The Human Truth Foundation

Bhutan (Kingdom of Bhutan)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#bhutan

Bhutan
Kingdom of Bhutan
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index49th best
CapitalThimphu
Land Area 38 394km21
LocationAsia
Population0.8m (2011)2
Life Expectancy69.85yrs (2017)3
GNI$7 081 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesBT, BTN, 645
Internet Domain.bt6
CurrencyNgultrum (BTN)7
Telephone+9758

1. Overview

#buddhism #nepal

In 1865, Britain and Bhutan signed the Treaty of Sinchulu, under which Bhutan would receive an annual subsidy in exchange for ceding some border land to British India. Under British influence, a monarchy was set up in 1907; three years later, a treaty was signed whereby the British agreed not to interfere in Bhutanese internal affairs, and Bhutan allowed Britain to direct its foreign affairs. This role was assumed by independent India after 1947. Two years later, a formal Indo-Bhutanese accord returned to Bhutan the areas annexed by the British, formalized the annual subsidies the country received, and defined India's responsibilities in defense and foreign relations. In March 2005, King Jigme Singye WANGCHUCK unveiled the government's draft constitution - which introduced major democratic reforms - and pledged to hold a national referendum for its approval. In December 2006, the King abdicated the throne in favor of his son, Jigme Khesar Namgyel WANGCHUCK, in order to give him experience as head of state before the democratic transition. In early 2007, India and Bhutan renegotiated their treaty to allow Bhutan greater autonomy in conducting its foreign policy, although Thimphu continues to coordinate policy decisions in this area with New Delhi. Elections for seating the country's first parliament were completed in March 2008; the king ratified the country's first constitution in July 2008. The disposition of some 40,000 Bhutanese refugees - housed in two UN refugee camps in Nepal - remains unresolved.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverBhutan is no ordinary place. It is a Himalayan kingdom with a reputation for mystery and magic, where a traditional Buddhist culture carefully embraces global developments. Bhutan holds many surprises. It´s a country where the rice is red and where chillies aren´t just a seasoning but the main ingredient. It´s also a deeply Buddhist land, where monasteries are part of the mainstream, and where giant protective penises are painted beside the entrance to many houses. ... You will find the Bhutanese well educated, fun loving and vibrant.

[It has an] amazing Himalayan landscape, where snowcapped peaks rise above shadowy gorges cloaked in primeval forests. Taking up prime positions in this picture-book landscape are the majestic, fortress-like dzongs and monasteries. This unique architecture embodies Buddhist culture and sets the scene for spectacular tsechus (dance festivals). Then there are the textiles and handicrafts, outrageous archery competitions, high-altitude trekking trails, and stunning flora and fauna.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Bhutan National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)
Lower is better

Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
129Tajikistan129
130Honduras130
131India131
132Bhutan132
133Timor-Leste (E. Timor)133
134Vanuatu134
135Congo, (Brazzaville)135
136Equatorial Guinea135
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
Higher is better

Points12
1Iceland84.1
2Sweden80.8
3Norway80.0
...
46Barbados61.9
47Argentina61.5
48St Vincent & Grenadines61.4
49Bhutan61.3
50Trinidad & Tobago61.1
51Brazil61.0
52Greece60.6
53Albania60.4
World Avg54.5
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)
Lower is better

Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
74S. Africa10.5
75Bangladesh10.6
76Nepal10.8
77Bhutan10.8
78Micronesia10.8
79Honduras11.0
80Turkmenistan11.0
81Maldives11.0
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)
%14
1Dominica104.8
2Palestine68.4
3Samoa67.3
...
89Guinea-Bissau6.8
90Slovenia6.5
91Kiribati6.5
92Bhutan6.3
93Tunisia6.3
94Finland6.2
95Singapore6.1
96Guatemala6.1
World Avg11.5
q=192.
Fertility Rate (2013)
2.0 is best
15
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
40Sri Lanka2.26
41Armenia1.74
42Kuwait2.27
43Bhutan2.27
44Jamaica2.28
45Suriname2.28
46Uzbekistan2.29
47Cape Verde2.29
World Avg2.81
q=180.

Immigrants (2010)
%14
1Qatar86.5
2Monaco71.6
3UAE70.0
...
73Namibia6.3
74St Lucia5.9
75Botswana5.8
76Bhutan5.7
77Serbia5.3
78Samoa5.0
79Rwanda4.5
80Czech Rep.4.4
World Avg9.2
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)
Higher is better

Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
117Fiji70.15
118Belize70.08
119Nepal69.99
120Bhutan69.85
121Mongolia69.81
122Syria69.65
123Iraq69.63
124Kazakhstan69.59
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
158Fiji0.9m
159Comoros0.8m
160Guyana0.8m
161Bhutan0.8m
162Equatorial Guinea0.7m
163Montenegro0.6m
164Solomon Islands0.6m
165Suriname0.5m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Bhutan's population is predicted to rise to 899 053 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.27. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Gender Inequality (2015)
Lower is better18
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
107Dominican Rep.0.47
108Namibia0.47
109Burundi0.47
110Bhutan0.48
111Jordan0.48
112Cambodia0.48
113Morocco0.49
114Guatemala0.49
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote
Lower is better

Year19
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
94Lebanon1952
95Guyana1953
96Mexico1953
97Bhutan1953
98Syria1953
99Colombia1954
100Belize1954
101Ghana1954
World Avg1930
q=189.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Bhutan and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Bhutan is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below20:

Christian0.5%
Muslim0.2%
Hindu22.6%
Buddhist74.7%
Folk Religion1.9%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Lamaistic Buddhist 75%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%21.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users (2016)
Higher is better
22
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
122Guyana40%
123Grenada39%
124El Salvador38%
125Bhutan37%
126Mongolia36%
127India35%
128Kyrgyzstan34%
129Egypt33%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)
Higher is better

Ratio23
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
55Nauru0.5
56Egypt0.4
57Mexico0.4
58Bhutan0.4
59China0.3
60Iceland0.3
61Turkey0.3
62Uruguay0.3
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)
Lower is better

Per 100018
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
61Serbia19.0
62Slovakia20.2
63Brunei21.0
64Bhutan21.4
65Djibouti21.5
66Albania21.7
67Moldova22.6
68USA22.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)
Lower is better

Per Capita24
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
17Afghanistan0.7
18Jordan0.7
19Myanmar (Burma)0.7
20Bhutan0.7
21Oman0.9
22Morocco0.9
23Brunei0.9
24Iran1.0
World Avg6.2
q=191.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)
Higher is better

Avg %25
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
56Qatar95.6
57Armenia95.6
58Uruguay95.6
59Bhutan95.6
60Turkey95.5
61Malta95.5
62Botswana95.4
63Gambia95.4
World Avg88.3
q=194.

Smoking Rates (2014)
Lower is better
26
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
30Benin 122
31Zimbabwe 134
32Mauritania 135
33Bhutan 155
34Chad 156
35Zambia 165
36Gambia 166
37Paraguay 166
World Avg 819
q=182.

8. Politics and Freedom

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)
Higher is better

Treaties27
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
187Singapore5
188Nauru5
189Marshall Islands4
190Myanmar (Burma)4
191Palau4
192Malaysia4
193Bhutan3
194Kiribati3
World Avg15.1
q=194.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)
Lower is better

Rank28
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
77Paraguay77
78Mexico77
79Trinidad & Tobago79
80Bhutan79
81Benin79
82Brazil82
83Tajikistan83
84Nepal84
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)
Lower is better
29
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
78Benin2833
79Dominican Rep.2834
80Lesotho2836
81Bhutan2842
82Togo2845
83Greece2846
84Kosovo2847
85Guinea2849
World Avg3249
q=178.

9. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
Lower is better
30
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
15Malta14
16Indonesia14.75
17Iceland16
18Bhutan17.5
19Kenya17.75
20Jamaica20.5
21Austria21.25
q=156.
Global Peace Index (2012)
Lower is better
31
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
16Portugal1.47
17Hungary1.48
18Norway1.48
19Bhutan1.48
20Malaysia1.49
21Mauritius1.49
22Australia1.49
23Singapore1.52
q=157.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)
Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
117Belize$7 375
118Ukraine$7 361
119Morocco$7 195
120Bhutan$7 081
121Guatemala$7 063
122Guyana$6 884
123Angola$6 291
124Bolivia$6 155
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2010)
Higher is better
32
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
36Lithuania68.3
37Suriname68.2
38Nepal68.2
39Bhutan68.0
40Luxembourg67.8
41Algeria67.4
42Mexico67.3
43Ireland67.1
q=162.
LGBT Equality (2013)
Higher is better

Score33
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
137Kazakhstan-10
138Mali-10
139Indonesia-10
140Bhutan-10
141Guinea-Bissau-15
142Singapore-20
143Bahrain-20
144Korea, N.-20
q=211.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2017 Jun 17
http://www.humantruth.info/bhutan.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#bhutan #buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #nepal

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References: (What's this?)

Book Cover

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Jun 22.

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes..

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bt.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. Lonely Planet (2014) chapter "Bhutan" .^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  12. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  13. UN (2017) Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  14. UN (2013) Table 11.^
  15. UN (2013) Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  16. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  17. UN (2013) Table 14.^
  18. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  19. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 3.6. Women Stand for Election & Vote (1893+) New Zealand, Australia, Finland" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  20. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  21. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  22. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  23. % of internet access via native IPv6 compared to IPv4. As of 2017 Jun 20, from http://www.cidr-report.org. Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  24. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  25. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  26. Annual Cigarette Consumption Per Adult (age 15 and above) - compustible cigarettes. Euromonitor International (2014), via tobaccoatlas.org/topic/cigarette-use-globally/ . Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  27. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  28. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  29. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  30. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  31. ^
  32. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^
  33. Higher is better. Sources:^

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