The Human Truth Foundation

Korea, South (Republic of Korea)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #intelligence #korea,_south #morals #research #science #the_environment

South Korea
Republic of Korea
StatusIndependent State
CapitalSeoul
Land Area 97 100km21
LocationAsia
Population48.6m (2011)2
Life Expectancy82.13yrs (2017)3
GNI$34 541 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesKR, KOR, 4105
Internet Domain.kr6
CurrencyWon (KRW)7
Telephone+828

1. Overview

An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in 1905 following the Russo-Japanese War. In 1910, Tokyo formally annexed the entire Peninsula. Korea regained its independence following Japan's surrender to the United States in 1945. After World War II, a democratic-based government (Republic of Korea, ROK) was set up in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula while a Communist-style government was installed in the north (Democratic People's Republic of Korea, DPRK). During the Korean War (1950-53), U.S. troops and UN forces fought alongside ROK soldiers to defend South Korea from a DPRK invasion supported by China and the Soviet Union. A 1953 armistice split the peninsula along a demilitarized zone at about the 38th parallel. PARK Chung-hee took over leadership of the country in a 1961 coup. During his regime, from 1961 to 1979, South Korea achieved rapid economic growth, with per capita income rising to roughly 17 times the level of North Korea. South Korea held its first free presidential election under a revised democratic constitution in 1987, with former ROK Army general ROH Tae-woo winning a close race. In 1993, KIM Young-sam (1993-98) became South Korea's first civilian president. South Korea today is a fully functioning modern democracy. LEE Myung-bak (2008-2013) pursued a policy of global engagement , highlighted by Seoul's hosting of the G-20 summit in November 2010 and the Nuclear Security Summit in March 2012. South Korea also secured a non-permanent seat (2013-14) on the UN Security Council and will host the 2018 Winter Olympic Games. President PARK Geun-hye took office in February 2013 and is South Korea's first female leader. Serious tensions with North Korea have punctuated inter-Korean relations in recent years, including the North's sinking of the South Korean warship Cheonan in March 2010 and its artillery attack on South Korean soldiers and citizens in November 2010. In January 2013, assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverThe Republic of Korea offers the traveller a dazzling range of experiences, beguiling landscapes and 5000 years of culture and history. The blue and red circle at the heart of the South Korean flag neatly symbolises the fluid mix of ancient and modern aspects of the country officially called the Republic of Korea (ROK). South Korea is a dream destination for the traveller, an engaging, welcoming place where the benefits of a fully industrialised, high-tech nation are balanced alongside a reverence for tradition and the ways of old Asia.

South Korea´s compact size and superb transport infrastructure mean that tranquillity is achievable within an hour of the urban sprawl. Hike to the peaks of craggy mountains enclosed by densely forested national parks. Sail to remote islands, where farming and fishing folk welcome you into their homes. Sample the serenity of a Buddhist temple retreat. But rest assured - the ROK knows how to rock. There´s almost always a festival or event on, and friendly Koreans are happy to share their culture. If nothing else, your tastebuds will be tingling at the discovery of one of Asia´s most delicious cuisines.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. South Korea National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
15Liechtenstein15
16UK16
17Japan17
18S. Korea18
19Israel19
20Luxembourg20
21France21
22Belgium22
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
20France75.1
21Estonia73.4
22Spain73.0
23S. Korea72.5
24Singapore71.9
25Czechia71.6
26Italy70.7
27Slovenia70.7
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population #South_Korea

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
164Bulgaria37.0
165Denmark37.1
166Bosnia & Herzegovina37.3
167S. Korea37.6
168Estonia37.9
169Belgium38.1
170Switzerland38.3
171Canada38.5
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
119Philippines4.6%
120Egypt4.4%
121Germany4.3%
122S. Korea4.3%
123Belgium4.2%
124Syria4.2%
125Burundi4.2%
126Panama4.0%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
101Nepal2.60
102Macedonia1.40
103Fiji2.61
104S. Korea1.38
105Slovakia1.36
106Botswana2.64
107Kyrgyzstan2.64
108Austria1.35
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
145Mali1.2%
146Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.2%
147Guinea-Bissau1.2%
148S. Korea1.1%
149Jamaica1.1%
150Equatorial Guinea1.1%
151Maldives1.0%
152Cameroon1.0%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
13S. Korea82.13
14New Zealand82.03
15Chile81.96
16Luxembourg81.88
17Norway81.71
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
23Italy61.0m
24S. Africa50.7m
25Myanmar (Burma)48.7m
26S. Korea48.6m
27Tanzania47.7m
28Colombia47.6m
29Spain46.8m
30Ukraine44.9m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

South Korea's population is predicted to rise to 50.34 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.38. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #south_korea #tolerance

South Korea performs very well in ensuring human rights and freedom compared to most other countries. S. Korea comes in the best 20 in opposing gender inequality18 (the lowest in Asia). It does better than average in terms of eliminating modern slavery19, its nominal commitment to Human Rights20, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms21, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports22 (one of the highest in Asia), its Global Peace Index rating23, fighting corruption24, supporting press freedom25 (amongst the lowest in Asia), LGBT equality26 and in the year from which women could participate in democracy27. Human Rights Watch specifically note that South Korea 'generally respects' basic civil and political liberties28. S. Korea does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in terms of fighting anti-semitic opinions29. There are "unreasonable restrictions" on freedom of expression and freedom of association28. There is too much discrimination against racial and ethnic minorities28.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #South_Korea #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
32India32
33New Zealand33
34Malaysia34
35S. Korea35
36Qatar36
37Germany37
38Togo38
39Argentina39
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
30Singapore30
31Greece31
32Bulgaria32
33S. Korea33
34Mauritius34
35Bosnia & Herzegovina35
36Romania36
37Uruguay37
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)23
Pos.Lower is better23
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
39Bulgaria1.70
40France1.71
41Estonia1.72
42S. Korea1.73
43Lithuania1.74
44Argentina1.76
45Latvia1.77
46UAE1.79
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"23. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark23 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan23.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)31
Pos.Lower is better
Score31
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
32Hungary0.18
33Switzerland0.19
34Latvia0.23
35S. Korea0.30
36Macedonia0.30
37Zambia0.31
38Djibouti0.32
39Bulgaria0.37
World Avg2.78
q=150.

6. Religion and Beliefs

#afterlife #belief #buddhism #christianity #god #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #universalism

Religiosity (2009)32
Pos.Lower is better
%32
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
17Uruguay41
18Lithuania42
19Canada42
20S. Korea43
21Kazakhstan43
22Ukraine46
23Slovenia47
24Spain49
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)33
Pos.Higher is better
%33
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
14Bulgaria34
15Hungary32
16Norway31
17S. Korea30
18Finland28
19Russia27
20Australia25
21Taiwan24
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below34:

Christian29.4%
Muslim0.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist22.9%
Folk Religion0.8%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated46.4%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Christian 31.6% (Protestant 24%, Roman Catholic 7.6%), Buddhist 24.2%, other or unknown 0.9%, none 43.3% (2010 survey)35.

The Afterlife: Ipsos-NA in 2011 gathered some statistics on South Korea36. Belief in heaven and hell is at just 22%. Some people don't know what to believe (21%). Even more people believe that upon death, you simply cease to exist (40%). Also, 1% specifically believe in heaven but not in hell (which is nice - making them possible "universalists"). 6% believe in reincarnation.

Links:

7. The Internet

#internet #it_security #politics #South_Korea #the_internet

Freedom On The Internet (2012)37
Pos.Lower is better37
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
13Kenya29
14Georgia30
15Nigeria33
16S. Korea34
17Uganda34
18Kyrgyzstan35
19Mexico37
20India39
World Avg46.7
q=47.
Internet Users (2016)38
Pos.Higher is better38
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
25Aruba88%
26Switzerland87%
27France86%
28S. Korea86%
29Australia85%
30Bahamas85%
31Puerto Rico83%
32Singapore83%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)39
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio39
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
46Faroe Islands1.4
47Russia1.3
48Bulgaria1.3
49S. Korea1.2
50Dominican Rep.1.1
51Slovakia0.8
52Hong Kong0.7
53Spain0.6
World Avg3.82
q=176.

IT Security (2013)40
Pos.Lower is better40
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
20Turkey0.52
21Poland0.55
22Switzerland0.55
23S. Korea0.56
24Australia0.63
25Libya0.63
26Qatar0.65
27Chile0.66
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #genetics #health #mental_health #obesity #organ_donation #public_health #smoking #sociology #South_Korea #suicide #UK

South Korea does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. S. Korea does the second-best in terms of its adolescent birth rate18. It comes in the best 20 in terms of its immunizations take-up41 and in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance30. It does better than average when it comes to the prevalence of overweight adults42. S. Korea does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to number of organ donors43 (still good for Asia) and in its alcohol consumption rate44 (amongst the worst in Asia). It sits amongst the bottom 20 in its smoking rate45. And finally, it is second-from-the-bottom in its suicide rate46. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)44
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita44
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
149St Lucia9.9
150Swaziland9.9
151Spain10.0
152S. Korea10.2
153Laos10.4
154Greece10.4
155Denmark10.4
156Cook Islands10.6
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking47 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink48 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies49 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"50. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"51. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Organ Donors (At Death) (2017)43
Pos.Higher is better
pmp43
1Spain46.9052
2Portugal34.0152
3Belgium33.6252
...
37Iran11.43
38Israel10.7053,54
39Chile10.0052
40S. Korea9.95
41Germany9.7053
42Colombia8.9052
43Jordan6.91
44Costa Rica6.70
World Avg13.03
q=70.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
16Belgium16
17New Zealand17
18Jordan18
19S. Korea19
20Kuwait20
21Japan21
22Spain22
23France23
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)42
Pos.Lower is better
%42
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
42Nigeria28.9
43Benin29.5
44Guinea-Bissau29.9
45S. Korea30.3
46Maldives30.6
47Congo, (Brazzaville)30.9
48Liberia30.9
49Ivory Coast31.6
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese55. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up56. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight56 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year57 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"58. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes59. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar60.

Smoking Rates (2014)45
Pos.Lower is better45
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
165Ukraine1 854
166Jordan1 855
167Austria1 988
168S. Korea2 073
169Greece2 086
170Azerbaijan2 114
171Kazakhstan2 157
172Czechia2 194
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)46
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k46
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
84Japan49.4
85Hungary50.6
86Kazakhstan52.4
87Guyana52.4
88Belarus57.5
89S. Korea62
90Russia63.4
91Lithuania71.7
World Avg20.93
q=91.

9. Children's Health

#health #parenting #population #South_Korea #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)18
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100018
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
4Hong Kong3.2
5Slovenia3.8
6Singapore3.8
7Netherlands4.0
8Denmark4.0
9Japan4.1
10Cyprus5.0
11Sweden5.7
12Norway5.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)41
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %41
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
4Niue98.8
5Mongolia98.7
6Czechia98.7
7Seychelles98.6
8S. Korea98.6
9Sri Lanka98.4
10St Lucia98.2
11Bahrain98.2
12Iran98.1
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
61
Pos.Lower is better61
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
78Guinea65.75
79Cameroon66
80Suriname66
81S. Korea66.33
82Tanzania69
83Afghanistan69
84Mauritius69
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
41Italy41
42Slovakia42
43Marshall Islands43
44S. Korea44
45Morocco45
46Belarus46
47Moldova47
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
31Romania31
32Costa Rica32
33Serbia33
34S. Korea34
35New Zealand35
36Belize36
37Iceland37
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
32India32
33New Zealand33
34Malaysia34
35S. Korea35
36Qatar36
37Germany37
38Togo38
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
30Singapore30
31Greece31
32Bulgaria32
33S. Korea33
34Mauritius34
35Bosnia & Herzegovina35
36Romania36
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
62USA62
63Congo, DR63
64Honduras64
65S. Korea65
66Benin66
67Lesotho67
68Panama68
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2962
2Israel4.1162
3Japan3.5862
4Finland3.1762
5Sweden3.1662
6Denmark3.0562
7Taiwan3.0162
8Austria3.0063
9Switzerland2.9664
10Germany2.8462
11USA2.7465
12Belgium2.4662
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)66
Pos.Higher is better66
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
21UK6.9
22Oman6.9
23Iceland6.9
24S. Korea6.9
25Mexico6.8
26Brazil6.8
27El Salvador6.7
28Cyprus6.7
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
27Japan$37 268
28Bahrain$37 236
29Iceland$37 065
30S. Korea$34 541
31Oman$34 402
32Italy$33 573
33New Zealand$32 870
34Spain$32 779
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)67
Pos.Higher is better67
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
57Tonga62.5
58Tunisia62.4
59Azerbaijan62.3
60S. Korea62.3
61Kuwait62.3
62Jordan62.2
63Armenia62.1
64Peru61.9
q=180.
IQ (2006)68
Pos.Higher is better68
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
4Japan105
5Taiwan105
6China105
7Italy102
8Iceland101
9Switzerland101
10Mongolia101
11Netherlands100
12Norway100
q=138.