The Human Truth Foundation

Indonesia (Republic of Indonesia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#atheism #buddhism #christianity #confucianism #hinduism #indonesia #pakistan

Indonesia
Republic of Indonesia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index111st best
CapitalJakarta
Land Area1 811 570km21
LocationAsia
Population267.7m2
Life Expectancy69.05yrs (2017)3
GNI$10 053 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesID, IDN, 3605
Internet Domain.id6
CurrencyRupiah (IDR)7
Telephone+628

1. Overview

#australia #germany #indonesia #islam #japan #malaysia #netherlands #papua_new_guinea #UK

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence shortly before Japan's surrender, but it required four years of sometimes brutal fighting, intermittent negotiations, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. A period of sometimes unruly parliamentary democracy ended in 1957 when President SOEKARNO declared martial law and instituted "Guided Democracy." After an abortive coup in 1965 by alleged Communist sympathizers, SOEKARNO was removed from power. From 1966 until 1988, President SUHARTO ruled Indonesia with his "New Order" Government. After rioting toppled Suharto in 1998, free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and the world's largest Muslim-majority nation. Current issues include: alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, reforming the criminal justice system, holding the military and police accountable for human rights violations, addressing climate change, and controlling infectious diseases, particularly those of global and regional importance. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Indonesia owns half of the large island, New Guinea.

The island of New Guinea is divided almost equally into two halves. The Eatern half is called Papua New Guinea, which has been an independent state since 1975, before which it was owned by Australia, Germany and the UK. The Western half is part of Indonesia. Humans have lived on the island of New Guinea for 40,000 years, whereupon they started cultivating and exploiting plants like yams and taro10. "Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance in Papua by the separatist Free Papua Movement"9.

Book CoverFrom the western tip of Sumatra to the eastern edge of Papua, Indonesia offers endless exploration and infinite diversity. This unique land may well be the last great adventure on Earth. Indonesia defines adventure: the only limitation is how many of its 17,000 islands you can reach before your visa expires. Following the equator, Indonesia stretches between Malaysia and Australia in one long intoxicating sweep. The nation´s natural diversity is staggering, alluring and inspiring, from the snow-capped peaks in Papua, sandalwood forests in Sumba, dense jungle in Borneo and impossibly green rice paddies in Bali and Java. Indonesian reefs are a diver´s fantasy while the surf breaks above are the best anywhere.

But even as the diversity on land and sea run like a traveller´s fantasy playlist, it´s the mash-up of people and cultures that´s the most appealing. Bali justifiably leads off, but there are also Papua´s stone-age folk, the many cultures of Flores, the artisans of Java, mall-rats of Jakarta and much more. Whether it´s a dreamy remote beach, an orang-utan encounter or a Bali all-nighter, Indonesia scores.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)11

2. Indonesia National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)12
Pos.Lower is better
Rank12
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
110Paraguay110
111Egypt111
112Turkmenistan111
113Indonesia113
114Palestine114
115Vietnam115
116Philippines116
117El Salvador117
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)13
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $13
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
102Dominica$10 096
103Bosnia & Herzegovina$10 091
104Egypt$10 064
105Indonesia$10 053
106St Lucia$9 791
107Namibia$9 770
108Georgia$8 856
109Philippines$8 395
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
14,15
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank14,15
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
108Nepal91.9
109St Lucia91.9
110Andorra92.3
111Indonesia92.4
112Egypt92.6
113Antigua & Barbuda93.5
114Kenya94.5
115Senegal94.7
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Indonesia's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Indonesia's population is predicted to rise to 279.66 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.07. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
4Indonesia267.7m
5Pakistan212.2m
6Brazil209.5m
7Nigeria195.9m
8Bangladesh161.4m
9Russia145.7m
10Japan127.2m
11Mexico126.2m
12Ethiopia109.2m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)13
Pos.Higher is better
Years13
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
125Tajikistan69.58
126Uzbekistan69.40
127Micronesia69.27
128Indonesia69.05
129Cambodia68.81
130Bolivia68.74
131Timor-Leste (E. Timor)68.51
132Philippines68.34
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
7Uruguay2.05
8Norway1.95
9Myanmar (Burma)1.95
10Indonesia2.07
11Sweden1.93
12Tunisia1.93
13St Lucia1.93
14USA2.08
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)17
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10017
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
83Uzbekistan11.9
84Tonga11.9
85Kyrgyzstan12.1
86Indonesia12.4
87Myanmar (Burma)12.5
88India12.5
89Bolivia12.7
90Nicaragua13.1
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)18
Pos.
%18
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
188N. Korea0.2%
189Sri Lanka0.2%
190Myanmar (Burma)0.1%
191Madagascar0.1%
192Indonesia0.1%
193Cuba0.1%
194Vietnam0.1%
195China0.1%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)19
Pos.
%19
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
171UAE1.2%
172Mongolia1.2%
173Kenya1.1%
174Indonesia1.1%
175Myanmar (Burma)1.0%
176Solomon Islands1.0%
177India0.9%
178Papua New Guinea0.9%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #Indonesia #politics #tolerance

Indonesia is amongst the worst places in the world at ensuring human rights and freedom, and it has severe cultural issues when it comes to tolerance and equality. Indonesia does better than average in terms of supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms20. In 2017 it made some limited steps to protect the rights of some of its most vulnerable people and released some political prisoners21. However Indonesia performs less well in most areas. It does worse than average in its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice22, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports23, opposing gender inequality24, LGBT equality25, supporting press freedom26 and in speed of uptake of HR treaties27. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 in its nominal commitment to Human Rights28. The United Nations made 58 recommendations on improvements that Indonesia could make, but they were rejected wholesale21. Indonesia does not accept the concept of freedom of religion. The state only permits six religions: Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Catholicism, Protestantism, and Confucianism - there is no legal way to be non-religious29. The country's blasphemy law makes it illegal to promote other faiths. In 2017, President Jokowi decreed the amendment of a law, enabling the government to fast-track the banning of groups it doesn't like21.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Indonesia's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #Indonesia #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)30,31
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank30,31
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
106Andorra94.8
107Lithuania94.8
108Djibouti94.9
109Indonesia94.9
110Vanuatu95.7
111Paraguay96.3
112Seychelles96.3
113Panama96.5
114Chile96.5
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives30. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea30.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe30, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia30.

Health:

Indonesia has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Indonesia does better than average in its alcohol consumption rate32 and in its fertility rate16. But that's it. Indonesia has problems. It does worse than average in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance33, its adolescent birth rate24, its average life expectancy13, its smoking rate34 and in its immunizations take-up35. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% between 1976 and 2016.
Life Expectancy (2015)13
Pos.Higher is better
Years13
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
125Tajikistan69.58
126Uzbekistan69.40
127Micronesia69.27
128Indonesia69.05
129Cambodia68.81
130Bolivia68.74
131Timor-Leste (E. Timor)68.51
132Philippines68.34
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)32
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita32
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
20Jordan0.7
21Senegal0.7
22Oman0.8
23Indonesia0.8
24Azerbaijan0.8
25Algeria0.9
26Malaysia0.9
27Comoros0.9
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
7Uruguay2.05
8Norway1.95
9Myanmar (Burma)1.95
10Indonesia2.07
11Sweden1.93
12Tunisia1.93
13St Lucia1.93
14USA2.08
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)34
Pos.Higher is worse34
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
142Argentina1 359
141Israel1 346
140Libya1 33336
139Indonesia1 322
138Philippines1 291
137Malta1 266
136Spain1 265
135Iraq1 227
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
81Dominican Rep.81
82Zambia82
83Croatia83
84Indonesia84
85Bolivia85
86Kyrgyzstan86
87Moldova87
88Syria88
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)37
Pos.Lower is better
%37
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
34Zambia27.8
35Togo28.1
36Mali28.1
37Indonesia28.2
38Somalia28.4
39Senegal28.4
40Pakistan28.4
41Sudan28.9
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)24
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100024
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
106Chile47.8
107Solomon Islands48.4
108Peru49.1
109Indonesia49.6
110Colombia50.2
111St Vincent & Grenadines51.0
112Cambodia51.6
113Egypt51.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)35
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %35
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
166Ivory Coast76.9
167Congo, DR76.5
168Timor-Leste (E. Timor)76.5
169Indonesia76.4
170Mali76.0
171India75.1
172Ethiopia73.9
173Pakistan73.0
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Indonesia's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #modernity #politics #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)38
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank38
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
109Pakistan80.2
110Jamaica80.6
111Libya81.3
112Indonesia82.8
113Dominica83.3
114Cameroon83.3
115Ethiopia83.5
116Zimbabwe83.8
117Ghana84.1
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2939
2Israel4.1139
3Japan3.5839
...
110Peru0.1040
111Paraguay0.0941
112Congo, DR0.0842
113Indonesia0.0843
114Saudi Arabia0.0742
115Algeria0.0740
116Cape Verde0.0744
117Trinidad & Tobago0.0541
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)45
Pos.Higher is better45
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
110Kuwait51.5%
111Congo, DR50.7%
112Macedonia49.8%
113Indonesia48.8%
114Congo, (Brazzaville)48.8%
115Iraq48.0%
116Paraguay47.8%
117Nicaragua47.5%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)46
Pos.Higher is better
Years46
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
97Morocco13.1
98Dominica13.0
99Trinidad & Tobago13.0
100Indonesia12.9
101Gabon12.9
102Panama12.9
103Suriname12.9
104Palestine12.8
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
156Tanzania156
157Equatorial Guinea157
158Guyana158
159Afghanistan159
160Indonesia160
161Bolivia161
162Iraq162
163Angola163
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)47
Pos.Higher is better
Score47
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
59Qatar1222
60Georgia1216
61Jordan1197
62Indonesia1186
63Brazil1185
64Peru1182
65Lebanon1129
66Tunisia1114
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)48
Pos.Lower is better
%48
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
107Somaliland98
108Burundi98
109Sri Lanka99
110Malawi99
111Yemen99
112Indonesia99
113Niger99.5
114Bangladesh99.5
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)49
Pos.Higher is better49
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
64Bolivia87
65Iraq87
66Azerbaijan87
67Indonesia87
68Turkmenistan87
69Uzbekistan87
70Kuwait86
71Philippines86
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

The IHEU's Freedom of Thought publication notes that in countries like Pakistan and Indonesia, where "organized atheism is impossible if not directly illegal", atheists frequently organize themselves online. This is because in these heavily Muslim countries, any deviance from Islam is grimly punishable. It is their only possible avenue of expression. But those "who have been caught criticizing religion online have been arrested and harrassed on seemingly spurious thought-crime type offences"50. The Internet is itself a tool of human rights, even in the dark corners of the world where the vested interests of powerful religionists seek to restrict basic freedoms.

Internet Users (2016)51
Pos.Higher is better51
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
148Zimbabwe21%
149Equatorial Guinea21%
150Lesotho21%
151Indonesia20%
152Marshall Islands20%
153Algeria20%
154Nicaragua19%
155Uganda19%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
Freedom On The Internet (2012)52
Pos.Lower is better52
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
18Kyrgyzstan35
19Mexico37
20India39
21Indonesia42
22Libya43
23Malaysia43
24Jordan45
25Turkey46
World Avg46.7
q=47.
IT Security (2013)53
Pos.Lower is better53
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
43Canada0.96
44Tajikistan1.01
45Brazil1.02
46Indonesia1.05
47British Virgin Islands1.08
48Mali1.12
49France1.13
50Italy1.15
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)54
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio54
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
64UAE0.3
65Seychelles0.2
66Puerto Rico0.2
67Indonesia0.2
68S. Africa0.1
69Jersey0.1
70Sudan0.1
71Ukraine0.1
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
55
Pos.Lower is better55
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
13Bahrain13
14Norway13.33
15Malta14
16Indonesia14.75
17Iceland16
18Bhutan17.5
19Kenya17.75
20Jamaica20.5
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)56
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score56
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
104Egypt34.2
105Argentina34.2
106Niger34.2
107Indonesia34.2
108Djibouti34.0
109Bolivia34.0
110Malawi33.8
111Kosovo33.8
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)57
Pos.Higher is better57
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
93Bosnia & Herzegovina5.1
94Mongolia5.1
95Vietnam5.1
96Indonesia5.1
97Bhutan5.1
98Somalia5.0
99Cameroon5.0
100Bulgaria4.9
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
85Morocco85
86Jamaica86
87Senegal87
88Indonesia88
89Cambodia89
90Peru90
91Jordan91
92Haiti92
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
130Kenya130
131Kazakhstan131
132Bangladesh132
133Indonesia133
134Egypt134
135Uruguay135
136Namibia136
137Yemen137
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)58
Pos.Lower is better58
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
60Malawi1.89
61Panama1.90
62Jordan1.90
63Indonesia1.91
64Serbia1.92
65Bosnia & Herzegovina1.92
66Moldova1.93
67Albania1.93
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
4Egypt4
5Nigeria5
6Uruguay6
7Indonesia7
8Brunei8
9Moldova9
10Morocco10
11Oman11
12Tanzania12
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
59Bangladesh59
60Seychelles60
61Philippines61
62Indonesia62
63Uganda63
64Moldova64
65Mozambique65
66Burkina Faso66
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)59
Pos.Lower is better
Score59
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
113Chad4.76
114Russia4.90
115France5.01
116Indonesia5.07
117Nepal5.09
118Burundi5.10
119Palestine5.18
120Bangladesh5.21
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)60
Pos.Higher is better
%60
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
158Argentina-22.1
159Cameroon-22.6
160Somalia-23.2
161Indonesia-23.2
162Kyrgyzstan-23.8
163Comoros-24.5
164Nepal-24.7
165Benin-25.2
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)61
Pos.Higher is better61
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
130Kenya47.3
131Bhutan47.2
132Vietnam47.0
133Indonesia46.9
134Guinea46.6
135Mozambique46.4
136Uzbekistan45.9
137Chad45.3
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)62
Pos.Higher is better62
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
33Germany11.24
34Greece11.24
35Tunisia11.24
36Indonesia11.11
37Israel11.11
38Turkey11.11
39Azerbaijan10.87
40Netherlands10.75
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
75Kiribati1994 Nov 14
76Romania1994 Nov 15
77Austria1994 Nov 16
78Indonesia1994 Nov 21
79Slovakia1994 Nov 23
80Costa Rica1994 Nov 24
81Nigeria1994 Nov 27
82Guyana1994 Nov 27
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)63
Pos.Higher is better
%63
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
13Mexico67.0%
14Nicaragua67.0%
15El Salvador66.8%
16Indonesia66.5%
17Japan64.7%
18Panama64.6%
19Peru63.9%
20Chile63.8%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)64
Pos.Higher is worse64
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
112Vanuatu14.40
111Algeria14.10
110Azerbaijan13.90
109Indonesia13.90
108Uzbekistan13.90
107Paraguay13.80
106Honduras13.30
105Mongolia13.10
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)65
Pos.Lower is better
%65
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
83Georgia37.9
84El Salvador38.0
85Gabon38.0
86Indonesia38.1
87Myanmar (Burma)38.1
88Maldives38.4
89Burundi38.6
90China38.6
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)66
Pos.Lower is better
Severity66
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
33Philippines.024
34Mexico.025
35S. Africa.025
36Indonesia.028
37Syria.029
38Tajikistan.029
39El Salvador.032
40Iraq.033
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#afterlife #belief #buddhism #christianity #confucianism #god #heaven #hell #hinduism #indonesia #islam #judaism #religion #religion_in_indonesia #universalism

Religiosity (2009)48
Pos.Lower is better
%48
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
107Somaliland98
108Burundi98
109Sri Lanka99
110Malawi99
111Yemen99
112Indonesia99
113Niger99.5
114Bangladesh99.5
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)67
Pos.Higher is better
%67
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
69Central African Rep.2
70Tajikistan2
71Turkmenistan2
72Indonesia2
73Paraguay1
74Nicaragua1
75Bolivia1
76Colombia1
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below68:

Christian9.9%
Muslim87.2%
Hindu1.7%
Buddhist0.7%
Folk Religion0.3%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)69.

The Afterlife: Ipsos-NA in 2011 gathered some statistics on Indonesia70. Despite the large numbers of Muslims, not many have traditional beliefs in the afterlife - just 62%. Some people don't know what to believe (4%). Some believe that upon death, you simply cease to exist (2%). Also, 1% specifically believe in heaven but not in hell (which is nice - making them possible "universalists"). 6% believe in reincarnation.

Freedom of Religion and Belief: Indonesia does not accept the concept of freedom of religion. The state only permits six religions: Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Catholicism, Protestantism, and Confucianism29 (with some exceptions for some 'native' beliefs). The country's terrible blasphemy law makes it illegal to promote other faiths. Non-religious folk are also forced into picking one of those religions on official forms - but, lying is itself illegal29. Therefore, there is no legal way to be non-religious in Indonesia.

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