Mauritius (Republic of Mauritius)

#Mauritius

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Mauritius
Republic of Mauritius
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index51st best
CapitalPort Louis
Land Area1 2 030 km2
LocationAfrica
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population21.314 million
Life Expectancy373.54yrs (2012)
GNI3$13 300
ISO3166-1 Codes4MU, MUS, 480
Internet Domain5.mu
Currency6Rupee (MUR)
Telephone7+230

1. Overview

#France #Netherlands #Portugal #UK

Although known to Arab and Malay sailors as early as the 10th century, Mauritius was first explored by the Portuguese in the 16th century and subsequently settled by the Dutch - who named it in honor of Prince Maurits van NASSAU - in the 17th century. The French assumed control in 1715, developing the island into an important naval base overseeing Indian Ocean trade, and establishing a plantation economy of sugar cane. The British captured the island in 1810, during the Napoleonic Wars. Mauritius remained a strategically important British naval base, and later an air station, playing an important role during World War II for anti-submarine and convoy operations, as well as the collection of signals intelligence. Independence from the UK was attained in 1968. A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record, the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Mauritius National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
77Peru74.164.5
78Ukraine74.070.0
79Macedonia74.072.6
80Mauritius73.764.1
81Bosnia & Herzegovina73.573.1
82Azerbaijan73.469.9
83St Vincent & Grenadines73.371.5
84Oman73.170.4
85Jamaica73.066.2
86Brazil73.063.2
87Armenia72.967.8
88St Lucia72.572.0
89Ecuador72.465.3
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
48Croatia67.2
49Greece67.1
50Albania66.6
51Mauritius66.6
52Bulgaria66.1
53Argentina66.0
54Cyprus65.9
55Serbia65.8
56Dominica65.7
57Malta65.4
58Chile65.3
59Grenada64.6
60Suriname64.4
61Romania64.3
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
86China73.7
87Jordan73.5
88Dominican Rep.73.6
89Mauritius73.5
90Bulgaria73.6
91Latvia73.6
92Egypt73.5
93Algeria73.4
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
58Iran1.6
59Venezuela2.4
60Ecuador2.4
61Mauritius1.6
62Panama2.4
63Peru2.4
64Barbados1.6
65China1.6
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
150Bahrain1.359m1789
151Trinidad & Tobago1.351m263
152Estonia1.34m32
153Mauritius1.314m647
154Swaziland1.22m71
155Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.187m80
156Cyprus1.129m122
Data Source

Mauritius's population is predicted to rise to 1.394 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.59. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
107Ethiopia1955
108Mali1956
109Benin1956
110Mauritius1956
111Somalia1956
112Gabon1956
113Egypt1956
114Comoros1956
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
67Thailand0.36
68Turkey0.37
69Uruguay0.37
70Mauritius0.38
71Argentina0.38
72Mexico0.38
73Peru0.39
74Algeria0.39
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Mauritius and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Mauritius has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian25.3%
Muslim16.7%
Hindu56.4%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.7%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.6%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Hindu 48%, Roman Catholic 23.6%, Muslim 16.6%, other Christian 8.6%, other 2.5%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.4% (2000 census)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
91Cape Verde30.00
92Guyana29.88
93Ecuador29.00
94Mauritius28.73
95Nigeria28.43
96Maldives28.29
97Vietnam27.85
98Egypt26.74
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
4Switzerland8.3
5Canada8.0
6Australia8.0
7Bahrain8.0
8Mauritius7.9
9Finland7.9
10UAE7.9
11Chile7.9
12Estonia7.8
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
18Norway1.48
19Bhutan1.48
20Malaysia1.49
21Mauritius1.49
22Australia1.49
23Singapore1.52
24Poland1.52
25Spain1.55
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
116Madagascar14
117Uzbekistan14
118Sudan14
119Mauritius14
120Cameroon14
121Jamaica14
122Japan14
123Jordan14
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
58Senegal99.3
59Chile99.3
60Sierra Leone99.3
61Mauritius99.3
62Serbia99.3
63Croatia99.3
64Central African Rep.99.3
65Tonga99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2911
2Israel4.1111
3Japan3.5811
...
92Burkina Faso0.2012
93Vietnam0.1913
94Panama0.1813
95Mauritius0.1814
96Kazakhstan0.1715
97Oman0.1715
98Kyrgyzstan0.1613
99Sri Lanka0.1616
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
60Panama$13 519
61Belarus$13 385
62Uruguay$13 333
63Mauritius$13 300
64Botswana$13 102
65Mexico$12 947
66Gabon$12 521
67St Kitts & Nevis$12 460
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
64Kazakhstan5.5
65Estonia5.5
66Hong Kong5.5
67Mauritius5.5
68Montenegro5.5
69Greece5.4
70Russia5.4
71Lithuania5.4
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
4Sweden86.0
5Norway81.1
6Mauritius80.6
7France78.2
8Cuba78.1
9Austria78.1
10Colombia76.8
11Malta76.3
12Finland74.7
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
154Uzbekistan-30
155Zimbabwe-30
156Ghana-30
157Mauritius-40
158Turkmenistan-40
159Algeria-40
160Pakistan-40
161Botswana-50
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/mauritius.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

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References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mp.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  12. World Bank data for year 2009.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2010.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.