The Human Truth Foundation

Laos (Lao People's Democratic Republic)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #homosexuality #intelligence #laos #morals #the_environment

Laos
Lao People's Democratic Republic
StatusIndependent State
CapitalVientiane
Land Area 230 800km21
LocationAsia
Population6.4m (2011)2
Life Expectancy66.60yrs (2017)3
GNI$5 049 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesLA, LAO, 4185
Internet Domain.la6
CurrencyKip (LAK)7
Telephone+8568

1. Overview

Modern-day Laos has its roots in the ancient Lao kingdom of Lan Xang, established in the 14th century under King FA NGUM. For 300 years Lan Xang had influence reaching into present-day Cambodia and Thailand, as well as over all of what is now Laos. After centuries of gradual decline, Laos came under the domination of Siam (Thailand) from the late 18th century until the late 19th century when it became part of French Indochina. The Franco-Siamese Treaty of 1907 defined the current Lao border with Thailand. In 1975, the Communist Pathet Lao took control of the government ending a six-century-old monarchy and instituting a strict socialist regime closely aligned to Vietnam. A gradual, limited return to private enterprise and the liberalization of foreign investment laws began in 1988. Laos became a member of ASEAN in 1997 and the WTO in 2013.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverLaos, long a forgotten backwater, combines some of the best elements of Southeast Asia in one bite-sized destination. Pockets of pristine environment, a kaleidoscope of diverse cultures and quite possibly the most chilled-out people on earth have earned Laos cult status among travellers. Imagine a country where your pulse slows, smiles are genuine and the locals are still curious about you.Village life is refreshingly simple, and even in Vientiane it´s hard to believe this sort of languid riverfront life exists in a capital city. Magical Luang Prabang bears witness to hundreds of saffron-robed monks gliding through the streets in search of alms; it´s one of the region´s iconic images.Away from the cities, it´s easy to make a quick detour off the beaten track and end up in a fairytale landscape with jagged limestone cliffs, brooding jungle and the snaking Mekong River as a backdrop. Community-based trekking combines these natural attractions with a village homestay. The Lao people are wonderfully welcoming hosts and there is no better way to get to know their culture than by sharing their lives.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Laos National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
135Congo, (Brazzaville)135
136Equatorial Guinea135
137Kiribati137
138Laos138
139Zambia139
140Bangladesh139
141Ghana139
142Sao Tome & Principe142
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
138N. Korea48.9
139Solomon Islands48.7
140Palau48.7
141Laos48.4
142Togo48.3
143Gambia48.3
144Benin48.0
145Saudi Arabia48.0
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #Laos #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
51UAE07.7
52Oman07.8
53Jordan08.0
54Laos08.1
55Timor-Leste (E. Timor)08.2
56Belize08.3
57Gabon08.5
58Pakistan08.6
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
98Netherlands6.0%
99Italy5.8%
100Benin5.8%
101Laos5.7%
102Turkey5.6%
103Comoros5.6%
104Congo, (Brazzaville)5.6%
105Togo5.4%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
92Cuba1.45
93India2.55
94Germany1.44
95Laos2.58
96Malaysia2.58
97Hungary1.42
98Romania1.42
99Japan1.40
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
176Eritrea0.3%
177Afghanistan0.3%
178Lesotho0.3%
179Laos0.3%
180Egypt0.3%
181Iraq0.3%
182Somalia0.2%
183Colombia0.2%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
133India68.32
134Solomon Islands68.11
135Senegal66.93
136Laos66.60
137Sao Tome & Principe66.58
138Guyana66.50
139Pakistan66.37
140Kiribati66.23
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
102Paraguay6.7m
103Libya6.5m
104Jordan6.5m
105Laos6.4m
106Togo6.3m
107El Salvador6.3m
108Sierra Leone6.1m
109Nicaragua6.0m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Laos's population is predicted to rise to 7.754 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.58. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Politics and Freedom

#antisemitism #burundi #christianity #corruption #democracy #eritrea #france #freedom #germany #human_development #human_rights #indonesia #israel #jordan #judaism #Laos #mass_media #morocco #netherlands #pakistan #peace #philippines #politics #religion #religious_violence #saudi_arabia #slavery #spain #sweden #turkey #UK #vietnam

Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)18
Pos.Lower is better
%18
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
4Netherlands5
5Vietnam6
6UK8
7Denmark9
8USA9
9Tanzania12
10Thailand13
11Czechia13
12Canada14
World Avg36.8
q=101.

Anti-Semitism is the world given to irrational racism against Jews. It is not the same as anti-Judaism (involving arguments against the religion) nor the same as anti-Zionism (arguments against Israel). In history, influential Christian theologians concocted the arguments against Jews that led, very early on, to widespread Christian action against Jews19,20,21,22. As Christianity rose to power in the West and presided over the Dark Ages, there were widespread violent outbursts against Jews of the most persistent and horrible kind. The Crusades were frequently aimed at them and the feared Spanish Inquisition paid Jews particular attention. The horror of the holocaust instigated by German Nazis in the 1940s was followed (finally) by the era of European human rights and a movement against racism in general.

The places that are the least anti-Semitical are a few countries of south-east Asia (Laos, the Philippines and Vietnam) and some of the secular liberal democracies of Europe (Sweden, the Netherlands and the UK). The worst countries for antisemitism are Islamic states of the Middle East23, which are undergoing their own Dark Age. Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Morocco, Indonesia, Pakistan and Turkey see the most oppressive and violent actions towards Jews24,25. Jews in Muslim countries face a host of restrictions and "ceaseless humiliation and regular pogroms"26. In 2004 the European Union Monitoring Center on Racism and Xenophobia reported on violent anti-Jew crimes in the EU and found that that largest group of perpetrators were young Muslim males27.

Corruption (2012-2016)28
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score28
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
147Kenya26.0
148Bangladesh25.8
149Papua New Guinea25.6
150Laos25.4
151Guinea25.0
152Central African Rep.23.8
153Tajikistan23.6
154Congo, (Brazzaville)22.8
World Avg43.05
q=176.

Corruption is the abuse of public office for private gain29. There are many forms of corruption. Politicians can sometimes (1) steal money (theft or embezzlement), (2) accept bribes (such as backhanders for awarding government contracts to companies), (3) give bribes (i.e., for electoral support or support in the mass media), (4) improperly coerce others (extortion), (5) give positions of power to friends and family without fairly seeking other applicants for those jobs (cronyism), or (6) grant favours to friends and family (nepotism) such as buying services from them at inflated prices (graft). The least corrupt countries between 2012-2016 were Denmark, New Zealand and Finland28 and the worst were Somalia, N. Korea and Afghanistan28.

Global Peace Index (2012)30
Pos.Lower is better30
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
34Vietnam1.64
35Croatia1.65
36Costa Rica1.66
37Laos1.66
38Italy1.69
39Bulgaria1.70
40France1.71
41Estonia1.72
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"30. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark30 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan30.

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)31
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties31
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
153Swaziland11
154Zimbabwe11
155Saudi Arabia10
156Laos10
157Solomon Islands10
158Qatar10
159Vatican City10
160India10
World Avg15.1
q=194.

There are many international agreements on human rights, and, many mechanisms by which countries can be brought to account for their actions. Together, these have been the biggest historical movement in the fight against oppression and inhumanity. Or, putting it another way: these are rejected mostly by those who wish to oppress inhumanely. None of them are perfect and many people object to various components and wordings, but, no-one has come up with, and enforced, better methods of controlling the occasional desires that states and peoples have of causing angst for other states and peoples in a violent, unjust or inhumane way. Points are awarded for the number of human rights agreements ratified by the country, plus the acceptance of the petition mechanisms for disputes. The maximum possible score in 2009 was 24.

Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
106Malawi106
107Thailand107
108Lebanon108
109Laos109
110Ivory Coast110
111Ukraine111
112Senegal111
113Colombia111
World Avg79.7
q=159.

The Human Freedom Index published by the Fraser Institute is...

... a broad measure of human freedom, understood as the absence of coercive constraint. It uses 79 distinct indicators of personal and economic freedom in the following areas: Rule of Law, Security and Safety, Movement, Religion, Association, Assembly, and Civil Society, Expression, Relationships, Size of Government, Legal System and Property Rights, Access to Sound Money, Freedom to Trade Internationally, Regulation of Credit, Labor, and Business. [...]

The highest levels of freedom are in Western Europe, Northern Europe, and North America (Canada and the United States. The lowest levels are in the Middle East and North Africa, South Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. [...]

Countries in the top quartile of freedom enjoy a significant higher per capita income ($37,147) [compared with] the least-free quartile [at] $8,700). The HFI finds a strong correlation between human freedom and democracy.

"The Human Freedom Index" by The Fraser Institute (2016)33

Press Freedom (2013)34
Pos.Lower is better34
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
164Bahrain6275
165Equatorial Guinea6720
166Djibouti6740
167Laos6799
168Yemen6922
169Sudan7006
170Cuba7164
171Vietnam7178
World Avg3249
q=178.

The freedom to investigate, publish information, and have access to others' opinion is a fundamental part of today's information-driven world. Scores on the Press Freedom Index are calculated according to indicators including pluralism - the degree to which opinions are represented in the media, media independence of authorities, self-censorship, legislation, transparency and the infrastructure that supports news and information, and, the level of violence against journalists which includes lengths of imprisonments. The index "does not take direct account of the kind of political system but it is clear that democracies provide better protection for the freedom to produce and circulate accurate news and information than countries where human rights are flouted".

It must be noted that press freedom is not an indicator of press quality and the press itself can be abusive; the UK suffers in particular from a popular brand of nasty reporting that infuses several of its newspapers who are particularly prone to running destructive and often untrue campaigns against victims. The Press Freedom Index notes that "the index should in no way be taken as an indicator of the quality of the media in the countries concerned".

Slavery (2018)35
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims35
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
...
143Macedonia0.87
144Swaziland0.88
145Thailand0.89
146Laos0.94
147Papua New Guinea1.03
148Belarus1.09
149Brunei1.09
150Myanmar (Burma)1.10
World Avg0.65
q=167.

The taking of slaves has been an unwholesome feature of Human cultures since prehistory36. Private households and national endeavours have frequently been augmented with the use of slaves. The Egyptian and Roman empires both thrived on them for both purposes. Aside from labourers they are often abused sexually by their owners and their owners' friends37. The era of colonialism and the beginnings of globalisation changed nothing: the imprisonment and forced movements of labour continued to destroy many lives except that new justifications were invented based on Christian doctrine and the effort to convert non-Christians. By 1786 over 12 million slaves had been extracted from Africa and sent to colonial labour camps, with a truly atrocious condition of life38. But they were not the only ones to blame; in Africa internal nations such as the Asantes sold and bought tens of thousands of slaves39.

The abolition of the slave trade was a long and slow process. Until a relatively modern time, even philosophers, religious leaders and those concerned with ethics justified, or ignored, the problem of slavery40. The first abolitionists were always the slaves themselves. Their protests and rebellions caused the industry to become too expensive to continue. After that, it was the economic costs of maintain slave colonies that led the British to reject and then oppose the slave trade globally. Finally, the enlightenment-era thinkers of France encouraged moral and ethical thinking including the declaration of the inherent value of human life and human dignity41. A long-overdue wave of compassionate and conscientious movements swept across the West, eliminating public support for slavery, until the industries and churches that supported it had no choice but to back down.

'Modern slavery' includes forced labour (often of the under-age), debt bondage (especially generational), sexual slavery, chattel slavery and other forms of abuse, some of which can be surprisingly difficult to detect, but often target those fleeing from warzones and the vulnerable.42. Some industries (diamond, clothing, coal) from some countries (Burundi35, Eritrea35, Indonesia43) are a particular concern. The Walk Free Foundation, say that in 2016, 40.3 million people were living in modern slavery44.

5. Gender Equality

#christianity #gender #gender_equality #human_rights #Laos #misogyny #politics #women

Gender Inequality (2015)45
Pos.Lower is better45
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
103Nicaragua0.46
104Paraguay0.46
105Indonesia0.47
106Laos0.47
107Dominican Rep.0.47
108Namibia0.47
109Burundi0.47
110Bhutan0.48
World Avg0.36
q=159.

The UN Human Development Reports include statistics on gender equality which take into account things like maternal mortality, access to political power (seats in parliament) and differences between male and female education rates. Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Year Women Can Vote46
Pos.Lower is better
Year46
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
113Egypt1956
114Comoros1956
115Malaysia1957
116Laos1958
117Hungary1958
118Chad1958
119Nigeria1958
120Burkina Faso1958
World Avg1930
q=189.

Women now have equal rights in the vast majority of countries across the world. Although academic literature oftens talks of when a country "grants women the right to vote", this enforces a backwards way of thinking. Women always had the right to vote, however, they were frequently denied that right. The opposition to women's ability to vote in equality with man was most consistently and powerfully opposed by the Catholic Church, other Christian organisations, Islamic authorities and some other religious and secular traditionalists.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Laos and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Laos is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

6. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #Laos #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
102Lesotho102
103Antigua & Barbuda103
104Latvia104
105Laos105
106Mozambique106
107Poland107
108Ukraine108
109Belgium109
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
156Ivory Coast156
157St Lucia157
158Vietnam158
159Laos159
160Equatorial Guinea160
161Fiji161
162Tonga162
163Brunei163
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)30
Pos.Lower is better30
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
34Vietnam1.64
35Croatia1.65
36Costa Rica1.66
37Laos1.66
38Italy1.69
39Bulgaria1.70
40France1.71
41Estonia1.72
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"30. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark30 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan30.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)48
Pos.Lower is better
Score48
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
53Vietnam1.00
54Montenegro1.00
55Taiwan1.01
56Laos1.03
57Armenia1.17
58Senegal1.19
59Morocco1.22
60Guatemala1.33
World Avg2.78
q=150.

7. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Disbelief In God (2007)49
Pos.Higher is better
%49
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
47Cambodia7
48Moldova6
49Italy6
50Laos5
51Ireland5
52Mozambique5
53Zimbabwe4
54Namibia4
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below50:

Christian1.5%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist66%
Folk Religion30.7%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Buddhist 67%, Christian 1.5%, other and unspecified 31.5% (2005 census)51.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012)52, in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Laos states:

The constitution provides for freedom of religion or belief. However, other laws and policies restrict this right. The prime minister's Decree on Religious Practice (Decree 92) is the principal legal instrument defining rules for religious practice; it institutionalizes the government's role as the final arbiter of permissible religious activities. Although the government does not recognize an official state religion, the government's exemption of Buddhism from many of the Decree 92 restrictions, sponsorship of Buddhist facilities, incorporation of Buddhist ritual and ceremony in state functions, and promotion of Buddhism as an element of the country's cultural and spiritual identity give Theravada Buddhism an elevated status53.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)54

Links:

8. The Internet

#internet #it_security #Laos #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)55
Pos.Higher is better55
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
161Mauritania17%
162S. Sudan17%
163Gambia17%
164Laos16%
165Namibia16%
166Turkmenistan15%
167Bangladesh13%
168Iraq13%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)56
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio56
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
102Colombia0.0
103Ghana0.0
104Yemen0.0
105Laos0.0
106Malta0.0
107Turkmenistan0.0
108Bangladesh0.0
109Qatar0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.
IT Security (2013)57
Pos.Lower is better57
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
35Ivory Coast0.82
36Ethiopia0.84
37Iran0.85
38Laos0.86
39Spain0.88
40Kuwait0.93
41Saudi Arabia0.93
42Malaysia0.96
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

9. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #genetics #health #Laos #obesity #public_health #smoking #sociology #UK

Laos is a pretty unhealthy country. Laos does better than average when it comes to the prevalence of overweight adults58. But that's it. Laos has problems. It does worse than average in terms of its smoking rate59, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance47 (amongst the highest in Asia), its adolescent birth rate45, its immunizations take-up60 and in its alcohol consumption rate61 (one of the highest in Asia). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)61
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita61
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
150Swaziland9.9
151Spain10.0
152S. Korea10.2
153Laos10.4
154Greece10.4
155Denmark10.4
156Cook Islands10.6
157Australia10.6
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking62 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink63 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies64 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"65. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"66. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
120Seychelles120
121Guinea-Bissau121
122Argentina122
123Laos123
124Antigua & Barbuda124
125Burkina Faso125
126Mauritius126
127Congo, DR127
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)58
Pos.Lower is better
%58
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
18Myanmar (Burma)24.8
19Rwanda25.1
20Congo, DR25.3
21Laos25.4
22Kenya25.5
23Central African Rep.26.2
24Mozambique26.4
25Guinea26.6
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese67. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up68. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight68 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year69 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"70. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes71. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar72.

Smoking Rates (2014)59
Pos.Lower is better59
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
109Papua New Guinea 826
110UK 827
111Sweden 831
112Laos 836
113Iran 869
114Thailand 895
115Turkmenistan 92573
116Chile 930
World Avg 819
q=182.

10. Children's Health

#health #Laos #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)45
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100045
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
126Philippines61.7
127Mexico62.8
128Argentina63.8
129Laos64.1
130Honduras65.0
131El Salvador65.2
132S. Sudan65.9
133Belize65.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)60
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %60
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
145Zambia84.2
146Congo, (Brazzaville)83.6
147Cameroon83.3
148Laos83.3
149Djibouti82.6
150Uganda82.5
151Comoros81.8
152Marshall Islands81.8
World Avg88.3
q=194.

11. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
74
Pos.Lower is better74
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
43Slovenia38.75
44Costa Rica38.75
45Liberia40.67
46Laos41
47Uganda41.25
48Singapore42
49Somaliland42
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
97St Vincent & Grenadines97
98Zimbabwe98
99Panama99
100Laos100
101Cameroon101
102Peru102
103Cape Verde103
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
142Malawi142
143Benin143
144Cameroon144
145Laos145
146Nigeria146
147Equatorial Guinea147
148Angola148
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
102Lesotho102
103Antigua & Barbuda103
104Latvia104
105Laos105
106Mozambique106
107Poland107
108Ukraine108
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
156Ivory Coast156
157St Lucia157
158Vietnam158
159Laos159
160Equatorial Guinea160
161Fiji161
162Tonga162
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
109Thailand109
110Ecuador110
111Malawi111
112Laos112
113China113
114S. Africa114
115Cape Verde115
q=163.
Life Satisfaction (2011)75
Pos.Higher is better75
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
84Iraq5.0
85Philippines5.0
86Zambia5.0
87Laos5.0
88Mauritania5.0
89Latvia5.0
90Mongolia5.0
91Romania5.0
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
133Vietnam$5 335
134Tonga$5 284
135Palestine$5 256
136Laos$5 049
137Pakistan$5 031
138Moldova$5 026
139Myanmar (Burma)$4 943
140Nicaragua$4 747
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)76
Pos.Higher is better76
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
150Cambodia43.2
151Solomon Islands43.2
152Iraq43.2
153Laos42.9
154Burkina Faso42.8
155Sierra Leone42.5
156Gambia42.4
157Congo, (Brazzaville)42.4
q=180.
Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)18
Pos.Lower is better
%18
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
4Netherlands5
5Vietnam6
6UK8
7Denmark9
8USA9
9Tanzania12
10Thailand13
11Czechia13
12Canada14
q=101.
LGBT Equality (2017)77
Pos.Higher is better
Score77
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
90Micronesia20
91Armenia20
92Mozambique17
93Laos15
94Haiti15
95Azerbaijan15
96Equatorial Guinea15
97Burkina Faso15
q=196.
IQ (2006)78
Pos.Higher is better78
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
57Kyrgyzstan90
58Chile90
59Costa Rica89
60Laos89
61Ecuador88
62Mexico88
63Brazil87
64Bolivia87
q=138.