The Human Truth Foundation

Costa Rica (Republic of Costa Rica)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Costa_Rica

Costa Rica
Republic of Costa Rica
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index35th best
CapitalSan Jose
Land Area 51 060 km21
LocationNorth America, The Americas, Central America
Population4.794 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy79.61yrs (2017)3
GNI$14 006 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesCR, CRI, 1885
Internet Domain.cr6
CurrencyColon (CRC)7
Telephone+5068

1. Overview

Although explored by the Spanish early in the 16th century, initial attempts at colonizing Costa Rica proved unsuccessful due to a combination of factors, including disease from mosquito-infested swamps, brutal heat, resistance by natives, and pirate raids. It was not until 1563 that a permanent settlement of Cartago was established in the cooler, fertile central highlands. The area remained a colony for some two and a half centuries. In 1821, Costa Rica became one of several Central American provinces that jointly declared their independence from Spain. Two years later it joined the United Provinces of Central America, but this federation disintegrated in 1838, at which time Costa Rica proclaimed its sovereignty and independence. Since the late 19th century, only two brief periods of violence have marred the country's democratic development. In 1949, Costa Rica dissolved its armed forces. Although it still maintains a large agricultural sector, Costa Rica has expanded its economy to include strong technology and tourism industries. The standard of living is relatively high. Land ownership is widespread.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Costa Rica National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
63Seychelles63
64Mauritius64
65Trinidad & Tobago65
66Costa Rica66
67Serbia66
68Cuba68
69Iran69
70Georgia70
71Turkey71
72Venezuela71
73Sri Lanka73
74St Kitts & Nevis74
75Albania75
76Lebanon76
77Mexico77
78Azerbaijan78
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Iceland89.1
2Sweden85.7
3Denmark84.0
...
32Israel70.1
33Uruguay69.8
34USA69.6
35Costa Rica69.5
36Brunei68.9
37Maldives68.6
38Malta68.5
39Bahamas68.2
40Slovakia68.1
41St Vincent & Grenadines68.0
42Latvia67.6
43Lithuania67.3
44Cyprus67.2
45Jamaica66.7
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
30Denmark80.41
31Cyprus80.33
32Liechtenstein80.16
33Costa Rica79.61
34Cuba79.57
35Lebanon79.54
36USA79.22
37Brunei79.02
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
28Argentina2.2
29El Salvador2.2
30Grenada2.2
31Costa Rica1.8
32Qatar2.2
33Morocco2.2
34Brazil1.8
35Guyana2.2
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
115Singapore5.256m7509
116Turkmenistan5.17m11
117Norway4.96m16
118Costa Rica4.794m94
119Ireland4.579m66
120Central African Rep.4.576m7
121New Zealand4.461m17
Data Source

Costa Rica's population is predicted to rise to 5.694 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.81.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
78Bosnia & Herzegovina1949
79Chile1949
80China1949
81Costa Rica1949
82India1950
83Barbados1950
84Haiti1950
85Grenada1951
Gender Inequality (2015)12
CountryValue12
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
60Barbados0.29
61Armenia0.29
62Cuba0.30
63Costa Rica0.31
64Maldives0.31
65Chile0.32
66Tajikistan0.32
67Trinidad & Tobago0.32

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
77Colombia1%
78Honduras1%
79Venezuela1%
80Costa Rica1%
81Panama1%
82Brazil1%
83Ecuador1%
84Peru1%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
44Macedonia76%
45Bosnia & Herzegovina77%
46Venezuela79%
47Costa Rica79%
48Turkmenistan80%
49Georgia81%
50Turkey82%
51Ecuador82%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below13:

Christian90.9%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.8%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated7.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 76.3%, Evangelical 13.7%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.3%, other Protestant 0.7%, other 4.8%, none 3.2%14.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Costa Rica states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However, the constitution establishes Catholicism as the state religion and requires that the state contribute to its maintenance. The constitution also prohibits the state from impeding the free exercise of other religions that do not impugn universal morality or proper behavior.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Religion is responsible for managing the government's relationship with the Catholic Church and other religious groups. The ministry includes funding in its annual budget for maintenance and repairs of some Catholic churches. The Catholic Church receives exemptions from income and real estate taxes. The law allows the government to provide land to the Catholic Church. Government-to-church land transfers typically are effected through periodic legislation. Public schools provide Catholic religious instruction. Students may obtain exemptions with the permission of their parents.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)15

Links:

6. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)12
CountryPer 100012
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
115Eritrea54.3
116Papua New Guinea54.8
117Uruguay56.1
118Costa Rica56.5
119Seychelles57.4
120Paraguay57.4
121Ethiopia58.4
122Palestine58.6
Alcohol Consumption (2010)16
CountryPer Capita16
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
81Nicaragua5
82Cuba5.2
83Armenia5.3
84Costa Rica5.4
85Antigua & Barbuda5.4
86Philippines5.4
87Puerto Rico5.4
88Cambodia5.5

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions17
Country%17
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
50Kazakhstan32
51Bangladesh32
52Bosnia & Herzegovina32
53Costa Rica32
54Uruguay33
55Croatia33
56Botswana33
57Nicaragua34
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
18
CountryValue18
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
41Northern Cyprus37
42Mongolia38
43Slovenia38.75
44Costa Rica38.75
45Liberia40.67
46Laos41
47Uganda41.25
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)19
CountryRank19
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
35Korea, S.35
36Spain36
37Hungary37
38Costa Rica38
39Slovenia39
40Bulgaria40
41Singapore40
42Uruguay42
Global Peace Index (2012)20
CountryValue20
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
33Uruguay1.63
34Vietnam1.64
35Croatia1.65
36Costa Rica1.66
37Laos1.66
38Italy1.69
39Bulgaria1.70
40France1.71
Research and Development
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2921
2Israel4.1121
3Japan3.5821
...
59UAE0.4922
60Uganda0.4823
61Cyprus0.4824
62Costa Rica0.4722
63Qatar0.4725
64Cuba0.4724
65Macedonia0.4424
66Puerto Rico0.4424
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)26
CountryTreaties26
1Argentina24
2Mexico23
3Costa Rica23
4Chile23
5Germany23
6Uruguay23
7Sweden23
8Peru23
9Spain23
10Slovenia23
11Serbia23
12Paraguay23
Press Freedom (2013)27
CountryValue27
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
15Ireland1006
16Czech Rep.1017
17Germany1024
18Costa Rica1208
19Namibia1250
20Canada1269
21Belgium1294
22Poland1311
Life Satisfaction (2011)28
CountryValue28
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
9Australia7.4
10Israel7.4
11Finland7.4
12Costa Rica7.3
13Panama7.3
14UAE7.2
15New Zealand7.2
16Luxembourg7.1
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
77Libya$14 303
78Brazil$14 145
79Turkmenistan$14 026
80Costa Rica$14 006
81Palau$13 771
82Algeria$13 533
83China$13 345
84Lebanon$13 312
Environmental Performance (2010)29
CountryValue29
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
4Sweden86.0
5Norway81.1
6Mauritius80.6
7France78.2
8Austria78.1
9Cuba78.1
10Colombia76.8
11Malta76.3
12Finland74.7
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3China105
...
54Croatia90
55Chile90
56Albania90
57Costa Rica89
58Laos89
59Mexico88
60Ecuador88
61Bolivia87
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
65El Salvador25
66Nicaragua25
67Malta25
68Costa Rica25
69Moldova25
70Georgia25
71Cyprus25
72Guernsey25
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/costa_rica.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #christianity #Costa_Rica #hinduism #islam #judaism

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Apr 26.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cs.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  13. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  14. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  15. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  16. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  17. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  18. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  19. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  20. ^
  21. OECD (2016) . Data for year 2014.^
  22. World Bank . Data for year 2011.^
  23. World Bank . Data for year 2010.^
  24. World Bank . Data for year 2013.^
  25. World Bank . Data for year 2012.^
  26. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  27. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  28. UN (2013) Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  29. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^

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