The Human Truth Foundation

Korea, South (Republic of Korea)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#korea,_south

South Korea
Republic of Korea
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index21st best
CapitalSeoul
Land Area 97 100km21
LocationAsia
Population51.2m2
Life Expectancy82.13yrs (2017)3
GNI$34 541 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesKR, KOR, 4105
Internet Domain.kr6
CurrencyWon (KRW)7
Telephone+828

1. Overview

An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in 1905 following the Russo-Japanese War. In 1910, Tokyo formally annexed the entire Peninsula. Korea regained its independence following Japan's surrender to the United States in 1945. After World War II, a democratic-based government (Republic of Korea, ROK) was set up in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula while a Communist-style government was installed in the north (Democratic People's Republic of Korea, DPRK). During the Korean War (1950-53), U.S. troops and UN forces fought alongside ROK soldiers to defend South Korea from a DPRK invasion supported by China and the Soviet Union. A 1953 armistice split the peninsula along a demilitarized zone at about the 38th parallel. PARK Chung-hee took over leadership of the country in a 1961 coup. During his regime, from 1961 to 1979, South Korea achieved rapid economic growth, with per capita income rising to roughly 17 times the level of North Korea. South Korea held its first free presidential election under a revised democratic constitution in 1987, with former ROK Army general ROH Tae-woo winning a close race. In 1993, KIM Young-sam (1993-98) became South Korea's first civilian president. South Korea today is a fully functioning modern democracy. LEE Myung-bak (2008-2013) pursued a policy of global engagement , highlighted by Seoul's hosting of the G-20 summit in November 2010 and the Nuclear Security Summit in March 2012. South Korea also secured a non-permanent seat (2013-14) on the UN Security Council and will host the 2018 Winter Olympic Games. President PARK Geun-hye took office in February 2013 and is South Korea's first female leader. Serious tensions with North Korea have punctuated inter-Korean relations in recent years, including the North's sinking of the South Korean warship Cheonan in March 2010 and its artillery attack on South Korean soldiers and citizens in November 2010. In January 2013, assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverThe Republic of Korea offers the traveller a dazzling range of experiences, beguiling landscapes and 5000 years of culture and history. The blue and red circle at the heart of the South Korean flag neatly symbolises the fluid mix of ancient and modern aspects of the country officially called the Republic of Korea (ROK). South Korea is a dream destination for the traveller, an engaging, welcoming place where the benefits of a fully industrialised, high-tech nation are balanced alongside a reverence for tradition and the ways of old Asia.

South Korea´s compact size and superb transport infrastructure mean that tranquillity is achievable within an hour of the urban sprawl. Hike to the peaks of craggy mountains enclosed by densely forested national parks. Sail to remote islands, where farming and fishing folk welcome you into their homes. Sample the serenity of a Buddhist temple retreat. But rest assured - the ROK knows how to rock. There´s almost always a festival or event on, and friendly Koreans are happy to share their culture. If nothing else, your tastebuds will be tingling at the discovery of one of Asia´s most delicious cuisines.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. South Korea National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
15Liechtenstein15
16UK16
17Japan17
18S. Korea18
19Israel19
20Luxembourg20
21France21
22Belgium22
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
27Japan$37 268
28Bahrain$37 236
29Iceland$37 065
30S. Korea$34 541
31Oman$34 402
32Italy$33 573
33New Zealand$32 870
34Spain$32 779
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
18Ireland42.9
19Belgium43.5
20France44.0
21S. Korea45.0
22Italy45.1
23Slovenia47.2
24Hungary48.0
25Czechia49.0
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. South Korea's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

South Korea's population is predicted to fall to 50 335 000 by 2030. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.38. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
25Tanzania56.3m
26Myanmar (Burma)53.7m
27Kenya51.4m
28S. Korea51.2m
29Colombia49.7m
30Spain46.7m
31Argentina44.4m
32Ukraine44.2m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
13S. Korea82.13
14New Zealand82.03
15Chile81.96
16Luxembourg81.88
17Norway81.71
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
101Nepal2.60
102Macedonia1.40
103Fiji2.61
104S. Korea1.38
105Slovakia1.36
106Botswana2.64
107Kyrgyzstan2.64
108Austria1.35
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
164Bulgaria37.0
165Denmark37.1
166Bosnia & Herzegovina37.3
167S. Korea37.6
168Estonia37.9
169Belgium38.1
170Switzerland38.3
171Canada38.5
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
119Uruguay2.3%
120Mauritius2.3%
121Benin2.3%
122S. Korea2.3%
123Cameroon2.2%
124Bulgaria2.2%
125Kenya2.2%
126Angola2.1%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
119Philippines4.6%
120Egypt4.4%
121Germany4.3%
122S. Korea4.3%
123Belgium4.2%
124Syria4.2%
125Burundi4.2%
126Panama4.0%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #south_korea #tolerance

South Korea does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. S. Korea comes in the best 20 in opposing gender inequality19 (the best in Asia). It does better than average for its nominal commitment to Human Rights20, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms21, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports22 (amongst the best in Asia), supporting press freedom23 (amongst the lowest in Asia), LGBT equality24 and in speed of uptake of HR treaties25. Human Rights Watch specifically note that South Korea 'generally respects' basic civil and political liberties26. S. Korea does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice27. There are "unreasonable restrictions" on freedom of expression and freedom of association26. There is too much discrimination against racial and ethnic minorities26.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. South Korea's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #South_Korea #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
4Japan50.9
5S. Korea52.0
6Sri Lanka55.0
7Oman57.9
8Bhutan58.6
9Brunei59.3
10Norway62.0
11China62.4
12Malaysia64.1
13Mauritius64.5
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

South Korea does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. S. Korea does the second-best in its adolescent birth rate19. It comes in the best 20 in terms of its immunizations take-up30, its fertility rate15 (one of the best in Asia), its average life expectancy12 and in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31. S. Korea does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to its alcohol consumption rate32 (one of the highest in Asia). It falls into the worst 20 in its smoking rate33. And finally, it is second-from-the-bottom for its suicide rate34. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
13S. Korea82.13
14New Zealand82.03
15Chile81.96
16Luxembourg81.88
17Norway81.71
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)32
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita32
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
149St Lucia9.9
150Swaziland9.9
151Spain10.0
152S. Korea10.2
153Laos10.4
154Greece10.4
155Denmark10.4
156Cook Islands10.6
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
101Nepal2.60
102Macedonia1.40
103Fiji2.61
104S. Korea1.38
105Slovakia1.36
106Botswana2.64
107Kyrgyzstan2.64
108Austria1.35
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)33
Pos.Higher is worse33
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
171Kazakhstan2 157
170Azerbaijan2 114
169Greece2 086
168S. Korea2 073
167Austria1 988
166Jordan1 855
165Ukraine1 854
164Estonia1 775
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)34
Pos.
Per 100k34
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
84Japan49.4
85Hungary50.6
86Kazakhstan52.4
87Guyana52.4
88Belarus57.5
89S. Korea62
90Russia63.4
91Lithuania71.7
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
16Belgium16
17New Zealand17
18Jordan18
19S. Korea19
20Kuwait20
21Japan21
22Spain22
23France23
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)35
Pos.Lower is better
%35
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
42Nigeria28.9
43Benin29.5
44Guinea-Bissau29.9
45S. Korea30.3
46Maldives30.6
47Congo, (Brazzaville)30.9
48Liberia30.9
49Ivory Coast31.6
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)19
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100019
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
4Hong Kong3.2
5Slovenia3.8
6Singapore3.8
7Netherlands4.0
8Denmark4.0
9Japan4.1
10Cyprus5.0
11Sweden5.7
12Norway5.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)30
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %30
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
4Niue98.8
5Mongolia98.7
6Czechia98.7
7Seychelles98.6
8S. Korea98.6
9Sri Lanka98.4
10St Lucia98.2
11Bahrain98.2
12Iran98.1
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. South Korea's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #modernity #politics #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
19Canada20.4
20Singapore21.1
21Hungary21.2
22S. Korea21.5
23Hong Kong21.6
24France22.0
25Luxembourg22.2
26USA24.7
27Israel26.0
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2937
2Israel4.1137
3Japan3.5837
4Finland3.1737
5Sweden3.1637
6Denmark3.0537
7Taiwan3.0137
8Austria3.0038
9Switzerland2.9639
10Germany2.8437
11USA2.7440
12Belgium2.4637
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)41
Pos.Higher is better41
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
24Azerbaijan95.6%
25USA95.6%
26Norway95.4%
27S. Korea95.2%
28Bulgaria95.1%
29Lithuania94.9%
30Ukraine94.6%
31Tonga93.7%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)42
Pos.Higher is better
Years42
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
22Lithuania16.5
23Turkey16.4
24Poland16.4
25S. Korea16.4
26Uruguay16.3
27Singapore16.3
28Portugal16.3
29Austria16.3
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
41Italy41
42Slovakia42
43Marshall Islands43
44S. Korea44
45Morocco45
46Belarus46
47Moldova47
48Montenegro48
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)43
Pos.Higher is better
Score43
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
4Macau1582
5Estonia1573
6Taiwan1571
7Canada1571
8Finland1568
9S. Korea1557
10China154344
11Ireland1528
12Slovenia1528
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)45
Pos.Lower is better
%45
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
17Uruguay41
18Lithuania42
19Canada42
20S. Korea43
21Kazakhstan43
22Ukraine46
23Slovenia47
24Spain49
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)46
Pos.Higher is better46
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
4Japan105
5Taiwan105
6China105
7Italy102
8Iceland101
9Switzerland101
10Mongolia101
11Netherlands100
12Norway100
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)47
Pos.Higher is better47
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
25Aruba88%
26Switzerland87%
27France86%
28S. Korea86%
29Australia85%
30Bahamas85%
31Puerto Rico83%
32Singapore83%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
Freedom On The Internet (2012)48
Pos.Lower is better48
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
13Kenya29
14Georgia30
15Nigeria33
16S. Korea34
17Uganda34
18Kyrgyzstan35
19Mexico37
20India39
World Avg46.7
q=47.
IT Security (2013)49
Pos.Lower is better49
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
20Turkey0.52
21Poland0.55
22Switzerland0.55
23S. Korea0.56
24Australia0.63
25Libya0.63
26Qatar0.65
27Chile0.66
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)50
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio50
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
46Faroe Islands1.4
47Russia1.3
48Bulgaria1.3
49S. Korea1.2
50Dominican Rep.1.1
51Slovakia0.8
52Hong Kong0.7
53Spain0.6
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
51
Pos.Lower is better51
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
78Guinea65.75
79Cameroon66
80Suriname66
81S. Korea66.33
82Tanzania69
83Afghanistan69
84Mauritius69
85Belize70
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)52
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score52
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
44Malta56.6
45Grenada56.0
46Costa Rica54.8
47S. Korea54.6
48Latvia54.0
49Mauritius54.0
50Rwanda52.6
51Hungary52.4
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)53
Pos.Higher is better53
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
54Japan5.9
55Mauritius5.9
56Jamaica5.9
57S. Korea5.9
58Northern Cyprus5.8
59Russia5.8
60Kazakhstan5.8
61Cyprus5.8
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
31Romania31
32Costa Rica32
33Serbia33
34S. Korea34
35New Zealand35
36Belize36
37Iceland37
38Croatia38
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
62USA62
63Congo, DR63
64Honduras64
65S. Korea65
66Benin66
67Lesotho67
68Panama68
69New Zealand69
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)54
Pos.Lower is better54
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
39Bulgaria1.70
40France1.71
41Estonia1.72
42S. Korea1.73
43Lithuania1.74
44Argentina1.76
45Latvia1.77
46UAE1.79
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
32India32
33New Zealand33
34Malaysia34
35S. Korea35
36Qatar36
37Germany37
38Togo38
39Argentina39
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
30Singapore30
31Greece31
32Bulgaria32
33S. Korea33
34Mauritius34
35Bosnia & Herzegovina35
36Romania36
37Uruguay37
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)55
Pos.Lower is better
Score55
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
32Hungary0.18
33Switzerland0.19
34Latvia0.23
35S. Korea0.30
36Macedonia0.30
37Zambia0.31
38Djibouti0.32
39Bulgaria0.37
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)56
Pos.Higher is better
%56
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
114Jamaica-02.7
115Australia-02.9
116Kazakhstan-03.3
117S. Korea-03.9
118Sao Tome & Principe-04.3
119Bangladesh-04.4
120Ecuador-04.4
121Burundi-04.5
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)57
Pos.Higher is better57
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
57Tonga62.5
58Tunisia62.4
59Azerbaijan62.3
60S. Korea62.3
61Kuwait62.3
62Jordan62.2
63Armenia62.1
64Peru61.9
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)58
Pos.Higher is better58
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
88Qatar06.49
89Finland06.33
90Oman06.29
91S. Korea06.29
92Estonia06.13
93Mongolia06.06
94Belarus05.81
95Niger05.81
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
88Iceland1994 Dec 11
89Venezuela1994 Dec 12
90Comoros1994 Dec 28
91S. Korea1995 Jan 01
92Bolivia1995 Jan 01
93Senegal1995 Jan 15
94Cameroon1995 Jan 17
95N. Korea1995 Jan 24
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)59
Pos.Higher is better
%59
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
4Trinidad & Tobago74.5%
5Costa Rica74.2%
6Cyprus71.0%
7Guatemala70.9%
8Philippines70.8%
9S. Korea70.7%
10Colombia70.3%
11Bolivia69.3%
12Paraguay68.9%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)60
Pos.Higher is worse60
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
13Italy3.10
12Netherlands3.10
11Spain3.00
10S. Korea3.00
9Norway3.00
8Czechia3.00
7Finland3.00
6Japan2.90
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)61
Pos.Lower is better
%61
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
24Sao Tome & Principe30.8
25Poland30.8
26Croatia31.1
27S. Korea31.6
28Germany31.7
29Egypt31.8
30Ireland31.8
31Lebanon31.8
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#afterlife #belief #buddhism #christianity #god #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #universalism

Religiosity (2009)45
Pos.Lower is better
%45
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
17Uruguay41
18Lithuania42
19Canada42
20S. Korea43
21Kazakhstan43
22Ukraine46
23Slovenia47
24Spain49
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)62
Pos.Higher is better
%62
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
14Bulgaria34
15Hungary32
16Norway31
17S. Korea30
18Finland28
19Russia27
20Australia25
21Taiwan24
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below63:

Christian29.4%
Muslim0.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist22.9%
Folk Religion0.8%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated46.4%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Christian 31.6% (Protestant 24%, Roman Catholic 7.6%), Buddhist 24.2%, other or unknown 0.9%, none 43.3% (2010 survey)64.

The Afterlife: Ipsos-NA in 2011 gathered some statistics on South Korea65. Belief in heaven and hell is at just 22%. Some people don't know what to believe (21%). Even more people believe that upon death, you simply cease to exist (40%). Also, 1% specifically believe in heaven but not in hell (which is nice - making them possible "universalists"). 6% believe in reincarnation.

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