The Human Truth Foundation

Bhutan (Kingdom of Bhutan)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Like this page:

Share this page:
Comments:
FB, LJ

#Bhutan

Bhutan
Kingdom of Bhutan
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index54th best
CapitalThimphu
Land Area 38 394 km21
LocationAsia
Population750 443 (2011)2
Life Expectancy69.85yrs (2017)3
GNI$7 081 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesBT, BTN, 645
Internet Domain.bt6
CurrencyNgultrum (BTN)7
Telephone+9758

1. Overview

In 1865, Britain and Bhutan signed the Treaty of Sinchulu, under which Bhutan would receive an annual subsidy in exchange for ceding some border land to British India. Under British influence, a monarchy was set up in 1907; three years later, a treaty was signed whereby the British agreed not to interfere in Bhutanese internal affairs, and Bhutan allowed Britain to direct its foreign affairs. This role was assumed by independent India after 1947. Two years later, a formal Indo-Bhutanese accord returned to Bhutan the areas annexed by the British, formalized the annual subsidies the country received, and defined India's responsibilities in defense and foreign relations. In March 2005, King Jigme Singye WANGCHUCK unveiled the government's draft constitution - which introduced major democratic reforms - and pledged to hold a national referendum for its approval. In December 2006, the King abdicated the throne in favor of his son, Jigme Khesar Namgyel WANGCHUCK, in order to give him experience as head of state before the democratic transition. In early 2007, India and Bhutan renegotiated their treaty to allow Bhutan greater autonomy in conducting its foreign policy, although Thimphu continues to coordinate policy decisions in this area with New Delhi. Elections for seating the country's first parliament were completed in March 2008; the king ratified the country's first constitution in July 2008. The disposition of some 40,000 Bhutanese refugees - housed in two UN refugee camps in Nepal - remains unresolved.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Bhutan National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
129Tajikistan129
130Honduras130
131India131
132Bhutan132
133Timor-Leste (E. Timor)133
134Vanuatu134
135Congo, (Brazzaville)135
136Equatorial Guinea135
137Kiribati137
138Laos138
139Zambia139
140Bangladesh139
141Ghana139
142Sao Tome & Principe142
143Cambodia143
144Nepal144
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Iceland89.1
2Sweden85.7
3Denmark84.0
...
51Mauritius65.7
52Poland65.5
53Albania65.0
54Bhutan64.9
55Antigua & Barbuda64.8
56Croatia64.4
57Argentina64.1
58Nauru63.7
59Fiji63.3
60Dominica63.2
61Greece63.2
62Trinidad & Tobago63.0
63Suriname62.9
64Montenegro62.8
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
117Fiji70.15
118Belize70.08
119Nepal69.99
120Bhutan69.85
121Mongolia69.81
122Syria69.65
123Iraq69.63
124Kazakhstan69.59
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
40Sri Lanka2.3
41Armenia1.7
42Kuwait2.3
43Bhutan2.3
44Jamaica2.3
45Suriname2.3
46Uzbekistan2.3
47Cape Verde2.3
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
158Fiji875 82248
159Comoros773 344416
160Guyana757 6234
161Bhutan750 44320
162Equatorial Guinea740 47126
163Montenegro632 79647
164Solomon Islands566 48120
Data Source

Bhutan's population is predicted to rise to 899 053 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.27.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
93Ivory Coast1952
94Lebanon1952
95Guyana1953
96Bhutan1953
97Mexico1953
98Syria1953
99Colombia1954
100Ghana1954
Gender Inequality (2015)12
CountryValue12
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
107Dominican Rep.0.47
108Namibia0.47
109Burundi0.47
110Bhutan0.48
111Jordan0.48
112Cambodia0.48
113Morocco0.49
114Guatemala0.49

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Bhutan and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below13:

Christian0.5%
Muslim0.2%
Hindu22.6%
Buddhist74.7%
Folk Religion1.9%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Lamaistic Buddhist 75%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%14.

Links:

6. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)12
CountryPer 100012
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
61Serbia19.0
62Slovakia20.2
63Brunei21.0
64Bhutan21.4
65Djibouti21.5
66Albania21.7
67Moldova22.6
68USA22.6
Alcohol Consumption (2010)15
CountryPer Capita15
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
17Afghanistan0.7
18Jordan0.7
19Myanmar (Burma)0.7
20Bhutan0.7
21Oman0.9
22Morocco0.9
23Brunei0.9
24Iran1

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
16
CountryValue16
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
15Malta14
16Indonesia14.75
17Iceland16
18Bhutan17.5
19Kenya17.75
20Jamaica20.5
21Austria21.25
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)17
CountryRank17
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
77Paraguay77
78Mexico77
79Trinidad & Tobago79
80Bhutan79
81Benin79
82Brazil82
83Tajikistan83
84Nepal84
Global Peace Index (2012)18
CountryValue18
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
16Portugal1.47
17Hungary1.48
18Norway1.48
19Bhutan1.48
20Malaysia1.49
21Mauritius1.49
22Australia1.49
23Singapore1.52
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)19
CountryTreaties19
1Argentina24
2Mexico23
3Costa Rica23
...
187Singapore5
188Nauru5
189Marshall Islands4
190Myanmar (Burma)4
191Palau4
192Malaysia4
193Kiribati3
194Bhutan3
Press Freedom (2013)20
CountryValue20
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
78Benin2833
79Dominican Rep.2834
80Lesotho2836
81Bhutan2842
82Togo2845
83Greece2846
84Kosovo2847
85Guinea2849
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
117Belize$7 375
118Ukraine$7 361
119Morocco$7 195
120Bhutan$7 081
121Guatemala$7 063
122Guyana$6 884
123Angola$6 291
124Bolivia$6 155
Environmental Performance (2010)21
CountryValue21
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
36Lithuania68.3
37Suriname68.2
38Nepal68.2
39Bhutan68.0
40Luxembourg67.8
41Algeria67.4
42Mexico67.3
43Ireland67.1
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
132Angola-10
133Kazakhstan-10
134Kiribati-10
135Bhutan-10
136Mali-10
137Lesotho-10
138Liberia-10
139Niger-10
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/bhutan.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#Bhutan #buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Apr 26.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bt.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  13. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  14. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  15. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  16. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  17. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  18. ^
  19. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  20. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  21. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^

©2017. All rights reserved.