The Human Truth Foundation

Italy (Italian Republic)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#italy

Italy
Italian Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index22nd best
CapitalRome
Land Area 294 140km21
LocationEurope, The Mediterranean
Population60.6m2
Life Expectancy83.34yrs (2017)3
GNI$33 573 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesIT, ITA, 3805
Internet Domain.it6
CurrencyEuro (EUR)7
Telephone+398

1. Overview

#germany

Italy became a nation-state in 1861 when the regional states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor EMMANUEL II. An era of parliamentary government came to a close in the early 1920s when Benito MUSSOLINI established a Fascist dictatorship. His alliance with Nazi Germany led to Italy's defeat in World War II. A democratic republic replaced the monarchy in 1946 and economic revival followed. Italy is a charter member of NATO and the European Economic Community (EEC). It has been at the forefront of European economic and political unification, joining the Economic and Monetary Union in 1999. Persistent problems include sluggish economic growth, high youth and female unemployment, organized crime, corruption, and economic disparities between southern Italy and the more prosperous north.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverItaly is the ultimate dream date: impossibly good-looking, impeccably cultured and obscenely good in the kitchen. Endlessly inspiring and naturally flirtatious, it will leave you swooning. Italians really do know how to live well. Ever since the Etruscans came, liked what they saw and decided to stay and party, the locals have embraced the finer things in life. Here, family, faith, friendship, food and wine reign supreme, contributing to the famous Italian dolce vita (sweet life).

Travellers have been falling under Italy´s spell ever since the days of the 18th-century Grand Tour, enticed by its sun-kissed landscape, delectable cuisine and extraordinary art. This is the home of gently rolling Tuscan hills and postcard-perfect coastlines; the place where simple dishes such as pizza and pasta attain culinary perfection. It´s where Michelangelo shocked the establishment with his humanist sculptures and Caravaggio shocked everyone else with his criminal highjinks and darkly atmospheric paintings.

So make like Julius Caesar. Come and see - you´re sure to be conquered. If you get it right, travelling in the bel paese (beautiful country) is one of those rare experiences than cannot be overrated.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Italy National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
23Finland23
24Austria24
25Slovenia25
26Italy26
27Spain27
28Czechia28
29Greece29
30Brunei30
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
29Iceland$37 065
30S. Korea$34 541
31Oman$34 402
32Italy$33 573
33New Zealand$32 870
34Spain$32 779
35Israel$31 215
36Malta$29 500
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
19Belgium43.5
20France44.0
21S. Korea45.0
22Italy45.1
23Slovenia47.2
24Hungary48.0
25Czechia49.0
26Portugal50.7
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Italy's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Italy's population is predicted to rise to 60.85 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.47. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
20Thailand69.4m
21UK67.1m
22France65.0m
23Italy60.6m
24S. Africa57.8m
25Tanzania56.3m
26Myanmar (Burma)53.7m
27Kenya51.4m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
4Singapore83.21
5Switzerland83.13
6Spain82.77
7Iceland82.72
8Israel82.56
9Australia82.54
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
86Nicaragua2.52
87Belarus1.47
88Slovenia1.47
89Italy1.47
90Cyprus1.46
91Moldova1.46
92Cuba1.45
93India2.55
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
178Netherlands41.9
179Slovenia42.7
180Finland43.3
181Hong Kong43.7
182Portugal44.7
183Germany47.7
184Italy48.6
185Japan53.1
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
56Belgium11.1%
57Greece10.9%
58Malta10.6%
59Italy10.0%
60Gambia9.8%
61Dominica9.2%
62Serbia9.1%
63Ivory Coast9.0%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
96Guatemala6.1%
97Brunei6.0%
98Netherlands6.0%
99Italy5.8%
100Benin5.8%
101Laos5.7%
102Turkey5.6%
103Comoros5.6%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #Italy #politics #tolerance

Italy performs very well in ensuring human rights and freedom compared to most other countries. Italy comes in the best 20 in commentary in Human Rights Watch reports19, its nominal commitment to Human Rights20 and in opposing gender inequality21. And finally, it does better than average in its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice22, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms23, speed of uptake of HR treaties24, LGBT equality25 and in supporting press freedom26 (but high for Europe). In 2017, "parliament adopted a law finally making torture a crime, but with a definition and statute of limitations that do not meet international standards"27. The United Nations made specific recommendations in 2017 that Italy creates "stronger measures against gender-based violence [and stronger] anti-trafficking mechanisms"27.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Italy's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #Italy #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
13Mauritius64.5
14Switzerland65.6
15Finland65.9
16Italy66.4
17Bangladesh68.5
18Spain69.1
19N. Korea69.6
20Thailand70.4
21Qatar71.1
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

Italy does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Italy comes in the best 20 for its average life expectancy12 (the highest in Europe), its adolescent birth rate21 and in its fertility rate15. It does better than average in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance30, its suicide rate31 and in its immunizations take-up32. Italy does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its alcohol consumption rate33 (still good for Europe) and in its smoking rate34. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
4Singapore83.21
5Switzerland83.13
6Spain82.77
7Iceland82.72
8Israel82.56
9Australia82.54
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)33
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita33
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
109Mongolia7.4
110Albania7.5
111Burundi7.5
112Italy7.5
113Norway7.5
114Kazakhstan7.7
115Congo, (Brazzaville)7.8
116Brazil7.8
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
86Nicaragua2.52
87Belarus1.47
88Slovenia1.47
89Italy1.47
90Cyprus1.46
91Moldova1.46
92Cuba1.45
93India2.55
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)34
Pos.Higher is worse34
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
152Kuwait1 517
151Bulgaria1 505
150Germany1 480
149Italy1 443
148Poland1 396
147Netherlands1 396
146Saudi Arabia1 395
145Cuba1 392
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)31
Pos.
Per 100k31
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
33Panama10.9
34Nicaragua11.6
35Costa Rica12.1
36Italy12.8
37Macedonia13.5
38Mauritius13.7
39UK13.9
40Ecuador14.1
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
21Japan21
22Spain22
23France23
24Italy24
25Qatar25
26Oman26
27Estonia27
28Austria28
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)35
Pos.Lower is better
%35
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
124Poland58.3
125Ukraine58.4
126Cuba58.5
127Italy58.5
128Luxembourg58.7
129Panama58.8
130Suriname58.9
131Colombia59.0
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)21
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100021
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
11Sweden5.7
12Norway5.9
13Luxembourg5.9
14Italy6.0
15Iceland6.1
16Libya6.2
17Finland6.5
18Germany6.7
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)32
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %32
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
83Lithuania93.9
84Estonia93.9
85N. Korea93.8
86Italy93.8
87Austria93.8
88Argentina93.7
89Bulgaria93.7
90Serbia93.5
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Italy's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #modernity #politics #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
31Spain28.8
32Greece29.3
33Lithuania30.5
34Italy33.5
35Argentina33.7
36Russia37.1
37Slovakia38.9
38Turkey40.0
39Croatia40.0
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2937
2Israel4.1137
3Japan3.5837
...
23Ireland1.5237
24Estonia1.4337
25Hungary1.3737
26Italy1.2937
27Portugal1.2837
28Luxembourg1.2637
29Spain1.2237
30Russia1.1937
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)38
Pos.Higher is better38
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
58Malaysia80.8%
59Cyprus80.3%
60Singapore79.6%
61Italy79.6%
62Hong Kong79.4%
63Chile79.3%
64China78.6%
65Belize78.6%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)39
Pos.Higher is better
Years39
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
28Portugal16.3
29Austria16.3
30USA16.3
31Italy16.2
32Switzerland16.2
33Canada16.1
34Estonia16.1
35Israel16.0
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
38USA38
39Portugal39
40Spain40
41Italy41
42Slovakia42
43Marshall Islands43
44S. Korea44
45Morocco45
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)40
Pos.Higher is better
Score40
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
30Czechia1472
31USA1463
32Latvia1460
33Italy1456
34Luxembourg1450
35Iceland1443
36Croatia1426
37Lithuania1425
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)41
Pos.Lower is better
%41
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
34Singapore70
35Montenegro71
36Greece71
37Italy72
38Moldova72
39Kyrgyzstan72
40Armenia73
41Mexico73
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)42
Pos.Higher is better42
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
4Japan105
5Taiwan105
6China105
7Italy102
8Iceland101
9Switzerland101
10Mongolia101
11Netherlands100
12Norway100
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
64Brazil66%
65St Kitts & Nevis66%
66Dominica66%
67Italy66%
68Uruguay65%
69Antigua & Barbuda65%
70Greece65%
71Saudi Arabia65%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
Freedom On The Internet (2012)44
Pos.Lower is better44
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
4Australia18
5Hungary19
6Philippines23
7Italy23
8UK25
9S. Africa26
10Argentina26
11Ukraine27
12Brazil27
World Avg46.7
q=47.
IT Security (2013)45
Pos.Lower is better45
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
47British Virgin Islands1.08
48Mali1.12
49France1.13
50Italy1.15
51Vietnam1.15
52Nigeria1.18
53Mauritania1.19
54Azerbaijan1.21
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)46
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio46
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
41Sri Lanka2.9
42Latvia2.2
43Israel1.8
44Italy1.7
45Argentina1.4
46Faroe Islands1.4
47Russia1.3
48Bulgaria1.3
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
47
Pos.Lower is better47
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
69Namibia61
70Bolivia61.5
71Honduras61.75
72Italy63.5
73Botswana63.75
74Ghana63.75
75Spain64
76Sudan64
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)48
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score48
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
65Lesotho45.2
66Romania44.8
67Kuwait44.2
68Italy43.8
69S. Africa43.6
70Montenegro43.2
71Sao Tome & Principe42.8
72Macedonia42.2
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)49
Pos.Higher is better49
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
44Uzbekistan6.1
45Kuwait6.1
46Thailand6.1
47Italy6.0
48Ecuador6.0
49Belize6.0
50Lithuania6.0
51Slovenia5.9
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
23Lithuania23
24St Lucia24
25Canada25
26Italy26
27Mauritius27
28Malta28
29Singapore29
30Spain30
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
33Mongolia33
34Spain34
35UK35
36Italy36
37Estonia37
38Cyprus38
39Bulgaria39
40Turkey40
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)50
Pos.Lower is better50
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
35Croatia1.65
36Costa Rica1.66
37Laos1.66
38Italy1.69
39Bulgaria1.70
40France1.71
41Estonia1.72
42S. Korea1.73
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
52Finland52
53France53
54Australia54
55Italy55
56Mauritius56
57Zambia57
58Romania58
59Vietnam59
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
11Canada11
12UK12
13Belgium13
14Italy14
15Spain15
16France16
17Cyprus17
18Slovenia18
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)51
Pos.Lower is better
Score51
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
85Rwanda2.95
86Nicaragua2.95
87Jordan3.09
88Italy3.11
89Paraguay3.12
90Bahrain3.20
91Tanzania3.27
92Spain3.35
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)52
Pos.Higher is better
%52
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
24Greece22.9
25Philippines22.7
26Lesotho22.5
27Italy22.5
28Turkey21.8
29Iran17.8
30France17.7
31Algeria17.3
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)53
Pos.Higher is better53
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
13Germany78.4
14Norway77.5
15Belgium77.4
16Italy77.0
17New Zealand76.0
18Netherlands75.5
19Israel75.0
20Japan74.7
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)54
Pos.Higher is better54
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
16Philippines13.51
17Luxembourg13.33
18Bangladesh13.16
19Italy13.16
20Cyprus12.99
21Morocco12.66
22Albania12.50
23Spain12.50
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
53Sri Lanka1994 Jun 21
54Ethiopia1994 Jul 04
55Dominica1994 Jul 05
56Italy1994 Jul 14
57Bangladesh1994 Aug 01
58Luxembourg1994 Aug 07
59Georgia1994 Aug 31
60Egypt1994 Aug 31
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)55
Pos.Higher is better
%55
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
39Burkina Faso50.5%
40Dominican Rep.50.2%
41Thailand49.9%
42Italy49.6%
43Vietnam49.1%
44Honduras48.1%
45Iran47.9%
46Turkey47.4%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)56
Pos.Higher is worse56
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
16Ireland3.40
15Luxembourg3.40
14Israel3.30
13Italy3.10
12Netherlands3.10
11Spain3.00
10S. Korea3.00
9Norway3.00
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)57
Pos.Lower is better
%57
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
58Burkina Faso35.3
59Liberia35.3
60Sudan35.4
61Italy35.4
62Portugal35.5
63Macedonia35.6
64India35.7
65Australia35.8
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#afterlife #belief #buddhism #christianity #god #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #italy #judaism #religion #religion_in_italy #universalism

Religiosity (2009)41
Pos.Lower is better
%41
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
34Singapore70
35Montenegro71
36Greece71
37Italy72
38Moldova72
39Kyrgyzstan72
40Armenia73
41Mexico73
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)58
Pos.Higher is better
%58
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
46Kyrgyzstan7
47Cambodia7
48Moldova6
49Italy6
50Laos5
51Ireland5
52Mozambique5
53Zimbabwe4
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below59:

Christian83.3%
Muslim3.7%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.2%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated12.4%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 87.5% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 72% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Christian 80% (overwhelming Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehova Witnesses and Protestants), Muslims NEGL (about 700,000 but growing), Atheists and Agnostics 20%60.

The Afterlife: Ipsos-NA in 2011 gathered some statistics on Italy61. Despite the large numbers of Christians, not many have traditional beliefs in the afterlife - just 21%. More people don't know what to believe (25%). Some believe that upon death, you simply cease to exist (24%). Also, 2% specifically believe in heaven but not in hell (which is nice - making them possible "universalists"). 4% believe in reincarnation.

Freedom of Religion and Belief: Italian law has a definite bias towards Catholic Christianity62. Although the constitution protects freedom of religion and belief, blasphemy laws are specifically used to the favour of Christians, and the education system is somewhat biased - all classrooms in state schools must display crucifixes, for example62, which can only ever entrench prejudice and discrimination at the social level.

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