Tajikistan69.58
126Uzbekistan69.40
127Micronesia69.27
128Indonesia69.05
129Cambodia68.81
130Bolivia68.74
131Timor-Leste (E. Timor)68.51
132Philippines68.34
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)18
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
4Indonesia244.8m
5Brazil198.4m
6Pakistan180.0m
7Nigeria166.6m
8Bangladesh152.4m
9Russia142.7m
10Japan126.4m
11Mexico116.1m
12Philippines96.5m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Indonesia's population is predicted to rise to 279.66 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.07. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Gender Inequality (2015)
Lower is better19
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
102Venezuela0.46
103Nicaragua0.46
104Paraguay0.46
105Indonesia0.47
106Laos0.47
107Dominican Rep.0.47
108Namibia0.47
109Burundi0.47
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote
Lower is better

Year20
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
52Croatia1945
53Italy1945
54Senegal1945
55Indonesia1945
56Japan1945
57Togo1945
58Korea, N.1946
59Liberia1946
World Avg1930
q=189.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Indonesia is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#afterlife #buddhism #christianity #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #judaism #universalism

Religiosity (2009)
Lower is better
%21
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
107Somaliland98
108Burundi98
109Sri Lanka99
110Malawi99
111Yemen99
112Indonesia99
113Niger99.5
114Bangladesh99.5
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)
Higher is better22
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
69Central African Rep.2
70Tajikistan2
71Turkmenistan2
72Indonesia2
73Paraguay1
74Nicaragua1
75Bolivia1
76Colombia1
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below23:

Christian9.9%
Muslim87.2%
Hindu1.7%
Buddhist0.7%
Folk Religion0.3%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)24.

The Afterlife: Ipsos-NA in 2011 gathered some statistics on Indonesia25. Despite the large numbers of Muslims, not many have traditional beliefs in the afterlife - just 62%. Some people don't know what to believe (4%). Some believe that upon death, you simply cease to exist (2%). Also, 1% specifically believe in heaven but not in hell (which is nice - making them possible "universalists"). 6% believe in reincarnation.

Freedom of Thought: The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Indonesia states:

Indonesia recognizes only six official religions - Islam, Catholicism, Protestantism, Confucianism, Buddhism, and Hinduism - and requires its citizens to adhere to one of these. The country's blasphemy law makes it illegal to promote other faiths, or atheism. Article 156(a) of the country's criminal code also punishes "disseminating information aimed at inciting religious hatred or hostility" with up to five years in prison. Persons who do not identify with one of the six official religions, including people with no religion, continue to experience official discrimination. This discrimination occurs often in the context of civil registration of marriages and births and other situation involving family law.26

Official ID cards must list one of the six official religions26; therefore "atheism" or "Humanism" or "no religion" are not permitted options. Applicants for government jobs must also identify as belonging to one of the six official religions. To register an organization in Indonesia, the organizers must declare their allegiance to the Basic Ideology of the State (called Pancasila); the first principle of Pancasila is 'Belief in the one and only God'. That means no atheist group can legally register itself.

Cases of discrimination:

"In January 2012, Alexander Aan, an Indonesian civil servant in the province of West Sumatra, was arrested after being attacked by a mob of Muslim militants. The mob was reacting to statements Aan made on Facebook which criticized Islam and said he had left Islam and become an atheist. The police charged Aan on three separate counts: insulting religion (which has a maximum sentence of five years jail), the electronic transmission of defamatory comments (six years jail), and false reporting on an official form (six years jail). The charges of blasphemy and defamation related to his criticism of Islam on Facebook. The final charge [... was] based on the conflict between his atheist Facebook posts and his official registration as a Muslim - a registration he had to submit because Indonesians must identify with one of the six officially permitted religions. [...]

On June 14, 2012, a district court sentenced atheist Alexander Aan to two years and six months in prison for "spreading information inciting religious hatred and animosity." Aan was also reportedly fined 100 million rupiah (US $10,600)."

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)27

Links:

6. The Internet

Freedom On The Internet (2012)
Lower is better
28
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
18Kyrgyzstan35
19Mexico37
20India39
21Indonesia42
22Libya43
23Malaysia43
24Jordan45
25Turkey46
World Avg46.7
q=47.
Internet Users (2016)
Higher is better
29
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
148Zimbabwe21%
149Equatorial Guinea21%
150Lesotho21%
151Indonesia20%
152Marshall Islands20%
153Algeria20%
154Nicaragua19%
155Uganda19%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)
Higher is better

Ratio30
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
64UAE0.3
65Seychelles0.2
66Puerto Rico0.2
67Indonesia0.2
68S. Africa0.1
69Jersey0.1
70Sudan0.1
71Ukraine0.1
World Avg3.82
q=176.

IT Security (2013)
Lower is better
31
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
43Canada0.96
44Tajikistan1.01
45Brazil1.02
46Indonesia1.05
47British Virgin Islands1.08
48Mali1.12
49France1.13
50Italy1.15
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

The IHEU's Freedom of Thought publication notes that in countries like Pakistan and Indonesia, where "organized atheism is impossible if not directly illegal", atheists frequently organize themselves online. This is because in these heavily Muslim countries, any deviance from Islam is grimly punishable. It is their only possible avenue of expression. But those "who have been caught criticizing religion online have been arrested and harrassed on seemingly spurious thought-crime type offences"32. The Internet is itself a tool of human rights, even in the dark corners of the world where the vested interests of powerful religionists seek to restrict basic freedoms.

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)
Lower is better

Per 100019
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
106Chile47.8
107Solomon Islands48.4
108Peru49.1
109Indonesia49.6
110Colombia50.2
111St Vincent & Grenadines51.0
112Cambodia51.6
113Egypt51.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)
Lower is better

Per Capita33
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
12Somalia0.5
13Senegal0.6
14Timor-Leste (E. Timor)0.6
15Indonesia0.6
16Guinea0.7
17Afghanistan0.7
18Jordan0.7
19Myanmar (Burma)0.7
World Avg6.2
q=191.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)
Higher is better

Avg %34
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
166Ivory Coast76.9
167Congo, DR76.5
168Timor-Leste (E. Timor)76.5
169Indonesia76.4
170Mali76.0
171India75.1
172Ethiopia73.9
173Pakistan73.0
World Avg88.3
q=194.

Smoking Rates (2014)
Lower is better
35
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
136Spain1 265
137Malta1 266
138Philippines1 291
139Indonesia1 322
140Libya1 333
141Israel1 346
142Argentina1 359
143Denmark1 378
World Avg 819
q=182.

8. Politics and Freedom

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)
Higher is better

Treaties36
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
173USA8
174Somalia8
175Eritrea8
176Indonesia7
177Korea, N.7
178Sao Tome & Principe7
179Grenada7
180UAE7
World Avg15.1
q=194.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)
Lower is better

Rank37
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
69Moldova69
70Namibia69
71Bolivia71
72Indonesia72
73Turkey73
74S. Africa74
75Papua New Guinea74
76Nicaragua76
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)
Lower is better
38
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
135Morocco3904
136Ethiopia3957
137Tunisia3993
138Indonesia4105
139India4122
140Oman4151
141Congo, DR4166
142Cambodia4181
World Avg3249
q=178.

9. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions
Lower is better

%39
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
75Bulgaria44
76Mauritius44
77Poland45
78Indonesia48
79Panama52
80Senegal53
81Korea, S.53
82Iran56
q=101.
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
Lower is better
40
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
13Bahrain13
14Norway13.33
15Malta14
16Indonesia14.75
17Iceland16
18Bhutan17.5
19Kenya17.75
q=156.
Global Peace Index (2012)
Lower is better
41
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
60Malawi1.89
61Panama1.90
62Jordan1.90
63Indonesia1.91
64Serbia1.92
65Bosnia & Herzegovina1.92
66Moldova1.93
67Albania1.93
q=157.
Research and Development
Higher is better

% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.29
2Israel4.11
3Japan3.58
...
110Peru0.10
111Paraguay0.09
112Congo, DR0.08
113Indonesia0.08
114Saudi Arabia0.07
115Algeria0.07
116Cape Verde0.07
117Trinidad & Tobago0.05
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)
Higher is better
42
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
73Albania5.3
74Pakistan5.3
75Lebanon5.2
76Indonesia5.2
77Portugal5.2
78Belarus5.2
79Algeria5.2
80Uzbekistan5.1
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)
Higher is better
PPP $17
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
102Dominica$10 096
103Bosnia & Herzegovina$10 091
104Egypt$10 064
105Indonesia$10 053
106St Lucia$9 791
107Namibia$9 770
108Georgia$8 856
109Philippines$8 395
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2010)
Higher is better
43
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
130Oman45.9
131Guinea-Bissau44.7
132Rwanda44.6
133Indonesia44.6
134Cameroon44.6
135Guinea44.4
136Papua New Guinea44.3
137Bolivia44.3
q=162.
LGBT Equality (2013)
Higher is better

Score44
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
136Iraq-10
137Kazakhstan-10
138Mali-10
139Indonesia-10
140Bhutan-10
141Guinea-Bissau-15
142Singapore-20
143Bahrain-20
q=211.
IQ (2006)
Higher is better45
1Singapore108
2Hong Kong108
3Korea, S.106
...
66Azerbaijan87
67Iraq87
68Turkmenistan87
69Indonesia87
70Kuwait86
71Philippines86
72Peru85
73Trinidad & Tobago85
q=138.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2017 Jun 21
http://www.humantruth.info/indonesia.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#afterlife #atheism #australia #buddhism #christianity #confucianism #germany #heaven #hell #hinduism #humanism #indonesia #islam #japan #judaism #malaysia #netherlands #pakistan #papua_new_guinea #UK #universalism

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Aug 01.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Ipsos-NA. Ipsos-North America.
(2011) Supreme Being(s), the Afterlife and Evolution. Ipsos press release page, link to raw data. Accessed 2017 May 29. The poll was conducted in 23 developed and mostly rich countries - it would be unwise to use their irresponsibly extrapolated data on "global beliefs", but their data on individual countries is still good..

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes..

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

MacGregor, Neil. Director of the British Museum.
(2010) A History of the World in 100 Objects. Published by the BBC and the British Museum. Aired on BBC Radio 4.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/id.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. MacGregor (2010) Week 2, episode 1. Notes are from Professor Graeme Barker, Archaeologist, University of Cambridge.^
  11. Lonely Planet (2014) chapter "Indonesia" .^
  12. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  13. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  14. UN (2017) Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  15. UN (2013) Table 11.^
  16. UN (2013) Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  17. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  18. UN (2013) Table 14.^
  19. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  20. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 3.6. Women Stand for Election & Vote (1893+) New Zealand, Australia, Finland" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  21. Gallup (2009) .^
  22. Zuckerman, P. (2007). Atheism: contemporary numbers and patterns. In M.Martin (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. In "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" by Lynn et al. (2009).^
  23. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  24. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  25. Ipsos (2011) .^
  26. 2010 IRF report (US International Religious Freedom report). In IHEU 2012.^
  27. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  28. Freedom House publication "Freedom on the Net 2012" at www.freedomhouse.org/.../FOTN%202012%20-%20Tables%20and%20Charts%20FINAL.pdf accessed 2013 Feb 05.^
  29. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  30. % of internet access via native IPv6 compared to IPv4. As of 2017 Jun 20, from http://www.cidr-report.org. Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  31. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 4.4. Malware and Email Spam (2010-2) " by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  32. IHEU (2012) p12. Added to this page on 2015 Mar 07.^
  33. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  34. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  35. Annual Cigarette Consumption Per Adult (age 15 and above) - compustible cigarettes. Euromonitor International (2014), via tobaccoatlas.org/topic/cigarette-use-globally/ . Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  36. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  37. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  38. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  39. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  40. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  41. ^
  42. UN (2013) Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  43. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^
  44. Higher is better. Sources:^
  45. Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg (2009) .^

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