The Human Truth Foundation

Hong Kong (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#democracy #hong_kong

Hong Kong
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
StatusA Special Administrative Region of China
Capital
Land Area 1 042km21
LocationAsia
Population7.4m2
Life Expectancy84.16yrs (2017)3
GNI$54 265 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesHK, HKG, 3445
Internet Domain.hk6
CurrencyDollar (HKD)7
Telephone+8528

1. Overview

#china #UK

Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China on 1 July 1997. In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system would not be imposed on Hong Kong and that Hong Kong would enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50 years.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverThis enigmatic city of soaring towers, ancient rituals and action movies is safe, friendly and wonderfully well organised. The tantalising neighbourhoods and curious islands that make up Hong Kong are a sensory delight awaiting exploration. You can find yourself swaying along on a double-decker tramcar one moment, then cheering with the hordes at the city-centre horse races, or simply gazing out at the magnificent harbour.

But over 70% of Hong Kong is mountains and sprawling country parks so escape the city limits on one of the world´s best transport systems and spend your day wandering in a Song-dynasty village or hiking surf-beaten beaches. Whatever your gastronomic preferences you will be sated in Hong Kong - over a bowl of noodles with beef brisket, a basket of vegetarian dim sum, your first-ever stinky tofu or a plate of freshly steamed prawns fragrant with garlic.

Shopaholics rejoice: from ready-to-wear Chinese jackets to bespoke kitchen knives, the sheer range and variety of products on Hong Kong´s shelves is mind-bending.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Hong Kong National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
9Iceland9
10Canada10
11USA10
12Hong Kong12
13New Zealand13
14Sweden14
15Liechtenstein15
16UK16
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
7UAE$66 203
8Luxembourg$62 471
9Switzerland$56 364
10Hong Kong$54 265
11USA$53 245
12Saudi Arabia$51 320
13San Marino$50 063
14Andorra$47 979
World Avg$17 240
q=193.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

As a territory of China I do not have many specific statistics for this territory in its own right.

3. Hong Kong's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Hong Kong's population is predicted to rise to 8.483 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.12. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
100Israel8.4m
101Togo7.9m
102Sierra Leone7.7m
103Hong Kong7.4m
104Laos7.1m
105Bulgaria7.1m
106Paraguay7.0m
107Lebanon6.9m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
4Singapore83.21
5Switzerland83.13
6Spain82.77
7Iceland82.72
8Israel82.56
9Australia82.54
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)13
Pos.2.0 is best13
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
115Syria2.81
116Bosnia & Herzegovina1.13
117Paraguay2.87
118Hong Kong1.12
119Israel2.91
120Jordan2.93
121Honduras3.02
122Philippines3.06
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)14
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10014
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
178Netherlands41.9
179Slovenia42.7
180Finland43.3
181Hong Kong43.7
182Portugal44.7
183Germany47.7
184Italy48.6
185Japan53.1
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)15
Pos.
%15
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
8Singapore46.0%
9Luxembourg45.3%
10Oman44.7%
11Hong Kong39.1%
12Saudi Arabia37.0%
13Jordan33.3%
14Nauru32.7%
15Lebanon31.9%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)16
Pos.
%16
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
64Andorra10.7%
65Liberia10.5%
66Uruguay10.5%
67Hong Kong10.2%
68Dominican Rep.10.1%
69Zimbabwe9.9%
70Haiti9.9%
71San Marino9.9%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Hong Kong's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #homosexuality #human_rights #mass_media #morals #politics #prejudice #slavery #tolerance

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)17,18
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank17,18
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
9Finland18.9
10Australia19.8
11Iceland21.3
12Hong Kong23.3
13Luxembourg23.6
14Spain24.1
15UK24.2
16Uruguay26.2
17France28.1
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway17. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine17.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe17, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia17.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)19
Pos.Lower is better
Rank19
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
4Ireland4
5Denmark5
6UK6
7Canada6
8Australia6
9Finland9
10Netherlands10
11Luxembourg11
12Austria11
World Avg79.7
q=159.

China's continuing erosion of the human rights gained during Hong Kong's rule by the UK continued in 201720; "Hong Kong courts disqualified four pro-democracy lawmakers in July and jailed three prominent pro-democracy student leaders in August"20.

Press Freedom (2013)21
Pos.Lower is better21
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
54Moldova2601
55Hungary2609
56Italy2611
57Hong Kong2616
58Senegal2619
59Chile2624
60Sierra Leone2635
61Mauritius2647
World Avg3249
q=178.
Slavery (2018)22
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims22
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
...
9Costa Rica0.13
10USA0.13
11Argentina0.13
12Hong Kong0.14
13Kuwait0.15
14Luxembourg0.15
15Qatar0.15
16Denmark0.16
World Avg0.65
q=167.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)23
Pos.Higher is better
Score23
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
4Brazil81
5Spain79
6France78
7S. Africa78
8Uruguay77
9Norway72
10Denmark72
11Iceland72
12UK72
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Hong Kong's Health

#birth_control #demographics #health #Hong_Kong #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide

Health (2020)24,18
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank24,18
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
4Japan50.9
5S. Korea52.0
6Sri Lanka55.0
7Oman57.9
8Bhutan58.6
9Brunei59.3
10Norway62.0
11China62.4
12Malaysia64.1
13Mauritius64.5
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives24. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea24.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe24, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia24.

Health:

Public health in Hong Kong is very good. Hong Kong does the best in its fertility rate13 and in its average life expectancy12. It comes in the best 20 in terms of its adolescent birth rate25 (one of the lowest in Asia). It does better than average in terms of its smoking rate26. Hong Kong does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to its suicide rate27. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
4Singapore83.21
5Switzerland83.13
6Spain82.77
7Iceland82.72
8Israel82.56
9Australia82.54
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)13
Pos.2.0 is best13
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
115Syria2.81
116Bosnia & Herzegovina1.13
117Paraguay2.87
118Hong Kong1.12
119Israel2.91
120Jordan2.93
121Honduras3.02
122Philippines3.06
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)26
Pos.Higher is worse26
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
69Yemen 388
68Antigua & Barbuda 362
67Colombia 359
66Hong Kong 345
65St Vincent & Grenadines 338
64Barbados 333
63Mexico 329
62Sri Lanka 322
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)27
Pos.
Per 100k27
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
66Slovakia25.7
67Czechia28.3
68Suriname28.7
69Hong Kong29.7
70Poland30.5
71Austria30.9
72Uruguay32.3
73France33.2
World Avg20.93
q=91.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)25
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100025
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
4Hong Kong3.2
5Slovenia3.8
6Singapore3.8
7Netherlands4.0
8Denmark4.0
9Japan4.1
10Cyprus5.0
11Sweden5.7
12Norway5.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.

6. Hong Kong's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)28
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
20Singapore21.1
21Hungary21.2
22S. Korea21.5
23Hong Kong21.6
24France22.0
25Luxembourg22.2
26USA24.7
27Israel26.0
28Portugal27.0
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2929
2Israel4.1129
3Japan3.5829
...
44Morocco0.7330
45S. Africa0.7331
46Serbia0.7332
47Hong Kong0.7331
48Tunisia0.6831
49Egypt0.6832
50Belarus0.6732
51Mali0.6630
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)33
Pos.Higher is better33
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
59Cyprus80.3%
60Singapore79.6%
61Italy79.6%
62Hong Kong79.4%
63Chile79.3%
64China78.6%
65Belize78.6%
66Malta78.2%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)34
Pos.Higher is better
Years34
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
18Czechia16.8
19Grenada16.6
20Chile16.5
21Hong Kong16.5
22Lithuania16.5
23Turkey16.4
24Poland16.4
25S. Korea16.4
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)35
Pos.Higher is better
Score35
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
4Macau1582
5Estonia1573
6Taiwan1571
7Canada1571
8Finland1568
9S. Korea1557
10China154336
11Ireland1528
12Slovenia1528
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)37
Pos.Lower is better
%37
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
4Japan24
5Hong Kong24
6UK27
7France30
8Vietnam30
9Russia34
10Belarus34
11Latvia39
12Luxembourg39
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)38
Pos.Higher is better38
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
4Japan105
5Taiwan105
6China105
7Italy102
8Iceland101
9Switzerland101
10Mongolia101
11Netherlands100
12Norway100
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)39
Pos.Higher is better39
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
43Latvia76%
44Lebanon76%
45Croatia74%
46Hong Kong74%
47Cayman Islands74%
48Macau73%
49Israel73%
50Guam73%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security (2013)40
Pos.Lower is better40
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
4Hong Kong0.12
5Mexico0.16
6Israel0.20
7Colombia0.22
8S. Africa0.22
9Japan0.22
10Philippines0.24
11Czechia0.24
12Argentina0.27
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)41
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio41
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
49S. Korea1.2
50Dominican Rep.1.1
51Slovakia0.8
52Hong Kong0.7
53Spain0.6
54St Kitts & Nevis0.6
55Nauru0.5
56Egypt0.4
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
42
Pos.Lower is better42
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
20Jamaica20.5
21Austria21.25
22Kuwait21.5
23Hong Kong21.5
24Germany22.75
25Switzerland25
26Guatemala25
27Denmark25.5
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)43
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score43
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
13Iceland79.2
14UK78.0
15Belgium76.0
16Hong Kong75.6
17Japan74.2
18USA74.0
19Ireland72.6
20Uruguay72.6
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
73Turkey5.5
74Belarus5.5
75Pakistan5.5
76Hong Kong5.4
77Portugal5.4
78Serbia5.4
79Greece5.4
80Tajikistan5.4
World Avg5.38
q=156.

8. The Natural Environment

#the_environment

Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)45
Pos.Higher is better45
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
4Colombia17.54
5Ireland17.54
6Switzerland17.54
7Dominican Rep.16.95
8Mauritius15.63
9Malta15.15
10Singapore15.15
11Denmark14.93
12Peru14.49
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)46
Pos.Higher is better
%46
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
29Malta57.3%
30Ecuador57.2%
31Portugal55.8%
32Hong Kong54.8%
33Lebanon54.3%
34Nepal52.8%
35Chad52.8%
36Kenya52.1%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

9. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#health #inequality #life_expectancy

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)47
Pos.Higher is worse47
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
8Czechia3.00
7Finland3.00
6Japan2.90
5Slovenia2.90
4Sweden2.90
3Hong Kong2.50
2Singapore2.50
1Iceland2.40
World Avg14.59
q=184.

10. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)37
Pos.Lower is better
%37
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
4Japan24
5Hong Kong24
6UK27
7France30
8Vietnam30
9Russia34
10Belarus34
11Latvia39
12Luxembourg39
World Avg75.1
q=114.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below48:

Christian14.3%
Muslim1.8%
Hindu0.4%
Buddhist13.2%
Folk Religion12.8%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated56.1%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 42.6% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 24% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: eclectic mixture of local religions 90%, Christian 10%49.

Links: