The Human Truth Foundation

Ukraine

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #climate_change #economics #germany #happiness #intelligence #morals #research #science #the_environment #ukraine

Ukraine
StatusIndependent State
CapitalKiev
Land Area 579 320km21
LocationEurope
Population44.9m (2011)2
Life Expectancy71.13yrs (2017)3
GNI$7 361 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesUA, UKR, 8045
Internet Domain.ua6
CurrencyHryvnia (UAH)7
Telephone+3808

1. Overview

#russia

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, Ukraine's parliament, the Rada, approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister. In October 2012, Ukraine held Rada elections, widely criticized by Western observers as flawed due to use of government resources to favor ruling party candidates, interference with media access, and harassment of opposition candidates.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverBig, diverse and largely undiscovered, Ukraine is one of Europe´s last genuine travel frontiers, a poor nation rich in colourful tradition, warm-hearted people and off-the-map experiences. Ukraine is big. In fact it´s Europe´s biggest country (not counting Russia, which isn´t entirely in Europe) and packs a lot of diversity into its borders. You can be clambering around the Carpathians in search of Hutsul festivities, sipping Eastern Europe´s best coffee in sophisticated Lviv and partying on Odessa´s beaches, all in a few days.

A diverse landscape obviously throws up a whole bunch of outdoorsy activities. How about mountain biking or hill walking in the Carpathians, bird spotting in the Danube Delta or water sports on the Kyiv Sea? Many Ukrainians love nothing more than wandering their country´s vast forests, foraging for berries and mushrooms or picnicking by a meandering river.

History is all around you wherever you go in this vast land, whether it be among the Gothic churches of Lviv, the Stalinist facades of Kyiv, the remnants of the once-animated Jewish culture of West Ukraine or the more recent Soviet high-rises just about anywhere. After the latest political turmoils, this divided nation faces an uncertain future but its people share one thing: a talent for survival.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Ukraine National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
82Macedonia82
83Algeria83
84Armenia84
85Ukraine84
86Jordan86
87Peru87
88Thailand87
89Ecuador89
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
72Tajikistan56.8
73Turkey56.5
74Montenegro56.5
75Ukraine56.5
76Peru56.4
77Seychelles56.3
78Philippines56.3
79Kyrgyzstan56.0
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population #Ukraine

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
141Georgia29.7
142Montenegro30.0
143Belarus30.3
144Ukraine30.8
145Australia31.3
146Slovakia31.6
147Albania31.8
148Norway32.2
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
43Equatorial Guinea14.9%
44Seychelles14.6%
45New Zealand14.5%
46Ukraine14.4%
47Israel14.0%
48Swaziland13.4%
49Lithuania13.2%
50Romania13.1%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
82Dominican Rep.2.51
83Lithuania1.49
84Kazakhstan2.52
85Ukraine1.48
86Nicaragua2.52
87Belarus1.47
88Slovenia1.47
89Italy1.47
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
40Djibouti13.0%
41Seychelles12.8%
42Grenada12.1%
43Ukraine11.6%
44Moldova11.4%
45Belarus11.4%
46Iceland11.3%
47UK11.2%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
108Belarus71.46
109Egypt71.33
110Suriname71.28
111Ukraine71.13
112Azerbaijan70.90
113Kyrgyzstan70.79
114N. Korea70.52
115Trinidad & Tobago70.52
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
27Tanzania47.7m
28Colombia47.6m
29Spain46.8m
30Ukraine44.9m
31Kenya42.7m
32Argentina41.1m
33Poland38.3m
34Algeria36.5m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Ukraine's population is predicted to fall to 40 515 000 by 2030. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.48. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance #ukraine

Ukraine does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Ukraine comes in the best 20 for the year from which women could participate in democracy18. It does better than average in its nominal commitment to Human Rights19, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports20 (but low for Europe), opposing gender inequality21 (but high for Europe), LGBT equality22 (but low for Europe) and in its Global Peace Index rating23 (but bad for Europe). Ukraine does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in fighting anti-semitic opinions24, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms25 (amongst the highest in Europe), eliminating modern slavery26, supporting press freedom27 (amongst the worst in Europe) and in fighting corruption28 (amongst the lowest in Europe).

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism #Ukraine

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
105Laos105
106Mozambique106
107Poland107
108Ukraine108
109Belgium109
110Panama110
111Equatorial Guinea111
112Botswana112
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
54Macedonia54
55Zambia55
56Lithuania56
57Ukraine57
58Croatia58
59Bangladesh59
60Seychelles60
61Philippines61
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)23
Pos.Lower is better23
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
68Macedonia1.94
69Guyana1.94
70Cuba1.95
71Ukraine1.95
72Tunisia1.96
73Cyprus1.96
74Gambia1.96
75Gabon1.97
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"23. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark23 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan23.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)30
Pos.Lower is better
Score30
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
124Burkina Faso5.42
125Myanmar (Burma)5.51
126Mozambique5.54
127Ukraine5.55
128Niger5.60
129USA5.69
130Kenya5.76
131Sudan5.81
World Avg2.78
q=150.

6. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)31
Pos.Lower is better
%31
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
19Canada42
20S. Korea43
21Kazakhstan43
22Ukraine46
23Slovenia47
24Spain49
25Azerbaijan50
26Israel51
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)32
Pos.Higher is better
%32
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
22New Zealand22
23Canada22
24Latvia20
25Ukraine20
26Mongolia20
27Austria18
28Slovakia17
29Switzerland17
World Avg9.9
q=137.

The Ukrainian government does better than Russia when it comes to secularism; "There is no parallel to the united and dominant Russian Orthodox Church, or to the support given to the latter by the Russian government. The Ukrainian government is religiously neutral, allowing an efflorescence of religious pluralism"33. Although many folk do declare themselves to belong to a religious denomination, 62% also say that they're not religious when asked in opinion-polls33.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below34:

Christian83.8%
Muslim1.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated14.7%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 85.1% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (20%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 85.4% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 46% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Ukrainian Orthodox - Kyiv Patriarchate 50.4%, Ukrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate 26.1%, Ukrainian Greek Catholic 8%, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox 7.2%, Roman Catholic 2.2%, Protestant 2.2%, Jewish 0.6%, other 3.2% (2006 est.)35.

The sociologist of religion, Peter L. Berger, sheds some light on the differences between some of the Ukrainian denominations:

The majority is Orthodox, but split into three mutually hostile factions: the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kiev Patriarchate, and the Ukrainian Orthodox Autocephalous Church. Please do not count on me to explain all these differences, except that the split is politically significant in terms of pro-Russian versus pro-Western groups. There are Uniats (who practice eastern rites but recognize the primacy of Rome) and also standard Roman Catholics, especially in the western part of Ukraine.

"Religion and Other Curiosities" by Peter L. Berger (2012)33

Although a shameful number of Ukrainians collaborated with the German Nazi regime during the Holocaust of the 1940s, in modern times there is now (thankfully) "a significant renascence of Jewish culture"36.

Links:

7. The Internet

#internet #it_security #politics #the_internet #Ukraine

Freedom On The Internet (2012)37
Pos.Lower is better37
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
8UK25
9S. Africa26
10Argentina26
11Ukraine27
12Brazil27
13Kenya29
14Georgia30
15Nigeria33
World Avg46.7
q=47.
Internet Users (2016)38
Pos.Higher is better38
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
109Mexico45%
110Kenya45%
111Belize45%
112Ukraine44%
113Philippines44%
114Jamaica43%
115Ecuador43%
116Thailand43%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)39
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio39
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
68S. Africa0.1
69Jersey0.1
70Sudan0.1
71Ukraine0.1
72Lithuania0.1
73Vanuatu0.1
74Iran0.1
75Zambia0.1
World Avg3.82
q=176.

IT Security (2013)40
Pos.Lower is better40
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
61UK1.34
62Mongolia1.42
63Uganda1.44
64Ukraine1.44
65Nepal1.45
66Afghanistan1.45
67Germany1.46
68Netherlands1.47
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #genetics #health #mental_health #obesity #public_health #smoking #sociology #suicide #UK #Ukraine

Ukraine is a pretty unhealthy country. Ukraine does better than average in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance29 (but high for Europe) and in its adolescent birth rate21 (but high for Europe). When it comes to most other metrics, Ukraine does not do well. It does worse than average for the prevalence of overweight adults41 and in its alcohol consumption rate42 (still good for Europe). And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 in its suicide rate43, its smoking rate44 and in its immunizations take-up45 (the lowest in Europe). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)42
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita42
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
127Botswana8.4
128Trinidad & Tobago8.4
129Vietnam8.4
130Ukraine8.6
131Netherlands8.7
132Croatia8.9
133Cameroon8.9
134Canada8.9
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking46 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink47 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies48 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"49. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"50. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
52Slovakia52
53Bulgaria53
54Panama54
55Ukraine55
56S. Africa56
57Slovenia57
58Morocco58
59Cyprus59
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)41
Pos.Lower is better
%41
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
122Nicaragua58.2
123Norway58.3
124Poland58.3
125Ukraine58.4
126Cuba58.5
127Italy58.5
128Luxembourg58.7
129Panama58.8
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese51. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up52. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight52 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year53 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"54. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes55. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar56.

Smoking Rates (2014)44
Pos.Lower is better44
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
162Japan1 713
163Hungary1 759
164Estonia1 775
165Ukraine1 854
166Jordan1 855
167Austria1 988
168S. Korea2 073
169Greece2 086
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)43
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k43
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
79Finland39
80Belgium39.1
81Slovenia44
82Ukraine44.8
83Latvia48.2
84Japan49.4
85Hungary50.6
86Kazakhstan52.4
World Avg20.93
q=91.

9. Children's Health

#health #parenting #population #Ukraine #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)21
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100021
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
70Jordan23.2
71Russia23.4
72New Zealand23.6
73Ukraine24.1
74India24.5
75Samoa25.0
76Rwanda26.3
77Iran26.7
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)45
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %45
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
185Vanuatu65.5
186Guinea63.3
187Syria62.4
188Ukraine55.2
189Chad52.5
190Nigeria50.0
191Central African Rep.49.4
192Somalia46.0
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
57
Pos.Lower is better57
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
110Macedonia98.75
111Romania99.75
112Cambodia99.75
113Ukraine100
114Albania101.25
115Latvia101.25
116El Salvador101.25
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
4Denmark4
5UK5
6Austria6
7Finland7
8Netherlands8
9Belgium9
10Slovenia10
11Switzerland11
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
59Uruguay59
60Samoa60
61Montenegro61
62Ukraine62
63Israel63
64Mexico64
65S. Africa65
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
105Laos105
106Mozambique106
107Poland107
108Ukraine108
109Belgium109
110Panama110
111Equatorial Guinea111
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
54Macedonia54
55Zambia55
56Lithuania56
57Ukraine57
58Croatia58
59Bangladesh59
60Seychelles60
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
69New Zealand69
70Tunisia70
71Montenegro71
72Ukraine72
73Chile73
74Macedonia74
75Oman75
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2958
2Israel4.1158
3Japan3.5858
...
40India0.8259
41Croatia0.8160
42Kenya0.7961
43Ukraine0.7660
44Morocco0.7361
45S. Africa0.7362
46Serbia0.7360
47Hong Kong0.7362
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)63
Pos.Higher is better63
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
79Algeria5.2
80Uzbekistan5.1
81Morocco5.1
82Ukraine5.1
83Malawi5.1
84Iraq5.0
85Philippines5.0
86Zambia5.0
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
115Swaziland$7 522
116Cuba$7 455
117Belize$7 375
118Ukraine$7 361
119Morocco$7 195
120Bhutan$7 081
121Guatemala$7 063
122Guyana$6 884
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)64
Pos.Higher is better64
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
106El Salvador53.9
107Fiji53.1
108Turkey53.0
109Ukraine52.9
110Guatemala52.3
111Maldives52.1
112Moldova52.0
113Botswana51.7
q=180.
IQ (2006)65
Pos.Higher is better65
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
29USA98
30Latvia98
31Hungary98
32Ukraine97
33Russia97
34Belarus97
35Moldova96
36Uruguay96
q=138.