Bhutan (Kingdom of Bhutan)

#Bhutan

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Bhutan
Kingdom of Bhutan
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index78th best
CapitalThimphu
Land Area1 38 394 km2
LocationAsia
Population2750 443
Life Expectancy367.552yrs (2012)
GNI3$5 246
ISO3166-1 Codes4BT, BTN, 64
Internet Domain5.bt
Currency6Ngultrum (BTN)
Telephone7+975

1. Overview

In 1865, Britain and Bhutan signed the Treaty of Sinchulu, under which Bhutan would receive an annual subsidy in exchange for ceding some border land to British India. Under British influence, a monarchy was set up in 1907; three years later, a treaty was signed whereby the British agreed not to interfere in Bhutanese internal affairs, and Bhutan allowed Britain to direct its foreign affairs. This role was assumed by independent India after 1947. Two years later, a formal Indo-Bhutanese accord returned to Bhutan the areas annexed by the British, formalized the annual subsidies the country received, and defined India's responsibilities in defense and foreign relations. In March 2005, King Jigme Singye WANGCHUCK unveiled the government's draft constitution - which introduced major democratic reforms - and pledged to hold a national referendum for its approval. In December 2006, the King abdicated the throne in favor of his son, Jigme Khesar Namgyel WANGCHUCK, in order to give him experience as head of state before the democratic transition. In early 2007, India and Bhutan renegotiated their treaty to allow Bhutan greater autonomy in conducting its foreign policy, although Thimphu continues to coordinate policy decisions in this area with New Delhi. Elections for seating the country's first parliament were completed in March 2008; the king ratified the country's first constitution in July 2008. The disposition of some 40,000 Bhutanese refugees - housed in two UN refugee camps in Nepal - remains unresolved.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Bhutan National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
137Equatorial Guinea55.451.1
138Laos54.344.8
139Cambodia54.347.8
140Bhutan53.851.8
141Swaziland53.651.3
142Congo, (Brazzaville)53.449.3
143Solomon Islands53.049.3
144Sao Tome & Principe52.550.6
145Kenya51.945.6
146Bangladesh51.539.3
147Pakistan51.542.4
148Angola50.843.3
149Myanmar (Burma)49.835.9
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
75Nicaragua59.9
76Bosnia & Herzegovina59.8
77Dominican Rep.59.2
78Bhutan59.1
79Tunisia59.1
80Georgia59.0
81Armenia58.9
82Kyrgyzstan58.5
83Turkey58.2
84Guyana57.9
85Mongolia57.6
86Libya57.5
87Jordan57.3
88Ecuador57.3
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
133Kyrgyzstan68
134Tajikistan67.8
135Laos67.8
136Bhutan67.6
137Tuvalu67.5
138Kazakhstan67.4
139Madagascar66.9
140Bolivia66.9
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
40Sri Lanka2.3
41Armenia1.7
42Kuwait2.3
43Bhutan2.3
44Jamaica2.3
45Suriname2.3
46Uzbekistan2.3
47Cape Verde2.3
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
158Fiji875 82248
159Comoros773 344416
160Guyana757 6234
161Bhutan750 44320
162Equatorial Guinea740 47126
163Montenegro632 79647
164Solomon Islands566 48120
Data Source

Bhutan's population is predicted to rise to 899 053 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.27. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
94Lebanon1952
95Guyana1953
96Mexico1953
97Bhutan1953
98Syria1953
99Colombia1954
100Belize1954
101Ghana1954
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
89Nicaragua0.46
90Tonga0.46
91S. Africa0.46
92Bhutan0.46
93Venezuela0.47
94Suriname0.47
95Paraguay0.47
96Cambodia0.47
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Bhutan and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Bhutan is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian0.5%
Muslim0.2%
Hindu22.6%
Buddhist74.7%
Folk Religion1.9%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Lamaistic Buddhist 75%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
115Cuba15.90
116Fiji14.83
117Libya14.00
118Bhutan13.60
119Iran13.00
120Rwanda13.00
121Mongolia12.90
122Belize12.65
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
16Portugal1.47
17Hungary1.48
18Norway1.48
19Bhutan1.48
20Malaysia1.49
21Mauritius1.49
22Australia1.49
23Singapore1.52
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
187Nauru5
188Singapore5
189Malaysia4
190Marshall Islands4
191Palau4
192Myanmar (Burma)4
193Bhutan3
194Kiribati3
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
78Benin99.3
79Dominican Rep.99.3
80Lesotho99.3
81Bhutan99.3
82Togo99.3
83Greece99.3
84Kosovo99.3
85Guinea99.3
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
106Egypt$5 401
107Belize$5 327
108Jordan$5 272
109Bhutan$5 246
110Sri Lanka$5 170
111Swaziland$5 104
112Georgia$5 005
113Angola$4 812
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
36Lithuania68.3
37Nepal68.2
38Suriname68.2
39Bhutan68.0
40Luxembourg67.8
41Algeria67.4
42Mexico67.3
43Ireland67.1
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
132Angola-10
133Kazakhstan-10
134Kiribati-10
135Bhutan-10
136Mali-10
137Lesotho-10
138Liberia-10
139Niger-10
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/bhutan.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

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References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bt.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.