The Human Truth Foundation

Costa Rica (Republic of Costa Rica)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Costa_Rica

Costa Rica
Republic of Costa Rica
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index38th best
CapitalSan Jose
Land Area1 51 060 km2
LocationNorth America, The Americas, Central America
Population24.794 million
Life Expectancy379.434yrs (2012)
GNI3$10 863
ISO3166-1 Codes4CR, CRI, 188
Internet Domain5.cr
Currency6Colon (CRC)
Telephone7+506

1. Overview

Although explored by the Spanish early in the 16th century, initial attempts at colonizing Costa Rica proved unsuccessful due to a combination of factors, including disease from mosquito-infested swamps, brutal heat, resistance by natives, and pirate raids. It was not until 1563 that a permanent settlement of Cartago was established in the cooler, fertile central highlands. The area remained a colony for some two and a half centuries. In 1821, Costa Rica became one of several Central American provinces that jointly declared their independence from Spain. Two years later it joined the United Provinces of Central America, but this federation disintegrated in 1838, at which time Costa Rica proclaimed its sovereignty and independence. Since the late 19th century, only two brief periods of violence have marred the country's democratic development. In 1949, Costa Rica dissolved its armed forces. Although it still maintains a large agricultural sector, Costa Rica has expanded its economy to include strong technology and tourism industries. The standard of living is relatively high. Land ownership is widespread.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Costa Rica National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
59Panama78.069.3
60Cuba78.071.0
61Mexico77.568.2
62Costa Rica77.367.9
63Grenada77.074.6
64Serbia76.974.2
65Libya76.977.0
66Malaysia76.966.3
67Trinidad & Tobago76.070.2
68Antigua & Barbuda76.076.3
69Kazakhstan75.469.8
70Albania74.969.5
71Venezuela74.866.0
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
35Lithuania69.6
36Barbados69.2
37Latvia69.1
38Costa Rica68.7
39Israel68.5
40Seychelles68.4
41St Kitts & Nevis68.1
42Bahamas67.9
43Uruguay67.7
44St Lucia67.3
45Brunei67.2
46Malta67.1
47Hungary67.0
48Cyprus66.7
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
31Cyprus79.8
32Portugal79.7
33Slovenia79.5
34Costa Rica79.4
35Cuba79.3
36Chile79.3
37Denmark79
38USA78.7
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
28Argentina2.2
29El Salvador2.2
30Grenada2.2
31Costa Rica1.8
32Qatar2.2
33Morocco2.2
34Brazil1.8
35Guyana2.2
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
115Singapore5.256m7509
116Turkmenistan5.17m11
117Norway4.96m16
118Costa Rica4.794m94
119Ireland4.579m66
120Central African Rep.4.576m7
121New Zealand4.461m17
Data Source

Costa Rica's population is predicted to rise to 5.694 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.81.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
78China1949
79Chile1949
80Bosnia & Herzegovina1949
81Costa Rica1949
82India1950
83Haiti1950
84Barbados1950
85Grenada1951
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
59Armenia0.34
60Oman0.34
61Barbados0.34
62Costa Rica0.35
63Cuba0.36
64Kyrgyzstan0.36
65Maldives0.36
66Chile0.36
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Costa Rica has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
70Angola2%
71Central African Rep.2%
72Indonesia2%
73Costa Rica1%
74Ecuador1%
75El Salvador1%
76S. Africa1%
77Colombia1%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
44Macedonia76%
45Bosnia & Herzegovina77%
46Venezuela79%
47Costa Rica79%
48Turkmenistan80%
49Georgia81%
50Turkey82%
51Ecuador82%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian90.9%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.8%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated7.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 76.3%, Evangelical 13.7%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.3%, other Protestant 0.7%, other 4.8%, none 3.2%10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Costa Rica states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However, the constitution establishes Catholicism as the state religion and requires that the state contribute to its maintenance. The constitution also prohibits the state from impeding the free exercise of other religions that do not impugn universal morality or proper behavior.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Religion is responsible for managing the government's relationship with the Catholic Church and other religious groups. The ministry includes funding in its annual budget for maintenance and repairs of some Catholic churches. The Catholic Church receives exemptions from income and real estate taxes. The law allows the government to provide land to the Catholic Church. Government-to-church land transfers typically are effected through periodic legislation. Public schools provide Catholic religious instruction. Students may obtain exemptions with the permission of their parents.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)11

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
76Kuwait38.26
77Tunisia36.56
78Colombia36.50
79Costa Rica36.50
80Palestine36.42
81Argentina36.00
82Venezuela35.85
83China34.38
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)12
CountryValue12
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
41Northern Cyprus37
42Mongolia38
43Slovenia38.75
44Costa Rica38.75
45Liberia40.67
46Laos41
47Uganda41.25
48Singapore42
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
41Georgia7.4
42France7.4
43Belgium7.4
44Costa Rica7.4
45Poland7.3
46Bulgaria7.3
47Albania7.3
48Rwanda7.3
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
33Uruguay1.63
34Vietnam1.64
35Croatia1.65
36Costa Rica1.66
37Laos1.66
38Italy1.69
39Bulgaria1.70
40France1.71
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
55Kyrgyzstan90
56Albania90
57Laos89
58Costa Rica89
59Mexico88
60Ecuador88
61Indonesia87
62Iraq87
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
8Sweden23
9Uruguay23
10Chile23
11Costa Rica23
12Paraguay23
13Peru23
14Austria22
15Denmark22
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
15Ireland99.0
16Czech Rep.99.0
17Germany99.0
18Costa Rica99.1
19Namibia99.1
20Canada99.1
21Belgium99.1
22Poland99.1
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2913
2Israel4.1113
3Japan3.5813
...
61Cyprus0.4814
62Qatar0.4715
63Cuba0.4714
64Costa Rica0.4716
65Macedonia0.4414
66Puerto Rico0.4414
67Jordan0.4317
68Mozambique0.4218
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
71Palau$11 463
72Romania$11 011
73Dominica$10 977
74Costa Rica$10 863
75Iran$10 695
76Montenegro$10 471
77Kazakhstan$10 451
78Brazil$10 152
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
9Finland7.4
10Canada7.4
11Israel7.4
12Costa Rica7.3
13Panama7.3
14UAE7.2
15New Zealand7.2
16USA7.1
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
4Sweden86.0
5Norway81.1
6Mauritius80.6
7France78.2
8Cuba78.1
9Austria78.1
10Colombia76.8
11Malta76.3
12Finland74.7
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
65El Salvador25
66Nicaragua25
67Malta25
68Costa Rica25
69Moldova25
70Georgia25
71Cyprus25
72Guernsey25
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/costa_rica.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cs.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  12. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  13. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2008.^
  18. World Bank data for year 2010.^

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