The Human Truth Foundation

Gambia (Republic of The Gambia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Gambia

Gambia
Republic of The Gambia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index166th best
CapitalBanjul
Land Area1 10 120 km2
LocationAfrica
Population21.825 million
Life Expectancy358.816yrs (2012)
GNI3$1 731
ISO3166-1 Codes4GM, GMB, 270
Internet Domain5.gm
Currency6Dalasi (GMD)
Telephone7+220

1. Overview

The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965. Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty, but tensions have flared up intermittently since then. Yahya JAMMEH led a military coup in 1994 that overthrew the president and banned political activity. A new constitution and presidential elections in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. JAMMEH has been elected president in all subsequent elections including most recently in late 2011.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Gambia National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
162Haiti45.640.0
163Zambia44.839.8
164Djibouti44.542.7
165Gambia43.934.2
166Benin43.634.3
167Rwanda43.431.1
168Ivory Coast43.237.1
169Comoros42.943.1
170Malawi41.832.5
171Sudan41.433.1
172Zimbabwe39.738.2
173Ethiopia39.631.6
174Liberia38.832.2
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
163Eritrea42.5
164Senegal42.5
165Ivory Coast42.4
166Gambia42.0
167Zambia42.0
168Malawi42.0
169Togo41.6
170Mozambique41.6
171Rwanda41.6
172Zimbabwe41.4
173Benin41.3
174India41.0
175Saudi Arabia40.8
176Equatorial Guinea39.7
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
157Senegal59.6
158Ethiopia59.7
159Mauritania58.9
160Gambia58.8
161Tanzania58.9
162Djibouti58.3
163Congo, (Brazzaville)57.8
164Kenya57.7
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
153Iraq4.6
154Kenya4.6
155Senegal4.7
156Gambia4.7
157Mozambique4.8
158Comoros4.8
159Sierra Leone4.8
160Guinea-Bissau4.9
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
144Botswana2.053m4
145Slovenia2.04m101
146Qatar1.939m167
147Gambia1.825m180
148Guinea-Bissau1.58m56
149Gabon1.564m6
150Bahrain1.359m1789
Data Source

The Gambia's population is predicted to rise to 2.818 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 4.73.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
124Tanzania1959
125Tonga1960
126Cyprus1960
127Gambia1960
128El Salvador1961
129Paraguay1961
130Sierra Leone1961
131Malawi1961
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
125Mozambique0.58
126Egypt0.59
127Haiti0.59
128Gambia0.59
129Sudan0.60
130Kenya0.61
131Burkina Faso0.61
132India0.61
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Gambia is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
97Uganda0%
98Cameroon0%
99Burkina Faso0%
100Gambia0%
101Azerbaijan0%
102Zambia0%
103Yemen0%
104Thailand0%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian4.5%
Muslim95.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Muslim 90%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 2%10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Gambia states:

Article 25 of the Constitution protects the rights of citizens to follow any religion or belief that they choose. The government has not established a state religion, although the constitution establishes Qadi (Muslim judge trained in the Islamic legal tradition) courts in such places as the chief justice determines. Their jurisdiction applies only to marriage, divorce, and inheritance questions for Muslims where they apply traditional Islamic law. The Supreme Islamic Council (SIC) is an independent body that advises the government on religious issues. Although the government does not have representation on the council, it provided the council with substantial funding11. The minister of religious affairs maintains a formal relationship with the council. Government meetings and events typically commenced with two prayers, one Islamic and one Christian.

The government funds religious instruction in schools. Public and private schools throughout the country provide Biblical and Qur'anic studies with government support.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)12

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
136Nicaragua10.00
137Indonesia9.90
138Ghana9.55
139Gambia9.20
140Swaziland9.01
141Kiribati8.96
142Haiti8.37
143Vanuatu7.99
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
71Ukraine1.95
72Tunisia1.96
73Cyprus1.96
74Gambia1.96
75Gabon1.97
76Paraguay1.97
77Greece1.98
78Senegal1.99
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
125Haiti67
126Liberia67
127Guinea67
128Gambia66
129Zimbabwe66
130Senegal66
131Cameroon64
132Central African Rep.64
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
133Zambia13
134Malawi13
135Afghanistan13
136Gambia13
137Central African Rep.12
138Lebanon12
139Israel12
140Kuwait12
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
148Singapore99.5
149Iraq99.5
150Myanmar (Burma)99.5
151Gambia99.5
152Mexico99.5
153Turkey99.5
154Swaziland99.5
155Azerbaijan99.5
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2913
2Israel4.1113
3Japan3.5813
...
100Sri Lanka0.1614
101Albania0.1515
102Namibia0.1414
103Gambia0.1316
104Georgia0.1317
105Tajikistan0.1218
106Burundi0.1216
107Madagascar0.1116
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
153Yemen$1 820
154Myanmar (Burma)$1 817
155Bangladesh$1 785
156Gambia$1 731
157Ghana$1 684
158Senegal$1 653
159Ivory Coast$1 593
160Kenya$1 541
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
112Solomon Islands51.1
113Kuwait51.1
114S. Africa50.8
115Gambia50.3
116Libya50.1
117Honduras49.9
118Uganda49.8
119Madagascar49.2
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
192Antigua & Barbuda-150
193Kenya-160
194Solomon Islands-160
195Gambia-160
196Sierra Leone-195
197Guyana-200
198Myanmar (Burma)-200
199Uganda-220
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/gambia.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ga.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. 2010 IRF report (US International Religious Freedom report). In IHEU 2012.^
  12. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  13. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2008.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2014.^
  18. World Bank data for year 2013.^

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